7/7/9 Who Says?

digest: Smiley face & silver tongue lead the desperate U.S. juggernaut: massive campaign to destabilize Iran, and now China as U.S. divide - to - conquer - your - enemies 'engages' Russia, the other major capitalist rival threatening U.S. global dominance. Creating and manipulating 'ethnic violence' is U.S. standard tactic, evident from Iraq, Palestine and Iran to Africa

XINJIANG'S GEOSTRATEGIC IMPORTANCE:
Situated in the northwest of China, Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region was known in China as the Western Territory in ancient times. Its 1.66 million square kilometers represent about one-sixth of the total territory of the country, making it the largest of China's regions and provinces. Xinjiang also has the longest boundary among China's provinces and autonomous regions and shares 5,600 kilometers of frontier with Mongolia in the northeast, Russia, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan and Tajikistan in the west, Afghanistan, Pakistan and India in the southwest.
Xinjiang has large deposits of minerals and oil. Oil and gas extraction industry in Aksu and Karamay is booming, with the West–East Gas Pipeline connecting to Shanghai. The oil and petrochemical sector account for 60% of Xinjiang's local economy... (culled from several sites incl. wikipedia)

GEOSTRATEGIC CONTEXT
In his 1997 book “The Grand Chessboard ”, former national security advisor under the Carter administration and informal Obama advisor, Zbigniew Brzezinski highlights the importance of Eurasia for global US primacy. Drawing heavily on Mackinder’s theory he states:

"Geopolitics has moved from the regional to the global dimension, with preponderance over the entire Eurasian continent serving as the central basis for global primacy. The United States, a non-Eurasian power, now enjoys international primacy, with its power directly deployed on three peripheries of the Eurasian continent […]. But it is on the globe’s most important playing field – Eurasia – that a potential rival to America might at some point arise". (Brzezinski, Zbigniew (1997): The Grand Chessboard. P.39) ...
that to retain its supremacy in Eurasia, the US has to prevent potential rivals, such as Russia, China, Iran and Turkey from gaining control or influence in the region.

Since the Cold War, the US has maintained a strong presence in what Brzezinski calls “continental bridgeheads” that enabled it to contain the Soviet threat during the Cold War. One such bridgehead on the southern front was the wider Middle Eastern region. The US assistance of the mujahidin in the Soviet- Afghan war was a move that was designed to check the southward expansion of Soviet influence on the continent. Indeed all past interventions in Muslim countries of the Middle East during the Cold War, including the 1953 coup d’état against Prime Minister Mohammad Mossadeq of Iran, can be seen as a checking of Soviet influence.

Since the geopolitical aspirations of Russia and Iran in Central Asia have become obvious during the past few years, the geostrategic importance of the Middle East for the US has only increased. The regional bridgehead still stands: Israel, a close ally of the US still has the best equipped armed forces in the region and the US now maintains a military presence in Iraq, Afghanistan, Turkey and Qatar. It is therefore in a formidable position to check the excessive geopolitical aspirations of other players in the region.

With hopes of a new multilateralism that includes the Muslim world, it is clear that the US will hold on to its presence and influence in the Middle East. There should also be no doubt about the willingness of the US to use its hard power to ensure its continuity. After all, if one believes in Mackinder - and many American strategic thinkers do – nothing less than world domination is at stake.

Ken Egli is an ISN editor and is studying political science and history at the University of Zurich. He is head of the ISN's PRIA project.
Resources
NATO in Afghanistan: Security and Development, by the US Mission to NATO
This website provides an overview of NATO operations in Afghanistan.
Central Asia, by Carnegie Endowment for International Peace
On this website, Carnegie scholars in Moscow and Washington examine the process of political and economic transition in Central Asia, the region’s role in global energy markets, and the regional balance of power.

BELOW FIND U.S. / NYT MAJOR INFORMATION SOURCES ...
Riots in Western China Amid Ethnic Tension
By EDWARD WONG
http://www.nytimes.com/2009/07/06/world/asia/06china.html?scp=4&sq=%20up...
BEIJING — At least 1,000 rioters clashed with the police on Sunday in a regional capital in western China after days of rising tensions between Muslim Uighurs and Han Chinese, according to witnesses and photographs of the riot (sound familiar?). The rioting broke out Sunday afternoon in a large market area of Urumqi, the capital of the vast, restive desert region of Xinjiang, and lasted for several hours before riot police officers and paramilitary or military troops locked down the Uighur quarter of the city. The rioters threw stones at the police and set vehicles on fire while police officers used fire hoses and batons to beat back rioters and detain Uighurs who appeared to be leading the protest, witnesses said....
The riot was the largest ethnic clash in China since the Tibetan uprising of March 2008, and perhaps the biggest protest in Xinjiang in years. Like the Tibetan unrest (same U.S. 'human rights' forces involved) it highlighted the deep-seated frustrations felt by some ethnic minorities in western China over the policies of the Communist Party. Many Uighurs, a Turkic-speaking Muslim group, resent rule by the Han Chinese, and Chinese security forces have tried to keep oil-rich Xinjiang under tight control since the 1990s, when cities there were struck by waves of protests, riots and bombings. Last summer, attacks on security forces took place in several cities in Xinjiang ... Early Monday, Chinese officials said the latest riots were started by Rebiya Kadeer, a Uighur human rights advocate who had been imprisoned in China and now lives in Washington, Xinhua reported. As with the Dalai Lama, the Tibetan spiritual leader, Chinese officials often blame Ms. Kadeer for ethnic unrest; she denies the charges (like CIA paid dalai lama)...

China Points to Another Leader in Exile
...Rebiya Kadeer, the exiled Uighur businesswoman and political leader, could barely contain her fury at Beijing’s characterization of her as the evil mastermind behind the deadly protests that erupted Sunday in her western Chinese homeland.... Ms. Kadeer... has become the public face of an ethnic group that is little known in much of the world. Although her fame hardly approaches that of the Dalai Lama, the spiritual leader of the Tibetans, Ms. Kadeer has come to personify the Uighur cause, and that status may only grow with China’s denunciations. Ms. Kadeer first gained fame as an astute businesswoman and then a favored example of China’s claims of multiethnic harmony. She built an empire of trading companies and a department store and was even appointed to China’s national legislative body. But Communist Party leaders became suspicious of her loyalties in the late 1990s. She was arrested in 1999 and sentenced to eight years for betraying state secrets [to U.S.]
Under pressure from the United States and international organizations, she was released to exile in March 2005. She was soon elected president of two exile groups, the Uighur American Association, which represents the 1,000 or so Uighurs in the United States, and the World Uighur Congress, an umbrella for 47 groups worldwide, with headquarters in Munich.
Both groups receive much of their funding from the National Endowment for Democracy, a bipartisan organization created and financed by the United States Congress that promotes democracy worldwide....
At a news conference in Washington on Monday, Ms. Kadeer explained a telephone call that Chinese officials said was evidence of her role in the demonstrations. She said that when she heard on Saturday that protests were planned, she called one of her brothers in Urumqi and told him to stay home. “I did not organize the protests or call on people to demonstrate,” she said.... http://www.nytimes.com/2009/07/07/world/asia/07kadeer.html?ref=asia

Tensions high in riot-hit Urumqi
http://english.aljazeera.net/news/asia-pacific/2009/07/2009778234472244....
Ethnic unrest is escalating in China's western Xinjiang region, where police have clashed with a large group of armed ethnic Han Chinese trying to reach a Uighur neighbourhood in the city of Urumqi.The clashes come two days after deadly rioting in the city left at least 156 people dead and hundreds injured in the worst outbreak of ethnic violence seen in China in years.
With tensions high, groups of Uighurs and Han Chinese took to the streets in at least four neighbourhoods of the Xinjiang capital on Tuesday.Police used tear gas in an effort to disperse the crowds and keep the rival groups apart. Al Jazeera's correspondent Melissa Chan, reporting from Urumqi, said one group of Han Chinese, some armed with sticks, shovels and knives, were trying to break through police lines to reach a Uighur area of the city.... she said some groups of Han Chinese were searching cars looking for anyone they thought to be Uighur. Some of the Han protesters were singing China's national anthem and pledging to defend their country. Other reports have quoted Han Chinese vowing to take revenge on Uighurs they blamed for Sunday's unrest....
The Chinese government has blamed Uighur exiles for stoking the unrest, singling out Rebiya Kadeer, a Uighur businesswoman who was jailed for years in China before being released into exile in the US where she now heads the World Uighur Congress, for "masterminding" the unrest. "Rebiya had phone conversations with people in China on July 5 in order to incite, and websites such as Uighurbiz.cn and Diyarim.com were used to orchestrate the incitement and spread of propaganda," said Nur Bekri, the governor of Xinjiang. "I did not organise any protests or call on the people to demonstrate," she said.... Explaining to reporters that she called her brother in Xinjiang when she learnt of the violence in Urumqi to warn her 40 relatives in the region to stay away from the demonstrations...

China Locks Down Restive Region After Deadly Clashes
By EDWARD WONG
http://www.nytimes.com/2009/07/07/world/asia/07china.html?_r=1&th=&emc=t...
...The officials also released a statement that laid the blame directly on Rebiya Kadeer, a Uighur businesswoman and human rights advocate who had been imprisoned in China and now lives in Washington. It said the World Uighur Congress, a group led by “the splittist” Ms. Kadeer, “directly ignited, plotted and directed the violence using the Shaoguan incident in Guangdong.” The statement said bloggers first began calling for the protest on Saturday night and also used QQ and online bulletin boards to organize a rally at People’s Square and South Gate in the Uighur quarter of Urumqi. The World Uighur Congress rejected the accusations and said that it condemned “in the strongest possible terms the brutal crackdown of a peaceful protest of young Uighurs.” The group said in a statement on Monday that Uighurs had been subject to reprisals not only from Chinese security forces but also from Han Chinese civilians who attacked homes, workplaces or dormitories after the riots on Monday....

Introducing the World Uyghur Congress (World Uighur Congress)
www.uyghurcongress.org
http://www.uyghurcongress.org/En/AboutWUC.asp?mid=1095738888

The Third General Assembly of the World Uyghur Congress was convened in Washington, DC on May 21-25, 2009 . Delegates and observers from Australia, Belgium, Canada, Denmark, France, Germany, Holland, Japan, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Norway, Sweden, Turkey and the United States have attended the Assembly. Ms. Rebiya Kadeer, the leader of the international Uyghur human rights and democracy movement, once again elected as the president of the WUC unanimously by all delegates.
On the second General Assembly of WUC which held in Munich from November 24 to 27, 2006, all delegates had elected Ms. Rebiya Kadeer (Rabiye Qadir) as the president of WUC.
Before Rebiya Kadeer (Rabiye Qadir) is elected as the president of WUC, she founded the “Uyghur Human Rights and Democracy Foundation” and headed “The Uyghur American Association” based on Washington DC....
On the first General Assembly of WUC in 2004 Mr. Erkin Aliptekin was elected as a president. He had lead WUC to its second General Assembly in 2006. Mr. Alptekin is a former general secretary of the Unrepresented Nations and Peoples Organization (UNPO) based in The Hague, the Netherlands. He has remarkable experience in working with international organizations and governments in lobbying for the Uyghur people’s right to self-determination. He is also a close friend of the Dalai Lama, spiritual leader of the Tibetan people....

At the National Press Club in Washington, D.C. today, Uyghur democracy leader Rebiya Kadeer delivered a statement regarding recent unrest in Urumchi and other cities in East Turkestan
http://www.uhrp.org/

Government Should Allow Independent United Nations Probe
http://www.uhrp.org/
The Chinese government should exercise maximum restraint in the face of unrest and violence on July 5 in Urumqi, the capital of the Xinjiang Uighur Autonomous Region, Human Rights Watch said today. China should allow the United Nations to conduct an independent investigation into the events.

getting right to the point:
US must act to prevent Uighur Tiananmen
Jul 07, 2009
http://www.uyghurcongress.org/En/news.asp?ItemID=-1631382912&rcid=803688...
"The Chinese regime in Beijing should not be allowed to engage in another Tienanmen Square with impunity," representatives Bill Delahunt and Dana Rohrabacher wrote in an open letter to Secretary of State Hillary Clinton. "It is time for the United States to take a stand against Chinese abuse of Uighurs in Xinjiang... We cannot have a 'business as usual' relationship with a regime that shoots down factory workers and students over labor issues. Delahunt, a Democrat, is chairman of a Foreign Affairs Committee panel in the US House of Representatives, Rohrabacher is the top Republican on the International Organizations, Human Rights and Oversight subcommittee....

Deadly Ethnic Riots Pose Fresh Crisis for Beijing
http://www.uyghurcongress.org/En/news.asp?ItemID=-306062299&rcid=8036885...
JULY 7, 2009
URUMQI, China- How Beijing acts in the days ahead could have major repercussions both at home and abroad, as China seeks a higher profile on the world stage. If its response is considered too heavy-handed by foreign governments, it could provoke international condemnation. But if Beijing doesn't go far enough, it risks a domestic backlash from Han citizens. Chinese authorities appeared to move quickly to keep the unrest from spreading across Xinjiang, an oil-and-gas producing region that covers one-sixth of Chinese territory and shares borders with Afghanistan and Pakistan as well as Central Asian nations. Chinese security forces clamped down on large parts of this city of 2.4 million Monday, a day after long-simmering ethnic tensions erupted in rioting that authorities said left 156 dead and more than 1,000 injured. The fatalities, if confirmed, would represent one of the deadliest outbreaks of violence in China in decades. The government said more than 20,000 security personnel were deployed in Urumqi, capital of the Xinjiang region in the sensitive northwest bi=order region of China.... Sunday's events echoed an apparently similar incident in Lhasa, in China's Tibet region, in March last year... Uighurs share many of the same grievances as Tibetans [digest: as well as the same U.S. based instigators]...
Chinese officials blamed the violence on the World Uyghur Congress, and its leader, Rebiya Kadeer. Ms. Kadeer said she had "no role in organizing or promoting these protests."...
Uighur exile groups have become more organized in challenging the Chinese government and giving voice to the frustrations of Uighurs unhappy with Beijing's rule. Other Uighurs, seeking independence from China, have waged sporadic and sometimes violent campaigns against the government. One Uighur group, the East Turkestan Islamic Movement, has been labeled a terrorist organization by China and the U.S. Unrest in Xinjiang mounted last year, and there were several violent incidents around the time of last summer's Beijing Olympics....
Nicholas Bequelin, a researcher for Human Rights Watch, a U.S.-based advocacy group, said the Chinese government had created a "pressure cooker" atmosphere for Uighurs in Xinjiang.
http://online.wsj.com/article/SB124685864855299373.html

What Is the UHRP?
The Uyghur Human rights Project (UHRP) was founded by the Uyghur American Association (UAA) in 2004 with a supporting grant from the National Endowment for Democracy (NED). UHRP is a human rights research, reporting and advocacy organization. The organization focuses on promoting human rights and democracy for Uyghurs and others living in East Turkestan...

Why is there a need for UHRP?
Human rights organizations such as Human Rights Watch and Amnesty International regularly express concern over the deteriorating human rights situation in East Turkistan. However, due to the Chinese authorities' tight controls on information, accurate and timely analysis of developments in East Turkistan is extremely difficult.
Human rights activists agree that without critical support from Uyghur-run human rights organizations, very little information from within East Turkistan will emerge.
[Search Results for "Open Society Institute" (Page 1 of 99)]
[Search Results for "National Endowment for Democracy (Page 1 of 232)]

Selected Links
Uyghur American Association (UAA)
The International Uyghur Human Rights and Democracy Foundation (IUHRDF) established in 2005 by Rebiya Kadeer and Uyghur intellectuals in the United States.
International Campaign for Tibet
Students for a Free Tibet
Amnesty International
Committee to Protect Journalists
Human Rights Watch
Uyghur Human Rights Project
Uyghur American Association 1701 Pennsylvania Avenue, NW, Suite 300 Washington, DC 20006

another u.s. based 'objective' source: Dui Hua Foundation
Arrests Increased in Chinese Region
By EDWARD WONG
http://www.nytimes.com/2009/01/06/world/asia/06china.html
...Several violent episodes, including attacks on government forces, led the authorities to tighten security measures across Xinjiang for much of 2008. In 2007, the number of people arrested across all of China on suspicion of endangering state security was 742, according to the national statistics bureau. Prosecutors indicted 619 of them.Of those total numbers, about half were from Xinjiang, said Nicholas Bequelin, a China researcher for Human Rights Watch...
Since 2001, when the Bush administration began its campaign against terrorism, Chinese authorities have said they are battling the “three forces” of separatism, terrorism and religious extremism in Xinjiang. Last year, the Dui Hua Foundation, a rights organization based in San Francisco, reported that the number of arrests of people accused of endangering state security had risen in China in recent years.[...]

The Dui Hua Foundation, established in April 1999, is a non-profit organization dedicated to advancing the protection of universally recognized human rights in China and the United States.

Media Coverage
Extensive coverage of Dui Hua's work in both the US and international media has helped to establish the foundation's reputation as an authority on human rights in China. Articles on Dui Hua have appeared frequently in many of the world’s leading newspapers and magazines, and the foundation's work has been covered by major news services and online news outlets.
The article "John Kamm’s Third Way" by Tina Rosenberg, which ran as the cover story in The New York Times Sunday Magazine, thrust the foundation into full view of the press, particularly media professionals focused on human rights issues....

PRISONER DATABASE
Dui Hua maintains a detailed database of information about Chinese political and religious prisoners incarcerated since 1980. The "Official Prisoner Registry" contains data found in "open source" materials published in China or received via communications from the Chinese government to foreign governments or Dui Hua. Information from non-Chinese press accounts and publications of NGOs that monitor human rights in China is recorded in the "Unofficial Prisoner Registry." Individuals either known or strongly believed to be incarcerated in China are recorded as "active" prisoner cases.
Dui Hua's prisoner database is at the center of many of the foundation’s most important activities, and is made available quarterly to the US State Department under a contract administered by the International Republican Institute. Dui Hua uses the database to generate prisoner lists for members of the US Congress and organizations interested in raising human rights cases with their Chinese counterparts.

"MASS INCIDENT" DATABASE "
Dui Hua's "mass incident" database comprises records of public incidents spawning from Chinese citizens’ discontent over a host of social, economic, environmental, and labor problems. With this focus, Dui Hua recognizes that the frequency of such incidents and the need for China’s leaders to address their causes present an important opportunity to broaden its research on human rights in China.The mass incident registry can bolster human rights diplomacy with the Chinese government by helping Dui Hua better understand popular dissent in China, a phenomenon which often shares common ground with political and religious crime. This registry will also increase opportunities for public outreach and information-sharing with governments, NGOs, and researchers. The development and maintenance of the mass incident database are supported by the Smith Richardson Foundation and the International Republican Institute.

Board of Directors
http://www.duihua.org/about/bod.htm

John Kamm
Executive Director
The Dui Hua Foundation

John Kamm's Third Way
Tina Rosenberg
...Dui Hua's financing comes mainly from the conservative Smith Richardson Foundation and the International Republican Institute, whose president was Lorne W. Craner, now the Bush administration's assistant secretary of state for democracy, human rights and labor.... America has a bipartisan policy toward democracy and human rights in China, and it is called trade. ''Trade freely with China and time is on our side,'' President Bush says, echoing President Clinton's promise to build ''peace through trade, investment and commerce.'' The accepted wisdom is that trade is not only good for human rights in China, but it is also enough -- that the exposure to American practices and the growth of a middle class that come from trade will eventually force China to democratize, or at least to become a less repressive dictatorship.
The Internet will be the test for business in the future. China makes it illegal to post or download subversive messages and asks Internet service providers and Internet cafes to police users... Human Rights Watch tried to get software companies to intervene after one Sichuan Web master, Huang Qi, was imprisoned in 2000 for posting human rights material. Human Rights Watch argued to companies that since they were promoting the Internet as a tool to change China, they could not keep silent when a Chinese citizen was jailed for doing exactly that. ''We failed miserably to get any company to say a word, privately or publicly,'' says Mike Jendrzejczyk, the Washington director of Human Rights Watch in Asia.
http://www.nytimes.com/2002/03/03/magazine/john-kamm-s-third-way.html?se...

Harold W. Furman II
Chairman and Managing Director
The Furman Group, Inc.

Thomas D. Gorman
Chairman
CCI Asia-Pacific Ltd.

William C. McCahill, Jr.
Vice Chairman
JL McGregor & Company

William N. Simon
Managing Partner
Infinity Associates LLC

Magdalen Yum
First Vice President-Investments
Merrill Lynch Asian U.S. Complex

Linda K. Ziglar
Senior Vice President, Financial Operations
American Frozen Food Institute

U.S. NED / GEORGE SOROS' OPEN SOCIETY INSTITUTE

OSI CENTRAL ASIA PROJECT
http://www.soros.org/initiatives/cep/about
The mission of the Central Eurasia Project is to promote human rights and social progress in the South Caucasus, Central Asia and Mongolia, both regionally and internationally. In addition to regional initiatives, the project also manages Open Society Institute activities related to the closed society countries in the region without Soros foundations, Turkmenistan and Uzbekistan.
In its work the Central Eurasia Project develops effective programs and campaigns with broad international impact under very challenging circumstances. It uses policy, research, and advocacy tools as well as knowledge production to shape broader policy debate about the region. With its grantmaking and operational activities, the project remains an important advocate of bringing about societal and political integration of marginalized groups in Central Asia and the Caucasus.

one ex:
OSI Forum: Islamists of Central Asia and Xinjiang —Questions of Religious Freedom
http://www.soros.org/initiatives/cep/events/islamists_20070110
The Central Eurasia Project of the Open Society Institute hosted a discussion with Igor Rotar, Central Asia correspondent for Forum 18, a Norwegian human rights organization that seeks to establish religious freedom for all on the basis of Article 18 of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights. The Forum 18 News Service is a web and email initiative that reports on threats and actions against the religious freedom of all people, whatever their religious affiliation. Rotar frequently visits the Central Asian republics and the Xinjiang region in China. In 2005, he was deported from Uzbekistan due to his critical articles on the treatment of religious believers in the country. Rotar has also actively addressed human rights violations in Turkmenistan and has not been allowed to visit the country since 1995. Rotar is a frequent contributor to Nezavisimaya Gazeta, Jamestown Foundation publications, and other media outlets. He is the author of numerous articles and books, many of which discuss Islam in the former Soviet Union. Cassandra Cavanaugh, OSI regional director for Central Eurasia and the Caucasus, introduced the speaker.[...]

Resource Links
+Amnesty International
+Civil Society International
+Committee to Protect Journalists
+Doctors Without Borders/Medicines Sans Frontiers (MSF)
+Global Witness
+Human Rights Watch/HRW
+International Crisis Group
+International Helsinki Federation for Human Rights
+Liberty Institute
+Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe OSCE the largest regional security organization in the world 55 participating states from Europe, Central Asia, and North America.
+U.S. Department of State

EurasiaNet
http://www.soros.org/initiatives/cep/programs/EurasiaNet
EurasiaNet is a website operated by the Central Eurasia Project that provides information and analysis about political, economic, environmental and social developments in the countries of Central Asia and the Caucasus, as well as in Russia, the Middle East, and Southwest Asia. The website also offers additional features, including newsmaker interviews, book reviews and a discussion forum.Based in New York and updated daily, EurasiaNet advocates open and informed discussion of issues that concern countries in the region. The website presents a variety of perspectives on contemporary developments, utilizing a network of correspondents based both in the West and in the region. The aim of EurasiaNet is to promote informed decision making among policy makers, as well as broadening interest in the region among the general public. EurasiaNet maintains its own separate website at www.eurasianet.org.

flashback: U.S. anti-China juggernaut not new, but expanded and slicker...
GENERAL UPRISING IN CHINA FEARED; State Department Learns That the Empire's Rulers Are Seriously Alarmed. WHITE PEOPLE IN DANGER Wider Movement for Relief of the Famine Sufferers Planned -- International Action Possible.
March 25, 1907, Monday
WASHINGTON, March 24. -- From Shanghai advices received at the State Department it appears that the rulers of China are seriously alarmed over the spread of famine through the country, and the opportunity it offers to seditionary societies to enlist converts. The suffering of the people is used as capital. [ END OF FIRST PARAGRAPH ]
view full article http://query.nytimes.com/gst/abstract.html?res=9E04E5DA123EE033A25756C2A...