2/21 Behind the Offensive Across North Africa & 'Middle East'

related material http://www.burbankdigest.com/node/333 / 334/ 335 /336

Promoting Democracy: A Blueprint for the Next Administration
[PDF] from policymatters.netJ Chin - Policy Matters J., Spring, 2008
... International Center for Not-for-Profit Law and World Movement for Democracy Secretariat at the National Endowment for Democracy, February 2008. ... Joseph Nye, Soft Power: The Means to Success in World Politics (New York: PublicAffairs, 2004)
at least 130 sources at george soros+National Endowment for Democracy+soft power

Secret Report Ordered by Obama Identified Potential Uprisings
http://www.nytimes.com/2011/02/17/world/middleeast/17diplomacy.html
President Obama ordered his advisers last August to produce a secret report on unrest in the Arab world, which concluded that without sweeping political changes, countries from Bahrain to Yemen were ripe for popular revolt, known as a Presidential Study Directive, the 18-page classified report identified likely flashpoints, most notably Egypt, and solicited proposals for how the administration could push for political change in countries with autocratic rulers who are also valuable allies of the United States...how to balance American strategic interests and avert broader instability ... The White House held weekly meetings with experts from the State Department, the C.I.A. and other agencies. The process was led by Dennis B. Ross, the president’s senior adviser on the Middle East; Samantha Power, a senior director at the National Security Council who handles human rights issues; and Gayle Smith, senior director responsible for global development....The report singles out four for close scrutiny, which an official said...suggest Jordan, Egypt, Bahrain and Yemen.
By issuing a directive, Mr. Obama was also pulling the topic of political change out of regular meetings on diplomatic, commercial or military relations with Arab states. In those meetings, one official said, the strategic interests loom so large it is almost impossible to discuss reform efforts....

RETOOLING U.S. PUBLIC DIPLOMACY AS STRATEGIC INSTRUMENT OF FOREIGN POLICY
http://74.125.155.132/scholar?q=cache:gslIoyPd48kJ:scholar.google.com/+N...
Joseph Nye’s introduction of the concept of “soft power” as an essential complement to “hardpower” captures the essence of public diplomacy. Nye wrote of the “soft power of attraction”essential “to draw target publics into the U.S. web of influence.”4 The achievement of U.S. foreignpolicy goals is greatly facilitated when more friends and allies share our interests and contribute totheir accomplishment. In the case of the War on Terror, victory is directly related to prevailing in abattle of ideas, which public diplomacy tools seek to shape.The 9/11 Commission called for action “to compete as vigorously on the ideological battlefieldas we do on the military and intelligence fronts.”5 The Department of State (DOS) Advisory Groupon Public Diplomacy, the General Accounting Office, the Heritage Foundation, the Council onForeign Relations, and the 9/11 Commission have all issued reports stating that a greater emphasisis needed by the U.S. Government on public diplomacy.6This chapter takes the position that current approaches to public diplomacy are flawedand must be reconsidered and appropriately funded in order to acquire the public diplomacycapabilities needed to win the War on Terror. Furthermore, public diplomacy must be integratedinto the policymaking process in the form of a comprehensive and coherent strategy.
The areas of public diplomacy used to influence foreign target audiences are internationalinformation programs, educational and cultural exchange programs, and international nonmilitarybroadcasting.11 Often included in a canvas of public diplomacy programs is the National Endowmentfor Democracy (NED), which operates at arm’s length from the Department of State, but whichDOS principally funds. NED’s mission is to assist democratic movements worldwide by leveragingits status as a private, non-profit entity primarily in the area of foreign elections.12The primary agencies involved in these areas are the State Dept, the International BroadcastingBureau and the National Endowment for Democracy.13 Within the Department of State, the Officeof International Information Programs (IIP) and the Bureau for Educational and Cultural Affairs(ECA) focus on strategic communications and international exchanges respectively. In addition,the bipartisan Broadcasting Board of Governors (BBG) administers the Voice of America (VOA)and numerous surrogate entities such as Radio Free Europe/Radio Liberty (RFE/RL) and RadioMarti (broadcast to Cuba).14 Several new initiatives launched since 9/11 include Radio Sawa and a24 hour news channel, Alhurra (the free one), broadcast to the Middle East. The newest State Deptentry aimed at “Telling America’s Story” is a web site for foreign audiences, http://www.america.gov.15
The National Security Strategy of the United States of America (NSS), published in March 2006,establishes two inseparable priorities: “fighting and winning the war on terror and promotingfreedom as the alternative to tyranny and despair.”18
The NSS posits further: From the beginning, the War on Terror has been both a battle of arms and a battle of ideas – a fight againstthe terrorists and against their murderous ideology…. In the long run, winning the war on terror meanswinning the battle of ideas, for it is ideas that can turn the disenchanted into murderers willing to kill innocentvictims.19 The diplomatic instrument of power is a critical component in the NSS’s objective to advancefreedom and human dignity through democracy as the long-term antidote for transnationalterrorism. Essential to this end is the continued reorientation of the Department of State toward transformational diplomacy.20 A key component of transformational diplomacy is the strengthening of public diplomacy in order to: advocate the policies and values of the United States in a clear, accurate, and persuasive way to a watchingand listening world. This includes actively engaging foreign audiences, expanding educational opportunitiesfor Americans to learn about foreign languages and cultures and for foreign students and scholars to study inthe United States; empowering the voices of our citizen ambassadors as well as those foreigners who share ourcommitment to a safer, more compassionate world; enlisting the support of the private sector; increasing ourchannels for dialogue with Muslim leaders and citizens; and confronting propaganda quickly, before mythsand distortions have time to take root in the hearts and minds of people across the world.21 Since 9/11 there has been an increased focus on departments and agencies across the governmentcontributing to the mission of improving America’s image. Besides the NED mentioned above,other U.S. Government agencies involved in de facto public diplomacy include the Peace Corpsand USAID. Both involve people-to-people communication in U.S. Government funded programsin pursuit of U.S. policy interests, and as such both perform a strategic public relations function.22USAID, in particular, is charged with publicizing U.S. humanitarian assistance.23 Additionally,the Department of Defense (DOD) has embarked on initiatives to aggressively conduct foreigncommunications. The much maligned Office of Strategic Influence was a short-lived effort that cameon the scene in the fall of 2001 and was later replaced by the Office of Strategic Communication,which has the mission of coordinating and disseminating combat information. The DOD fundedcontracts worth $300 million over five years to create media products aimed at improving the publicimage of the United States abroad. The Joint Psychological Operations Support Element of the U.S.Special Operations Command has been coordinating these efforts.24...

Majority support for the U.S.-led War on Terror can be found in only two of the fifteen countries surveyed, India and Russia, both of which have significant problems with domestic terrorists.However, in the case of India, America’s favorability rating dropped 15 points in one year.45Unfavorable attitudes persist in predominantly Muslim countries. By all accounts public diplomacyefforts in the Middle East are a failure. For example, in Egypt, a country that has received moreU.S. aid in the past 20 years than any Muslim country by far, only 15 percent of Egyptians have a favorable opinion of the U.S.46 In the 2006 Pew survey the percentage of Egyptians supporting theU.S.-led war on terror remained at 10 percent, where it has hovered since 2002.47A 2006 GAO audit evaluating the effectiveness of the State Department’s public diplomacy programs focused on a continued inability to engage Muslim audiences. While some resources havebeen shifted to the Muslim world ranging from a 25 percent increase in the Near East to a 39 percent plus up in South Asia, the number of authorized overseas positions in regional bureaus held steady. Furthermore, the report concluded that human capital challenges, such as poor language proficiency and short tours of duty, are compounded by security concerns at most posts in the Muslim world. Consequently, public diplomacy officers in the Muslim world spent less time communicating withlocal audiences than their positions require.48The current mix of information programs, media programs, and cultural and educational exchanges should be reconsidered with greater emphasis placed on cultural and educational exchanges. Objective reports assessing the effectiveness of U.S. public diplomacy cited the cultural and educational exchange programs as the most effective. The media programs have been perceivedas less effective due to the U.S. credibility problem in the target populations. While these perceptions persist, the U.S. will benefit from investing in local moderate media operations and those of our allieswith common interests, but without the credibility stigma of the U.S. in the Middle East. Finally, an underdeveloped aspect of the information programs is translating more English language texts into Arabic. In the past century, only 10,000 English language books have been translated into Arabic.49The current trends in the effectiveness of U.S. public diplomacy are poor. In sum, the promise of America’s public diplomacy has not been realized due to a lack of political will, the absence of an overall strategy, a deficit of trained professionals, cultural constraints, structural shortcomings, and a scarcity of resources. Money alone will not solve the problem. Strong leadership and imaginative thinking, planning, and coordination are critical.50 Policymakers are beginning to understand that the Cold War public diplomacy structure must be retooled and appropriately resourced to make a more effective contribution to U.S. national security interests. At a minimum, the conceptualization and execution of public diplomacy programs mustreach its full potential. The goal of spreading freedom and democracy throughout the globe is unrealizable “unless America has a more coordinated, cooperative mechanism tailored for public outreach.”51...
Many challenges face the U.S. as it seeks to reverse a steady decline in the world’s regard for its image and policies. The beginning of a new presidential Administration in 2009 is a critical window of opportunity to take concrete steps to regain America’s “soft power,” the power to attract the world to U.S. values and culture. Public diplomacy should be regarded as a strategic instrument of foreign policy and given resources and leadership commensurate with that role. Success in the War on Terror will remain elusive absent such action

White House Studies Otpor, Solidarnosc Precedents For Egypt
http://groups.yahoo.com/group/stopnato/message/48848

Obama administration studies recent revolutions for lessons applicable in Egypt
By Scott Wilson, http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-dyn/content/article/2011/02/13/AR2011021302783.\html
As the Obama administration works to shepherd the Egypt uprising toward a democratic government, it is drawing on the experiences of a half-dozen other nations whose revolutions have been the focus of internal White House study in recent weeks. National security adviser Thomas E. Donilon, at President Obama's behest, has ordered some of his senior directors, some responsible for areas outside the Middle East, to review recent popular uprisings that have toppled governments, searching for lessons applicable in Egypt. A White House official said a six-inch-thick file now sits on Donilon's desk.
Among those working on what amounts to a comparative revolutions course is Michael A. McFaul, the National Security Council director for Russia and Eurasian affairs, who as a professor at Stanford University also served as director of its Center on Democracy, Development and the Rule of Law. White House focus has been on revolutions against U.S.-backed dictatorships, including the 1986 popular revolt against Ferdinand Marcos in the Philippines, the Chilean transition from the dictatorship of Augusto Pinochet to democracy in 1990, and the 1998 uprising in Indonesia that drove out President Suharto. Officials have also looked to Serbia and Poland for lessons.... Obama administration officials have brought in several experts on the Indonesian revolt, which the White House has held up as a counterargument to conservative criticism that an Iranian-style Islamic republic could emerge in the heart of the Arab Middle East.
White House officials have talked with Stanford University's Larry Diamond, who studies democratic transitions; Duke University's Donald L. Horowitz, who circulated the first chapter of his soon-to-be published book on Indonesia; and Cornell University's Valerie Bunce, who wrote a summary of the Indonesian case, as well as the 1989 Polish and 2000 Serbian transitions, that was distributed to senior staff members working on Egypt....Ben Rhodes, deputy national security adviser for strategic communications, also reached out to Karen Brooks, the National Security Council's director for Asia under George W. Bush who, as a State Department official, advised President Bill Clinton during the Indonesian revolt.
Brooks said Rhodes told her that although some fear that Egypt could turn into post-revolution Iran, he saw as many similarities to the Indonesian experience. In the following days, she prepared papers for Rhodes that broadly compared the uprisings in Egypt and Indonesia, examining their militaries and bearing down on the traditions of each country's Islamist political movements."We looked at various slices of the issue to get some baseline assessments," said Brooks, who serves as an adjunct senior fellow at the Council on Foreign Relations and runs a consulting firm. "And then we moved onto the lessons learned - what did the United States do well, and what didn't it do well? And what did Indonesia do well to get where it is?" Although Brooks acknowledged many differences in the cases, she also noted that Egypt's Hosni Mubarak, like Suharto, came to power from the military at a time of national crisis and with the active support of the United States. "There's a million different ways these things unfold, and there's no crystal ball," Brooks said. "The good news at the end of the day is that there are alternative outcomes, and that Egypt need not look like Iran, although I'm not saying it won't." "There are ways that outcome becomes more likely and ways it becomes less likely... that's what has been under intense scrutiny in recent weeks.

Egypt's Youth Build A New Opposition Movement, Call for Democratic Reform
Thursday, September 16, 2010 http://www.cnsnews.com/news/article/75374
Over the past six months, about 15,000 of these volunteers have formed the kernel of a burgeoning youth opposition movement in Egypt who are pinning their hopes for leadership on Mohamed ElBaradei, the Nobel peace laureate and former chief of U.N.'s nuclear watchdog agency....
Another 9,000 volunteers are to be trained or have applied to join the campaign of ElBaradei supporters. After operating mainly online, volunteers have started going door-to-door to gather signatures and reach out to people, following the ideas of [Gene] Sharp....
Egypt's new movement has not implemented Sharp's more dramatic steps yet. But ElBaradei said he won't hesitate to call for civil disobedience if the government remains intransigent.
In the meantime, they have successfully avoided heavy arrests by security services."So long as we appear weak, the security agencies will leave us alone," said Ahmed Ezz, the lead trainer. "We just want a space to breathe, to be free, and we are looking to create a trend."Amr el-Shobaky, a political analyst at the Al-Ahram Center think tank, said the signature campaign is impressive, and such steps to gauge public opinion and set up a structure are new for Egypt's opposition.

"

APRIL 6 ACTIVIST ON REGIME CHANGE EGYPT
http://ourmediaindymedia.blogspot.com/2011/02/wikileaks-about-mubarak-re...
W.L. 30-09-2009 - 05.02.2011 04:38
08CAIRO2572 2008-12-30 09:09 2011-01-31 SECRET Embassy Cairo
FM AMEMBASSY CAIRO TO RUEHC/SECSTATE WASHDC 1233
INFO RUEHXK/ARAB ISRAELI COLLECTIVE
RHEHNSC/NSC WASHDC
S E C R E T SECTION 01 OF 02 CAIRO 00257
http://213.251.145.96/cable/2008/12/08CAIRO2572.html
Classified By: ECPO A/Mincouns Catherine Hill-Herndon for reason 1.4 (d).
(excerpts) IS THIS THE START OF SOMETHING?
The key question is, will the localized incident in Mahalla spark a wider movement? The government is clearly focused on containing unrest. Even while the riots were still winding down, PM Nazif traveled to Mahalla, paid bonuses to factory workers and praised those who did not join in the riots (ref D). The government has also accelerated arrests of activists in Cairo (ref E). The organizers of the April 6 strike have already called, via Facebook, for a follow-on national strike on May 4, Mubarak's eightieth birthday. Even regime insiders have acknowledged the political savvy behind this tactic -- channeling current outrage towards the next big event....

April 6 brought together disparate opposition forces together with numerous non-activist Egyptians, with Facebook calls for a strike attracting 70,000 people on-line, and garnering widespread national attention. The nexus of upper and middle-class Facebook users, and their poorer counterparts in the factories of Mahalla, created a new dynamic. One senior insider mused, "Who could have imagined a few kids on the internet could foment a buzz the entire country noticed?...The riots introduce a new dynamic for us as well. Under these stressful conditions, Mubarak and his regime will be even more sensitive to US criticism. April 15, Foreign Minister Aboul Gheit, meeting with the Ambassador, cited the Mahalla incident as a strain and hoped US would be supportive of Egypt during this difficult period. RICCIARDONE http://213.251.145.96/cable/2008/04/08CAIRO783.html

Council on Foreign Relations: major U.S. think tank spells it out
Soft Power: Democracy-Promotion and U.S. NGOs
http://www.cfr.org/democracy-promotion/soft-power-democracy-promotion-us...
Introduction
Democracy-promotion has long been an aspect of U.S. foreign policy, but it became a central component after September 11. The U.S. government has several channels for promoting democracy, most notably the U.S. Agency for International Development (USAID); the State Department's Bureau of Democracy, Human Rights, and Labor (DRL) and Middle East Partnership Initiative (MEPI); and the Millennium Challenge Corporation, which provides funds to nations that already meet certain democratic standards. But a plethora of U.S. nongovernmental organizations (NGOs) also exist for this purpose, with varying degrees of financial dependency on the government. In recent years, their budgets have increased dramatically...However, the majority receive funding from the U.S. government, and Justin Logan, a foreign policy analyst at the Cato Institute, does not subscribe to democracy-promotion as a foreign policy goal, arguing it is essentially regime change. Private institutes like financier George Soros' Open Society Institute may be able to make progress toward opening some societies, but Logan says the government—even if it's achieving its aims by supporting NGOs—should not be involved. Some argue NGOs can hinder and even work against U.S. interests. Recently, the New York Times accused the International Republican Institute (IRI) of undermining U.S. government policy in Haiti by siding with the opposition to ousted President Jean-Bertrand Aristide....NED, the biggest American NGO focused on democracy-promotion, distributes equal amounts of funds to four affiliated institutes: the National Democratic Institute for International Affairs (NDI), the International Republican Institute (IRI), the Center for Independent Private Enterprise (CIPE), and the American Center for International Labor Solidarity ("Solidarity Center")...Open Society Institute (OSI) and Soros Foundations network does not call itself a democracy-promoting organization, but pursues activities contributing to this goal....

Mohamed El Baradei a member of Zbigniew Brzezinski / George Soros International Crisis Group think tank

Brzezinski: Carter's sect'y of state, was also member of the board of directors of Amnesty International, the Council on Foreign Relations, the Atlantic Council, and the National Endowment for Democracy
en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Zbigniew_Brzezinski

Amid Combustible Atmosphere in Egypt, 'There Could Be a Showdown'
http://www.pbs.org/newshour/bb/world/jan-june11/egypt4_02-10.html
Jim Lehrer speaks with two former presidential national security advisers about the impact of Egyptian President Mubarak's speech and continuing political unrest on U.S.-Egypt relations. Stephen Hadley served under President George W. Bush, and Zbigniew Brzezinski held the post in the Carter administration.
BRZEZINSKI ... I do feel we're getting to a point in which the options could become quite ominous, because obviously tensions are rising. The situation is fluid. There could be a showdown. There could be the use of fire, lots of casualties, polarization, violence. And then the outcomes become equally unpalatable in whichever direction they go. Either the army takes over eventually, crushes the opposition, and we end up with Egypt a little bit like the Pinochet dictatorship in Chile, for example. Or the army crumbles, disintegrates and we end up with something somewhat approximating Iran, namely, the Muslim Brotherhood from behind the scenes gains in significance, and Egypt veers in that direction.
So, the name of the game, in my judgment, is to the extent that we have any influence -- and we have to be very careful not to exaggerate it -- is to try to promote, advance a political process which transforms this is amorphous rising of the young people, the protesters and others, into a real participation in a political process, which means leaders become evident, programs begin to be articulated, and eventually the existing government, whoever is running it, and they sit down and define the rules of the game for a transition of power by elections.
That is exactly what happened in Poland in 18 - in 1989. The communist government, realizing that it can not crush Solidarity, was prepared to talk. Solidarity was willing to sit down. And then you had in effect a roundtable in which the opposition, led by trade union leader Walesa, assisted by intellectuals, with the church participating and the right wing and the left wing of the Communist Party together eventually arranging for elections.
That cannot happen in Egypt overnight, because you're dealing with an amorphous protest which isn't yet crystallized into some sort of programs and leaderships. And that's what we have to promote as much as we can from the outside, but quietly, and not by imperative commands publicly.

NED
http://www.sourcewatch.org/index.php?title=NED
The close alignment of the NED activities with US foreign policy interests comes as no surprise, especially when you consider the revolving doorways between the US Government and the NED Board of Directors, some of the most notable of which include:
"...former US Secretaries of State, Henry Kissinger (Nixon) and Madeleine Albright (Clinton), former US Secretary of Defense Frank Carlucci (Reagan), former National Security Council Chair Zbigniew Brzezinski (Carter), former NATO Supreme Allied Command in Europe, General Wesley K. Clark (Clinton), and the current head of the World Bank, Paul Wolfowitz (George W. Bush). Another notable, Bill Brock, served as a US Senator, a US Trade Representative, and US Secretary of Labor, and then Chairman of the Board of NED."
According to the New York Times: "The National Endowment for Democracy is a quasi-governmental foundation created by the Reagan Administration in 1983 to channel millions of Federal dollars into anti-Communist 'private diplomacy.'" NED was created with a view to creating a broad base of political support for the organization. NED received funds from the U.S. government and distributes funds to four other organizations - one created by the Republican Party, another by the Democratic Party, one created by the business community and one by the "labor" movement (N.B.: the names of these organizations have changed over time):

* International Republican Institute (IRI)
* National Democratic Institute for International Affairs (NDI)
* Chamber of Commerce's Center for Private Enterprise (CIPE)
* AFL-CIO's American Center for International Labor Solidarity

Although publicly funded, the activities of these four institutes are not reported to Congress. According to William Robinson, "NED employs a complex system of intermediaries in which operative aspects, control relationships, and funding trails are nearly impossible to follow and final recipients are difficult to identify."...
Pepe Escobar of the Asia Times, writes: "The whole arsenal of US foundations -- National Endowment for Democracy, International Republic Institute, International Foundation for Election Systems (IFES), Eurasia Foundation, Internews, among others -- which fueled opposition movements in Serbia, Georgia and Ukraine, has also been deployed in Bishkek [Kyrgyzstan]... Practically everything that passes for civil society in Kyrgyzstan is financed by these US foundations, or by the US Agency for International Development (USAID). At least 170 non-governmental organizations charged with development or promotion of democracy have been created or sponsored by the Americans..."

Gene Sharp: Theoretician Of Velvet Revolution
Radio Free Europe 11/27/09 http://www.rferl.org/content/Gene_Sharp_Theoretician_Of_Velvet_Revolutio...
In February 2010 Iran’s Intelligence Ministry produced a broadcast about Americans it said were plotting against the regime. The video mentioned well-known names like Senator John McCain and financier George Soros... also Gene Sharp...and longtime associate Robert Helvey,

pumping up public opinion propaganda, pimping imperialist freedom-loving 'pacifists' hated by 'autocrats' gears up
Gene Sharp: Shy U.S. Intellectual Created Playbook Used in a Revolution
The Power of Pacifism
http://www.nytimes.com/2011/02/17/world/middleeast/17sharp.html
BOSTON — Halfway around the world from Tahrir Square in Cairo, an aging American intellectual shuffles about his cluttered brick row house in a working-class neighborhood here. His name is Gene Sharp. Stoop-shouldered and white-haired at 83, he grows orchids, has yet to master the Internet and hardly seems like a dangerous man.
But for the world’s despots, his ideas can be fatal...When Egypt’s April 6 Youth Movement was struggling to recover from a failed effort in 2005, its leaders tossed around “crazy ideas” about bringing down the government, said Ahmed Maher, a leading strategist. They stumbled on Mr. Sharp while examining the Serbian movement Otpor, which he had influenced. When the International Center on Nonviolent Conflict, which trains democracy activists, slipped into Cairo several years ago to conduct a workshop, among the papers it distributed was Mr. Sharp’s “198 Methods of Nonviolent Action,” ... Peter Ackerman, a onetime student of Mr. Sharp who founded the nonviolence center and ran the Cairo workshop, cites his former mentor as proof that “ideas have power.”
He has been watching events in Cairo unfold on CNN from his modest house in East Boston, which he bought in 1968 for $150 plus back taxes. It doubles as the headquarters of the Albert Einstein Institution, an organization Mr. Sharp founded in 1983 while running seminars at Harvard and teaching political science at what is now the University of Massachusetts at Dartmouth.
Some people suspect Mr. Sharp of being a closet peacenik and a lefty — in the 1950s, he wrote for a publication called “Peace News” and he once worked as personal secretary to A. J. Muste, a noted labor union activist and pacifist — but he insists that he outgrew his own early pacifism and describes himself as “trans-partisan.”...
Autocrats abhor Mr. Sharp. In 2007, President Hugo Chávez of Venezuela denounced him, and officials in Myanmar, according to diplomatic cables obtained by the anti-secrecy group WikiLeaks, accused him of being part of a conspiracy to set off demonstrations intended “to bring down the government.”...
In 2008, Iran featured Mr. Sharp, along with Senator John McCain of Arizona and the Democratic financier George Soros, in an animated propaganda video that accused Mr. Sharp of being the C.I.A. agent “in charge of America’s infiltration into other countries,” an assertion his fellow scholars find ludicrous. “He is generally considered the father of the whole field of the study of strategic nonviolent action,” said Stephen Zunes, an expert in that field at the University of San Francisco. “Some of these exaggerated stories of him going around the world and starting revolutions and leading mobs, a joke. He’s much more into doing the research and the theoretical work than he is in disseminating it.”
That is not to say Mr. Sharp has not seen any action. In 1989, he flew to China to witness the uprising in Tiananmen Square. In the early 1990s, he sneaked into a rebel camp in Myanmar at the invitation of Robert L. Helvey, retired Army colonel who advised the opposition there when Colonel Helvey was on a fellowship at Harvard...

The Albert Einstein Institution (AEI) as described in its own website
http://www.sourcewatch.org/index.php?title=Albert_Einstein_Institution#F...
Founded in 1983 by Dr. Gene Sharp, The Albert Einstein Institution is dedicated to advancing the study and use of strategic nonviolent action in conflicts throughout the world. It is committed to the defense of freedom, democracy, and the reduction of political violence through the use of nonviolent action. To further its mission, the Institution has supported research projects (for examples, see our publications section), actively consulted with resistance and pro-democracy groups (including in Burma, Thailand, Tibet, Latvia, Lithuania, Estonia, Belarus, Serbia, and the Occupied Territories)...
"During most of the 1990s, the Soros foundations network developed in the former Soviet empire, helping countries in transition from authoritarian rule build open, democratic societies. Over the past several years, we have expanded our geographical horizons to other parts of the world. Together with partners that share our principles and goals, the network is laying the foundation for a truly global alliance for open society."[http://www.soros.org/]
"The goal of the Agency (CIA) was exactly the same as that of the Open Society Fund: to dismantle socialism. In South Africa, the CIA sought out dissidents who were anticommunist. In Hungary, Poland and the USSR, the CIA, with overt intervention from the National Endowment for Democracy, the AFL-CIO, USAID and other institutions, supported and organized anticommunists, the very type of individuals recruited by Soros' Open Society Fund. The CIA would have called them "assets." As Soros said, "In each country I identified a group of people - some leading personalities, others less well known - who share my belief..." Soros' Open Society organized conferences with anticommunist Czechs, Serbs, Romanians, Hungarians, Croatians, Bosnians, Kosovars. His ever-expanding influence gave rise to suspicions that he was operating as part of the U.S. intelligence complex. In 1989, the Washington Post reported charges first made in 1987 by the Chinese government officials that Soros' Fund for the Reform and Opening of China had CIA connections."
Principals
* Robert Helvey – (Col., Defence Intelligence Agency)
* Edward Atkeson – (Major General, US Army) advisor
* Peter Ackerman – advisor

Dr. Peter Ackerman, author of Strategic Nonviolent Conflict writing in the National Catholic Reporter April 26, 2002, offered the following... "It is not true that the only way to 'take out' such regimes is through U.S. military action." Speaking at the "Secretary's Open Forum" at the State Department on June 29, 2004, in a speech entitled, "Between Hard and Soft Power:The Rise of Civilian-Based Struggle and Democratic Change," ...Ackerman proposed youth movements, such as those used to bring down Serbia, could bring down Iran and North Korea, and could have been used to bring down Iraq... And he has been working with the top US weapons designer, Lawrence Livermore Laboratories, on developing new communications technologies that could be used in other youth movement insurgencies... in reference to their potential use in bringing down China, "they enable decentralized activity. They create a digital concept of the right of assembly."

“From the beginning, the April 6 Youth Movement has been allied with the groups collaborating with ElBaradei...” Up to his opportune return, ElBaradei and Peter Ackerman’s wife, Joanne Leedom-Ackerman, had both been board members of the Soros-financed International Crisis Group....

Peter Ackerman: Godfather Of Middle East Protest
http://www.tnr.com/blog/jonathan-chait/83725/peter-ackerman-nonviolence-...
The New Republic, February 17, 2011, Ezra Deutsch-Feldman
With the sudden success of nonviolent revolution in Egypt, attention has turned to the seemingly ubiquitous influence of Peter Ackerman, a former investment banker who became... intellectual godfather to the Middle Eastern protest movements...[with] his group, the International Center for Nonviolent Conflict...In 2005, our current editor-at-large Franklin Foer profiled Ackerman for TNR:
The State Department has begun paying attention to Ackerman for a good reason: His tactics are suited to the current political climate. The wars against Saddam Hussein and the Taliban have exhausted U.S. appetite for forcible regime change. At the same time, the goal of promoting democracy in the Middle East and Central Asia remains. To be sure, there is a slew of NGOs that advise and finance democratic activists, but they specialize in working with movements as they approach full bloom —especially as elections near. In places like Iran, however, there are few vibrant movements to foster. That's where Ackerman has found his niche... Ackerman has stepped up his involvement. He worked with Bob Helvey to train Iranian-Americans, many of whom worked for Reza Pahlavi, son of the deposed shah. Azar Nafisi introduced him to the Iranian human rights community. And the ICNC has made preliminary contacts with the referendum movement... Ultimately, he envisions events unfolding as they did in Serbia, with a small, well-trained, nonviolent vanguard introducing the idea of resistance to the masses. When the Rose Revolution began in the fall of 2003, there was little reason to hope for a happy ending....
The full contents of this article are available to subscribers with archive access only. http://groups.yahoo.com/group/stopnato/messages

George Soros & Egypt's New Constitution
by Tony Cartalucci, 2/18/11
landdestroyer.blogspot.com/2011/02/george-soros-egypts-new-constitution.html
The United States and its allies are still feigning surprise at the unfolding revolutionary conflagration consuming the Middle East. However, those aware of the West's decades old network of NGOs and how their sole purpose is reordering the world to align to Western imperial interests can clearly see their meddling hands involved in the current "uprisings" sweeping North Africa, Arabia, and now Iran. While Movements.org coordinates their army of youthful cannon fodder in the streets of foreign nations from Bahrain to Libya, their corporate sponsors and their partners in the US State Department put on a convincing act of carefully portrayed confusion in the mainstream media.
MSNBC recently republished a New York Times piece titled "U.S. scrambles to size up ElBaradei," suggesting somehow Egypt's Mohamed ElBaradei may pose an obstacle to American and Israeli interests in the region. The utter contempt for their readers' intelligence is revealed when considering ElBaradei is a trustee of a prominent US think-tank, the International Crisis Group (ICG) along side George Soros, Zbigniew Brzezinski, Richard Armitage, and Kenneth Aldelman.
Zbigniew Brzezinski of course is the father of MSNBC's Mika Brzezinski, who daily feigns ignorance over the true nature of the protests and that her father is openly involved in orchestrating them. MSNBC itself is a corporate sponsor of Movements.org.
ICG members such as Richard Armitage and Kenneth Adelman are also signatories of the Project for a New American Century, architects of the extremely fake "War on Terror," and now some of the most vocal fear mongers regarding the unrest they have not only planned by have funded and organized as well via the National Endowment for Democracy (NED) and Freedom House.
Though many pundits see the Egyptian military's dissolving of parliament and the suspension of the nation's constitution as a step backwards for the protesters, it was exactly these steps that were demanded by ElBaradei's mobs according to the Nation Endowment for Democracy (NED) funded Project on Middle East Democracy. The fact that George Soros, a fellow ICG trustee along side protest leader Mohamed ElBaradei, is funding organizations that have submitted drafts for Egypt's new constitution adds insult to injury to the evisceration of Egypt's national sovereignty. It turns out that the new Egyptian Constitution has already been drafted, not by the Egyptian people, but by the US-backed protesters who brought about regime change in the first place. A Reuters report quoted an opposition judge, who had been hiding-out in Kuwait until Mubarak's ousting, as having said civil society groups had already produced several drafts and a new constitution could be ready in a month.
These "civil society" groups include the Arabic Network for Human Rights Information openly funded by George Soros' Open Society Institute and the Neo-Con lined NED funded Egyptian Organization for Human Rights. It appears that while the International Crisis Group may be turning out the strategy, and their trustee ElBaradei leading the mobs into the streets, it is the vast array of NGOs their membership, including Soros, fund that are working out and implementing the details on the ground...
The boldness and size of the globalists' [ed: u.s. imperialism] activities in the Middle East, North Africa, and now Iran is of such scale, it suggests the beginning of what may be the largest, attempted premeditated reordering of the world since the World Wars.
The public's inability to wrap their minds around the reality of what is now transpiring will only embolden the globalists to pursue the next stage of their world domineering agenda... for people to recognize that "Neo-Cons" and the likes of George Soros [left liberal imperialists] work in synchronized concert to implement their new global order.

in case you missed this...
Egypt’s Revolution: Creative Destruction for a ’Greater Middle East’?
by F. William Engdahl | 7 February 2011
http://www.voltairenet.org/article168381.html
Controverting majority opinion, F. William Engdahl maintains there is nothing spontaneous about the mass protest movements in Arab countries and sees them as a replay of the US-orchestrated colour revolutions that triggered regime change in post-Soviet countries. The same script and cast of characters are at hand: local opposition leaders coached by the NED and other US-funded organizations in the art of staging "spontaneous" uprisings. The contours of the underlying US strategy for the region have been clear for some time. [...]

ElBaradei: Soros’s Man in Cairo
by Maidhc Ó Cathail, http://www.foreignpolicyjournal.com/2011/02/12/elbaradei-soross-man-in-c...
In a February 3 Washington Post op-ed piece titled “Why Obama has to get Egypt right,” George Soros wrote that the U.S. president had “much to gain by moving out in front and siding with the public demand for dignity and democracy.” ...ElBaradei, whom he disinterestedly described as “the Nobel laureate is seeking to run for president.” He neglected to mention that up to ElBaradei’s January 27 return to crisis-torn Egypt, the former IAEA chief had been a member of the Board of Trustees of the International Crisis Group, which Soros, the thirty-fifth richest person in the world, helped create and finance...among ICG’s elite international list of senior advisers—defined as “former Board Members (to the extent consistent with any other office they may be holding at the time) who maintain an association with Crisis Group, and whose advice and support are called on from time to time”—we find Shlomo Ben-Ami, former foreign minister of Israel; Stanley Fischer, governor of the Bank of Israel; and Shimon Peres, current president of Israel...“I hope President Obama will expeditiously support the people of Egypt,” Soros wrote in his Post op-ed. “My foundations are prepared to contribute what they can.”

U.S. SOFT POWER DIPLOMACY / INFORMATION WAR 'FREEDOM': to destabilize, divide & conquer or overthrow regimes, including its long-term proxies, not satisfactorily serving its global dictatorship: resisting its state terrorist dictatorship is "terrorism"

U.S. Policy to Address Internet Freedom
http://www.nytimes.com/2011/02/15/world/15clinton.html
Days after Facebook and Twitter added fuel to a revolt in Egypt, the Obama administration on Tuesday announced a new policy on Internet freedom, intended to help people get around barriers in cyberspace while making it harder for autocratic governments to use the same technology to repress dissent.Mrs. Clinton defended an expansive approach that embraces a variety of tools for responding to threats to Internet freedom.“We support multiple tools, so if repressive governments figure out how to target one, others are available. And we invest in the cutting edge because we know that repressive governments are constantly innovating their methods of repression.” Thus, in the 2009 protest movement in Iran, demonstrators used Web sites to organize marches and distribute galvanizing cellphone videos of violence by paramilitary forces; but then, said Mrs. Clinton, “the Revolutionary Guard stalked members of the green movement by tracking their cellphones.” Similarly, social networks have been used by both protesters and governments in the uprisings in Tunisia, Egypt and other Arab countries, she said....
The State Department plans to finance programs like circumvention services, which enable users to evade Internet firewalls, and training for human rights workers on how to secure their e-mail from surveillance or wipe incriminating data from cellphones if they are detained by the police... circumvention technology... allows Internet users to evade government firewalls by routing their traffic through proxy servers in other countries.... backers say they need much more [financing] to install networks capable of handling millions of users in China, Iran and other countries..critics said the Iranian government was able to keep censoring the Internet, helping it muffle the protests that followed its disputed presidential election in 2009...“
The [State] department’s failure to follow Congressional intent created the false impression among Iranian demonstrators that the regime had the power to disrupt access to Facebook and Twitter,” said Michael J. Horowitz, a senior fellow at the Hudson Institute, who lobbies on behalf of the Global Internet Freedom Consortium, a circumvention service with ties to Falun Gong...Facebook does not want to alter its policy requiring users to sign up with their real identities [that] protects its users from fraud....human rights advocates like Susannah Vila, director of content and outreach for Movements.org, which provides resources for digital activists, say it could put some people at risk from governments looking to ferret out dissent...
A report by the Republican minority of the Senate Foreign Relations Committee, which was to be released Tuesday, said the State Department’s performance was so inadequate that the job of financing Internet freedom initiatives—at least related to China—should be moved to the Broadcasting Board of Governors, which oversees Voice of America and Radio Free Europe....Mr. Horowitz organized demonstrations of the service for legislators, journalists and others. Jan. 27, the day before the Egyptian government cut off access to the Internet, he said there were more than 7.8 million page views by Egyptians on UltraSurf, one of two consumer services under the umbrella of the Global Internet Freedom Consortium...a huge increase from only 76,000 on Jan. 22.The trouble, Mr. Horowitz said, is that UltraSurf and its sister service, Freegate, do not have enough capacity to handle sudden spikes in usage during political crises. That causes the speed to slow to a crawl...The companies need tens of millions of dollars to install an adequate network, he said. Under a previous government grant, the group received $1.5 million.But the experience in Egypt points up the limits of circumvention. By shutting down the entire Internet, the authorities were able to make such systems moot. Administration officials point out that circumvention is also of little value in countries like Russia, which does not block the Internet but dispatches the police to pursue bloggers, or in Myanmar, which has sophisticated ways to monitor e-mail accounts. Ron Deibert, the director of the Citizen Lab at the University of Toronto, said that governments had been shifting from blocking the Internet to hacking and disabling it. Even in the United States, he noted, the Senate is considering a bill that would allow the president to switch off the Internet in the event of a catastrophic cyberattack.

“Iran is awful because it is a government that routinely violates the rights of its people”
Secretary of State Clinton Feb 15, 2011 speech at George Washington University.

As Clinton Spoke On Freedom Of Speech, a Vet is Bloodied, Bruised and Arrested for Silent Dissent
http://www.informationclearinghouse.info/article27501.htm
February 17, 2011 "Justice On Line" - -As Secretary of State Hillary Clinton gave her speech at George Washington University yesterday condemning governments that arrest protestors and do not allow free expression, 71-year-old Ray McGovern, a veteran Army officer who also worked as a C.I.A. analyst for 27 years, wearing a Veterans for Peace t-shirt, was grabbed from the audience in plain view of her by police and an unidentified official in plain clothes, brutalized and left bleeding in jail. She never paused speaking.

several U.S. agents
Iran Detains Iranian-American Man Working for George Soros' Open Society Institute
May 23, 2007, http://www.foxnews.com/story/0,2933,275059,00.html
Iran detained an Iranian-American consultant working for George Soros' Open Society Institute, the latest U.S. citizen connected to a NGO seized in the country, the institute said

From "Protecting Cyberspace" to "Internet Freedom"
The 221-page bill hands Homeland Security the power to issue decrees to certain privately owned computer systems after the president declares a "national cyber emergency."
http://news.cnet.com/8301-31921_3-20033717-281.html
'Kill Switch' Internet bill
U.S. officials could flip the switch if the Protecting Cyberspace as a National Asset legislation becomes law
http://www.usatoday.com/money/industries/technology/2011-02-15-kill-swit...

"Clinton speech: end Internet censorship or risk the kind of social and political unrest seen in much of the Middle East"

U.S. Shuts Down Web Sites in Piracy Crackdown
http://www.nytimes.com/2010/11/27/technology/27torrent.html?src=me&ref=t...
In what appears to be the latest phase of a far-reaching federal crackdown on online piracy of music and movies, the Web addresses of a number of sites that facilitate illegal file-sharing were seized this week by Immigration and Customs Enforcement, a division of the Department of Homeland Security.

2 Arrests: China Cracks Down on Pro-Democracy Protesters
http://blogs.voanews.com/breaking-news/2011/02/20/china-cracks-down-on-p...
Chinese authorities detained several activists and boosted police presence in key cities Sunday, after an Internet call for "China’s Jasmine Revolution" around the country. Police in Beijing, Shanghai and 11 other major cities moved quickly to isolate rights lawyers and pro-democracy activists...Two arrests were reported in Beijing and in Shanghai, but there were no reports of arrests in other cities targeted in the web postings, such as Guangzhou and Chengdu... Western analysts say many of Sunday's web postings appear to have originated on websites based outside China, operated by exiled dissidents. The sites urged Chinese protesters to shout out their demands for housing, justice, freedom and democracy... the Chinese Foreign Ministry warned the US last week not to use Internet-access issues as a “pretext” to interfere in China's internal affairs after U.S. Secretary of State Clinton delivered a major speech urging governments either to end Internet censorship or risk the kind of social and political unrest seen in much of the Middle East.

What’s Behind the Tumult in Egypt?
by Dr. K R Bolton, February 1, 2011
http://www.foreignpolicyjournal.com/2011/02/01/whats-behind-the-tumult-i...
...The Hand of Soros – Again
The UNFree Media ridicules allegations that George Soros, currency speculator and patron of world “color revolutions", is a factor in the current turmoil, dismissing such claims as “conspiracy theory.” Yet the same article quickly goes on to state that a new monthly opposition magazine Wasla, widely distributed to strategic quarters such as the military and academia with an electronic edition read throughout the Arab world:... Wasla — or “The Link” — touted as a first for the Arab world, with plans for articles by bloggers as a way of giving them a wider readership is published by the Arabic Network for Human Rights Information and financially supported by the Open Society Institute created by Soros, said ANHRI director Gamal Eid. “We want to challenge our audience, and open its eyes to the changes society is experiencing, particularly through youths and blogs in which they appear,” he said.[7] It might be recalled that Soros’ Open Society Institute funded the primary opposition voice in Tunisia, Radio Kalima. The Soros network has been working extensively in Egypt. The Egyptian Initiative for Personal Rights works in tandem with the Open Society Justice Initiative, and is an “OSI grantee.” In December 2010, the OSI advised: The Open Society Foundations will consider projects from domestic and international NGOs or civil society groups active in Egypt. Coalitions of NGOs are also encouraged to apply... Notes[...]

"Color Coded" Egypt; Did US-backed NGOs Help to Topple Mubarak
from interview with K.R. Bolton By Mike Whitney 2/16 http://www.informationclearinghouse.info/article27493.htm
MW----Do we know whether foreign agents or US-backed NGOs participated in the demonstrations in Tahrir Square? Could they have played a part in toppling Mubarak?
K R Bolton--The revolts in Tunisia, Egypt and as they are spreading further afield have all the hallmarks of the NED/Soros “color revolutions” that were fomented in the former Soviet bloc states, in Myanmar and elsewhere. They all follow the same pattern and many years of planning, training and funding have gone into the ridiculously called “spontaneous” (sic) revolts.The organizations that have spent years and much money creating revolutionary [sic] organizations in Tunisia, Egypt and elsewhere include the National Endowment for Democracy, USAID, International Republican Institute, Freedom House, Open Society Institute, and an array of fronts stemming therefrom, including: National Democratic Institute for International Affairs, Center for International Private Enterprise, and the American Center for International Labor Solidarity.These organizations have for years been backing Egyptian “activists.” Freedom House for e.g. trained 16 young Egyptian “activists” in 2009 in a two month scholarship. A few days ago the New York reported the association between the April 6 Youth movement, and Optor, the Serbian youth movement that was pivotal in overthrowing Milosevic for the benefit of globalism and the free market. Now April 6 is addressing youths form Libya, Iran, Morocco and Algeria. (“A Tunisian-Egyptian Link that Shook Arab History,” New York Times: http://www.nytimes.com/2011/02/14/world/middleeast/14egypt-tunisia-prote...)....
There do not seem to be any ‘homegrown’ organisations that have played a leading role in the revolts. The labor unions for example were organized, trained and funded by NED. The American Center for International Labor Solidarity works in conjunction with the Center for International Private Enterprise, and is funded by the U.S. Agency for International Development, National Endowment for Democracy, U.S. Department of State, the U.S. Department of Labor, AFL-CIO, private foundations, and national and international labor organizations. What kind of labor organisation collaborates with those who promote globalisation and the free market?
One of the organizations especially created to sponsor pro-globalist [ed: imperialist] unions is the NED-based Solidarity Center that has been involved with recreating the labor movement in Egypt. NED’s 2009 report for grants includes $318,75 to the American Center for International Labor Solidarity for their program in Egypt; in addition to an array of other organizations in Egypt, and especially those directed at training “youth activists” in social media networking and other features of “spontaneous revolt.”
MW---Do you anticipate a clash between the US-backed military junta and the growing mass of people who seem to have lost their fear of government repression?
K R Bolton--The mass movement is doing precisely what it was created to do by the US based globalist organizations... reminiscent of Oswald Spengler’s comment of certain ‘socialist’ organizations a century ago: they do not function other than where and how money dictates. These are “revolutions form above” ...by [affluent] secularized youth who look on Western democracy as an ideal...using the masses as cannon fodder by interests whom they think they are opposing. The strategy was tried out within the New Left forty to fifty years ago, when Foundations and the CIA backed certain “radicals” such as Gloria Steinem, National Students Association etc., and the “psychedelic revolution.”
MW----Why would the International Republican Institute (IRI) the National Endowment for Democracy (NED), or George Soro's Open Society Institute train activists to topple a pro-American regimen like Mubarak's?
K R Bolton-- There are long term, dialectical strategies involved that might require even removing pro-US regimes, that are now anomalies in the process of globalization. However, there are indications that Mubarak was an impediment... The US and the Mubarak regime were at loggerheads over Sudan for example, Mubarak favoring a confederation, whereas the US sought dismemberment of the South from the north. Egypt’s influence was gaining in the Sudan, with investments and advisers. On Nov. 3, 2009 Egyptian Foreign Minister Ahmed Aboul-Gheit stated that within the previous five years Egypt had invested more than $87 million into projects in southern Sudan, including hospitals, schools and power stations, “in hope of convincing the people of southern Sudan to choose unity over secession.” Towards the end of the Bush regime the U.S. Defense Department established the Africa Command (AFRICOM), a primary concern of this new US regional command being the establishment of a massive military base in southern Sudan. There is a very interesting article on this in The Washington Report on Middle Eastern Affairs: http://www.washington-report.org/component/content/article/363/10285-sud...
MW--How do Mohamed ElBaradei and Ayman Nour fit into to all of this?
K R Bolton-- Mohamed ElBaradei appears to be fulfilling the role of numerous other leaders-in-waiting who have assumed the mantle of leadership in the aftermath of “color revolutions.” ElBaradei is on the Executive Committee of the International Crisis Group, another globalist think tank promoting the “new world order” behind the facade the “open society.” ICG was founded in 1994 by Mark Brown, former Vice President of the World Bank. Soros is a committee member, along with such luminaries of peace and goodwill as Samuel Berger, former US National Security Adviser; Wesley Clark, former NATO Commander, Europe; and sundry eminences from business, academe, politics and diplomacy of the type that generally comprise such organizations.
“Senior advisers” of the ICG include the omnipresent Zbigniew Brzezinski, former US National Security Adviser, and founding director of David Rockefeller’s Trilateral Commission, an individual up to his neck in seemingly every globalist cause and think tank going, and de facto foreign policy adviser for Pres. Obama; and Lord Robertson of Port Ellen, former Secretary General of NATO. Financial backers of the ICG include the Ford Foundation and Open Society Institute....

Maj. Ralph Peters writing in Parameters, organ of the US Army War College, that the de facto role of the American army is to keep the world “open to our cultural assault.”... information being the “most destabilising factor of our time.”... this the “American century” where the USA will become “culturally more lethal….” in the “clash of civilisations”. “Hollywood goes where Harvard never penetrated, and the foreigner, unable to touch the reality of America, is touched by America’s irresponsible fantasies itself...Bill Gates, Steven Spielberg and Madonna” are replacing “traditional intellectual elites.” “Our cultural empire has addicted – men and women everywhere - clamouring for more. And they pay for the privilege of their disillusionment.” “If religion is the opium of the people, video is their crack cocaine…” “There will be no peace…” “Our military power is culturally based…” “Our American culture is infectious, a plague of pleasure… But Hollywood is preparing the battlefield and burgers precede the bullets..."
America’s mission as related by an influential strategist and commentator, formerly with the Office of the Deputy Chief of Staff for Intelligence; Foreign Area Officer for Eurasia.... sounds rather like the secularised, youthful “activists” spearheading revolts in Tunisia, Egypt, Yemen and elsewhere. I believe that the globalists have unleashed their chaos upon another vast region that will be in a state of disruption for many years to come, like the result of their having “liberated” (sic) Iraq...I hypothesize the problems generated in Tunisia, Egypt, Yemen, etc. may be part of a regional process directed primarily at Iran, and next Syria, two states marked in particular for destruction by the Project for the New American Century.
K R Bolton is a “contributing writer” for The Foreign Policy Journal, a Member of the Emerald Literati Network and other scholarly societies, and has also been widely published on a variety of subjects by: The International Journal of Russian Studies; Geopolitika, Moscow State University; Journal of Social Economics; Journal of Social, Political and Economic Studies; Retort International Arts and Literary Review; Istanbul Literary Review; The Initiate: Journal of Traditional Studies; Esoteric Quarterly; Antrocom Journal of Anthropology; Farsee News Service; Phayul.com; Radio Free Asia Vietnamese Service; Novosti Foreign Service; etc. Translations in: Russian, Vietnamese, Latvian, Czech, Italian, French, Farsee.
Bolton's recent articles on NGO involvement in Egypt include "The Globalist Web of Subversion" and "What's Behind the Tumult in Egypt?". Both articles can be found at Foreign Policy Journal

Facebook Officials Keep Quiet on Its Role in Revolts
http://www.nytimes.com/2011/02/15/business/media/15facebook.html
Elliot Schrage, the vice president for global communications, public policy and marketing at Facebook, declined to discuss Facebook’s role in the recent tumult and what it might mean for the company’s services. In recent weeks, Facebook pages and groups trying to mobilize protesters have sprung up in Algeria, Bahrain, Morocco and Syria. Hashtags on Twitter have also helped spread the protests, which extended to Algeria over the weekend and to Bahrain, Iran and Yemen on Monday.“This is an incredible challenge and an incredible opportunity for Facebook, Twitter and Google,” said Ethan Zuckerman, a senior researcher at the Berkman Center for Internet and Society at Harvard...
In a speech that Secretary of State Hillary Rodham Clinton is scheduled to deliver Tuesday, she will once again emphasize that Internet freedom is an inalienable right. In recent weeks, the State Department has been sending out Twitter updates in Arabic and began sending updates in Persian over the weekend.

Egypt: Google 'very, very proud' of cyber revolutionary
http://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/worldnews/africaandindianocean/egypt/832...
Google is "very, very proud of what Wael Ghonim was able to do in Egypt" the young executive at the company who emerged as a leading voice of the Egyptian uprising, company boss Eric Schmidt said Tuesday at the mobile phone industry's annual get-together in Barcelona. In an interview with CBS's "60 Minutes" Sunday, Mr Ghonim said the protests which led to Mr Mubarak's ouster would not have happened without online social networks "If there was no social networks it would have never been sparked...Because the whole thing before the revolution was the most critical thing. Without Facebook, without Twitter, without Google, without You Tube, this would have never happened."

Radio Free Europe RFE/RL's Radio Farda
'Anonymous' Hackers Help Iranian Activists Fight The Regime
http://www.rferl.org/content/iran_hackers_anonymous_cyberarmy_opposition...
"Anonymous " Operation: Iran is providing users with special advice forums and tools to fight the Iranian government's censorship. The group has also encouraged Iranian users to use distributed-denial-of-service attacks (DDOS) to take down key government websites like khamenei.ir, the website of Supreme Leader Ayatollah Khamenei, as well as leader.ir and president.ir...

Google's Revolution Factory: Alliance of Youth Movements: Color Revolution 2.0
by Tony Cartalucci, February 11, 2011
http://landdestroyer.blogspot.com/2011/02/googles-revolution-factory.htm...
In 2008 the Alliance of Youth Movements [AYM] held its inaugural summit in New York City. Attending this summit was State Department staff, Council on Foreign Relations members, former National Security staff, Department of Homeland Security advisers, and myriad representatives from American corporations and mass media organizations including AT&T, Google, Facebook, NBC, ABC, CBS, CNN, MSNBC, and MTV. http://allyoumov.3cdn.net/f734ac45131b2bbcdb_w6m6idptn.pdf
One might suspect such a meeting of representatives involved in US economic, domestic and foreign policy, along with the shapers of public opinion in the mass media would be convening to talk about America's future and how to facilitate it. Joining these policy makers, was an army of "grassroots" activists that would "help" this facilitation.
Among them was a then little known group called "April 6", Facebook "savvy" Egyptians who would later meet US International Crisis Group [ICG] trustee Mohamed ElBaradei at the Cairo airport in February 2010. The Alliance of Youth Movements mission statement claims it is a not-for-profit organization dedicated to helping grassroots activists to build their capacity and make a greater impact on the world. While this sounds fairly innocuous at first, even perhaps positive, upon examining those involved in "Movements.org," a dark agenda is revealed...
Movement.org is officially partnered with the US Department of State and Columbia Law School. Its corporate sponsors include Google, Pepsi, and the Omnicon Group, all listed as members of the Council on Foreign Relations (CFR). CBS News is a sponsor and listed on the Chatham House's corporate membership list. Other sponsors include Facebook, YouTube, Meetup, Howcast, National Geographic, MSNBC, GenNext, and the Edelman public relations firm.
Movement.org's "team" includes Co-Founder Jared Cohen, a CFR member, Director of Google Ideas, and a former State Department planning staff member under both Condoleezza Rice and Hilary Clinton.
Founding Movements.org with Cohen is Jason Liebman of Howcast Media which works with conglomerates like Proctor & Gamble, Kodak, Staples, Ford, and government agencies such as the US State Department and the US Defense Department, to create "custom branded entertainment, innovative social media, and targeted rich-media campaigns." He was also with Google for 4 years where he worked to partner with Time Warner (CFR), News Corporation (FoxNews, CFR) Viacom, Warner Music, Sony Pictures, Reuters, the New York Times, and the Washington Post Company.
Roman Sunder, also credited with co-founding Movements.org.,founded Access 360 Media, a mass advertising company, and organized the PTTOW! Summit which brought together 35 top executives from companies like AT&T (CFR), Quicksilver, Activison, Facebook, HP, YouTube, Pepsi (CFR), and the US Government to discuss the future of the "youth industry." He is also a board member of Gen Next, another non-profit organization focused on "affecting change for the next generation."...
While the activists attending the Movements.org summit adhere to the philosophies of "left-leaning" [imperialist] liberalism... behind the summit, funding it, and prodding the agenda of these activists are American's mega-corporate combine that have violated human rights worldwide, destroyed the environment, sell shoddy, overseas manufactured goods produced by workers living in slave conditions, and pursue an agenda of greed and perpetual expansion at any cost. The hypocrisy is astounding unless you understand their nefarious, self-serving agenda can only be accomplished under the guise of genuine concern for humanity, under mountains of feel-good rhetoric, helped along by an army of exploited, naive youth.
What we see is not a foundation from which all activists can work from, but a foundation that has a very selective group of activists working on "problem spots" the US State Department would like to see "changed." Sudan, Iran, Saudi Arabia, Egypt, Eastern Europe, Venezuela, and even Thailand - where ever protesters and movements are working to undermine governments non-conducive to corporate America's agenda, you will find Movements.org supporting their efforts.
The April 6 Movement of Egypt is one of them, and their role in the apparent success of the US ousting of Hosni Mubarak that may see their man Mohamed ElBaradei in office is a perfect example of how this new army of prodded youth will be deployed. It is color revolution 2.0, run directly out of the US State Department with the support of corporate America....strongly recommend readers go to Movements.org themselves and explore the website, in particular the 3 summits they have held and those that were in attendance. Everyone from the RAND Corporation to the Council on Foreign Relations comes to "prod." Movements.org truly is a new tentacle for manipulating and undermining the sovereignty of foreign nations. [2008 Summit New York City .pdf 2009 Summit Mexico City .pdf 2010 Summit London]

The Junk Bond “Teflon Guy” Behind Egypt’s Nonviolent Revolution
by Maidhc Ó Cathail / February 18th, 2011
http://dissidentvoice.org/2011/02/the-junk-bond-“teflon-guy”-behind-egypt’s-nonviolent-revolution/
On February 9, Al Jazeera aired an episode in its People and Power series entitled “Egypt: Seeds of Change.” The programme offers a revealing behind the scenes look at a core group of activists from the April 6 Youth Movement who played a crucial role in Egypt’s nonviolent revolution. “This is not a spontaneous uprising,” reporter Elizabeth Jones stressed. “The revolution has been in the making for three years.” The key to its success was the instruction April 6 leaders received from veterans of groups like Otpor, the [U.S./Soros] student movement that brought down Serbian president Slododan Milosevic.
Srdja Popovic, a leader of that revolution “shared his firsthand experience with April 6.” Mohamed Adel, one of the April 6 leaders, describes his training in Serbia in the tactics of strategic nonviolence resistance, including “how to organise and get people out on the streets.” He brought back videos and teaching aids to help train the other leaders, who are shown “directing the uprising from the start.” Since the ouster of Milosevic in 2000, Popovic has been busy spreading the gospel of nonviolent warfare. In 2003, he founded the Centre for Applied Nonviolent Action and Strategies (CANVAS) in Belgrade. By spring 2010, the globe-trotting Serb reportedly had “five revolutions already under his belt.” In a Mother Jones puff piece, Nicholas Schmidle writes: “CANVAS got off to an impressive start, training the pro-democracy campaigners in Georgia, Ukraine, and Lebanon who went on to lead the Rose, Orange, and Cedar revolutions, respectively.”
But who funds it all? Schmidle, a fellow at the Soros-linked New America Foundation, quotes Popovic: “CANVAS is ‘100 percent independent from any government’ and funded entirely by private donors.” Yet an LA Times profile of Nini Gogiberidze, a Georgian employee of CANVAS, says the group is funded in part by the near-governmental organisation Freedom House. “Gogiberidze,” the Times adds, “is among Georgia’s ‘velvet’ revolutionaries, a group of Western and local activists who make up a robust pro-democracy corps in this Caucasus country—so much of it funded by American philanthropist George Soros that one analyst calls the nation Sorosistan.”
CANVAS works closely with the International Center for Nonviolent Conflict (ICNC), with which it has shared a number of staff members—including Dr. Stephen Zunes, who has collaborated with CANVAS in training Egyptian activists. Founded in 2002, the ICNC is funded entirely by Peter Ackerman, its founding chair. Ackerman, who chaired the board of Freedom House from September 2005 until January 2009, also indirectly funds CANVAS....
Ackerman’s wealth derives mainly from his time at Drexel Burnham Lambert, the Wall Street investment bank that was forced into bankruptcy in February 1990 due to its involvement in illegal activities in the junk bond market. As special projects aide to junk bond king Michael Milken, Ackerman cleaned up. In 1988 alone, he took home a salary of $165 million for his critical role in financing Kohlberg Kravis Roberts’s $26 billion leveraged buyout of RJR Nabisco. But four months before Drexel collapsed into bankruptcy, Ackerman “beat a fortuitously timed retreat” to the International Institute for Strategic Studies in London. While the “king” was sentenced to 10 years for securities fraud, “the highest-paid of all of Michael R. Milken’s minions” emerged as “the big winner” with a fortune of approximately $500 million—prompting one of his former colleagues to complain: “Peter Ackerman is a real Teflon guy.”
Having successfully escaped “the stench of Drexel,” Ackerman completed what BusinessWeek called “an improbable transformation from junk-bond promoter back to scholar.” Prior to his financial exploits, he had written his doctoral thesis under the guidance of Gene Sharp, the Harvard academic whose theories of nonviolent struggle had inspired the velvet revolutionaries. In fact, while he was still working for Milken, Ackerman had been funding Sharp’s Albert Einstein Institution. According to the Wall Street Journal, “A large part of ICNC’s and Canvas’s theoretical arsenal is drawn from Mr. Sharp’s writings.”...
And for those who believe that Israel is genuinely worried about the prospect of “democratic change", Ackerman’s participation in a roundtable discussion entitled “The Challenge of Radical Islam” at the 2008 Herzliya Conference with Uzi Landau—Ariel Sharon’s Minister of Internal Security and current member of the Knesset for Avigdor Lieberman’s Yisrael Beiteinu—should give pause for thought.

among left liberal imperialists, some CIA
Moyers, Soros & The Company they Keep
By Bob Feldman http://www.leftgatekeepers.com/articles/MoyersSorosAndTheAntiNaderNation...
Democratic Party Establishment loyalists like Bill Moyers and George Soros using foundation money in recent years to help subsidize THE NATION. Moyers also a board member of George Soros's Open Society Institute which, in 1999, gave a $50,000 grant to the Nation Institute...A top executive at The Nation Institute, Hamilton Fish III, has also been George Soros' personal political advisor in recent years...Schumann Foundation President Moyers was one of the Democratic Johnson White House officials responsible for decision to send 23,000 U.S. troops to Dominican Republic in 1965. Among the U.S. companies investing in the Dominican Republic in 1990 was IBM--the company from which the Schumann family obtained most of the grant money which Bill Moyers and his foundation's board has used to subsidize their stable of alternative media groups which includes FAIR, Columbia Journalism Review, American Prospect, Mother Jones and TomPaine web site, as well as The Nation...

A Warning for Egyptian Revolutionaries: Courtesy of People-Power in the Philippines
Michael Barker
http://www.uruknet.de/?s1=1&p=74997&s2=15
Like Mubarak, Marcos previously provided a ray of hope for Western elites intent on quelling popular resistance within their own countries; after President Reagan launched his "worldwide campaign for democracy" before the British Parliament at Westminster in June 1982, he decided to visit Marcos in the Philippines "where he announced in a public homage to the dictator, Ferdinand Marcos, 'the Philippines has been moulded in the image of American democracy.'" This commitment to 'democracy' in the Philippines was not new; the previous year vice-president George Bush "raised a toast to Marcos during his visit to Manila, declaring 'We love your adherence to democratic principle and to the democratic process.'"[1]
Little wonder that when the US government institutionalized their commitment to democracy, it took the form an Orwellian organization called the National Endowment for Democracy (NED) -- an organization that was set up by the US government to overtly carry out the 'democracy promoting' interventions that had formerly been undertaken covertly by the Central Intelligence Agency. Since then, the NED has assumed a pivotal position in defusing revolutionary movements all over the world, but their central role in the eventual ouster of Marcos is worth retelling, especially bearing in mind the similarity of his regime of oppression to Mubarak. Thankfully the history of the US government's 'democratic' invention in the Philippines has already been analysed in William I. Robinson's ground breaking book Promoting Polyarchy: Globalization, US Intervention, and Hegemony (Cambridge University Press, 1996); consequently this article merely aims to encapsulate some of his key points[....]

U.S. IMPERIALIST HARD POWER WORKS IN TANDEM WITH SOFT POWER, DOES NOT REPLACE IT
The Conflicts in Yemen and U.S. National Security
U.S. Army War College • Strategic Studies Institute (excerpts)
http://www.strategicstudiesinstitute.army.mil/pubs/summary.cfm?q=1040
Yemen is not currently a failed state, but it is experiencing huge political and economic problems that can have a direct impact on U.S. interests in the region...The loss of Yemen would be particularly damaging to Western interests due to its strategic location and a population which is expected to exceed half of that of the entire Arabian Peninsula within the next 20 years. Moreover, al-Qaeda in the Arabian Peninsula (AQAP), headquartered in Yemen, appears to be strengthening and showing signs of transitioning from a terrorist group with limited capabilities to an emerging insurgent movement.
Yemen is also an especially distrustful and wary nation in its relationship with Western nations, particularly the United States. Most Yemenis are fiercely protective of their country’s independence from outside influence, especially from countries that they believe do not always have the best interests of the Arab World in mind. While Yemen’s government is coming to understand the dangers it faces from al-Qaeda, the struggle against this organization is not always popular among the Yemeni public, and any large-scale U.S. military presence in the country could easily ignite these passions and destabilize the regime. Under such circumstances, it is important to help Yemen, but to do so in ways that are not viewed as intrusive or dominating by a population that does not always identify with U.S. concerns about international terrorism. In recent years, U.S. policymakers have managed to maintain this balance, but the complexities of Yemeni domestic politics will continue to require subtlety and nimbleness in U.S.-Yemeni security relations.
President Obama’s statement that he has “no intention” of sending troops to Yemen is reassuring to most Yemenis and indicates reasonable concern over the danger of falling into a significant military intervention. Such an intervention would consume U.S. lives and resources and could only make the security situation in the region increasingly unstable. This set of problems does not require the United States to remain aloof from Yemen’s problems. Rather, it suggests that Washington’s involvement in Yemen must be structured in ways that the political culture will accept. Unfortunately, for the time being the United States may have to focus on helping Yemen contain or manage problems rather than solve them....While paying special attention to Yemeni sensitivities about foreign influence, the United States must do what it can to prevent Yemen from falling into a cauldron of radicalism before the subject of intervention even arises....
1. The United States must not seek to Americanize the conflicts in Yemen, and should avoid sending major combat units there. However bad the situation may become in Yemen, Americanizing the war against AQAP can only make it dramatically worse. Yemeni public opposition to the presence of ground troops with combat missions is almost universal
2. The United States needs to continue supplying intelligence, training, and military equipment to Yemen so long as these assets directly support counterterrorism missions...
structure military support to Yemen that continue to enhance a long-term military relationship between the two countries and expose the Yemenis to U.S. concepts of military professionalism.
3. The United States, and particularly the U.S. military assistance program for Yemen, needs to recognize and respond to the changing nature of AQAP ...no longer simply a terrorist group...It is an insurgent organization capable of waging sustained combat against government forces.. also apparently capable of establishing itself in those territories where the government traditionally exercises little authority...this danger suggests the United States may have to expand military assistance to Yemen, while maintaining as light a footprint as possible and avoiding the deployment of U.S. troops for anything other than training.
4. U.S. leadership must remain aware of the severe limitations of the Yemeni government in controlling its own territory, but must also understand there are no serious alternatives to the Saleh regime in dealing with the current threats to the region and the world emanating from Yemen... possible Yemen will find cooperation with President Obama to be less domestically controversial than cooperation with his predecessors.
7. The United States should support the work of effective and trustworthy nongovernmental organizations (NGOs) in Yemen. The United States cannot solve the problem of al-Qaeda in Yemen with development aid administered by U.S. personnel, but it can certainly encourage and support the work of responsible NGOs, and ask other developed countries to do the same.
This situation greatly magnifies the importance of NGOs.
8. The United States needs to involve Saudi Arabia in efforts to help Yemen, while recognizing that U.S. and Saudi interests in Yemen will not always coincide. So long as it remains Yemen’s largest aid donor, Saudi Arabia will always have a great deal to say about Yemen’s future actions.... Saudi Arabia can play a negative role to the extent that it funds and encourages clerics and Islamic organizations that engage in activities which harm Zaydi-Shafei relations. The United States therefore needs to encourage Saudi Arabia to follow policies that indicate respect for, or at least a limited tolerance of, Zaydi Islam. While the Saudis may not truly feel such respect, they have a vested interest in preventing the Houthis from turning to Iran as their only regional sympathizer and ally. Since current tensions between Riyadh and Tehran are quite high, this is a concern worth repeating and emphasizing in dialogue with the Saudis.
9. The United States may want to consider encouraging other Arab allies beyond Saudi Arabia to take a more active role in helping Yemen, although such plans will have to be discussed with both Sana’a and Riyadh in considerable detail. It is, for example, possible that the Jordanian government could serve as an increasingly useful ally in supporting Yemen. The Amman leadership has a long history of cooperating with Gulf Arab states working in...counterterrorism training at the King Abdullah II Special Operations Training Center (KASOTC).
Additionally, if Iraq is able to bring its own problems under control to the point that it can direct serious attention to regional problems, it may wish to resume military-to-military cooperation with Yemen in ways that encourage the Yemenis to avoid total dependency on Riyadh. Since Jordan is not a wealthy country, funding from the United States, European Union, wealthy Arab states, or elsewhere would be needed to move forward on such efforts.
10. The United States must remain aware of potential Iranian activities in Yemen, while bearing in mind that Yemeni charges of Iranian intervention in the Houthi rebellion remain unproven and difficult to evaluate....
11. The United States must not assume that Saudi de-radicalization programs will work well with Yemeni radicals.
12. U.S. officials, including military officials, must resist all temptations to take public credit for and celebrate military victories that might occur against al-Qaeda forces in Yemen. While U.S. support for Yemen is important and must be continued and accelerated, both the U.S. administration and the U.S. Government agencies involved in fighting terrorism must not contribute to the misperception that Washington is running the war....
13. As in Iraq and Afghanistan, the United States will have to be tolerant of the Yemeni government’s willingness to pardon and rehabilitate former members of al-Qaeda that have not been involved in international terrorism and show good prospects for remaining outside of terrorist groups in the future...Foreign assistance in the use of bio-metric data might be an option worth considering in these instances.

MORE RESOURCES:

The NED, NGOs and the Imperial Uses of Philanthropy: Why They Hate Our Kind Hearts, Too, Joan Roelofs, http://www.counterpunch.org/roelofs05132006.html

Jonathan Mowat, "The new Gladio in action: Ukrainian postmodern coup completes testing of new template"
"The Coup Plotters: The Albert Einstein Institution"

Thierry Meyssan, "The Albert Einstein Institution: non-violence according to the CIA", Voltairenet, January 4, 2005

Full Spectrum Dominance Totalitarian Democracy in the New World Order by F. William Engdahl, http://www.thirdworldtraveler.com/American_Empire/PartOne_FSD_Engdahl.ht...

Heather Cottin, "George Soros, Imperial Wizard", Part I, http://nationalpride.wordpress.com/2009/02/18/george-soros-imperial-wiza...
part 2, http://nationalpride.wordpress.com/2009/02/20/george-soros-imperial-wiza...
part 3, http://nationalpride.wordpress.com/2009/02/23/george-soros-imperial-wiza...

Michael Barker, "Media Manipulation and Human Rights: From Pinochet to Human Rights in China", Center for Research on Globalization, March 29, 2008.
"Zimbabwe and the Power of Propaganda: Ousting a President via Civil Society", Center for Research on Globalization, April 16, 2008.
"Waging Democracy On China: Human Rights and an Endowment for Democracy", Swans, July 28, 2008.
"Imperial Media Manipulators: The Center for International Media Assistance", Swans, October 6, 2008.
"Sharp Reflection Warranted: Nonviolence in the Service of Imperialism", Swans, June 30, 2008