3/27 LIBYA " humanitarian intervention, not war" & the Japan Connection

"Naturally the common people don't want war: Neither in Russia, nor in England, nor for that matter in Germany. That is understood. But, after all, it is the leaders of the country who determine the policy and it is always a simple matter to drag the people along... Voice or no voice, the people can always be brought to the bidding of their leaders. That is easy. All you have to tell them is that they are being attacked and denounce the peacemakers for lack of patriotism and exposing the country to danger. It works the same in any country."
Hermann Goering, President of the Reichstag, Nazi Party, and Luftwaffe Commander in Chief

Operation Odyssey Dawn “limited humanitarian intervention, not war”

Modern imperialist wars, the continuation of capitalist political-economics, are waged to expand imperialist global political-economic power, using homemade pretexts like 911, Iraq WMD, "al-qaeda terrorists", Niger yellowcake, ad infinitum

Libya rebels coordinating with West on air assault
http://www.latimes.com/news/politics/la-fg-libya-rebels-20110324,0,31952...
Leaders of the opposition national council, in Benghazi and Europe, are helping allied commanders identify targets for strikes. Allied officials walk a fine line as the U.N. mandate bars them from actively helping the rebels in their goal to oust Moammar Kadafi....Leaders of the opposition national council in rebel-controlled eastern Libya say they are making regular, secure satellite telephone connections with allied military representatives in France and elsewhere in Europe to help commanders identify targets for the U.S.-led air assault...
"There is communication between the Provisional National Council and U.N. assembled forces, we work on letting them know what areas need to be bombarded," spokesman Ahmed Khalifa said in an interview Wednesday.... evidence of cooperation between the Libyan opposition and the international military alliance that is waging air and missile strikes on Moammar Kadafi's command and control centers as well as other military targets...The Obama White House and Pentagon say the United Nations Security Council resolution authorizing military action in Libya does not include airstrikes specifically to aid rebel forces. The White House declined to comment on whether allied commanders had established regular contact with the rebels to help identify military targets. Pentagon spokesman, Marine Col. Dave Lapan, said there was "no formal or informal contact" between the rebels and American forces. But Navy Rear Adm. Gerard Hueber, chief of staff of Joint Task Force Odyssey Dawn, said though there was no official collaboration, information was being passed from the coalition to the rebels. "We have told opposition forces how to maneuver, and we have also told Moammar Kadafi's forces what they were expected to do in accordance with the U.N. Security Council resolution"...
In addition, American officials say CIA operatives and equipment were sent into rebel-held areas to monitor the opposition forces' activity even before the air bombardment began....
Council spokesmen said the rebels are receiving light weapons, ammunition, supplies and communications equipment from other nations but have declined to name the donors. U.S. officials acknowledged they have been weighing whether to provide weapons, ammunition and other equipment to the rebels...Reports suggest the Saudis and Egyptians have been providing arms. Though U.S. officials could not confirm, they say it is plausible.

US plan to arm Libyan opposition
http://english.ruvr.ru/2011/03/25/47971072.html
The US is looking for a legal loophole to supply the Libyan opposition with arms, said British TV Channel Sky News report Friday.The recent UN Security Council resolution on Libya rules out arms supplies to any party in the Libyan conflict. According to US diplomats, such supplies will be possible if the opposition needs arms exclusively to protect itself from the Gaddafi Army. The UK and France are planning similar moves. http://groups.yahoo.com/group/stopnato/message/49750

R2P: Imperialist war end-run around national sovereignty for global domination end game

A NEW LEASE ON LIFE FOR HUMANITARIANISM
Stewart Patrick, March 24, 2011
http://www.foreignaffairs.com/articles/67674/stewart-patrick/a-new-lease...
Operation Odyssey Dawn to enforce a no-fly zone in Libya on March 19 was a vindication of the fragile “responsibility to protect” (RtoP) norm....The Obama administration was correct to champion RtoP’s basic principle: state sovereignty is not a license for a dictator to murder his citizens.When it was endorsed unanimously by heads of state at the 2005 World Summit, RtoP was the biggest challenge to state sovereignty in three and a half centuries. It makes a state’s presumed right of nonintervention contingent on its ability and willingness to protect its citizens and threatens “collective, timely, and decisive action” if it does not...The “responsibility to protect” implies a responsibility to rebuild once the shooting stops. Although Resolution 1973 explicitly rejects foreign occupation of any part of Libyan territory, stabilizing the country for the long term will likely require a multinational peacekeeping force. Ideally it would be authorized by the United Nations and include significant contingents from the Arab world. Such long-term tasks as reconstructing Libya’s economy and political institutions would only be possible with major commitments of financial resources from the European Union, the World Bank, the African Development Bank, wealthy Gulf sheikhdoms, and the United States.
In a seminal Foreign Affairs article in 2002, Gareth Evans, then president and CEO of the International Crisis Group, and Mohamed Sahnoun, special adviser on Africa to the UN secretary-general, argued that any military intervention to support RtoP must satisfy six principles: the cause must be just, the intentions of the interveners must be pure, the use of force should be a last resort, it should be sanctioned by the Security Council, it must be undertaken with proportional means, and it should have reasonable prospects of success. The imposition of the no-fly zone in Libya has met the first five of these criteria. But its ultimate success will depend on meeting the sixth. To do that, the United States and its allies must show more willingness to remove the Qaddafi regime and then rebuild a war-torn Libya.

Gates Reaffirms U.S. Support of Egypt
3/23/11 http://www.defense.gov/news/newsarticle.aspx?id=63280
-Rapid change in the region holds potential new opportunities for the United States, Gates said.
-Gates will meet tomorrow with Field Marshal Mohamed Hussein Tantawi, the nation's commander in chief and chairman of the Egyptian Supreme Council of the Armed Forces.
CAIRO: Defense Secretary Robert M. Gates met with Egyptian leaders here today, a visit officials said is designed to reaffirm U.S. support and advance the nations' defense partnership.America's historic relationship with Egypt is a cornerstone of U.S. foreign policy in the Middle East and North Africa. The U.S.-Egyptian military partnership has grown over 30 years, and is an integral part of the way our two countries pursue our common interests and advance stability in an often tumultuous region". Rapid change in the region holds potential new opportunities for the United States, Gates said. "I would point to the longstanding relationship between the United States military and the Egyptian military and the constructive role the Egyptian military has played in the events of the past couple of months. For existing governments that undertake a process of reform that we work with today, those relationships will continue."...http://groups.yahoo.com/group/stopnato/message/49708

3/24/11 Egypt's martial law criminalizes protests, strikes
http://uk.ibtimes.com/articles/126329/20110324/egypt-protest-mubarak-arm...
Egyptian government military cabinet law criminalizing strikes and protest marches in the country stipulates imprisonment of one year and a fine of up to 500,000 Egyptian pounds ($84,000 dollars for anyone who incites, promotes or participates in a protest or strike that "disrupts private or public work'.... a turn of events that looks like the Egyptian people are back to square one - the army-led government has not lifted the emergency but stressed the law will be in effect till the emergency lasts. Egyptians who risked their lives trying to depose a ruler who ran a police state and never lifted emergency for more than three decades, are fuming... about the detention and torture of activists by the military rulers who replaced the Mubarak regime... also reports the country's media is still under gag orders. In effect, the long-entrenched military rule in Egypt hasn’t changed....

Libyan operation continues as hundreds die and thousands flee
26 March, 2011, http://rt.com/news/libya-nato-refugees-victims/
...At least 114 people were killed in the first four days of the operation . At a short overnight press conference, the Libyan government spokesperson announced at least 114 people have been killed and 445 injured in the first four days of the coalition’s week long series of air strikes.The American military announced the coalition has fired 16 Tomahawk missiles and flown 153 air sorties in the last 24 hours, and over 300 thousand have fled the country.

Operation “Unified Protector” launched Wednesday involving US, UK, Canada, Turkey, Italy, Spain, Belgium, Denmark, Netherlands and Greece, supplied an additional 25 warships and submarines, as well as 50 fighter jets to help enforce a naval blockade and prevent weapons and mercenaries from entering Libya.
http://www.nato.int/cps/en/SID-C49503BD-32FAF1FF/natolive/news_71773.htm

Faced with even domestic opposition u.s. creates new 'expand the war' drama, like the always timely and reliable "al-qaeda" and other "terrorist" tapes

Libyan Woman Struggles to Tell Media of Her Rape
A Libyan woman burst into the hotel housing foreign press in Tripoli Saturday morning to tell journalists she had been raped and beaten by members of Col. Muammar el-Qaddafi’s militia. After struggling for nearly an hour to resist removal by Colonel Qaddafi’s security forces...A wild scuffle began as journalists tried to interview, photograph and protect her... she was dragged away from the hotel screaming...For the members of the foreign news media here at the invitation of the government of Colonel Qaddafi — and largely confined to the Rixos Hotel except for official outings — the episode was a vivid reminder of the brutality of the Libyan government and the presence of its security forces even among the hotel staff...

NB: 'al-qaeda'/mujahadeen, created by US to defeat Soviets in Afghanistan as Brzezinski brags, like the 'rebels', work for US one way or another, as propaganda cypher and/or death squads

Libyan Rebel Commander Admits Fighters Have Al-Qaeda Links
Abdel-Hakim al-Hasidi, the Libyan rebel leader, said patriotic jihadists are on the front lines of the battle against Muammar Gaddafi's regime.
http://www.informationclearinghouse.info/article27768.htm
Al-Qaeda branch in Yemen planning terror strikes, US says
An Al-Qaeda affiliate in Yemen may be close to launching a terrorist attack, according to US intelligence agencies, the Washington Post reported Saturday. Michael Leiter, director of the National Counterterrorism Center, last month described AQAP as 'probably the most significant risk to the US homeland.'

“By building a dozen forward bases or establishments in Tunisia, Morocco, Algeria and other African nations, the U.S. will gradually establish a network of military bases to cover the entire continent and make essential preparations for docking an aircraft carrier fleet in the region. The North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) with the U.S. at the head had [in 2006] carried out a large-scale military exercise in Cape Verde, a western African island nation, with the sole purpose of controlling the sea and air corridors of crude oil extracting zones and monitoring how the situation is with oil pipelines operating there. Africa Command represents a vital, crucial link for the US adjustment of its global military deployment. At present, it is moving the gravity of its forces in Europe eastward and opening new bases in Eastern Europe.The present US global military redeployment centers mainly on an ‘arc of instability’ from the Caucasus, Central and Southern Asia down to the Korean Peninsula, and so the African continent is taken as a strong point to prop up the US global strategy. Therefore, AFRICOM facilitates the United States advancing on the African continent, taking control of the Eurasian continent and proceeding to take the helm of the entire globe.”

Libyan War And Control Of The Mediterranean
3/25/11 bv Rick Rozoff
The Mediterranean Sea is the main battle front in the world currently, superseding the Afghanistan-Pakistan war theater, and the empire of the new third millennium – that of the U.S., the world’s sole military superpower in the words of President Barack Obama in his Nobel Peace Prize acceptance speech, and its NATO partners – is completing the transformation of the Mediterranean into its mare nostrum....The defeat and conquest, directly or by proxy, of Libya would secure a key outpost for the Pentagon and NATO on the Mediterranean Sea... consolidation of U.S. control over North Africa would have more than just regional repercussions, important as they are.

Shortly after the inauguration of U.S. Africa Command [AFRICOM], Lin Zhiyuan, deputy director of the Chinese People’s Liberation Army Academy of Military Sciences, wrote the following [People’s Daily, February 26, 2007]:
“By building a dozen forward bases or establishments in Tunisia, Morocco, Algeria and other African nations, the U.S. will gradually establish a network of military bases to cover the entire continent and make essential preparations for docking an aircraft carrier fleet in the region. The North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) with the U.S. at the head had [in 2006] carried out a large-scale military exercise in Cape Verde, a western African island nation, with the sole purpose of controlling the sea and air corridors of crude oil extracting zones and monitoring how the situation is with oil pipelines operating there. Africa Command represents a vital, crucial link for the US adjustment of its global military deployment. At present, it is moving the gravity of its forces in Europe eastward and opening new bases in Eastern Europe.The present US global military redeployment centers mainly on an ‘arc of instability’ from the Caucasus, Central and Southern Asia down to the Korean Peninsula, and so the African continent is taken as a strong point to prop up the US global strategy. Therefore, AFRICOM facilitates the United States advancing on the African continent, taking control of the Eurasian continent and proceeding to take the helm of the entire globe.”

The attack on Libya followed by slightly more than three weeks a move in the parliament of the Eastern Mediterranean island nation of Cyprus to drag that state into NATO’s Partnership for Peace program [3], which if ultimately successful would leave only three of twenty nations (excluding microstate Monaco) on or in the Mediterranean Sea not full members of NATO or beholden to it through partnership entanglements, including those the Mediterranean Dialogue (Algeria, Egypt, Israel, Jordan, Mauritania, Morocco and Tunisia): Libya, Lebanon and Syria.

NATO membership and partnerships obligate the affected governments to open their countries to the U.S. military. For example, less than a year after becoming independent Montenegro had already joined the Partnership for Peace and was visited by then-commander of U.S. Naval Forces Europe Admiral Harry Ulrich and the submarine tender Emory S. Land in an effort “to provide training and assistance for the Montenegrin Navy and to strengthen the relationship between the two navies.” [4]. The next month four NATO warships, including the USS Roosevelt guided missile destroyer, docked in Montenegro’s Tivat harbor.

If the Libyan model is duplicated in Syria as increasingly seems to be the case, and with Lebanon already blockaded by warships from NATO nations since 2006 in what is the prototype for what NATO will soon replicate off the coast of Libya, the Mediterranean Sea will be entirely under the control of NATO and its leading member, the U.S.
Cyprus in the only European Union member and indeed the only European nation (except for microstates) that is – for the time being – not a NATO member or partner, and Libya is the only African nation bordering the Mediterranean not a member of NATO’s Mediterranean Dialogue partnership program.
Libya is also one of only five of Africa’s 54 countries that have not been integrated into, which is to say subordinated to, the new U.S. Africa Command (AFRICOM).
The others are:
Sudan, being balkanized, as Libya may also soon be.
Ivory Coast, now embroiled in what is for all intents a civil war with the West backing the armed groups of Alassane Ouattara against standing president Laurent Gbagbo and under the threat of foreign military intervention, likely by the AFRICOM- and NATO-supported West African Standby Force, possibly with direct Western involvement. [5] Zimbabwe, among likely candidates for the next U.S.-NATO Operation Odyssey Dawn-type military intervention.
Eritrea, which borders Djibouti where some 5,000 U.S. and French troops are based, was involved in armed border conflict with its neighbor three years ago in which French military forces intervened on behalf of Djibouti.

THE JAPAN CONNECTION (added by the digest)
Djibouti houses the only known U.S. military base on the African continent and is therefore highly significant to Pentagon’s strategy aimed at dominating the Horn of Africa, the Gulf of Aden and the Arabian Peninsula. The Financial Times reported that Washington’s camp is an outpost for the U.S. Africa Command, Africom. (Feb. 20) http://www.iacenter.org/africa/djibouti-022511/

Japan’s base construction in Djibouti is in accordance with the U.S. military strategy.
7/20/10 http://www.japan-press.co.jp/modules/news/index.php?id=1446
The second report (2007) on the Japan-U.S. alliance, drafted by former U.S. deputy Secretary of State Richard Armitage and others, demands Japan play a leading part. The latest U.S. quadrennial defense review published in February called on governments of other nations to cooperate in defending sea lanes from piracy. A government source last year stated U.S. forces wanted Japan to have facilities on its own in order to expand operations. Construction of a base under these circumstances is an unmistakable strengthening of Japan’s military operations abroad at U.S. request...
The status of forces agreement which the Japanese government concluded with the Djibouti government in 2009 in regard to sending SDF troops to Djibouti has several problems. The agreement virtually imposes on Djibouti Japan’s extra-territorial rights, such as the right for the SDF to take necessary means to protect the base and for Japan to exercise rights in any criminal trial involving an SDF member. Other countries will inevitably be alarmed at Japan strengthening its military presence abroad. The government should stop the base construction in Djibouti, withdraw the SDF from there and help to solve the piracy problem by supporting reconstruction efforts in which Japan can constructively contribute.

Japan to build navy base in Horn of Africa
May 11, 2010 , http://www.upi.com/Business_News/Security-Industry/2010/05/11/Japan-to-b...
Japan plans to establish a $40 million strategic naval base in the Horn of Africa state of Djibouti, its first overseas military base since the Second World War, where U.S. and French forces are deployed... is expected to be completed in 2011..Japanese personnel are currently housed in the U.S. base at Camp Lemmonier, a former French Foreign Legion installation.. the only known U.S. military base in Africa, is occupied by the Combined Joint Task Force-Horn of Africa, a counter-terrorism force deployed there after Sept. 11, 2001...China also has several warships attached to the international fleet, and has expressed interest in a naval base in the Gulf of Aden....
July 13, 2008, Nicolas Sarkozy held a summit in Paris to which he invited heads of state of the EU’s 27 members and 17 non-EU Mediterranean countries to launch a Mediterranean Union. Muammar Gaddafi announced his nation would boycott the gathering, denouncing the initiative as one aimed at dividing both Africa and the Arab world:“We shall have another Roman empire and imperialist design. There are imperialist maps and designs that we have already rolled up. We should not have them again.” [1] The unprecedented summit was held with the intention of “shift[ing] Europe’s strategic focus towards the Middle East, North Africa and the Balkans.” [2]
Less than three years later Sarkozy’s Mirage and Rafale warplanes were bombing Libyan government targets, initiating an ongoing war led by France, the United States, Britain to overthrow the Gaddafi government and implant a pliant replacement.
The Mediterranean has been history’s most strategically important sea, the only one whose waves lap the shores of three continents. Control of the sea has been fought over by the Persian, Alexandrian, Carthaginian, Roman, Byzantine, Ottoman, Spanish, British and Napoleonic empires, in part or in whole, and by Mussolini’s Italy and Hitler’s Germany. Since the end of World War 2, the U.S. has been the major military power in the sea. Washington established Naval Forces Mediterranean in 1946, which in 1950 became the U.S. Sixth Fleet with headquarters in the Mediterranean port city of Naples....
U.S. Naval Forces Europe-Africa, also based in Naples, is assigned to the Sixth Fleet and provides forces for both U.S. European Command and U.S. Africa Command (AFRICOM)...Admiral Gary Roughead, Chief of Naval Operations (the highest-ranking U.S. Navy officer), recently said the permanent U.S. military presence in the Mediterranean allowed the Pentagon, which “already was positioned for operations over Libya,” to launch Odyssey Dawn on March 19. “The need, for example in the opening rounds, for the Tomahawk strikes, the shooters were already in place. They were already loaded, and that went off as we expected it would. That’s what you get when you have a global Navy that’s forward all the time….We’re there, and when the guns go off, we’re ready to conduct combat operations….” [6]

March 22 General Carter Ham, the new chief of U.S. AFRICOM, at U.S. air base in Ramstein, Germany met with British, French and Italian air force leaders to evaluate the bombing campaign in Libya. He praised cooperation with NATO partners before the war began, stating, “You can’t bring 14 different nations together without having prepared for this before.” [7] As AFRICOM's commander was in Germany, Defense Secretary Gates was in Egypt with Field Marshal Mohamed Hussein Tantawi, commander in chief of the Egyptian armed forces and chairman of the Supreme Council of the Armed Forces, to coordinate the campaign against Libya. The Pentagon website reported March 23 that forces attached to AFRICOM’s Task Force Odyssey Dawn had flown 336 air sorties, 108 of them launching strikes and 212 conducted by the U.S. The operations included 162 Tomahawk cruise missile attacks. Admiral Roughead stated that he envisioned “no problem in keeping operations going,” as the Tomahawks will be replaced from the existing inventory of 3,200...
Far more is at stake in the war with Libya than control of Africa’s largest proven oil reserves and subjugating the last North African nation not yet under the thumb of the U.S. and NATO.... beyond domination of the Mediterranean Sea region.

1) Daily Telegraph, July 10, 2008
2) Daily Telegraph, July 14, 2008
3) Cyprus: U.S. To Dominate Europe, Mediterranean Through NATO http://rickrozoff.wordpress.com/2011/03/03/cyprus-u-s-to-dominate-all-eu...
4) United States European Command, May 24, 2007
5) Ivory Coast: Testing Ground For U.S.-Backed African Standby Force
Stop NATO, January 23, 2011 http://rickrozoff.wordpress.com/2011/01/23/ivory-coast-testing-ground-fo...
6) U.S. Department of Defense, March 23, 2011
7) U.S. Air Forces in Europe, March 23, 2011 U.S. Department of Defense, March 23, 2011
9) People’s Daily, February 26, 2007 http://english.peopledaily.com.cn/200702/26/eng20070226_352530.html

"...a stable and prosperous Japan is the key to U.S. security interests in Asia..."
Japan went from #2 power behind US, ahead of China in the 1970s until mid-90's. Several bad recessions later, [post monumental US savings & loan scheme, prior to its 2007 deep structural and financial crisis that Bush & Obama rescued with many trillions of working peoples money/debt]. US insisted on 'helping' Japan weather the storm of its 1990s recession ...aka deepening Japan's dependence & US domination
# Assist the Japanese leadership. The Bush Administration should assemble a group of key economic and financial advisers to work with their counterparts in Japan to assist in financial reform. This group can provide key lessons learned from America's own savings and loan crisis in the 1980s and assist in the technical aspects of implementing new policies.
# Communicate U.S. priorities to Japan. The Bush Administration must make clear to the Japanese leadership that Washington will not overlook any lapses in financial, economic, and political reform in exchange for Tokyo's support of the American war on terrorism. While Japanese support in the war effort is vital, repairing the Japanese economy must take priority; a stable and prosperous Japan is the key to U.S. security interests in Asia.
Addressing the Looming Financial Crisis in Japan, March 26, 2002 by Balbina Hwang, Ph.D. and Brett Schaefer Balbina Y. Hwang is Policy Analyst for Northeast Asia in the Asian Studies Center, and Brett D. Schaefer is Jay Kingham Fellow in International Regulatory Affairs in the Center for International Trade and Economics, at The Heritage Foundation.
http://www.heritage.org/research/reports/2002/03/addressing-the-looming-...

Japanese Military Joins US--NATO In Africa
By Rick Rozoff http://rickrozoff.wordpress.com/2010/04/26/japanese-military-joins-u-s-a...
Kyodo News, July 31, 2009 disclosed that “The U.S….asked Japan to build its own facilities to carry out full-fledged operations,”... for all practical purposes Djibouti is not only AFRICOM HQs but also US - led NATO HQs in Africa....Japan’s destroyers off the coast of Somalia and its first foreign military base post-World War2 in Djibouti are in line with the geostrategic plans of North America and Europe... permanent land, naval and air bases in the region for use in armed conflicts on the African continent.....
Djibouti rests at the confluence of the Red Sea and the Gulf of Aden, across from strife-torn Yemen, and borders the northwest corner of equally conflict-ridden Somalia. The narrow span of water separating it from Yemen is the gateway for all maritime traffic passing between the Mediterranean Sea and the Indian Ocean via the Suez Canal, the Red Sea, the Gulf of Aden and the Arabian Sea....

Japan to build navy base in Djibout, Horn of Africa
5/11/10 http://www.upi.com/Business_News/Security-Industry/2010/05/11/Japan-to-b...
DJIBOUTI, Djibouti, May 11 (UPI) -- Japan plans to establish a $40 million strategic naval base in the Horn of Africa state of Djibouti, its first overseas military base since the Second World War, where U.S. and French forces are deployed... The new base is expected to be completed in 2011 and will include an airfield for Lockheed Martin P-3 Orion maritime patrol aircraft of Japan's military and a permanent port facility.
Japanese personnel are currently housed in accommodations rented from the U.S. base at Camp Lemmonier, a former French Foreign Legion installation near Djibouti's airport. The camp, the only U.S. military base in Africa, is occupied by the Combined Joint Task Force-Horn of Africa, a counter-terrorism force deployed there after the Sept. 11, 2001
China, which also has several warships attached to the international fleet, has also expressed interest in establish a naval base in the Gulf of Aden. As with the Japanese, resupply and maintenance is difficult because of the vast distances between the region and their ships' home ports. Japanese naval units, including missile destroyers and maritime patrol planes have been operating in the Gulf of Aden since 2009.

Deteriorating Political Atmosphere in Djibouti Sparks Turmoil
6/8/10 United Business Media: http://www.prnewswire.com/news-releases/deteriorating-political-atmosphe...
New developments in the strategically important Republic of Djibouti underscore the deepening political crisis that threatens the security and stability of the volatile Horn of Africa sub-region as a whole. Djibouti, which hosts American and French military bases, is currently undergoing internal upheaval unseen in the country's 33 years of independence....During his first Africa trip, U.S. President Barack Obama said: "Make no mistake: history is on the side of these brave Africans, and not with those who use coups or change Constitutions to stay in power. Africa doesn't need strongmen, it needs strong institutions."...Djibouti entered into new agreements with the U.S. and with Japan for a new military base... President Guelleh's cozy relations including defense ties with the Iranian regime places the Republic of Djibouti at a dangerous crossroads with its Western allies...The international community must act today to save Djibouti and the Horn of Africa before it's too late.

Japan-U.S. alliance and SDF - Secret pact - ‘US control’ part 5
7/22/10 http://www.japan-press.co.jp/modules/feature_articles/index.php?id=26
U.S. forces in Korea were supposed to give back the right to command wartime operations to Korean troops in 2012. However, the US changed its mind in June and extended the term of command for another three years. The wartime command is a serious matter related to national sovereignty. In Japan, there is no such provision existing between Japan and the United States. In fact, there is – a secret agreement.

Alliance of Subordination Where is Japan-U.S. alliance heading? (final Part VI)
September 04,2010, http://www.japan-press.co.jp/modules/feature_articles/index.php?id=41
Strategy for ‘Sea of peace’
Since its inception in 1951 to date, the Japan -- U.S. alliance has operated as a lever for military interventionism, having nothing to do with Japan’s defense. Japan turned itself into a U.S. military stronghold initially during the Korean War, then during the Vietnam War, the Gulf War, and the wars against Iraq and Afghanistan, in which the U.S. forces took the lives of many innocent civilians. Japanese people are forced to bear the cost of this alliance. They have suffered from the expropriation of land, the incessant noise of aircraft, the repeated accidents, and the frequent crimes committed by servicemen... they pay about 60 billion yen every year to comfortably maintain the U.S. forces stationed in Japan.
Okinawans have regarded this as an injustice and only 7 % support the Japan-U.S. Security Treaty system (Mainichi, Ryukyu Shimpo, opinion poll May 31, 2010). The time has come for the Japanese people to rethink whether or not it is legitimate to continue to pay such costs to maintain the alliance.
Obviously, the Japan-U.S. alliance runs counter to the establishment of peace and true security in Asia. At the same time, true peace has yet to be established in Northeast Asia. Then, how should a current for peace be created?
During the Six-Party Talks in regard to North Korea, agreements have been made to establish a non-nuclear Korean Peninsula, and the creation of a structure of peace on the peninsula with a normalization of Japan-North Korea relations. The only way to create peace and mutual security in the region is to resume the Six-Party Talks.Consultations with China between both defense officials are underway as an immediate step to prevent contingencies arising over the sovereignty of the Senkaku Islands in the seas off Okinawa. ASEAN member nations are discussing finding peaceful ways to settle disputes among China, Taiwan, and Southeast Asia over the sovereignty of the Spratly Islands in the South China Sea. In the same way, it is essential for Northeast Asian nations to plan a strategy to turn the East China Sea and the Sea of Japan into a sea of peace.
What is more, a fundamental step in peace-building efforts should be to promote disarmament. If Japan takes a position to reduce its military budget which now stands at 5 trillion yen, it can contribute to ending the arms race among Japan, the United States, and China.
In a speech August 3, 2010, Japanese Communist Party Chair Shii Kazuo proposed three points, the first is the call for an end to causing military tensions and vicious spirals based on the premise that any military provocation should be responded to through military actions. The other two points propose the need to develop a framework for dialogue and confidence-building, as well as for peacefully settling disputes, and the need for Japan-China and U.S.-China relations to deepen economic ties as well as ties between peoples....
Today, military alliances are anachronisms. If peace-building initiatives in Northeast Asia are to progress, a call for abrogating the Japan-U.S. Security Treaty will become more persuasive than ever...Japan with its pacifist Article 9 of the Constitution will be able to take a creative path of security-building only when it moves away from the obsession of upholding the Japan-U.S. Security Treaty as sacrosanct. (End of the serial)

BACKGROUND: the continuing resistance to US military domination is not included in this excerpt from the 2004 report
U.S. Military in Mainland Japan and Okinawa
Ichiyo Muto, People’s Plan Study Group
Sunrise Shinjyuku 3F, 2-4-15 Okubo, Shinjyuku-ku, Tokyo 169-0072 JAPAN
Tel/Fax: +81-3-5273-8362 Email: ppsg@jca.apc.org URL: http://www.jca.apc.org/ppsg/
http://www.jca.apc.org/wsf_support/2004doc/WSFJapUSBaseRepoFinalAll.html...
There are approximately 90 U.S. military facilities including major military bases throughout mainland Japan and Okinawa, with an area total of 3,130,000 sq.meters, 75% of which are in Okinawa. They are concentrated in a few areas (prefectures), 37 in Okinawa, 15 in Kanagawa, 11 in Nagasaki, and 7 in Tokyo. About 52,000 U.S. troops are stationed in these bases, 26,000 in mailand and 25,000 in Okinawa (2001). In mainland Japan, the largest contingent is the air force with 6,600 and that in Okinawa marines (15,500).
The U.S. armed forces in Japan, together with U.S. forces in South Korea, are subjected to the Pacific Command located in Hawaii though the Command located at Yokota Airbase in Tokyo also functions as an auxiliary command for the forces deployed all over Japan. The forces deployed to Japan are not a separate complete military unit but integral part of the Pacific Force as the largest of the four U.S. joint forces with a vast jurisdiction extending from the U.S. western coast and the whole of the Pacific Ocean through the Indian Ocean to the eastern coasts of Africa.
US Wars in which Okinawa Bases were used as Mission Launching Bases: Korean War, Vietnam War, Gulf War, Afghanistan, and Iraq War. (During the occupation of the U.S. Embassy in Iran, C-130 Transport planes were sent from Okinawa in the hostage rescue operation...which failed.)
1960 Security Treaty and SOFA
Defeating Japan in WWII in 1945, the United States, placed Japan under occupation, took over Japanese military bases and used them as the frontline bases of the Cold War. These bases were intensely used in the 1950-53 Korean War as the attack posts in the immediate rear of the war front. The U.S. in the first years of occupation wanted to demilitarize Japan as its potential military adversary and drafted the postwar pacifist Constitution which was welcomed by Japanese people, but it reversed its policy by 1950 and ordered remilitarization and created a “police reserve force” that later developed into the world’s budgetary second largest Self-Defense Forces.
The U.S. placed Okinawa under its direct military rule, willfully confiscated Okinawan people’s land for construction of huge strategic bases in main island of Okinawa and nearby Iejima Island, centering on the Kadena airfield.
In 1951, the San Francisco Peace Treaty was signed, ending occupation for mainland Japan in 1952, but that treaty separated Okinawa from Japanese sovereignty and surrendered it to U.S. military rule. Okinawa remained U.S. military colony until 1972 when it was “reverted” to Japan. Simultaneously another treaty called Japan-U.S. security treaty was signed, allowing continued presence of U.S military forces in the Japanese territory. U.S. continued to hold and freely use the bases secured under occupation.
The 1952 security treaty was revised in 1960... “for the purpose of contributing to the security of Japan and the maintenance of international peace and security in the Far East, the United States is granted the use of its land, air, and naval forces of facilities and areas in Japan.” This treaty is up to now the legal ground of the stationing of U.S. forces and U.S. use of bases in Japan. Simultaneously with the security treaty, the status of force agreement was made, giving privileges and prerogatives to the U.S. military personnel and use of Japanese facilities. Though SOFA states that the U.S. bears all expenditures incurred by the maintenance of U.S. armed forces in Japan, the Japanese government since 1987 began to meet increasing portions of U.S. costs, reaching more than $6 billion in 2001 in “host nation support.”[...]