4/13 Slimy "Sweet Crude" Propaganda in US War to Control Africa

on 4/12/11 10:10 PM, Susanna Smith wrote
This is an incredible documentary about oil and the Niger Delta. The filmmaker is a professor from SCCC, who was detained with her crew by the Nigerian government during the filming. It’s showing on Thursday on channel 9 at 10pm. Google Sweet Crude for more info on the film. I saw it a few months ago and it is amazing.

INDEED IT IS ABSOLUTELY 'INCREDIBLE' SUSANNA! AND VERY TIMELY IN THE MIDST OF U.S. JUGGERNAUT FOR CONTROL OF AFRICA [links on this at bottom of page]
BELOW IS CAREFULLY THE DOCUMENTED EVIDENCE & EXPLANATION THAT EXPOSES 'SWEET CRUDE' AS PART OF U.S. IMPERIALIST SOFT POWER / PROPAGANDA TO UNDERMINE ACTUAL ANTI-IMPERIALIST FORCES IN NIGER ....TRACED RIGHT DOWN TO REVEALING COMMUNICATIONS HERE AT THE LOCAL LEVEL
PLEASE PROVIDE THIS CRUCIAL, SUPPRESSED INFO TO YOUR READERS.
liz

NIGERIA: 'HARD' ANTI-IMPERIALIST' NATIONAL LIBERATION vs. U.S. 'SOFT POWER' DOMINATION

MEND 'Militants attacking' in oil region
Article from: Reuter correspondents in Lagos
August 31, 2008
THE main militant group in Nigeria's oil-producing Niger Delta said it had launched a series of attacks on the army, killing 29 soldiers, but a military spokesman denied there was any fighting. The Movement for the Emancipation of the Niger Delta (MEND) said close combat involving fast attack boats, rocket-propelled grenades and anti-tank missiles had taken place at three separate locations in the delta.In addition to the 29 soldiers killed, MEND said six of its men died...."In three separate co-ordinated attacks in the states of Bayelsa, Delta and Rivers ... fighters from MEND carried out reprisals on the military Joint Task Force," MEND said.
Lieutenant-Colonel Rabe Abubakar - military spokesman for Bayelsa and Delta, two of the three main states in the Niger Delta - denied the army was under attack, saying soldiers were manning their positions as normal and there was no fighting....MEND said the attacks had been launched in response to what the military said were meant to be "warning shots" in the inland waterways of the delta, shots which MEND said had killed civilians including women and children....
The Niger Delta is the heartland of Nigeria's oil industry, which is currently pumping around 1.9 million barrels per day, making it the world's eighth biggest oil exporter.

8/30/08 http://www.alertnet.org/thenews/newsdesk/LU678717.htm
...Insecurity in the region has cut output by around a fifth since early 2006, when MEND began blowing up oil pipelines and kidnapping foreign workers, helping push up world energy prices.The group said the latest attacks had been launched in response to what it called supposed "warning shots" by the military in the delta's inland waterways, which MEND said had killed civilians including women and children. It said the wreckage of gunboats were still burning when its fighters left the scene of the clashes.
Security analysts in Nigeria said MEND was known to have been planning fresh strikes against army positions in the delta and forecast there were likely to be more such attacks...
President Umaru Yar'Adua, who took office in Africa's most populous nation more than a year ago, has pledged to bring development to impoverished villages in the delta in an effort to address the root causes of the unrest. But there has been little tangible progress....

TWO DIAMETRICALLY OPPOSED SOLUTIONS, REGARDLESS OF ACTIVIST/S INTENTIONS: ANTI-IMPERIALIST LIBERATION STRUGGLE VS. MOVEMENT FOR IMPERIALIST 'STRATEGIC NON-VIOLENCE DEVELOPMENT' as IMPERIALIST CFR INDICATES:

MEND: The Niger Delta’s Umbrella Militant Group
http://www.cfr.org/publication/12920/
"The fact that no one else is advancing the debate is ceding power to people like MEND.”
The Movement for the Emancipation of the Niger Delta, or MEND, launched itself onto the international stage in January 2006 by claiming responsibility for the capture of four foreign oil workers. Since then, the group's attacks on oil pipelines and kidnappings have reduced oil output in the Niger Delta by roughly one-third. Oil companies, the Nigerian government, and the United States (Nigeria is the United States' fifth largest supplier of U.S. crude imports) are concerned about MEND's ability to disrupt the global oil supply. Though skilled at leveraging international media, the group remains secretive and opinions vary on its power and ability to sustain itself....
In 2004, the Niger Delta People's Volunteer Force (NDPVF), an Ijaw militant group led by Alhaji Mujahid Dokubo-Asari (Ijaw are Nigeria's fourth largest ethnic group), threatened “all-out war” against the Nigerian government. Nigerian President Olusegun Obasanjo offered Asari and another militant leader amnesty and payments in exchange for their groups' weapons. Nearly a year after this deal, Asari was arrested, charged with treason, and put in prison, where he remains.
MEND emerged in January 2006, several months after Asari's arrest, and experts say the group is stronger than Asari's NDPVF. “Asari was a one-man show,” says Ike Okonta, a research fellow in contemporary African politics at the University of Oxford. MEND “has managed to win broad sympathy among the [Niger Delta] community.”
MEND is able to maintain its secrecy because of sympathy for the group among locals. Government crackdowns have only bolstered that sympathy and driven recruits.
MEND's attacks have hurt Nigeria's oil exports—costing at least eight hundred thousand barrels per day, or over 25 percent of the country's oil output, according to Nigerian officials....
The Nigerian government appears to realize its efforts are not sufficient. It has asked the United States and Britain to provide technical assistance to its navy under the Gulf of Guinea Energy Security Strategy, a request both countries agreed to. But a recent request by Abuja for the presence of U.S. Marines in the Delta was denied, reports the Jamestown Foundation's Terrorism Monitor.
Given the deep-seated complexity of the crisis in the Delta, the Nigerian government will need to work with other groups to address the grievances of MEND and other militant organizations. The International Crisis Group report recommends that the Nigerian government increase the percentage of oil revenues it sends to all Nigerian states, that oil companies make efforts to partner with community organizations on development projects, and that the international community offer a forum for mediation between the Nigerian government and MEND.

PART 1
Nigeria's MEND: Connecting the Dots
STRATFOR March 17, 2009
http://www.stratfor.com/analysis/20090312_mend_nigeria_connecting_dots1-
Nigeria Special Series
Summary

BEHIND 'HUMANITARIAN' DEVELOPMENT:

‘Strategic nonviolent struggle is all about political power.’ And I thought, ‘Boy is this guy speaking my language,’ that is what armed struggle is about.”
Col. Robert Helvey
Washington’s New World Order “Democratization” Template
by Jonathan Mowat
http://globalresearch.ca/articles/MOW502A.html
Dr. Peter Ackerman, the author of “Strategic Nonviolent Conflict” in the “National Catholic Reporter” on April 26, 2002: “It is not true that the only way to ‘take out’ such regimes is through U.S. military action.”…Speaking at the “Secretary’s Open Forum” at the State Department on June 29, 2004, in a speech entitled, “Between Hard and Soft Power: The Rise of Civilian-Based Struggle and Democratic Change, ” Ackerman elaborated on the concept involved. He proposed that youth movements, such as those used to bring down Serbia, could bring down Iran and North Korea, and could have been used to bring down Iraq… And he reported that he has been working with the top US weapons designer, Lawrence Livermore Laboratories, on developing new communications technologies that could be used in other youth movement insurgencies. “There is no question that these technologies are democratizing,” he stressed, in reference to their potential use in bringing down China, “they enable decentralized activity. They create, if you will, a digital concept of the right of assembly.”...
The Democratic party’s National Democratic Institute, the Republican party’s International Republican Institute, the US State Department and USAID are the main agencies involved in these grassroots campaigns as well as the Freedom House NGO and billionaire George Soros’s Open Society Institute […] (emphasis added)
…Col. Helvey’s long experience in Myanmar in training insurgent ethnic minorities in a region that is the center of world opium production raises another question of great bearing on “post modern coups.” That is: what is the role of narcotic mafias in facilitating “regime change?” Law enforcement agencies from many nations, including the United States, have long reported that the Balkans is the major narcotics pipeline into Western Europe. Ukraine is said to be a top conduit, as is Georgia. Kyrghyzstan, now at the top of the hit list, is another opium conduit. And George Soros “the Daddy Warbucks of drug legalization,” has been the top “private” funder of all the Eastern European and Central Asian insurgent groups, as well as those in Myamar. The spread of such mafias, is, of course, one of the most efficient ways of infiltrating and corrupting government agencies of targeted states….
http://globalresearch.ca/articles/MOW502A.html

United States Agency for International Development (USAID):
The United States Agency for International Development (USAID) functions as an instrument of CIA penetration into civil society, by enabling the “legitimate” funding of millions of dollars to promote U.S. foreign policy abroad and influence internal politics of foreign nations while avoiding Congressional scrutiny.
View the USAID documents

CONNECTING OPEN SOCIETY INSTITUTE/ U.S. HUMANITARIAN 'DEVELOPMENT' DOTS FROM NIGER...TO SEATTLE WA.
OPEN SOCIETY, INTERACTION, U.S. GOVT., & NIGER DELTA PROFESSIONALS FOR DEVELOPMENT COLLABORATION

google search terms: open society institute, nigeria
The Millennium Challenge Accounts: Elevating the Significance of Democracy as a Qualifying Criterion*
http://64.233.167.104/custom?q=cache:hBVCz_-ExeAJ:www.interaction.org/fi...
...The core recommendation is that the Administration should elevate “democracy” as a criterion for becoming eligible for MCA funding. U.S. foreign policy toward developing countries has long emphasized the twin goals of economic development and democracy.1 Not only is democracy desirable in its own right, but there is also a growing sense among economists that democracy is good for economic development (Rodrik, 1998). Democracy therefore partakes of Sen’s (2000) description of freedom as both means and end of development. For these reasons the Administration should modify its current MCA proposal to elevate the significance of democracy.
Thomas I. Palley
Director, Globalization Reform Project Open Society Institute
1120 19th Street, NW Washington, DC 20036 January 2003

ed: U.S./ Open Society Institute/OSI OPERATING FOR YEARS AS PART OF U.S. STRATEGY TO DOMINATE AFRICAN CONTINENT IN PARTNERSHIP WITH OIL COMPANIES
Soros: imperialist snake in progressive philanthropic drag GEORGE SOROS, SOROS FUND MANAGEMENT CHAIRMAN AND OPEN SOCIETY INSTITUTE FOUNDER OAS LECTURE SERIES OF THE AMERICAS: "CHALLENGES TO OPEN SOCIETY" BY GEORGE SOROS
October 3, 2006 - Washington, DC

Open Society Institute Senior Policy Analyst Akwe Amosu testifies before the U.S. Senate Foreign Relations Subcommitee on African Affairs
July 18, 2007
Democracy in Sub-Saharan Africa: Trends and Transitions
Statement submitted for Hearing of the SFRC's African Affairs sub-committee:
"Democratic Developments in Sub-Saharan Africa: Moving Forward or Backwards?"
http://www.opensocietypolicycenter.org/resources/publication.php?docId=1...

International League for Human Rights
Senior Program Director/ Senior Advisor for Africa
http://www.ilhr.org/ilhr/who/index.html
Kakuna Kerina is the Senior Advisor for Africa and the Senior Program Director at the International League for Human Rights. Previously, as Executive Director of the Open Society Initiative for West Africa (OSIWA), she established the regional office of the Soros Foundation in Dakar , Senegal and launched its operations in Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS) nations, plus Chad and Mauritania . The Foundation disbursed US$10 million in grants annually to civil society institutions, non-governmental organizations and government agencies working nationally and regionally in the areas of human rights, democracy and governance, media, information communication technologies (ICTs), legal reform and transitional justice, and HIV/AIDS. Prior to OSIWA, Ms. Kerina, as Director of the Africa Program established the League's Africa initiatives and developed and implemented projects promoting the defense of human rights and strengthening West African civil society institutions. She has also worked as Africa Program Director at the Committee to Protect Journalists (CPJ) and directed projects for the United Nations Development Programme's (UNDP) HIV and Development division.

The Open Society Institute and Women Make Movies cordially invite you to a .... Candidates from Egypt, Kenya, Nigeria and South Africa ...www.awid.org/go.php?list=announcements& prefix=announcements&item=00448

"Nigeria Election Hotline is moderated by the newsletter Africa Confidential and funded by the Open Society Institute. It is edited by Laolu Akande and ...www-sul.stanford.edu/africa/ nigeria/nigeriaelection.html

Open Society Initiative for West Africa
Plot 1266/No.11, Amazon Street
Maitama, Abuja, Nigeria
West Africa
Phone: (234 9) 413 7289, 6650
Fax: (234 9) 413 6649
E-mail: osiwa@osiwaabuja.org
Nigeria Program Manager: Ms. Nana Tanko

Open Society Initiative for West Africa - Dakar
Web site: www.osiwa.org

from http://www.africafocus.org/docs04/oil0401.php one of many OSI sites
Letter to World Bank from Publish What You Pay Coalition
http://www.publishwhatyoupay.org
December 17, 2003 [...]
Summary of International Initiatives on Oil Transparency
[from Human Rights Watch / OSI report on the use of oil revenue in Angola. For full report see
http://www.hrw.org/doc?t=africa&c=angola]

The Extractive Industries Transparency Initiative (EITI)
The Extractive Industries Transparency Initiative (EITI) was launched by U.K. Prime Minister Tony Blair at the World Summit on Sustainable Development in Johannesburg, South Africa on September 2, 2002. It is a voluntary initiative that aims to increase the transparency of natural resource revenues by developing standardized reporting requirements for companies and governments. The initiative has broad support from multinational and national companies, industry organizations, governments, NGOs, and multilateral institutions. Human Rights Watch has participated in this effort. At this writing, the reporting guidelines are still being revised.

[The companies and industry organizations in the initiative include: the American Petroleum Institute, Anglo-American plc., Areva, BG Group, BHP Billiton, BP, Chevron Texaco, ConocoPhillips, De Beers, ExxonMobil, the International Association of Oil and Gas Producers, the International Council on Mining and Metals, ISIS Asset Management on behalf of a coalition of investment funds, Marathon, Newmont, NNPC, Repsol YPF, RioTinto, Shell, South Africa Chamber of Mines, SOCAR, Sonangol, Statoil, Total. The governments include, Angola, Azerbaijan, Belgium, Botswana, Cameroon, Canada, China, Democratic Republic of Congo, Equatorial Guinea, France, Germany, Ghana, Indonesia, Italy, Japan, Kazakhstan, Mozambique, Netherlands, Nigeria, Norway, Sierra Leone, South Africa, Timor-Leste, Trinidad and Tobago, and the United States. The participating NGOs include: the African Network for Environmental and Economic Justice, Angolan Civil Society, CAFOD, CARE International, Global Witness, Human Rights Watch, Open Society Institute, the Publish What You Pay Coalition, Save the Children Fund, Transparency International, Transparency Kazakhstan, and the Trend Information Analytical Agency of Azerbaijan. The multilateral organizations include: the International Monetary Fund, NEPAD, the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development, the United Nations Development Programme, and the World Bank.
Since it is a voluntary initiative, host governments and companies must agree to adopt the initiative before data can be published. Companies have generally refused to publish their payments to governments without approval of the host government. This stance is partly in response to BP's experience in Angola as well as excessive caution towards contractual agreements. It is also not clear whether sponsoring governments, such as the U.K., U.S., or Norway, will forcefully press governments and companies to implement the guidelines.
As of June 17, 2003 when a large formal meeting to endorse the process took place, only Timor-Leste, Azerbaijan, Ghana, Trinidad and Tobago, Indonesia and Nigeria have said that they would implement and pilot the initiative....

The Publish What You Pay Campaign (PWYP)
The Publish What You Pay Campaign is an NGO-led initiative that is pressing governments to require publicly traded natural resource extraction to disclose net payments, including taxes, royalties, fees and other transactions with governments and/or public sector entities for every country in which they operate. Global Witness, George Soros and the Open Society Institute originally started it. Human Rights Watch is a member of this coalition and the campaign is supported by more than one hundred NGOs throughout the world.

Nigeria Policy Brief
http://www.forum.mn/index.php?coid=1701&cid=303
RWI completed a policy-brief on the impact of mechanisms established by the Nigerian government to increase revenue transparency. The brief summarizes these mechanisms and analyses the findings of two reports--the Hart Group audit report and a Human Rights Watch report on local government corruption in Nigeria--both of which are important tools in the struggle to establish public accountability over Nigeria’s petroleum revenues. The brief, which will be released mid-March, recommends that the outgoing government of President Obasanjo takes concrete steps to institutionalize revenue transparency, in both law and practice, and that likewise the President takes steps to increase the ability of citizens to access information about government spending.
For more information please contact Michelle Sieff at msieff@revenuewatch.org.

Stanford Workshop on Oil Governance, May 11-12, 2007
In May 2007, Stanford’s Center on Democracy, Development and the Rule of Law will hold a two-day workshop entitled, “Turning Oil Wealth into Development.” The workshop, organized by RWI Advisory Board member Tom Heller, will discuss the findings form the oil governance case studies that the Center has been undertaking, to obtain critical feedback from participants and to advance the debate on proper management of oil revenues. Participants will be drawn from academia, the oil industry, NGOs and foreign governments. RWI’s local partners assisted the Center’s research teams in undertaking field research in several countries including Angola, Nigeria and Azerbaijan.
For more information please contact Christine Scheiber at Scheiber@stanford.edu.

Investors’ Meeting in London, Summer/Fall 2007
The Revenue Watch Institute will be co-hosting a one-day workshop with the European Bank for Reconstruction and Development (EBRD) and F&C Asset Management on how transparency and governance affect sovereign and quasi-sovereign debt quality and ratings, with a particular focus on issuers whose revenues are heavily dependent on extractive industries. The workshop aims to build on the G8-led efforts to promote good governance through the Extractive Industries Transparency Initiative (EITI). The discussion will be hosted by the EBRD in London, and will be led by Jean Lemierre, President of the EBRD, Robert Jenkins, Chairman of F&C Asset Management, and George Soros, Chairman of Soros Fund Management. It will bring together senior representatives of the various interested institutions and companies, including sovereign debt issuers, state-owned enterprises, credit rating agencies, institutional investors and international financial institutions among others. The meeting was originally scheduled for May 8, 2007, but schedule conflicts have forced us to look for a new date, which is forthcoming. It will likely be either in June/July or October 2007.
For more information, please contact Ingrid Anderson at ianderson@revenuewatch.org.

RWI Summer Training/TIRI Policy Lab on Natural Resource Revenues, June 24-July 11, 2007
In late June, 2007, RWI will hold an intensive 5-day ‘training of trainers’ for leading civil society activists from natural resource-rich countries in partnership with the Central European University (CEU) in Budapest. This training will provide participants with an extensive introduction to all aspects of extractive industry management and revenue flows, including: contracts, auctions and licensing, accounting, auditing, international and national oil company structures, and related international tools, processes and initiatives around extractive sector transparency such as EITI, the Equator Principles, the IMF Guide to Resource Revenue Transparency, ROSCs, and multi-lateral bank disclosure policies. The latter part of the training will focus on building participants’ skills to go home and train others on basic concepts that have been acquired. Post-training financial assistance to participants for capacity-building workshops back home in their countries will be provided, along with training materials.
This late June training will be followed by a week-long policy lab in early July, 2007 conducted jointly by RWI, CEU and Tiri. For the past two years, in partnership with the Center for Policy Studies (CPS) of CEU, Tiri has offered an intensive course on Corruption Control and Organizational Integrity during the CEU Summer School for civil society and academics. This course is part of a joint effort by Tiri and CPS to introduce evidence-based, practical courses on governance and integrity reform in major teaching and training institutions throughout the world. This year the policy lab program will introduce a special track on natural resource revenue transparency and accountability. The policy lab will bring together international experts and experienced civil society, policymaker and academic representatives from resource-rich countries to identify and address the key policy challenges faced in the natural resource revenue management domain. The policy lab will be multi-stakeholder, involving expert practitioners from civil society, government, and academia. Some of the civil society participants attending RWI’s intensive 5-day training prior to the lab will stay on for this second, policy-oriented workshop. George Soros and Paul Collier are among those slated to participate in the lab.
RWI will begin advertising for applicants to both of these programs in late March.
For further information please contact Vanessa Herringshaw at vherringshaw@revenuewatch.org.

Police Accountability Newsletter
Nigeria:. Police Break Up Meeting of Activists Protesting Commissioner's Removal Open Society Justice Initiative. 13/07/2006 The Open Society Institute

Police oversight organizations in West Africa
Etannibi EO Alemika, Dept. of Sociology, University of Jos. Report commissioned by the African Policing Civilian Oversight Forum (APCOF) and funded by the Open Society Foundation (OSF). 2005.
The main objective of this work is to audit the police civilian oversight agencies in West African countries. Specifically, the work identifies external public oversight agencies administered by civilians and established by the government. Such agencies may be assigned a variety of functions including human rights protection that may involve some elements of police oversight. There are in particular, agencies that are charged with explicit police oversight functions such as the police service commissions and human rights commissions with wide rights protection mandates. Parliamentary police committees and judicial proceedings to redress violations of rights are elements of democratic constitutional frameworks for holding police accountable. But due to the fragile nature of the democratic transition in West African countries, the parliamentary and judicial oversight mechanisms tend to be weak or generally inaccessible to average citizens who need redress for the violations of their rights by the police.

InterAction, largest alliance of U.S. based international humanitarian and development organizations
INTERACTION: AMERICAN COUNCIL FOR VOLUNTARY INTERNATIONAL ACTION
1717 Massachusetts Ave., NW, Suite 701, Washington DC 20036
Phone (202) 667-8227 Fax (202) 667-8236
Website: http://www.interaction.org

Opportunities for Public Diplomacy in USAID Programs
By Jerrold Keilson, Vice President, Operations, America’s Development Foundation
http://64.233.167.104/custom?q=cache:2bpZbmj_n2EJ:www.interaction.org/fi...

“Public diplomacy” refers to programs designed to “promote the national interest and the national security of the United States through understanding, informing and influencing foreign publics and broadening dialogue between American citizens and institutions and their counterparts abroad.”
JANUARY 2007 in how the rest of the world—especially the Arab and Muslim worlds—perceives the U.S., USAID established the Office of Public Diplomacy for Middle Eastern and Middle East Peace Initiative Affairs. Among other efforts, the office distributes information on USAID programs to Middle Eastern leaders in the U.S., orga-nizes seminars for Middle Eastern lead-ers with senior U.S. officials, and briefs ambassadors from the Middle East on USAID’s programs.Another element of USAID’s efforts to improve the image of America in the world has been the establishment of a uniform branding requirement for USAID-funded projects. Starting in 2005, USAID standardized the use of its logo—regulating its typeface, color, and tagline on all development project-related publications. It is an unusual step for a government agency, unless one un-derstands the public diplomacy rationale. First of all, it is significant that USAID’s new tag line reads “from the American people” (see illustration below), thus touting the project as a people-to-people program. Time will tell whether it has an impact on how people in other countries view the U.S. or Americans.
USAID Employees and Contractors as Public Diplomats USAID has another opportunity to ef-ficiently expand its public diplomacy ef-forts: it could make use of the hundreds of USAID officials and American con-tractors who staff USAID-funded devel-opment projects around the globe. While USAID contractors are hired to provide technical expertise and manage develop-ment projects, they are ideally situated to represent American life and culture to individuals at all levels of the societies in which they work.This is a significant lost opportunity. USAID could become a major and effec-tive public diplomacy actor by including public diplomacy activities in its proj-ects. For instance, it could include fund-ing to train the senior American staff in key public diplomacy principles, provide publications on appropriate public diplo-macy topics, fund events, make changes in perceptions of the U.S. among its target populations an indicator of proj-ect success, and request information on public diplomacy activities in its project reports....
USAID should consider the following measures: Strengthen the Office of Public Diplomacy by giving it a global mandate, making public diplomacy a cross-cutting theme in USAID development programs, and providing financial support to include public diplomacy efforts in USAID pro-grams; Reinvigorate participant training programs that were once a key element of develop-ment projects. Doing this will give more potential leaders first-hand exposure to America and will help counteract misper-ceptions about America; Include public diplomacy components in cross-cutting activities in USAID-award-ed implementation contracts and grants. Set aside funding for publications, staff training, study tours, and the inclusion of Experience America components in de-velopment efforts; Train expatriate USAID contractors in public diplomacy. At a minimum, USAID should provide them with training and printed materials on American history, values, and culture. ..... advocacy, consists of a series of planned activities that organizations undertake to pressure for policy changes related to a specific issue (based on an assess-ment of which actors have the power to bring about the desired change)....
More organizations are working to inform and engage the American public on global issues. Their methods range from letter-writing groups gathered in church basements to a lone teenager in his room concocting quirky and persuasive Flash animations; they could include artfully choreographed street theater near the World Bank one day, and well-briefed delegations in the marble halls of the Senate the next. As varied as the players and activities and setting are, the common denominator is the desired goal: to advocate, directly or indirectly, for policies consistent with global development goals....

JANUARY 2007 1 “...When we started out, we didn’t think of having a dialogue with governments because we weren’t sure enough about what we were doing to be able to go and say—look, put more money into vaccines, put more money into AIDS. And it was four or five years into it that we began to say wow—even our resources are small enough that we’re going to have to have advocacy. And so that’s a new capability that we’re getting better at.” Bill Gates, Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation, on Charlie Rose to its own efforts, how will donors be convinced to renew support?....

FOREIGN ASSISTANCE REFORM By Evan Elliott, Advocacy Associate, InterActionISSUE In January 2006, Secretary of State Condoleezza Rice announced her intention to overhaul the U.S. foreign assistance architecture to bring it in line with her vision of Transformational Diplomacy—using America’s diplomatic power to help foreign citizens better their own lives, build their own nations and transform their own futures. The resulting strategic framework for foreign assistance offers the following as the prime objective of U.S. foreign aid: “Helping to build and sustain democratic, well-governed states that respond to the needs of their people and conduct themselves responsibly in the international system.”
RESOURCES http://interaction.org/FA_Reform http://www.state.gov/ fhttp://www.foreignassistance.net/indicators

What is InterAction's relationship with the U.S. government?
http://www.interaction.org/media/PVS.html
More than half of our 162 members are currently implementing USAID-funded programs around the globe, and InterAction members see themselves as full partners in U.S. foreign assistance policy. InterAction is the primary interlocutor between the U.S. relief and development community and the U.S. Government, and has been so for nearly three decades. We work closely with all of the relevant agencies of the U.S. Government, including USAID, the Departments of State and Defense, MCC, and PEPFAR, to ensure that U.S. foreign assistance policies are informed by the first-hand perspectives of relief and development experts operating on the ground in every country in the world. To this end, we also work closely with the U.S. Congress, particularly those members of Congress on key committees with oversight of U.S. foreign policy.
InterAction has a long history of partnering with USAID on the issues of development funding, aid effectiveness, humanitarian practice, and security. In recent years, InterAction has worked with USAID to implement effective relief and development programs while protecting American citizens from terrorist threats. Unfortunately, the process by which this new Partner Vetting System was designed seems to ignore that partnership, as well as the existing anti-terror certification policy mentioned above, which was produced by negotiation between USAID and InterAction.

from U.S. to Nigeria and back to Seattle: reveals sahara reporters linked in labyrinthian U.S./OSI empire of soft power
THE SEATTLE CONNECTION : EXAMPLE OF HOW US / NED / NGOS WORK GLOBALLY AT LOCAL LEVELS
AMERICAN DOCUMENTARY FILMMAKERS DETAINED IN NIGER DELTA
...Director Sandy Cioffi, along with producer Tammi Sims and photojournalists Cliff Worsham and Sean Porter entered the country legally on April 5th. They were accompanied by Joel Bisina, a Nigerian being held in custody with them. Bisina is the founder of a Warri-based NGO, Niger Delta Professionals for Development. Senators Maria Cantwell, Russ Feingold, John Kerry and John Tester are currently working the channels to press the U.S. State Department to get more involved. http://saharareporters.com/www/letters/detail/?id=383[googling

Letter from detained filmmaker Sean Porter « Hot Splice
Apr 23, 2008 ... Had we not had Senators, the US Ambassador and everyone else flooding the State Department and the Nigerian government ...
nwfilmforum.wordpress.com/2008/ 04/23/letter-from-detained-filmmaker-sean-porter/
http://www.saharareporters.com/search/?domains=www.saharareporters.com&q...

u.s. 'development' penetration vs. anti-imperialist liberation struggle
WHO IS JOEL BISINA, "SWEET CRUDE'S AFRICAN GUIDE"?
Joel Bisina
What is this profile?
http://www.zoominfo.com/Search/PersonDetail.aspx?PersonID=352131268
Nigeria , Global Citizen , Journey , Oil , Activist , Environmental Degradation , Nigerian , Country , Warri , Sweet Crude , Host , Local , Ijaw
4 quick facts about Joel Bisina:
About the Author: Joel Bisina is a peace activist and founder/Regional Director of the Niger Delta Professionals for Development (NIDPRODEV) a non-profit...
Source: www.globalpolicy.org... [www.globalpolicy.org]
Joel Bisina is in charge of Niger Delta Professionals for Development, conflict management, community development and citizens’ diplomacy...
Source: www.vanguardngr.com... [www.vanguardngr.com]
Bisina is a conflict mediator and peace activist who left a lucrative banking...
Source: www.globalcitizenjourney.org... [www.globalcitizenjourney.org]
Bisina will make numerous presentations around the Puget Sound area in the coming weeks...
Source: He gives them a voice [www.globalcitizenjourney.org]
Click here for a comprehensive search on Joel Bisina...

In Bisina's own words...

Conflict and Conflict Resolution in the Niger-Delta the Bayelsa Experience
J. BISINA
http://www.ajol.info/viewarticle.php?jid=140&id=13523&layout=abstract
Abstract
Conflicts, crisis, youths restiveness, hostage taking, kidnapping are recent phenomena that appear synonymous with the Niger Delta, the oil rich region of the Nigerian Nation-State. This region serves as the economic nerve center of the federation. Since the discovery and the production of oil in commercial quantities in 1958 at Oloibiri. Annual budgets of the country had largely depended on oil, with oil revenue accounting for about 80-90% annually which translates into huge financial resources to the federal government, little or nothing is left behind to alleviate the sufferings of the people of this region from whose land bank accounts of transnational companies abroad and the treasury of the federation are been swollen.
The concern of the people from this region is that the Nigerian State has not been fair. The formula being adopted after the discovery of oil is fraudulent to the extent that it deprives them the right to control their resources. They hold ths view against the backdrop that before the discovery of oil and oil revenue the principle of derivation was 100%.
The feeling of neglect, deprivation and underdevelopment has given rise to so many violent conflicts in recent times. From Ondo State in the SouthWest to Cross River State in the South-South region. Notable among these conflicts are: the Ijaw-Arogbo/Ilaje crises, the Warri Crises, these are inter-ethnic crises over resources and Local Government Headquarters, the invasion of Opia, Ikiyan, Odi, Ikebiri, Olugbobiri, Isoko/Olomoro Crises, Evwreni killing and so on.
These are resources driven. The Kaiama declaration, the Ogoni Crises and so on are political and resource driven.
IFE PsychologIA Volume 9 no 3, 2001, pp. 95-111

"African guide" Joel Bisina, founder of a Warri-based NGO, Niger Delta Professionals for Development:
ADDRESS PRESENTED BY JOEL BISINA, FOUNDER/REGIONAL DIRECTOR OF NIGER DELTA PROFESSIONALS FOR DEVELOPMENT (NIDPRODEV) AND HOST COUNTRY DIRECTOR GLOBAL CITIZEN JOURNEY (GCJ)
http://64.233.167.104/search?q=cache:5uZhQWwQW_QJ:www.globalcitizenjourn...
It is perhaps relevant to give the background information as regards the GCJ/NIDPRODEV partnership which brought this citizen diplomat delegation to Gbaramatu kingdom that has given birth to this project - The Niger Delta Friendship Library - for which we are all gathered here today. The journey started in the US when I went to attend an international conference on the Practice of Peace on Whidbey Island (in the northwest part of the country near Seattle Washington) in November, 2003. Incidentally, I was the only Nigerian who attended the conference. In the course of the conference, Susan Partnow shared the idea of citizen diplomacy delegations traveling to places in the world. I was greatly inspired by the vision and offered to host a delegation in Nigeria. It would be worthy to mention here that the visit to Nigeria by Mary Ella Keblusek in January, 2004, laid the ground work for the Nigerian project. To make the trip a reality, I visited in April of 2004 to work with a team in the US to create what is today known as Global Citizen Journey. It might interest you to know that of all the pioneer planning committee members in the US, only Mary Ella Keblusek, Leslye Wood and Susan Partnow who is now the executive director made it on this delegation. To the US and Nigerian Delegates, I want to say that you are the heroes and heroines of our time, you against all odds both locally and internationally braved it to come on this delegation. I salute your courage and determination, you have written your names in the sand of time.
I want to use this opportunity to inform you about who we are in Niger Delta Professionals for Development, the Nigerian partner for Global Citizen Journey.

NIDPRODEV & GLOBALCITIZENJOURNEY
google search: NIDPRODEV is downloadable at:. http://globalcitizenjourney. org/files/JoelBisinaBrochureNov2004.pdf. Other organizations in Nigeria have also received funds ...www.world-affairs.org/globalclassroom/ resources/Nigeria%20CBA-Final.pd

ABOUT NIDPRODEV

U.S. FOREIGN AID IN NIGERIA AND ELSEWHERE : WHERE SHOULD U.S. TAX DOLLARS BE SPENT ? October 16, 2007 BY : Laura Adriance, World Affairs Council CBA TOPIC: U.S. Foreign Policy LEVEL: High School.
This document is intended to assist teachers who are implementing the U.S. Foreign Policy CBA for high school students, but may also be useful to anyone teaching about current world issues, international relations, and related fields.
http://64.233.167.104/search?q=cache:zuGDU2CisysJ:www.world-affairs.org/...

U.S. FOREIGN AID IN NIGERIA AND ELSEWHERE : NON-PROFITS AND NGOs
http://globalcitizenjourney.org/files/JoelBisinaBrochureNov2004.pdfPamph... explaining the work of Niger Delta Professionals for Development (NIDPRODEV).
• http://www.kabissa.org/Kabissa’s mission is “to help African civil society organizations put information and communication technologies to work for the benefit of the people they serve.” Over 300 of Kabissa’s member organizations are located in Nigeria.
• http://www.africare.org/about/where-we-work/nigeria/index.html• Describes Africare’s programs in Nigeria
http://www.columbia.edu/cu/lweb/indiv/africa/cuvl/USorgs.htmlColumbia University Libraries’ African Studies page listing U.S. NGOs and research and policy institutes.

SEATTLE GUIDES ON THIS 'SACRED GLOBAL JOURNEY' FOR U.S. IMPERIALISM'S PEACEFUL DEVELOPMENT & DOMINATION
Global Citizen Journey
4425 Baker Avenue Nw
Seattle, WA 98107 USA
Website: www.globalcitizenjourney.org
Phone: (206) 789-8697
This profile was automatically generated using information found on the Internet.
SummaryIndustry: Charitable Organizations & Foundations
Global Citizen Journey is a nonprofit organization dedicated to building cross-cultural understanding and global connectedness by bringing people of diverse cultures together to work on community projects, develop leadership skills and create sustainable communication networks. GCJ evolved from international grassroots efforts including The Compassionate Listening Project and PeaceTrees and is a project of Earthstewards Network 50l(c)(3)

FROM INTERACTION [ABOVE] TO... GLOBAL CITIZEN JOURNEY, SEATTLE
InterAction.org | Global Partnership for Effective Assistance
Global Citizen Journey: Report from the. Niger Delta. July 18 : Seattle, WA. info@globalcitizenjourney.org.
www.interaction.org/files.cgi/5221_WEB_7.17.06.pdf

[DOC] The Africa Liaison Program Initiative
File Format: Microsoft Word - View as HTML
Annie Kairaba of the Rwanda Institute for Sustainable Development observed that not much had been happening between USAID and civil society ...
www.interaction.org/files.cgi/883_ Relational_Governance_Sub_Regionals_Report!.doc

[PDF] DEVELOPMENTS
File Format: PDF/Adobe Acrobat - View as HTML
that civil society be consulted during this. open search process. ..... from other struggles in Ivory Coast, Nigeria, the Philippines and. Uganda. ...
www.interaction.org/files.cgi/5792_MDMar07WEB.pdf
Results 11 - 20 for open society institute, nigeria with Safesearch on. (0.17 seconds)

Custom Search
[PDF] DEVELOPMENTS
[DOC] Washington Week & InterAction Forum 2003
File Format: Microsoft Word - View as HTML
Annie Davies of DevNet noted that the ALPI program brought US civil society organizations directly into contact with USAID in Nigeria. ...
www.interaction.org/files.cgi/1784_ Final_Washington_Week_2003_Report_in_Word.do
[PDF] Inter Action Member Activity Report Iraq
File Format: PDF/Adobe Acrobat - View as HTML
of Human Rights, and the Technical Institute of Suleimaniyah, ...... lives while also working to ensure a more open and democratic society. The projects ...
www.interaction.org/files.cgi/2851_Iraq_May_2004.pdf
[PDF] Seeing Eye to Eye?
File Format: PDF/Adobe Acrobat - View as HTML
Institute for Development Studies,. Sussex, UK. World Bank Operations Evaluation Department. (2002). Non-Governmental Organizations and. Civil Society ...
www.interaction.org/files.cgi/1385_World_Bank_Study.pdf
in the three principal areas of civil society: development and governance, food security ...... International Institute for Tropical Agriculture in Nigeria. ...
www.interaction.org/files.cgi/ 1860_West_Africa_June_2003.pdf
[PDF] July 5

Contact Leslye Wood For Immediate Release Global Citizen Journey Communications & PR March 28, 2006
SEATTLE, March 28, 2006 – Amidst recent renewed unrest in the oil-rich but ... Says Mary Ella Keblusek, GCJ Nigeria project director, "How can a little' ...
http://globalcitizenjourney.org/files/new/news_release_3.06.pdf

FROM LESLYE'S BLOG
http://blog.ljwood.com/
When I helped some friends start the non-profit Global Citizen Journey, I embarked on the adventure of a lifetime. Among the many unique aspects of GCJ, people who go on the trips make a commitment to share their stories with a wide circle of people. This creates a ripple effect that extends the journeys beyond our personal learning and experiences. So, with this little blog, I invite you to be my ripples....
Just about a year ago, I jumped into the dream Susan Partnow had been carrying around for five years — the seed of GCJ. It seemed to me in the aftermath of September 11th and then the Bush election that the single most hopeful thing we could do in our fragmented world was to understand each other. Reach out, sit down, listen, learn. One conversation at a time. And, as often happens, no sooner had I thought the thought, than an opportunity to put it into action appeared. The GCJ idea that peace could be built on the grassroots cross-cultural connections of ordinary people really resonated. Before long, I found myself packing for Nigeria...The Niger Delta is the world’s seventh largest producer of oil and the main source of Nigeria’s wealth, yet the local people see none of the benefits. When oil is discovered in this country, title to the land automatically transfers to the central government. Profits are split with the oil companies and the Delta gets none of the revenue and all of the pollution. Companies like Shell and Chevron operate virtually unhampered by environmental regulations.... Before and after our time in the village, we met with government officials, tribal leaders and representatives from the Chevron installation not far from Oporoza. Chevron in fact made a major financial contribution to our project...(emphasis added)

addendum: correspondence with local Nigerian film activists:
From: Liz Burbank [mailto:lizburbank@speakeasy.net]
Sent: Thursday, May 15, 2008 4:28 PM
To: info@sweetcrudemovie.com
Subject: Questions
Please enlighten: checking your beautiful website we find no mention of specific NGOs involved, your exact relationship with the U.S. government as well as with the Open Society Institute, nor your sources of funding. Looking forward to learning more,
Liz Burbank

May 21, 2008, at 3:52 PM, Liz Burbank wrote:
Where can we find all the funders for your work, including George Soros's Open Society Institute with its many Nigerian initiatives? Before contributing people have a right to full disclosure so that we know who funds work we consider supporting.
Thanks,
Liz Burbank

From: Louise Rafkin [mailto:louise@louiserafkin.com]
Sent: Wednesday, May 21, 2008 3:54 PM
To: Liz Burbank
Cc: leslye j. wood
Subject: Re: Sweet Crude

HI Liz,
Thanks for your interest. I am forwarding your request to producer Leslye Wood who can help you with this information.
Again, thanks for your support.
Louise Rafkin
louise@louiserafkin.com

5/21/08
Hi Liz.
Sorry for the delay in responding. We had a public event Monday night and I was swamped getting ready for it.
The independent documentary Sweet Crude has been financed by our two executive producers, listed under filmmakers on our web site (click on ‘film’, then ‘the crew.’ ). They are Jody Hall, Vérité Coffee and Menno Van Wyk, Virasana Productions. In addition, many people working on the film have given their time at significantly reduced cost or pro bono.
Our ‘more than a movie’ political initiatives have been funded out of our own pockets and our own donated time, and through the financial contributions of individuals via our web site or at events. Although we have reached out to many organizations to collaborate and educate, we have no formal or financial relationships with any of them, including the U.S. government.
I hope that answers your questions. Please let me know if I can help further.
Many thanks for getting in touch.
Leslye
Leslye Wood
Sweet Crude Movie
Screenwriter
Media & Communications
206.282.0880 / cell: 206.915.4339
leslye@ljwood.com / media@sweetcrudemovie.com

from the filmmaker:

5/22/08 12:10 PM, Sandy Cioffi at fastfwd@speakeasy.org wrote:
Hello Liz,
I am eager to answer your question but I am a bit confused. We have not received any funding from George Soros – not sure how you got that impression. Thus far, the film has been funded as a private LLC by two individuals – they are “investors” but will be quite unlikely to ever recoup their money – one makes money selling cupcakes and fair trade coffee (Café Verite) and one selling climbing shoes (Montrail/Verdana). They did this because they care about the story plain and simple, not for any personal gain. And then the volunteer explenses have been partly covered by small individual donations. That’s it, full disclosure. I am not sure if you are assuming some other agenda, but this is a financial loss all around and no nefarious party has had their hand in the mix. Best,
Sandy Cioffi

5/22/08 hi leslye, thanks for responding -- i realize you've been swamped. Re: support, collaboration and funding, we ask about OSI because this umbrella covers countless apparently progressive initiatives, groups, orgs. etc., that seduce millions of genuinely passionate people who want to work for justice and peace but do not have a clue who's behind the work they are doing cloaked in humanitarian, civil, educational, artistic and other progressive drag, under a vast global U.S. and OSI umbrella (see below}

"... Although we have reached out to many organizations to collaborate and educate, we have no formal or financial relationships with any of them, including the U.S. government..."
" p.s. Liz, meant to ask in my other email why you thought we had a relationship with the Open Society Institute?"

from liz:
disingenuous to ask leslye, being intimately involved:
'Sweet Crude's' denunciation of u.s. govt. and corporations or the demand, in unity with the Nigerian people, to get the hell out, is nowhere to be found -- have we missed something? Overall your positions and work jibe politically with massively funded globally organized liberal imperialist "pro-democracy strategic non-violence". Unbeknownst to many and regardless of their intentions, this U.S./UN led political strategy is objectively in opposition to indigenous struggles for national liberation and autonomy, against imperialist 'peaceful development and extraction' (more below).
Overall your positions and work jibe politically with massively funded globally organized liberal imperialist "pro-democracy strategic non-violence". Unbeknownst to many and regardless of their intentions, this U.S./UN led political strategy is objectively in opposition to indigenous struggles for national liberation and autonomy, against imperialist 'peaceful development and extraction' (more below).
The u.s. govt. does not generally step in to rescue/defend those opposing its imperial interests AKA "terrorists" thus it comes as no surprise to learn:
Your 5/20 seattle event was supported by ostensibly "non-political" groups: Amnesty International (OSI related) Puget Sound; Committee to Protect Journalists; Seattle Arts & Lectures; Silverstein Thomas Rice and Associates; UW Center for Global Studies; UW Law, Societies and Justice Program; UW Program on the Environment; UW School of Law; UW Simpson Center for the Humanities.

Apparently you don't work with or support MEND / Movement for the Emancipation of the Niger Delta, or other real anti-imperialist resistance, African or U.S.,
in fact it appears Nigerian "militants" detained you as suspected pro-u.s. interventionists
Your "African guide" Joel Bisina, a Nigerian being held in custody with them... is the founder of a Warri-based NGO, Niger Delta Professionals for Development :

AN ADDRESS PRESENTED BY JOEL BISINA, FOUNDER/REGIONAL DIRECTOR OF NIGER DELTA PROFESSIONALS FOR DEVELOPMENT (NIDPRODEV) AND HOST COUNTRY DIRECTOR GLOBAL CITIZEN JOURNEY (GCJ) AT THE OFFICIAL COMMISSIONING AND HANDOVER CEREMONY OF THE NIGER DELTA FRIENDSHIP LIBRARY (NDFL) AT OPOROZA, DELTA STATE, NIGERIA, page 3, 11/28/05
http://64.233.167.104/search?q=cache:5uZhQWwQW_QJ:www.globalcitizenjourn...
..It is perhaps relevant to give the background information as regards the GCJ/NIDPRODEV partnership which brought this citizen diplomat delegation to Gbaramatu kingdom that has given birth to this project - The Niger Delta Friendship Library - for which we are all gathered here today. The journey started in the US when I went to attend an international conference on the Practice of Peace on Whidbey Island (in the northwest part of the country near Seattle Washington) in November, 2003. Incidentally, I was the only Nigerian who attended the conference. In the course of the conference, Susan Partnow shared the idea of citizen diplomacy delegations traveling to places in the world. I was greatly inspired by the vision and offered to host a delegation in Nigeria.

It would be worthy to mention here that the visit to Nigeria by Mary Ella Keblusek in January, 2004, laid the ground work for the Nigerian project. To make the trip a reality, I visited in April of 2004 to work with a team in the US to create what is today known as Global Citizen Journey. It might interest you to know that of all the pioneer planning committee members in the US, only Mary Ella Keblusek, Leslye Wood and Susan Partnow who is now the executive director made it on this delegation.

Leslye J. Wood
http://www.ljwood.com/what_00.htm
leslye@ljwood.com
From the board room to the break room, B2B and B2C, I’m at home just about anywhere your message needs to go. I have wide-ranging experience targeting enterprise, small business and consumer audiences in many different industries, with particular expertise in high tech.... Stories teach, they heal, they entertain. And they can help your company make a meaningful connection with customers...
applied experience. With 15 years in corporate management, I’m well versed in all aspects of business. I understand the challenges and pressures of going to market because I’ve been there. My strong background in sales, marketing and customer service will help you find the most effective voice to reach your audience, whether it’s internal, external or both...

HER WORK INCLUDES THESE 'PROGRESSIVE' REFERENCES

http://www.ljwood.com/what_wb_06.htm
Brown Construction
Carrillo Architectural Group
Moms on the Move
Sweet Crude Movie

Susan Partnow
Executive Director/Founder, Global Citizen Journey
Partner Coordinator, Let's Talk America
Principal, Partnow Communications
4425 Baker Ave NW
Seattle, WA 98107
tel. 206-789-8697
fax 206-782-7786
www.globalcitizenjourney.org
susan4ps at comcast.net

Let's Talk America
talk@letstalkamerica.org
Mary McKinley, Executive Director
Susan Partnow, Director of Conversations
Endorsers
A growing list of individuals and organizations from across the political spectrum are signing on as endorsers of Let's Talk America.
At a special gathering in June, over 22 thought leaders from left, right and center endorsed a proclamation of support for LTA and building dialogues across the political divide, including: Bill Thomson, Christian Coalition David Keene, American Conservative Union Virginia Sloan, The Constitution Project Bob Barr, Bob Barr Enterprises, Inc. A. Lawrence Chickering, Project on Community Engagement and Education Michael Toms, New Dimensions Foundation Carl A. Fillichio, The Council for Excellence in Government Thomas F. Beech, Fetzer Institute Mark Satin, Radical Middle Newsletter Jeffrey B. Peters, We The People Joseph Goldman, AmericaSpeaks Laura Chasin, Public Conversations Project Mark Gerzon, Mediators Foundation Shirley J. Wilcher, Wilcher Global, LLC Tom Atlee, Co-Intelligence Institute

SacredVisions Podcast: Interview with Susan Partnow
http://cecimiller.libsyn.com/
Ceci Miller, author of Sacred Visitations, interviews Susan Partnow, founder of Global Citizen Journey, about the childhood experience that inspired her love of connecting cultures, and her experience of welcome and oneness during her trip to the Niger Delta... GlobalCitizenJourney.org is the Featured Philanthropic this month on this Podcast, and on www.SacredVisitations.com. Direct download: 03_SV_Pod_Intrvw_Susan_Par_1.m4a

=====

U.S. 'HUMANITARIAN' OFFENSIVE ACROSS THE MAGHREB & ARAB WORLD ("MENA": North Africa & MiddleEast)

1/28 Documents Expose US behind 'pro-democracy uprisings' in New War Front http://www.burbankdigest.com/node/333

2/4/11 Egypt: US Mission Accomplished? http://www.burbankdigest.com/node/334

2/11 U.S. Declares Freedom: Egypt's 'New' Military Dictatorship http://www.burbankdigest.com/node/335

2/13 Egypt: Transparent Trappings:Creative Destruction for a ’Greater Middle East'& Beyond http://www.burbankdigest.com/node/336

2/20 Removing Room for Doubt http://www.burbankdigest.com/node/337

2/21 Behind the Offensive Across North Africa and Middle East http://www.burbankdigest.com/node/339

2/28 Libya: US Soft War Preps for Military Moves: African & Arab Surrogates Assist http://www.burbankdigest.com/node/338

3/8 Bomb Libya? Pros & Cons http://www.burbankdigest.com/node/341

3/17 All-Out War Officially Legitimized http://www.burbankdigest.com/node/343

3/19 Why US AFRICOM Commands "odyssey Dawn" War http://www.burbankdigest.com/node/344

3/23 Post-Gaddafi Govt.Selected; 1994 US 'hosts' Libyan Exile Post-Qaddafi Conference; Lockerbie http://www.burbankdigest.com/node/345

3/27 LIBYA " humanitarian intervention, not war" & the Japan Connection http://www.burbankdigest.com/node/346

3/30 "Preemptive War"; Real Terror Libya's 'Revolutionary' Rulers; Fake Terror Tales http://www.burbankdigest.com/node/348

4/6 'Southern Mistral': War Plan Preceeded 'Rebels'; FBI After US Libyans http://www.burbankdigest.com/node/349