6/23 Egypt: US Backed Muslim Brotherhood & SCAF Military Rule

US-rael public diplomacy /propaganda portrays this of course as another step toward democracy, as an election battle between SCAF and the MB - rhetoric fooling noone except fools to disguise this imperialist rigged outcome in Egypt, the most important Arab nation. Egypt being the linchpin in the US counter-revolutionary 'arab spring', engineered to secure its regional-global hegemony, the US knows from its history with the 'brotherhood', what reliable imperialist-zionist partners they are.

US State Department Chooses April 6th Movement to take part in Anti-Extremism Conference
11/11/08 http://www.ikhwanweb.com/article.php?id=18771

A SCAF Brotherhood deal could be reached to end current confrontation:
http://english.ahram.org.eg/NewsContent/1/64/45900/Egypt/Politics-/A-dea...
www.facebook.com/ahramonline *
Sources close to both the ruling Supreme Council of the Armed Forces (SCAF) and the Muslim Brotherhood confirmed the two sides were heavily engaged in high-level talks that could produce "a political deal", which is likely to include announcing the Brotherhood's Mohamed Mursi Egypt's president elect. According to a source close to the negotiations, the SCAF wants Mursi to desist from proclaiming himself president-elect, which he came close to doing at a press conference earlier on Friday. They also want him to pull the bulk of his supporters out of Tahrir and to agree to work within the parameters set out by SCAF in its annex constitutional declaration. The annex, enacted by the SCAF earlier in the week, gives the military a share in the prerogatives of the Egyptian president, as well as the legislative powers of the dissolved parliament. If a deal is reached, Brotherhood sources say, then Mohamed Mursi would be "legitimately announced as the elected president "tomorrow, or after tomorrow". [* see more below on ahram ]

U.S. Engages with Egypt's Muslim Brotherhood
http://www.reuters.com/article/2011/06/30/us-usa-egypt-brotherhood-idUST...
"We believe, given the changing political landscape in Egypt, that it is in the interests of the United States to engage with all parties that are peaceful, and committed to non-violence, that intend to compete for the parliament and the presidency...this is not a new policy, it is one we are re-engaging because of the upcoming elections, but there will be certain expectations set and certain messages delivered" Clinton told reporters at a news conference.

 

'Muslim Brotherhood pledged to honor Israel peace treaty'
US State Department spokeswoman says Egypt's strongest political party assured Washington it will abide by all previous governments' agreements
6/1/12 Yitzhak Benhorin http://www.ynetnews.com/articles/0,7340,L-4172048,00.html
Assistant Secretary of State for Near Eastern Affairs Jeffrey Feltman is in the Middle East meeting with various Egyptian officials. The meetings are focused on the third round of elections in the country. The first two rounds have seen an overwhelming victory for the Islamist parties.

Assistant Secretary Feltman Interviewed in al-Ahram
http://egypt.usembassy.gov/pr082111_1.html August 14-15, 2011
U.S. Assistant Secretary of State for Near Eastern Affairs Ambassador Jeffrey D. Feltman
This site is managed by the U.S. Department of State.

White House congratulates Mursi on Winning Egyptian Presidential Election
http://english.ahram.org.eg/NewsContent/36/0/46083/Presidential-election...
"The United States congratulates  Mohamed Mursi on his victory in Egypt’s Presidential election, and we congratulate the Egyptian people for this milestone in their transition to democracy....The United States intends to work with all parties within Egypt to sustain our long-standing partnership as it consolidates its democracy.  We commend the Presidential Election Commission and the Supreme Council of the Armed Forces (SCAF) for their role in supporting a free and fair election, and look forward to the completion of a transition to a democratically-elected government.  We believe it is essential for the Egyptian government to continue to fulfill Egypt’s role as a pillar of regional peace, security and stability.  And we will stand with the Egyptian people as they pursue their aspirations for democracy, dignity, and opportunity, and fulfill the promise of their revolution."

Israel reacts to Muslim Brotherhood Egypt presidential victory
6/24/12 Ahram Online http://english.ahram.org.eg/NewsContent/36/0/46074/Presidential-election...
Israeli Foreign Ministry spokesman Ofir Gendelman declared on Twitter on Sunday following the announcement of Egypt's final presidential election results that "Israel appreciates the democratic process in Egypt and respects the results of the presidential elections. Israel looks forward to continuing cooperation with the Egyptian government on the basis of the [Camp David] peace treaty between the two countries, which is in the joint interest of both peoples and contributes to regional stability."

UK Foreign Minister William Hague stated: "Congratulations to the Egyptian people for the successful conclusion of a fair and transparent election."

 

A 'Cosmic Wager' on the Muslim Brotherhood
By David Ignatius
...The Obama administration has made what might be described as a "cosmic wager" on the Muslim Brotherhood's peaceful intentions. By courting them in 2009, the U.S. helped legitimize their political aspirations; by refusing to come to Mubarak's rescue during the Tahrir Square protests a year ago, the U.S. all but guaranteed the Brotherhood would emerge as a dominant political force in a new Egypt.

A new generation of political Islamists steps forward
By Olivier Roy, http://www.washingtonpost.com/opinions/muslim-brotherhood-other-islamist...
Olivier Roy is a professor at the European University Institute in Florence and the author of “Holy Ignorance
Everywhere, the Muslim Brotherhood is benefiting from a democratization it did not trigger. There is a political vacuum because the liberals that initiated the Arab Spring did not try, and did not want, to take power. This was a revolution without revolutionaries. Yet the Muslim Brothers are the only organized political force. They are rooted in society, and decades of opposition against authoritarian regimes gave them experience, legitimacy and respect. Their conservative agenda fits a conservative society, which may welcome democracy but did not turn liberal...
The issue is institutionalizing democracy, not promoting liberal policies. Democracy could take hold only if it is based in well-established values. Liberalism does not precede democracy; America’s Founding Fathers were not liberal. But once democracy is rooted in institutions and political culture, then the debate on freedom, censorship, social norms and individual rights could be managed through freedom of expression and changes of majorities in parliament. However, there will be no institutionalization of democracy without the Muslim Brothers.

Our Secret Connections with the Muslim Brotherhood
Ian Johnson
http://www.nybooks.com/articles/archives/2011/mar/10/our-secret-connecti...
.... Since the 1950s, the United States has secretly struck up alliances with the Brotherhood or its offshoots on issues as diverse as fighting communism and calming tensions among European Muslims.... How can Americans be unaware of this history? Credit a mixture of wishful thinking and a national obsession with secrecy, which has shrouded the US government’s extensive dealings with the Brotherhood. Consider President Eisenhower. In 1953, the year before the Brotherhood was outlawed by Egyptian leader Gamal Abdel Nasser, a covert US propaganda program headed by the US Information Agency brought over three dozen Islamic scholars and civic leaders mostly from Muslim countries for what officially was an academic conference at Princeton University. The real reason behind the meeting was an effort to impress the visitors with America’s spiritual and moral strength, since it was thought that they could influence Muslims’ popular opinion better than their ossified rulers. The ultimate goal was to promote an anti-Communist agenda in these newly independent countries, many of which had Muslim majorities....starting in 2005, the State Department, taking account of the Brotherhood’s rising power in Egypt and elsewhere, launched an effort to woo the Brotherhood... All of this was backed by CIA analyses, one from 2006 saying the Brotherhood featured “impressive internal dynamism, organization, and media savvy.”... the CIA pushed for cooperation. As for the Obama administration, it carried over some of the people on the Bush team who had helped devise this strategy....

Egypt is an important strategic ally of the United States in the region, specifically in the pursuit on an Arab-Israeli peace process. As the 2011 Congressional Research Service report notes, since 1979, Egypt has been the second-largest recipient, after Israel, of U.S. foreign assistance (PDF) . For the United States, its most important foreign policy goals in Egypt are: Egypt's peace with Israel, U.S. access to the Suez Canal, and general bilateral military cooperation. And therefore, Washington would like a government in Cairo that is supportive of these goals....
www.cfr.org/africa/egypts-muslim-brotherhood/p23991

US is "sources close to both" :Ahram online is a major US 'partner '
* Strategic and Security Studies Unit, Al-Ahram Center for Political & Strategic Studies, Cairo, Egypt.
2-3 March 2008: http://arab- reform.net/spip.php?article5010.
http://www.arab-reform.net/spip.php?article4180
The Arab Reform Initiative is a consortium of fifteen key policy research centers from the Arab world with partners from Europe and the United States, working to mobilize the Arab research capacity to advance knowledge and promote a home grown program for democratic reform.... Egypt notably depends on $ 1.3 billion aid acquired after Camp David peace
treaty with Israel. It is the second recipient to US aid after Israel....Improving regional and international cooperation to achieve security sector reforms ... through cooperation with the African Union and the Arab league...promoting interoperability of certain systems (i.e., air defense systems) at the regional level will fall in the domain of the Security Sector reforms. The US (“Star
War” operations) and NATO (through the Mediterranean Dialogue, also individual NATO states) all engaged in defense cooperation and modernization. However, cooperation with NATO or other external powers could be hindered by the public’s perception that it infringes on their country’s sovereignty in a most fundamental way...
In Egypt, as well as in most of the Middle East region, states have seen their security services as extensions of the executive...you will be confronted with major obstacles if these reforms do not fit with the overall goals of the ruling system.
In discussing security sector reforms in Egypt, it is necessary to determine precisely which measures are appropriate for achieving that goal. It is also vital to select a comprehensive
approach that encompasses the armed forces, the police, Central Security Forces, and Central Intelligence Services, the executive and legislative powers, the judicial and penal systems, and civil society. The process has to be time-framed, with a clear strategy and modeled policies and action plans. Any reforms have to rally the security sector behind them...In other words, it is not an “à la carte” task: it has to take place in all security sector components, must paralleled by wider reforms within the political system and empowerment of civil society institutions.
.[Revealing References]

Al- ahram center for political and stratigic studies (ACPSS)
Al-Ahram Center for Political and Strategic Studies (ACPSS) was established in 1968 as an independent research unit functioning within the framework of Al-Ahram Foundation.
The Center has evolved over the times, especially in 1972, where its research scope did not halt at studying Zionism and the Israeli society, but expanded to incorporate the inclusive studies of international and strategic Issues, with a special focus on developmental issues of the international system, interactive trends between Arab countries and the international system

Al-ahram Research Centers and Think Tanks
http://www.iag-agi.org/spip/motcle-acteurs-4_en.html

Africa Governance Institute
United States Agency International Development (USAID). Information Center www.iag-agi.org

Institutional, Strategic and Cooperative Partners http://www.iag-agi.org/spip/-Partners-.html

Al-Ahram Strategic File ...Afro-Asian People's Solidarity Organisation (AAPSO)... CAFRAD to promote management innovation through partnership and ...
www.peacebuildingportal.org/UserFiles/Image/PDF/North%20Africa.pdf

Al-Ahram Centre for Political and Strategic Studies...Democracy Schools...Towards a Dynamic and Participatory Political Party Environment... challenges in the transition towards multiparty democracy, DIPD in partnership with Egyptian and international institutions....http://dipd.dk/partnerships/egypt/towards-a-dynamic-and-participatory-political-party-environment/

Muslim Brotherhood backs Syria protests:
The Muslim Brotherhood called on Syrians to take to the streets ahead of Friday prayers and help the besieged city of Deraa, where a rights group said civilian deaths from a tank-backed army attack rose to 50. http://news.yahoo.com/s/nm/20110429/wl_nm/us_syria

Muslim Brotherhood cries genocide in Syria
http://www.upi.com/Top_News/Special/2011/04/29/Muslim-Brotherhood-cries-...
UNITED NATIONS, April 29 (UPI) -- The exiled Syrian branch of the Muslim Brotherhood described alleged attacks by Syrian forces on protesters as an act of genocide.
The U.N. Human Rights Council passed a measure Friday condemning the Syrian government for its brutal crackdown on pro-reform demonstrators. "Significantly, today's resolution mandates an urgent mission by the Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights to investigate all alleged violations of international human rights law, with the goal of ensuring full accountability for the perpetrators of the violence," said Susan Rice, the U.S. envoy to the United Nations, in a statement. "The United States strongly supports this decision."
Syria's Muslim Brotherhood group in a statement expressed its support for demonstrators in Syria and called on them to unite in a singular voice of freedom, a posting on the main group's official Ikhwanweb site states. The movement said the attacks on protesters in Syria was an act of genocide and dismissed the official Syrian narrative that outsiders and thugs were behind the violence.If the regime in Damascus was serious about reforms, the group said, it would put an end to the violence.Syrian President Bashar Assad enacted a serious of reforms in an apparent attempt to address protester demands. Rice in comments earlier this week suggested that, given the level of violence in Syria, those reforms were a sham.
http://www.upi.com/Top_News/Special/2011/04/29/Muslim-Brotherhood-cries-...

"...Political Islam is not targeted by the United States -- what is targeted is resistance under any label... In the Arab region, the resistance takes an Islamist form, so the U.S. attacks them... The common factor is resistance to Washington's hegemony and agenda for control, not Islam..."
As'ad al-Azzouni, Jordanian activist and writer