7/5 What's Behind Latest US 'Transition to Democracy' in Egypt?

WHY & HOW US BACKED SCAF WAGES TERROR THEN PREDICTS SECTARIAN' WAR
WITHOUT DOMINATING EGYPT, THE U.S. CANNOT CONTROL AFRICA, THE ENTIRE MENA REGION AND THE WORLD. AS ALWAYS, FOMENTING DIVIDE-TO-CONQUER VARIOUS FORMS OF SECTARIAN WARFARE IS US WMD.
"Americans and zionists are behind this"
Egyptian troops open fire on Morsi supporters
Egyptian troops opened fire Friday morning at a demonstration outside the building where deposed Egyptian president Mohamed Morsi is reportedly being held
July 5, 9:36 AM http://www.washingtonpost.com/world/middle_east/egypts-islamists-plan-da...
CAIRO — Security forces opened fire and launched tear gas at supporters of deposed Egyptian president Mohamed Morsi on Friday afternoon, killing at least one person at a demonstration outside the building where Morsi is reportedly being held. In the chaos, the number of casualties was not clear. Witnesses said several protesters were injured, some news outlets reported multiple people were killed. The Muslim Brotherhood-affiliated Freedom and Justice Party said in a statement five protesters were killed in Egypt on Friday.
The violence added to concerns of an escalation between Morsi’s mostly Islamist supporters and their decades-old nemesis, Egypt’s powerful security forces, two days after the military forced Morsi from office. As helicopters circled over the Republican Guard headquarters, a witness said a man was fatally shot in the head and carried away in a shroud by protesters. The state-run news agency cited a Health Ministry official as saying that at least one protester was killed there. Protesters said they saw men in plain clothes standing among army troops at the gate of the complex and firing shotguns loaded with bird shot at demonstrators at close range.Huge crowds continued to pour into the square outside the Rabaa al-Adawiya Mosque, where an emotional prayer service was held earlier in the day. They listened as a speaker called Morsi’s forced removal an assault on the dignity of the people of Egypt.“There are Americans and Zionists behind this,” the speaker said...Some of the men wept as they prayed. Military helicopters circled the area, and and jets streaked overhead. Many in the crowd waved the red, white and black Egyptian flag, just as thousands of anti-Morsi protesters had done on Wednesday, before the military forced the president from power. To the right of the podium, the black flag with white lettering used by al-Qaeda and its affiliate Jabhat al-Nusra, which is fighting alongside Syrian rebels against President Bashar al-Assad, was visible.
Mohammed Badie, the “supreme guide” of the Muslim Brotherhood, was among those at the mosque. Authorities issued a warrant for his arrest Thursday. Yet he addressed the tens of thousands of Morsi supporters outside the mosque Friday evening. “Our peacefulness is stronger than your bullets, stronger than tanks and armored vehicles,” he said.
The president’s ouster “divided this country in two,” said Ali Mohamed Serag , a bureaucrat at Egypt’s Ministry of Electricity who said he did not belong to the Brotherhood or any Salafi group but was distraught by the military‘s action. “If people are mad at Obama, they don’t kick him out in a coup.”
The interim president, Adly Mansour, a little-known judge, further consolidated his power Friday by dissolving Egypt’s Islamist-dominated upper house of parliament, state television reported. The Shura Council had taken up legislative powers after a court order dissolved the lower house of parliament last year. After prayers and speeches, demonstrators began to march but were blocked by more than 40 armored personnel carriers....Mansour vowed Thursday to include all sections of society, including Islamists, in an interim coalition government. But as he spoke, an arrest warrant was issued for Badie and his deputy Khairat el-Shater, a wealthy businessman seen as one of the real powers behind the Morsi presidency. Morsi and his top aides were placed under house arrest. At least three other Brotherhood officials were taken into custody...Announcing Morsi’s removal, Gen. Abdel Fatah al-Sissi, head of the armed forces, told the nation in a televised address Wednesday evening that the military was responding to the people’s demands in an act of “public service.” Mansour, the jurist tapped to be president, told reporters he would include all elements of society in an interim coalition. “The Brotherhood are part of the people, and they are invited to take part in building the country. There will be no exclusion for anyone.” Mansour pledged to uphold the constitution...[it] was suspended by the army Wednesday night.
Obama administration has avoided referring to the crisis as a coup, which would require the US to cut off financial aid to Egypt.. although tacitly accepting Morsi’s removal, retains powerful leverage, including $1.3 billion military aid, to help guard against a power grab or excessive use of force, has given Egyptian military leaders space to restore order and begin the transition.... political analysts said civilian leaders will govern with knowledge SCAF could step in at any time. Some said the forced removal of an elected president could provoke an Islamist insurgency...

Muslim Brotherhood Warns U.S. Aid Cut May Affect Egypt’s Peace Treaty With Israel
2/13/12 http://cnsnews.com/news/article/muslim-brotherhood-warns-us-aid-cut-may-...
Egyptian students shouted anti-military slogans during a protest at Cairo University Feb. 11, 2012. Egyptian authorities accuse U.S. and other foreign-funded non-governmental organizations of fomenting protests in the country.
(CNSNews.com) – A top Muslim Brotherhood official warned that cuts in U.S. aid to Egypt could affect Cairo’s peace treaty with Israel – the latest sign that Egypt’s emerging political forces intend to call Washington’s bluff over the diplomatic dispute triggered by a crackdown on NGOs .Egyptian judges referred 16 Americans and 27 others linked to NGOs for trial, accusing them of using foreign funds to encourage disruptive protests. Among the targeted NGOs whose assets and funds have been seized are the U.S. government-funded International Republican Institute and National Democratic Institute.
On Capitol Hill, the chorus of senior lawmakers calling for aid to Egypt to be suspended over the affair is growing, and Secretary of State Hillary Clinton has warned that the funds could be in jeopardy. So far, the defiant response from Cairo has been attributed mostly to government figures with links to the deposed Mubarak regime, including the anti-Western minister for international cooperation, Fayza Abul-Naga. The military-appointed Prime Minister Kamal el-Ganzouri – who also served during the Mubarak era – told reporters the authorities “won’t change course because of some aid.” But now the Muslim Brotherhood (MB)...is making its position clear, too. Any U.S. aid cut to Egypt, top MB lawmaker Essam el-Erian told the pan-Arabic al-Hayat newspaper, would violate the U.S.-brokered 1979 peace agreement with Israel....Erian chairs the parliamentary foreign affairs committee and is deputy leader of the MB’s political wing, the Freedom and Justice Party (FJP). The FJP was an early critic of the crackdown on the US based NGOs...But threats to cut U.S. aid appear to have rallied various factions behind the government, feeding into long-held suspicion of and hostility towards the West.“This is only the beginning of the anti-American populism/nationalism/Islamism we are going to be seeing in Egypt from now on,” Mideast expert Barry Rubin, director of the Global Research in International Affairs Center in Israel, wrote in a column Sunday.
“What’s amazing is nobody pointing out that if an Egyptian government is willing to risk U.S. aid and have a confrontation on this small issue, what are they going to do regarding big issues?’ What happens when the Egyptian government moves toward Islamism or helps Hamas fight Israel on some level? We have been told that fear of losing U.S. aid will constrain Egypt. But we are now seeing that this simply isn’t true” Rubin said....
Although never particularly popular in Egypt, the agreement with Israel kept peace between former foes for three decades and secured Egypt more than $1.3 billion in US military and economic aid each year. Legislation last December ties the military aid to Egypt in fiscal year 2012 to certification that the Egyptian government “is supporting the transition to civilian government including holding free and fair elections; implementing policies to protect freedom of expression, association, and religion, and due process of law.” Sen. Patrick Leahy (D-Vt.), chairman of the Senate Appropriations Committee’s foreign operations subcommittee, who inserted the language, warned that the NGO clampdown would affect certification requirements. A Gallup poll conducted before the NGO furor released last week, found 71 percent of Egyptians opposed to U.S. aid.
James Lindsay, senior vice president of the Council on Foreign Relations, argued that while Americans would naturally be upset if the recipients of their hard earned money are ungrateful, “gratitude isn’t the primary objective of U.S. foreign aid ”

Egypt's beleaguered NGOs into deeper chill
An Egyptian court sentenced 43 NGO workers, among them 15 Americans, to between one and five years in prison and shuttered the offices of five organizations.
6/4/13 http://www.csmonitor.com/World/Middle-East/2013/0604/Convictions-put-Egy...
An Egyptian court convicted five NGOs of operating illegally and accepting unauthorized foreign funds.  Eleven, mainly Egyptian, employees of the 43 NGO employees, were sentenced to one year in prison with sentences suspended. All five are pro-democracy NGOs with funding from the US government's National Endowment for Democracy (NED). including the National Democratic Institute (NDI), the International Republican Institute (IRI), and Freedom House.... Mr. Mubarak had long obstructed the work of civil society in Egypt, seeing such NGOs as a threat....and protesting angrily when the US sent funds directly to the organizations instead of routing them through the government. US funding for pro-democracy NGOs increased after the uprising, but the SCAF appeared to also disapprove... the officials whipped up xenophobia and stoked public anger implying the defendants might be foreign spies and were carrying out activities intended to destabilize Egypt, though the official charges were for operating organizations and receiving foreign funds without a license. The organizations said they had applied for official permits to operate under Egypt's restrictive law regulating civil society, did not receive approval, but also were not rejected, though both IRI and NDI were suspended in 2006 briefly....
“This is going to make it extremely difficult for the United States government to engage with the Egyptian government and with Egypt more broadly on a range of issues where both sides have expressed strong interest in cooperation, like private sector development and institutional reform,” says Tamara Cofman Wittes, head of the Saban Center for Middle East Policy at the Brookings Institution and a former deputy assistant secretary of State for Near Eastern affairs. “ All kinds of foreign assistance are focused on economic development and social welfare the US could provide in Egypt, but a lot would be implemented by NGOs and it's going to be extremely difficult for the US to proceed without that cooperation.” US Secretary of State John Kerry said the US is "deeply concerned" about the verdict. He called the trial "politically motivated" and said, "This decision is incompatible with the transition to democracy."

US Regime Change Formula: ‘Democracy Promotion’
Nov. 2010 http://empirestrikesblack.com/2011/02/democracy-promotion-americas-regim...
Democracy promotion has been a long standing element ...while the goal remains the same, regime change underwent 1980's makover to ensure US political and economic interests...CIA backed coup d’états had ousted democratically elected leaders from Iran to Chile...installing brutal dictatorships and governments that committed heinous crimes...the reign of terror that blazed across Latin America was too much for most to stomach....From death squads to torture chambers and various massacres, Latin American generals trained in the US gained reputations for major human rights abuses. Allen Weintein, a National Endowment for Democracy (NED) founder, told the Washington Post in 1991, "A lot of what we do now was done covertly by the CIA 25 years ago.” ...To replace overt support for dictatorships, a new regime change recipe democracy promotion; identify, train, finance and politically back local opposition forces around the world to support the US agenda.... it’s no longer the CIA spearheading but the soft power diplomacy US Agency for International Development (USAID) and partners...
The US targets strategic competitors and regimes that antagonize the US said Pepe Escobar, Latin America based journalist for the Asia Times. US democracy promotion programs “ mix local preoccupations and grievances for the full spectrum dominance US strategic agenda.”....
William Blum, US historian, former member of the US State Department and author of many books including “Killing Hope: US Military and CIA Interventions since WW II...said that to understand foreign policy, one must understand the basic fact: the US wants to dominate the world."...
Jacob Hornberger, president of The Future of Freedom Foundation, said democracy promotion is not an Obama or Bush policy, but systemic... " this is essentially US foreign policy and has been for decades...funnel money into elections, invasions, assassinations, coups, regime change operations... all over the world. They will stop at nothing to affect regime change when the administration in that country isn’t towing the official [US] line.”...
In Egypt, the US organzized opposition groups against long-time US-backed Hosni Mubarak.... Wael Nawara of the opposition party Al Ghad, told RT that funding and guidance from NED, NDI, IRI and USAID increased in the past two years, as NDI and IRI operated illegally in Egypt....

US Analyst Insists Egyptian Events Not a Military Coup
July 03, 2013, http://www.voanews.com/content/egypt-alsayyad-coup/1694836.html

Egyptian Military Deposes Morsi; ‘Deeply Concerned’ Obama Orders Review of US Aid
7/4/13 http://cnsnews.com/news/article/egyptian-military-deposes-morsi-deeply-c...
President Obama said he was “deeply concerned” by the move. He urged the military “to move quickly and responsibly to return full authority back to a democratically-elected civilian government as soon as possible through an inclusive and transparent process, and to avoid any arbitrary arrests of President Morsi and his supporters.”... Egypt receives $1.3 billion in military aid annually, tied to the peace agreement it signed with Israel in 1979. This year it is line to receive additional budget support and democracy promotion funds...

Crackdown on Morsi Backers Deepens Divide in Egypt
7/5/13 http://www.nytimes.com/2013/07/05/world/middleeast/egypt.html
...Mohamed ElBaradei...has been chosen to represent the liberal opposition. In a telephone interview, Mr. ElBaradei sought to justify the military’s intervention as a chance to fix the transition to democracy that he said had gone off track after the ouster of Mr. Mubarak...“I would be the first one to shout loud and clearly if I see any sign of regression in terms of democracy,” he said.
Many of those poised to exercise power in the emerging authority first got their jobs from Mr. Mubarak...Fahmy Bahgat, a frequent spokesman for the security services, said in a television interview the generals’ move “returned the police to the arms of the people once more".“Whoever tries to show support for the ousted president will be met with the utmost resolve,” he said.

Egyptians Defend Military
7/4/13 http://www.mcclatchydc.com/2013/07/04/195795/egyptians-defend-military-a...
Egypt had a new president its former president held in military custody, top Muslim Brotherhood officials under arrest,hundreds more hunted down, and at least four TV stations shut down barely a year after Egypt's first democratic presidential elections...The Brotherhood’s supreme leader, Mohamed Badie was charged with inciting violence....The safest place in Cairo for Brotherhood supporters seemed to be Rabaa, on the edge of the city, where supporters have been gathered since last Friday. Military tanks and soldiers in bullet-proof vests continued to block the roads leading to the area, staying away from the protest even as they moved in on Brotherhood leaders elsewhere...The Brotherhood called members to defend Morsi’s democratic right to complete his four-year term in a “Friday of rejection" protest....Tamarod, a relatively new petition group that claimed to have millions of signatures on a petition calling for Morsi to resign, called for mass demonstrations tomorrow in defense of the military action....Marwa Abdel Majeed, a businesswoman, said “We were not ready for democracy...The illiterate are much more in numbers than the educated. There was no one to represent the educated masses.”[and] Egypt’s largely illiterate population was unaware of what elections could bring."...
The stock market shot up 7 percent Thursday after Morsi’s ouster, the greatest gain in more than a year. Police, who had largely disappeared, were back patrolling the streets.
A caption in the state newspaper identified some of the 14 people on the stage as el-Sissi announced the Morsi era was over. There, of course, was Mohamed el-Baradei, Nobel Prize winner and former IAEA head now leader of the National Salvation Front, the largest opposition group..also representatives of Tamarod and the conservative Salafist Nour Party...Egypt’s Coptic Christian pope, Tawadros II, Sheik Ahmed el-Tayeb, the head of Al Azhar University,, the only woman in the group, prominent writer Sikena Fouad... military aircraft flew over Tahrir Square, where anti-Morsi demonstrators remained. streamed with contrails of red, white and black to resemble the Egyptian flag....