9/24 Before & After the Kenyan Mall Rampage

note: www.burbankdigest.com finally has a search function for keywords / topics, 'arab spring', Katrina, QME, strategic non-violence, etc., included in digest issues - thank you friend!

USAfricom commander says U.S. supports Somali government to retake Mogadishu
http://www.thebureauinvestigates.com/blog/2012/03/29/yemen-reported-us-c...
3/9/10 http://news.xinhuanet.com/english2010/world/2010-03/10/c_13204093.htm
USAFRICOM Commander, William Ward, told a Senate hearing the Somali government's effort in retaking Mogadishu is " something we look to do in support to the degree the transitional federal government can re-exert control over Mogadishu, with the help of AMISOM and others." (African Union Mission in Somalia.)..Ward said the US supports the transitional government, which "is for now our best potential for turning around some of the instability and lack of governance."

AFRICOM's First War: U.S. Directs Large-Scale Offensive In Somalia
3/12/10 http://rickrozoff.wordpress.com/2010/03/12/africoms-first-war-u-s-directs-large-\scale-offensive-in-somalia
The last US ambassador to Somalia (1994-1995), Daniel H. Simpson, in the Pittsburgh Post-Gazette posed the question "why, apart from the only lightly documented charge of Islamic extremism among the Shabab, is the US reengaging in Somalia at this time?" He answered "partly because the only US in Africa is up the coast from Mogadishu, in Djibouti, USAFRICOM was established there in 2008, and with the unwillingness of other African countries to host it, the base in Djibouti must serve as U.S. military HQs in Africa...An American official in Washington, not authorized to speak publicly"...that U.S. covert operations were planned if not already underway and "What you're likely to see is airstrikes and Special Ops moving in, hitting and getting out...."After securing Mogadishu, the offensive, supported by militias allied with the government, for now, at least, is likely to continue against al-Shebab in the countryside west and south toward the border with Kenya.

"The Tide of War Is Receding"
6/22/11 Obama

Kenya Says West Joined Fight in Somalia, U.S. Denies Role
10/24/11 http://www.nytimes.com/2011/10/24/world/africa/kenya-says-western-nation...
NAIROBI, Kenya — Foreign military forces have joined the offensive against the Shabab militant group in Somalia as Kenyan troops advanced toward the rebel stronghold of Kismayu from two different directions, Kenya said Sunday. Kenyan military spokesman, Maj. Emmanuel Chirchir, said “one of the partners,”probably the United States or France, had been behind airstrikes the past few days, killing a number of Shabab militants. The French Navy has also shelled rebel positions from the sea, the Kenyan military said in a statement.

US unveils new drive for Africa
6/15/12 http://www.hurriyetdailynews.com/us-unveils-new-drive-for-africa.aspx
...The renewed focus on Africa comes as China increasingly funnels investment toward the continent, seeking to bolster its diplomatic footprint partly as a way of slaking its growing economy’s thirst for new energy sources. China is bringing “incredibly needed” capital to African economies, and could play a role in bringing lasting peace to Sudan, the official said. Bilateral trade between China and Africa reached over $120 billion in 2011, from less than $20 billion a decade earlier...

US Army sending troops to train Kenyan troops
12/25/12 http://www.presstv.com/usdetail/280012.html
The U.S. will traini Kenyan troops as part of a major expansion of U.S. military capabilities in Africa. AP reports the Pentagon said 1,200 troops from the U.S. Army 2nd Brigade, known as the Dagger Brigade, will be deployed to 35 African countries in the next two months. The Washington Times reported Dec. 23 the move would be an effort to respond quickly to sudden challenges in hot spots... U.S.AFRICOM Gen Carter Ham revealed the “Commander’s in-Extremis Force”...recently established rapid-response force capable of direct military intervention...

Kenya Says West Joined Fight in Somalia, U.S. Denies Role
10/24/11 http://www.nytimes.com/2011/10/24/world/africa/kenya-says-western-nation...
NAIROBI, Kenya — Foreign military forces have joined the offensive against the Shabab militant group in Somalia as Kenyan troops advanced toward the rebel stronghold of Kismayu from two different directions, Kenya said Sunday. Kenyan military spokesman, Maj. Emmanuel Chirchir, said “one of the partners,”probably the United States or France, had been behind airstrikes the past few days, killing a number of Shabab militants. The French Navy has also shelled rebel positions from the sea, the Kenyan military said in a statement.

US unveils new drive for Africa
6/15/12 http://www.hurriyetdailynews.com/us-unveils-new-drive-for-africa.aspx
...The renewed focus on Africa comes as China increasingly funnels investment toward the continent, seeking to bolster its diplomatic footprint partly as a way of slaking its growing economy’s thirst for new energy sources. China is bringing “incredibly needed” capital to African economies, and could play a role in bringing lasting peace to Sudan, the official said. Bilateral trade between China and Africa reached over $120 billion in 2011, from less than $20 billion a decade earlier...

US Army sending troops to train Kenyan troops
12/25/12 http://www.presstv.com/usdetail/280012.html
The U.S. will traini Kenyan troops as part of a major expansion of U.S. military capabilities in Africa. AP reports the Pentagon said 1,200 troops from the U.S. Army 2nd Brigade, known as the Dagger Brigade, will be deployed to 35 African countries in the next two months. The Washington Times reported Dec. 23 the move would be an effort to respond quickly to sudden challenges in hot spots... U.S.AFRICOM Gen Carter Ham revealed the “Commander’s in-Extremis Force”...recently established rapid-response force capable of direct military intervention...

Obama waives ban on arming terrorists....
9/17/13 http://washingtonexaminer.com/obama-waives-ban-on-arming-terrorists-to-a...
The president, citing his authority under the Arms Export Control Act, announced today he "waived the prohibitions in sections 40 and 40A of the AECA related to such a transaction."
Those two sections prohibit sending weaponry to countries described in section 40(d): "The prohibitions contained in this section apply with respect to a country if the Secretary of State determines that the government of that country has repeatedly provided support for acts of international terrorism," Congress stated in the Arms Control Export Act.
"For purposes of this subsection, such acts shall include all activities that the Secretary determines willfully aid or abet the international proliferation of nuclear explosive devices to individuals or groups or willfully aid or abet an individual or groups in acquiring unsafeguarded special nuclear material. The law allows the president to waive those prohibitions if he "determines the transaction is essential to the national security interests of the United States."

Kenya Mall Carnage Shows Shabab Resilience
9/23/13 http://www.nytimes.com/2013/09/23/world/africa/kenya-mall-carnage-shows-...
http://blog.foreignpolicy.com/posts/2013/09/22/audacious_terror_attack_o...
NAIROBI, Kenya — The ferocious armed political movement Shabab is on the ropes in Somalia, losing territory and influence in their home country. Yet this weekend Shabab showed they are as dangerous a terrorist force as ever, keeping Kenyan forces at bay FOR days at the Westgate mall, as militants mounted a coordinated attack against African Union forces in Mogadishu, Somalia...US counterterrorism and diplomatic officials say...Shabab could be signaling a wider offensive...

U.S. Embassy said Americans among those injured Saturday
9/22/13 VOA http://www.voanews.com/content/gunmen-kill-59-in-kenyan-mall-attack/1754...
The U.S. Embassy said Americans were among those injured Saturday when the Somali terror group al-Shabab stormed the upscale Westgate shopping mall popular with foreigners claimed responsibility in retaliation for Kenya’s military operations targeting militants in southern Somalia ...the White House said President Obama told President Kenyatta his nation has U.S. support in bringing the attackers to justice, and to fighting terrorism....Secretary of State Kerry said in a statement, "...we have lost a member of our own State Department familythe wife of a foreign service national working for the U.S. Agency for International Development."Kenyatta said...This is not a Kenyan war. This is an international war."

story in progress...
Gunmen who stormed Kenya mall reportedly spoke English and were from different countries
9/23/13 updated 5:34pm Mon. http://www.washingtonpost.com/world/africa/explosions-gunfire-at-kenyan-...
Kenyan security forces, assisted by US, European and Israeli advisers, intensified operations to end the crisis....US officials said Monday they were pressing to determine whether any of the assailants were American.“But at this point we have no definitive evidence of the nationalities or identities of the perpetrators,” said State Department spokeswoman Jen Psaki.

Nationalities of Kenya shopping mall gunmen unknown
9/23 http://www.washingtonpost.com/world/africa/explosions-gunfire-at-kenyan-...
...The well-organized assault on an oasis of luxury for Western expatriates and Nairobi’s wealthier residents stunned Kenya, one of the biggest African continent economies, a major hub for U.S. military and humanitarian activity in East Africa....offered sobering proof of the resiliency of one of Africa’s most brutal insurgent groups...the nationalities of the attackers remained unknown. A senior State Department official, speaking on the condition of anonymity, said officials were checking the initial report Americans were among the attackers, but were not able to confirm it....The State Department said U.S. military personnel based at the U.S. Embassy in Nairobi have been providing assistance to the Kenyans...
The involvement of the US Israel and other countries underscores the West’s concerns about al-Shabab’s reach...Reports the gunmen barked orders in English suggest that they were not natives of Somalia, where citizens generally speak Somali.“...
We will provide them with whatever law enforcement help is necessary,” Obama said. The U.S. is contributing “technical support and equipment to assist Kenyan security forces” in responding to the attack, a State Department official said Monday, speaking on the condition of anonymity...and military personnel based at the U.S. Embassy in Nairobi have been helping the Kenyans...
Secretary of State Kerry said in remarks at the UN General Assembly Monday that the US is monitoring the situation “very closely...We stand with the Kenyan people... Ruthless and valueless terrorists remain a serious challenge everywhere in the world...in downtown Manhattan, a mall in Nairobi or anywhere else in the world, all of us have a responsibility to remain vigilant”...

Analysts See Opening for US to Challenge China in Africa,
7/1/13 http://www.voanews.com/content/analysts-see-opening-for-us-to-challenge-...

Obama Outlines Five Tenants for U.S. Foreign Policy in Middle East
9/24/13 Defense One http://www.nationaljournal.com/national-security/obama-outlines-five-ten...
President Obama used his speech before the United Nations General Assembly Tuesday to spell out the five tenants of U.S. foreign policy in the Middle East and North Africa. Obama did not detail the full Middle East strategy critics have demanded more than two years into the Arab spring. But, defying any sense of a US withdrawal from conflicts in the region, the president said the question of U.S. military intervention into Syria illustrates a deep divide over how the world sees U.S. engagement in the region... So let me take this opportunity to outline what has been U.S. policy towards the Middle East and North Africa, will be my policy during the remainder of my presidency."
1. "The United States of America is prepared to use all elements of our power, including military force, to secure these core interests in the region."
2. "We will confront external aggression against our allies and partners, as we did in the Gulf War."
3. "We will ensure the free flow of energy from the region to the world. Although America is steadily reducing our own dependence on imported oil, the world still depends upon the region's energy supply, and a severe disruption could destabilize the entire global economy."
4. "We will dismantle terrorist networks that threaten our people. Wherever possible, we will build the capacity of our partners, respect the sovereignty of nations, and work to address the root causes of terror. But when its necessary to defend the United States against terrorist attacks, we will take direct action."
5. "And finally, we will not tolerate the development or use of weapons of mass destruction. Just as we consider the use of chemical weapons in Syria to be a threat to our own national security, we reject the development of nuclear weapons that could trigger a nuclear arms race in the region, and undermine the global non-proliferation regime."
"...We deeply believe it is in our interest to see a Middle East and North Africa that is peaceful and prosperous; and we will continue to promote democracy, human rights, and open markets, because we believe these practices achieve peace and prosperity," Obama said. "But I also believe that we can rarely achieve these objectives through unilateral American action – particularly with military action. Iraq shows us that democracy cannot be imposed by force. Rather, these objectives are best achieved when we *partner ...with the countries and people of the region."

Obama Demands Syria Action, Diplomacy With Iran
9/24 VOA http://www.voanews.com/content/obama-to-discuss-iran-syria-in-general-as...
UNITED NATIONS — U.S. President Barack Obama urged world leaders to enforce strong consequences for Syria if it fails to follow through with commitments... he also held out a hand to Iran...Syria was the first major topic in a 45-minute speech outlining stakes for the United States, and the UN across the broader Middle East and North Africa....regional "convulsions laid bare deep divisions in societies," Obama said... with sectarian conflict re-emerging....UN credibility is at stake in how the Security Council deals with the Syrian crisis... He criticized Russia China and Iran ...The president issued a challenge to world leaders over what he called tough choices they face responding to violence against civilians, citing among other things U.S. assistance in Mali, and elsewhere in Africa...There will be times when the international community will be called to act. This requires new thinking, the president said, because the U.S. cannot bear the burden alone of responding to mass atrocities and protecting human rights....

Redefining American Defense, Diplomacy and Development
Nov-Dec. 2010 Secretary of State Hillary Rodham Clinton http://www.foreignaffairs.com/articles/66799/hillary-rodham-clinton/lead...
"... 'smart power' is the approach to solving global problems. To make that approach succeed, however, U.S. civilian power must be strengthened and amplified. It must, as U.S. Secretary of Defense Robert Gates argued in these pages, be brought into balance with U.S. military power. "There has to be a change in attitude in the recognition of the critical role that agencies like State and USAID play... for them to play the leading role that they need to play" Gtes said in a speech last August...

'SMART POWER'
Obama Pledges Additional $340 Million Syrian Humanitarian Aid
9/24 VOA http://www.voanews.com/content/obama-pledges-340-million-in-syrian-human...
The additional aid boosts U.S. funding to aabout $1.4 billion....Obama lashed out at doubters who questioned whether Syrian President Bashar al-Assad carried out the August 21 chemical attack which U.S. intelligence says killed some 1,400 people...the president defended his threat of force against Assad's government, calling for "a strong Security Council resolution..." Russia and China, with veto power in the council, have said they will not permit the passage of any measure threatening foreign-military attacks on Syria.

UN Envoy Urges More Security Support for Somali Government
Nicholas Kay warns that the progress being made will not last if security is not achieved and the key to this is controlling and defeating al-Shabab ...“The Westgate attacks shows the threat from al-Shabab is international. We have seen it before...The ideology and terrorist intent respect no borders”. Kay, who headed of the U.N. Assistance Mission to Somalia, (AMISOM), for three months, noted the African Union is close to achieving17,731 troops for the mission...but the military effort is still under-resourced...the small, extra investment in Somalia must be seen as being very small in terms of what the international community has spent elsewhere - Afghanistan, Iraq, Mali... the price of walking away or failure in Somalia would be very expensive,” he said.

short list of US 'smart power' African ops
Mali insurgency followed 10 years of U.S. counterterrorism programs
http://www.washingtonpost.com/ 2013-01-16/ world/ 36384128_1_malian-burkina-faso-mauritania
In November 2002 the State Department announced officials from its Office of Counterterrorism had visited Mali and other West African countries to brief governments on the U.S.Pan Sahel Initiative (PSI), “designed to protect borders...combat terrorism, and enhance regional cooperation and stability.”...Last November, Army Lt. Gen. John F. Mulholland Jr., deputy commander of U.S. Special Operations Command, told a Defense Strategies Institute conference in Alexandria “we are not going to kill our way to victory” using Navy SEAL raids and drone strikes alone. What’s needed are “preemptive efforts before the fight starts...done with [host country] partners”. Wasn’t that our Mali strategy? ...the United States is trying similar efforts in other nations.

The new terrorist battleground in Africa Mapped
9/23/13 http://www.foreignpolicy.com/articles/2013/09/23/mapped_africas_islamic_...
"The deadly terror attack at Nairobi's Westgate Mall has taken dozens of lives and brought one of Africa's most-prosperous cities to its knees...highlighted a new reality: Islamist extremism that has long ravaged the Middle East has taken root in Africa causing chaos and bloodshed across a broad swath of the continent. Al Qaeda in the Islamic Maghreb, the terror group's African franchise, conquered a broad swath of northern Mali last year -- the first time an al Qaeda affiliate has ever taken and held terrain. AQIM also helped plan the siege of the US consulate in Benghazi that killed U.S. Ambassador Christopher Stevens and three other Americans. Other Islamist groups have carried out deadly attacks in Somalia, Algeria, and Niger. In Egypt, militants have launched a full-scale insurgency against security forces in the Sinai and begun striking Israel as well." Kenyan security forces may be close to retaking the mall and killing or capturing the last of the attackers. But the strike wasn't the first time militants have hit a target in Africa. And it will be far from the last.

"Africa the battlefield of tomorrow, today"
MAP: US Military Pivot to Africa, 2012-13/TomDispatch/Google
http://www.motherjones.com/politics/2013/09/us-military-bases-africa
They're involved in Algeria and Angola, Benin and Botswana, Burkina Faso and Burundi, Cameroon and the Cape Verde Islands, Senegal and the Seychelles, Togo and Tunisia, Uganda and Zambia, north to south, east to west, the Horn of Africa to the Sahel, from the heart of the continent to the islands off its coasts, the US military is at work. Base construction, security cooperation engagements, training exercises, advisory deployments, special operations missions, a growing logistics network, all undeniable evidence of expansion....
Addis Ababa Forum to Discuss Future of African Growth and Opportunity Act (AGOA)
9/20/13 http://www.voanews.com/content/brookings-study-weighs-benefits-of-u-s-af...
Dropping all US quotas and duties on goods on AGOA-eligible countries would provide Africa with even greater gains.A new study by the Washington-based Brookings Institution looks at how changes to the law might affect US trade with Africa. Most African development specialists and policy makers would like to see AGOA extended at least for another ten years. Some would like to add other low income countries outside Africa or include a wider range of products"...the cost to the US for allowing products to come into the US are extremely small...”would cost the US less than $10 million dollars per year, but increase African exports by $72 million dollars....another proposed trade reform would drop the 14 middle-income countries part of AGOA today. The Brookings study shows that under this plan, several countries would see large drops in exports to the US. Nigeria would lose $500 million per year from mining and energy, agriculture and food. Mauritius would lose about $95 million dollars, with a majority from textiles. South Africa alone would lose nearly $260 million dollars in exports (including meat and milk products), while the rest of the Southern African Customs Union would lose about $110 million... $36 billion dollars per year in new trade would be created by dropping all quotas and tariffs between and among all countries on continent....US lawmakers are also considering extending AGOA-like preferences beyond Africa to other lesser developed regions in the world...

Ethiopia Supports Kenya Campaign Against International Court
9/20/13 http://www.voanews.com/content/ethiopia-supports-campaign-for-african-na...
ADDIS ABABA — Ethiopia, current chair of the African Union, supports the push by Kenya for African countries to withdraw from the International Criminal Court...likely to be discussed at the African Union summit next month in Addis Ababa....All official ICC investigations of the ICC since its establishment in 2002 have been in African countries...prompting some African officials to refer to the ICC as a tool of Western powers.“We never appreciated what the ICC has been doing, particularly belittling and disparaging African leadership. So we stand by the Kenyan people and we stand by the Kenyan government,” said Ethiopian government spokesman Redwan Hussein....

U.S. UN Envoy Rejects Anti-Israeli Nuclear Measure
Global Security Newswire http://www.nti.org/gsn/article/us-envoy-rejects-anti-israeli-nuclear-mea...
U.S. Ambassador to the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) annual General Conference in Vienna, Joseph Macmanus spoke against a draft resolution from Arab nations condemning Israeli nuclear weapons, and calling on Israel to take steps including placing its atomic facilities under comprehensive IAEA safeguards and joining the Nuclear Nonproliferation Treaty.. The 2009 IAEA conference adopted a similar resolution... The U.S. Envoy argued that the proposal “does not advance our shared goal of progress toward a Middle East WMD-free zone ...U.S. has argued that a Middle East WMD-free zone cannot be established until Iran curbs its suspected nuclear program, and Israel and Arab nations reach a broader peace consensus brokered by the U.S. Iran maintains its nuclear-development efforts are not intended to develop weapons.... Israel is assumed to be the only nuclear-armed country in the Middle East.

4/25/2000=CORRESPONDENT REPORT=ISRAEL / NUCLEAR (L ONLY) NUMBER=2-261695=ROSS DUNN=JERUSALEM
NEB/RD/JWH/ENE/gm; Source: Voice of America 25-Apr-2000 (25-Apr-2000 1602 UTC)NNNN
http://www.fas.org/news/israel/000425-israel1.htm
Israel's Deputy Defense Minister Ephraim Sneh says Israel will continue its policy of refusing to confirm or deny the existence of nuclear weapons. He was reacting to criticism of Israel from Egyptian representatives at a New York conference review of the Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty. Sneh says he believes the US, Israel's closet ally, will resist international pressure to clarify Israel's position. Israeli historian Avner Cohen -- author of the 1998 book "Israel and the Bomb" -- says the two countries worked out an agreement over the issue in 1970: The US pledged to help limit international pressure against Israel as long as Israel did not declare itself a nuclear power and did not carry out nuclear weapons tests... he believes these "understandings" are still valid and that is why Israeli officials remain confident of United States government support....Gerald Steinberg, an expert on Middle East strategic relations at Tel Aviv's Bar-Ilan University, , said he believes the ambiguity policy has been successful....Israel is believed to have about 200 nuclear warheads...

"When a little boy is kidnapped, turned into a child soldier, forced to kill or be killed - that's slavery, It is barbaric, it is evil, and it has no place in a civilized world. Now, as a nation, we've long rejected such cruelty"
9/25/12 Obama at Clinton Global Initiative.

Obama issues presidential memorandum waiving penalties under the Child Soldiers Protection Act of 2008 ...
10/1/10 thecable.foreignpolicy.com/ posts/ 2012/10/ 01/ obama_waives_sanctions_on_countries_that_use_child_soldiers
Obama waived almost all U.S. sanctions that would punish certain countries that use child soldiers for the third year in a row. Late Friday Obama issued a presidential memorandum waiving penalties under the Child Soldiers Protection Act of 2008 for Libya, South Sudan, and Yemen to prevent U.S. arms sales to countries declared by the State Department the worst abusers of child soldiers...and partially waived sanctions against the Democratic Republic of the Congo to allow military training and arms sales to that country.

Presidential Memorandum--Child Soldiers Prevention Act
Presidential Determination No. 2011-4 to Section 404(c) of the Child Soldiers Prevention Act of 2008
10/25/10 http://www.whitehouse.gov/the-press-office/2010/10/25/presidential-memor...
By the authority vested in me as President by the Constitution and the laws of the United States of America, pursuant to section 404(c) of the Child Soldiers Prevention Act of 2008 (CSPA), title IV of the William Wilberforce Trafficking Victims Protection Reauthorization Act of 2008 (Public Law 110 457), I hereby determine that it is in the national interest of the United States to waive the application to Chad, the Democratic Republic of the Congo, Sudan, and Yemen of the prohibition in section 404(a) of the CSPA.You are authorized and directed to submit this determination to the Congress, along with the accompanying memorandum of justification, and to publish it in the Federal Register. BARACK OBAMA

Obama to Africans : If Living Standards Keep Rising 'The Planet Will Boil Over'
7/1/13 http://cnsnews.com/video/international/obama-if-living-standards-keep-ri...
President Barack Obama, the day before unveiling his “Power Africa” initiative for a “sustainable” African energy strategy, said at a public town hall event in Johannesburg, South Africa, “Ultimately, if you think about all the youth everybody has mentioned here in Africa, and everybody is raising living standards to the point where everybody has got a car and air conditioning, and everybody has got a big house, well, the planet will boil over -- unless we find new ways of producing energy.”

*US-African Partnerships
www.state.gov/r/pa/ime/211872.htm

USAFRICOM
http://www.africom.mil/Newsroom/Article/10046/going-farther-by-going-tog...
The foundation of USAFRICOM's theater strategy is building the security capacity of our African partners. The strategy is guided by two principles:
(1) A safe, secure, and stable Africa is in the U.S. national interest. (2) Over the long run, it will be Africans who will best be able to address African security challenges, and USAFRICOM most effectively advances U.S. security interests through focused security engagement with African partners.

ABOUT USAFRICOM
http://www.africom.mil/about-the-command
United States Africa Command, (US AFRICOM) is one of six U.S. Defense Department's geographic combatant commands and is responsible to the Secretary of Defense for military relations with African nations, the African Union, and African regional security organizations. A full-spectrum combatant command, U.S. AFRICOM is responsible for all U.S. Department of Defense operations, exercises, and security cooperation on the African continent, its island nations, and surrounding waters. AFRICOM began initial operations Oct. 1, 2007, and officially became an independent command Oct. 1, 2008.
Mission
"U.S. Africa Command protects and defends the national security interests of the United States by strengthening the defense capabilities of African states and regional organizations and, when directed, conducts military operations, in order to deter and defeat transnational threats and to provide a security environment conducive to good governance and development."

US-KENYA RELATIONS
12/11/12 www.state.gov/r/pa/ei/bgn/2962.htm
US and Kenya have enjoyed cordial relations and an enduring strategic partnership since Kenya's independence...US has supported the sweeping political and institutional reform agenda

Partnership Opportunities
https://scms.usaid.gov/user?destination=kenya/partnership-opportunities
*** WARNING NO CLASSIFIED OR SBU ALLOWED ***
You are attempting to enter a site sponsored by the U.S. Government. If you do not have specific authorization, Public Law 99-474 (The Computer Fraud & Abuse Act of 1986) prohibits unauthorized access which can result in administrative disciplinary or criminal proceedings. All transitions processes on this computer system may be monitored, recorded, and disclosed by authorized personnel.
USAID - SUPPORTING A CONTINENT ON THE RISE
http://www.usaid.gov/where-we-work/africa

US conducting human experimentation in Africa
“Non-Consensual Research in Africa: The Outsourcing of Tuskegee”
11/8/11 http://moraloutrage.wordpress.com/2011/11/08/us-medical-researchers-cond...
Prominent institutions and drug companies like Pfizer, Columbia University, Johns Hopkins University, and Population Council, are involved in human experimentation in Africa.US biomedical researchers and pharmaceutical companies are conducting, and paying African doctors to conduct, unethical and illegal testing of human subjects. Non- consensual research on human subjects is an atrocity that occurred in Tuskegee, Alabama, and in Guatemala for over forty years. U.S. medical researchers began experimenting on thousands of human research subjects in Ghana, Cameroon, Namibia, Nigeria, Uganda, South Africa, Zimbabwe and other African countries....
In one experiment in Nigeria led by Pfizer physicians, researchers injected children with an antibiotic called Trovan during a meningitis outbreak without providing their families with informed consent forms that fully disclosed the side effects and purpose of the experiment. Eleven children died and many were left paralyzed. In South Africa and Namibia, mothers are routinely sterilized without informed consent. Countries that perform these procedures receive funding from USAID and other US aid organizations.

US Army Medical Research Unit Kenya
http://www.usamrukenya.org/index.php
Commander's Message
Welcome to U.S. Army Medical Research Unit-Kenya! In an interconnected world, timely medical product development and health surveillance plays a critical role not only for the health protection of our military personnel but also for the global population. USAMRU-K or MRU) is often referred to as “The Walter Reed Project” by Kenyans. There are two U.S. Embassy Locally Engaged Staff (LES) and over 600 contracted Kenya Medical Research Institute (KEMRI) or Henry Jackson Foundation - Medical Research International (HJF-MRI) employees assigned to the unit. Primary operational sites in Kenya include Nairobi, Kericho Field Station and Kisumu Field Station. USAMRU-K Department of Emerging Infectious Diseases is based in Nairobi with numerous satellite collection sites located throughout Kenya, Tanzania, Uganda and Cameroon executing the DoD Global Emerging Infections Surveillance and Response System (DoD GEIS).

USAMRU-K ORGANIZATIONAL FOOTPRINT
http://www.usamrukenya.org/
USAMRU-K is composed of US department of Defense, US Embassy locally engaged staff, Kenya Medical Research Institute and Henry M. Jackson Foundation Medical Research International employees.Primary operational sites in Kenya for USAMRU-K include Nairobi, Kericho Field Station and Kisumu Field Station.USAMRU-K, located in Nairobi, Kenya on the campus of the Kenya Medical Research Institute (KEMRI) is one of five U.S. DoD overseas research laboratories. USAMRU-K Headquarters coordinates operations with U.S. Embassy, Senior Defense Official/Defense Attaché which includes the Kenya U.S. Liaison Office (KUSLO)/Defense Attaché Office (DAO), U.S. Africa Command (AFRICOM), U.S. Army Africa (USARAF), U.S. Centers for Disease Control (CDC), U.S. Agency for International Development (USAID), and Kenyan Ministries.
LINKS
Walter Reed Army Research Institute WRAIR
US Army Medical Research & Material Command
Kenya Medical Research Institute KEMRI
US Centers of Disease Control CDC
World Health Organization WHO
African Medical Research Foundation AMREF
Armed Forces Research Institute of Medical Sciences AFRIMS
Science and Development Network
AFN American Forces Network Online

Somalia dealing with 'explosive' polio outbreak
8/16/13 http://news.msn.com/world/somalia-dealing-with-explosive-polio-outbreak
NAIROBI, Kenya --Somalia was removed from the WHO list of endemic polio countries in 2001, this year's outbreak is the second since then. It began one month after Bill Gates unveiled a six-year plan to eradicate polio at the Global Vaccine Summit...In al-Shabab-controlled south-central Somalia, disease surveillance is functioning...Somalia is now suffering an "explosive" outbreak of polio and has more cases than the rest of the world combined...

Dr Shakeel Afridi Afridi, employed as a senior government doctor in the Khyber tribal agency, set up the CIA fake Hepatitis B vaccination programme to help track down Osama bin Laden in Abbottabad ..The US has pressured Pakistan to release Afridi into US custody