11/17/13 Philippines in the Eye of the Storm

How Philippines Typhoon Aid Helps U.S.
http://www.rand.org/blog/2013/11/how-philippines-typhoon-aid-helps-usa.h... (excerpt)
The storm that ravaged the Philippines this weekend was off the charts, so powerful that it has been dubbed a “super typhoon.”... Though Americans have prided themselves in helping countries in need, its latest effort raises a sensitive but practical question... how much importance should be placed on international disaster relief? And should this be a key mission for the Pentagon...? Humanitarian assistance and disaster relief... diplomacy, charity and military action...U.S. typically taps resources of the State Department U.S. Agency for International Development, NGOs and government agencies ranging from NASA to the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration....however, often the most valuable resources are military... In the wake of Haiyan — as in the wake of disasters such as the Asian tsunami of 2004 — there is no substitute for the capabilities of the U.S. military. At the level of strategic national interest does the case for tasking the U.S. military to international natural disasters hold up?... A cold-eyed evaluation suggests yes. The best battle is the one you don't have to fight. Most deployment of U.S. military resources is preventive:U.S. stations troops throughout the world in the hope of shaping the political environment to avoid sending them into combat. The U.S. conducts training exercises with almost every nation it can, in part to decrease the likelihood of conducting actual warfare...In these terms, deploying military resources for disaster relief is a remarkably effective — and inexpensive — investment in the future. One of the largest such deployments in history...the aircraft carrier USS Abraham Lincoln and other assets following the 2004 Asian Aceh sunami, is estimated to have cost $857 million (PDF). That's roughly the price of three days' operations (PDF) in Afghanistan last year.
The goodwill the relief brought the U.S. is incalculable. Nearly a decade later, the effort may rank as one of the most concrete reasons Southeast Asian nations trust the long-term U.S. commitment to a strategy of “Asian rebalancing.” The Obama administration recognizes the value of disaster relief...

US military footprint on Philippines could grow after typhoon Haiyan
The aftermath of typhoon Haiyan showing the benefits of a robust US military presence that could help US-Philippines military accord currently under discussion.
11/13/13 Howard LaFranchi http://www.csmonitor.com/World/Security-Watch/2013/1113/US-military-foot...
Earlier this month, negotiations between the United States and the Philippines for sharply expanded number of US troops rotating through Philippine bases hit a snag...with critics claiming it would undermine Philippine sovereignty... prospects for an accord this year looked increasingly shaky. Then typhoon Haiyan hit.
Since the ferocious storm blasted the archipelago and laid waste to Tacloban Friday, Filipino media have carried images of US military relief operations...updates of the anticipated arrival of U.S.reinforcements including the carrier USS George Washington, with 5,000 sailors and 80 aircraft..and social media inundated with pleas for help with occasional “Thank you America!”...
The primary reason for both governments’ interest in ramping up US presence is not typhoons, but China's growing assertiveness in the region. In particular, growing tensions over parts of the South China Sea on the Philippines’ western flank... The deep-seated resistance to bases operated by foreign militaries won’t change – the Philippine constitution bans foreign military bases. Michael Buehler, a fellow at the Asia Society. a political scientist at Northern Illinois University in DeKalb, said already last summer some US officials were underscoring the frequency of typhoons, earthquakes, and volcanic eruptions in the Philippines to make the case for a larger US presence. But Haiyan may pave the way for an increase in US forces stationed at Philippine posts,“What we see is the public viewing the US military in a more favorable light”. And one result “could be an agreement to increase the number of US military forces..."
David Arase, professor of international politics at the Johns Hopkins University-Nanjing University Center in China said. “All of Southeast Asia ...once the George Washington arrives and starts dispensing life-saving potable water is going to be a huge photo op that reminds the region the US is not just a traditional security ally, but a partner in nontraditional security crises as well.”..Once the US relief effort gets into full swing in the Philippines, it will very likely have the kind of impact that the US Operation Tomodachi did in Japan, Arase says. The contrast between US and Chinese aid, at least, is stark. China pledged $100,000 for Philippine relief, while the US is promising $20 million, not counting US military assistance. “That’s really pretty pitiful. It will show people China’s disaster assistance tends to be politically conditioned...” Arase says....

"... the primary security threat comes from the Communist Party of the Philippines and their armed wing, the New People’s Army"
http://www.strategicstudiesinstitute.army.mil/pdffiles/PUB625.pdf

New People's Army (NPA) military wing of the Maoist Communist Party of the Philippines (CPP) formed March 1968
www.fas.org/irp/world/para/npa.htm

Explaining the Sustainability of the Communist Party of the Philippines-New People’s Army
10/4/13 http://smallwarsjournal.com/jrnl/art/explaining-the-sustainability-of-the-communist-party-of-the-philippines-new-people’s-army
The Government of the Republic of the Philippines (GRP) is has been confronted by a persistent communist insurgency dating back to1968...Using a framework of analysis adopted from three studies, two by RAND Corporation and one by Defense Analytics Corporation....The CPP-NPA’s primary handbook, Philippine Society and Revolution, insists US imperialism, feudalism and comprador capitalism are the three main problems of the Filipino people...written four decades ago, the arguments propounded still seem to be applicable in today’s society...US military bases were dissolved over a decade ago, the CPP-NPA says US imperialism prevails in the Philippines with Philippine-American military operations...evidence gathered by media and other institutions have proven US military forces are engaging in offensive military operations against militant groups in Mindanao... demonstrating the willingness of the GRP to undermine Philippine sovereignty for US interests (National Democratic Front of the Philippines )

The Philippine Communist Insurgency and Implications for U.S. Basing
1991 March 21 U.S. Army War College Carlisle http://www.dtic.mil/dtic/tr/fulltext/u2/a236546.pdf
PHILPPINE CCUIST IN91XRY AND IMPLICATIKS FUR U.S.BASING
(excerpts)
The Philippines and the United States excellent bilateral relations pivot on the existence of military bases....The U.S. military is also the second largest employer in the Philippines next to the Philippine government. This assistance is justified by the needs for economic development necessary to alleviate poverty and thereby undermine the appeal of the insurgents...The communists take advantage of a poverty-stricken Philippine populace to advance their cause as insurgency thrives in a weak government...this paper attempts to relate the communist insurgency vis-s-vis U.S. bases presence in the Philippines.....
1898 Philippine independence from Spain was proclaimed...when the US annexed the Philippines..an inevitable clash followed between the Filipinos and the new colonizer.. between the superior arms of a world power and the native weapons of a people yearning to be free....though some benefits derived from this new colonial rule...the quest for freedom did not stop....
But World War II and the subsequent invasion by the Japanese forces brought about a change of heart in both Philippine and American leaders...of one mind that for the security of both, the United States should maintain military force in the Philippines... thus in 1947, the Philippines entered into a U.S. Military Bases Agreement (MBA)...Unfortunately for the Philippines, the circumstances in which the negotiations for the agreement took place worked against her. Totally devastated ...She was dependent on the U.S for rehabilitation. emerged from the war as the strongest nation in the world...reflected in the terms of the MBA, not as much a treaty between sovereign nations as it was an extension of U.S. sovereignty through enclaves of extra-territoriality... The Philippines had no say whatsoever...unhampered U.S. military operations were guaranteed. The Philippine flag could not be flown over some 500,000 acres deemed owned by the United States...
In 1987, a new Philippines Constitution provided for the termination of the treaty upon its expiration on 16 September1991reflecting a national sentiment that perceived the agreement as one of inequality with the United States dominant and the Philippines a client state.. .The United States proposes that the Philippines, again... "contribute to the stability of its own Southeast Asian neighborhood by continuing to facilitate the forward deployment and training of U.S. forces on Philippine territory."...the scope was widened to cover the entire range of Philippine-American relations.... Both dedicated to freedom, democracy, the rule of law and peace...and as President Aquino stated...several times, regardless of the outcome of the MBA talks, the Philippines wishes to continue its relations with the United States...
Recognizing the insurgency is the most serious threat facing the peace and order of the country now reeling under attacks from the communist insurgents. the Philippine government should combine all components of national power political, economic and military for use against the movement....The role the U.S plays towards achieving this end cannot be overemphasized....
Since the Philippines is at a crossroad between the Pacific Ocean and the South China Sea, adjacent to the Asian mainland and near the straits to the Indian Ocean and the Middle East, U.S. deployment in the Philippines could effectively protect regional air and sea lanes and maintain a counterweight not only to Soviet but also other communist countries in the South China Sea.

Negotiations over granting US military access are a masquerade to formalize US continued use of the Philippines as a military base
8/14//13 Communist Party of the Philippines
“...Under the Aquino puppet regime, the US military has gained unprecedented access to Philippine sea and air ports to dock its ships, land and launch jet fighters and surveillance drones The entire Philippines has too long served as a U.S. military base. Considering the Aquino regime’s all-out subservience to the US, its current negotiations will be geared to strengthening US foothold and use of the Philippines as a US military outpost in the Asia-Pacific,” the CPP said.
The Aquino regime is to be represented by “two of the staunchest defenders and apologists of US military presence and basing in the Philippines”, Defense Secretary Voltaire Gazmin and Foreign Affairs Secretary Alberto del Rosario....The arrangement was clinched in the Strategic Defense Dialogue in Washington in January 2012 after US President Obama declared U.S. government 'Asia Pivot' strategy to deploy more than half of its naval overseas troops.
The US has maintained permanent basing presence in the Philippines since 2002 US Pacific Command’s Joint Special Operations Task Force-Philippines (JSOTF-P) in its exclusive base in the AFP Western Command Camp Navarro in Zamboanga City. This was further augmented by permanent presence of US naval ships which dock at Subic and other ports in regular intervals. US warships docked in Philippine ports close to 100 times last year.
“The CPP maintains that further strengthening and expanding US military presence in the Philippines violates Philippine sovereignty, allows US to use the country as a staging point for its interventionist wars and hegemonist operations in the Asia-Pacific region. U.S. combat troops interfere against local anti-imperialist combat operations in the guise of ‘fighting terrorism’ and to strengthen this exploitative and oppressive social system.

Communists ambush convoy as troops quell looting
11/12/13 http://news.yahoo.com/philippine-convoy-ambushed-troops-quell-looting-09...
Tacloban (Philippines) (AFP) - The Philippine military said troops killed two armed insurgents who ambushed a military aid convoy en route to typhoon-devastated Tacloban Tuesday as soldiers were deployed to quell looting by hungry survivors. Lieutenant Colonel Joselito Kakilala said...two of the New People's Army NPA), the military wing of the Communist Party of the Philippines-Maoist long-running insurgency...Tacloban, scene of the worst pillaging...armoured vehicles and elite security forces patrolled streets where famished survivors raided stores and ransacked aid convoys....Chief Superintendent Carmelo Valmoria told AFP 500 Special Action Forces troops were in place."...there was looting everywhere in the city. We have come to restore order and ensure public safety... conducting checkpoints around the city everywhere to prevent those who have no business (here) from coming in."...
Since Friday when super Typhoon Haiyan left desperate survivors with virtually nothing...it is not clear where homeless residents are meant to go...AFP journalists in Tacloban described a "ghost town", dead bodies still lying on the streets...some have resorted to theft... Interior Secretary Mar Roxas said four Simba armoured personnel carriers were dispatched to Tacloban"... to show the people, especially those with bad intentions, the authorities have returned," Roxas told DZMM radio...the government's three main priorities were to restore peace and order, bring in relief goods and start collecting dead bodies. "Now that we have achieved number one and two, the priority is the recovery of the cadavers"...

Philippines Communists Deny Ambush on Aid Convoy for Typhoon Haiyan Victims
11/13/13/ http://www.ibtimes.co.uk/articles/521948/20131113/typhoon-haiyan-news-pe...
...The Philippines Communist Party claimed its forces had been trying to get help to people in remote areas such as Samar and the Leyte Islands. A spokesman denied attacking an aid convoy and claimed government troops had been ambushed while carrying out a search and destroy mission against the CPP. "The Aquino regime and the AFP (Armed forces of the Philippines) are lying through their teeth claiming that their troops involved in an armed encounter yesterday were involved in a humanitarian mission, exploiting the plight of the Yolanda disaster victims to conceal the brutalities of their offensive operations. The encountered AFP troops were on an offensive mode carrying out search and destroy operations in the interior areas of Matnog."
Government troops are patrolling Tacloban which was almost completely flattened by Typhoon Haiyan to halt looting... Philippines Interior Secretary Max Roxas said: "We are circulating them to show the people, especially those with bad intentions, that the authorities have returned. "Manila Officer Julian Bagawayan said 150 riot squad members were flown to Tacloban to enforce a nighttime curfew... "Our mission is to help the police of Tacloban because they are also victims. We all know the government is down. We came here to help the government"...

How do disaster management and aid agencies plan ahead of disasters?
Typhoon Haiyan, which swept through the central Philippines on Nov. 8 , was one of the strongest recorded storms ever to make landfall. At least 2,200 people were killed and UN estimates some 11 million people were affected....but complaints aid is taking too long to reach survivors.
11/14/13 http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-asia-24927349
Meteorologists had predicted Haiyan would sweep through the Philippines as a "super typhoon". The government issued major typhoon warnings, and evacuated thousands of people to shelters.The United Nations and major aid agencies have regional offices around the world which co-ordinate preparations for a disaster. "We're designed to be on standby in countries where it's likely to hit," Greg Barrow, a spokesman for the United Nations World Food Programme (WFP), told the BBC. Immediately after a disaster, the WFP sends in emergency teams to assess what the food needs are, how supplies can best be delivered, and how long the need is likely to continue. They also need to determine how capable the affected country is of responding, and whether its infrastructure is capable of handling such large quantities of aid and has safe places to store it...in the case of Haiyan the WFP used its regional offices in Subang in Malaysia, while relief items (high-energy biscuits, shelter, cooking equipment, medical supplies) are brought in by chartered aircraft from the UN humanitarian response depots in Dubai.
"The preparedness was enough, but Richard Gordon, Philippine Red Cross chairman told the BBC " The government should have said 'You're going to have big waves, tsunamis...
the government should take care of re-establishing lifelines - power, water, communications, helping NGOs find where they should be," says Richard Gordon...
It is accepted by many relief agencies that there have been delays between sending resources out to the disaster zone and distributing them. The head of the UN disaster assessment team in Tacloban airport said there was a "logjam" of aid ready to go, but no way of moving it. "It's almost all in country - either in Manila or in Cebu" Sebastian Rhodes Stampa told the AP. Justin Forsyth, CEO of Save the Children, "essentially there are no trucks, roads are closed. Some military flights manage to land in Tacloban, which is promising..."....

Spring 2013 - National Geospatial-Intelligence Agency (NGA)
https://www1.nga.mil/ MediaRoom/ Press%20Kit/ Documents/ Pathfinder%20Magazines/ 2013/ PF_2013_Vol2_No1_FINAL_WEB.pdf
The Pathfinder is an authorized Department of Defense publication for members of the DOD geospatial intelligence.
The National Geospatial-Intelligence Agency, NGA, delivers GEOINT
examples:
MERIT program delivers advanced GEOINT capabiities to joint warfighters
NGA In-Q-Tel (digest: CIA's 'venture capitalist arm'): Perceptive Pixel, part of the IQT portfolio of companies since 2009, was acquired by Microsoft July 2013
DIA/NGA Joint Program Management common IC desktop environment In addition, IC ITE cloud computing environment delivered by the NSA and CIA.
* NOAH Project Strategic Communication Intervention; Disaster Management using WebGIS...Mapping through *LIDAR; Doppler System Development
NGA employees PIE Program partners with Schools paving the road for future GEOINT professionals
Philippines: Planners Plot Disaster Risks ...LiDAR remote sensing technology “exposure database” combines population and structural information...
The risk analysis database project a collaboration of the Australian and Philippine governments. Australia Agency for International Development funded it with $5.4 million.
10/22/13 VOA http://www.voanews.com/content/philippine_planners_plot_disaster_risks/1...

* Project NOAH - LIDAR Doppler System Development Enhancing Geo-hazards Mapping...zooms into any location in the Philippines.

5/28/13/ SMART CITIES FOR A SMARTER PHILIPPINES ...enroute to 2050 …Where will investments into the Philippines go?...USAID plans to scale up CDI implementation

10/1/13 USAID launches Philippine American NGO fund www.rappler.com/ video/ reports/ 40333-usaid-launches-philippine-american-fund-for-ngos -
USAID new fund infusion to help rehabilitate reputation of NGOs...LiDAR flood maps completed for disaster risk reduction.