DEJA VU Iran's Untrustworthy Partner, p 2

DEJA VU
Iran FM: We Did Not Agree to Dismantle Anything in Nuclear Deal
1/22/2014 Voice of America News http://www.voanews.com/content/irans-fm-we-did-not-agree-to-dismantle-an...
Iranian Foreign Minister Mohammad Javad Zarif said Iran did not agree to dismantle anything in the recent nuclear deal with the US and five other countries....the White House is trying to portray the deal as a dismantling of Iran's nuclear program. He challenged anyone to find the word "dismantling" in the treaty text...the US has not yet responded... [4/6/15 Your search - http://www.voanews.com/content/irans-fm-we-did-not... - did not match any documents].

US Untrustworthiness Proved by Washington Officials' Post-Lausanne Remarks
Mon Apr 06, 2015 6:40 http://english.farsnews.com/newstext.aspx?nn=13940117001260
TEHRAN (FNA)- Commander of Iran's Basij (volunteer) Force Brigadier General Mohammad Reza Naqdi said the untruthfulness of Washington officials in their remarks about the Lausanne Statement issued jointly by Iran and the six world powers displayed the US as an untrustworthy partner to any deal...."After 9 days of breathtaking nuclear negotiations in Lausanne, the US president and other officials now deny the principal agreements and present opposing interpretations. They cite Iran's undertakings, but fabricate and deny the commitments they have made to the Iranian delegation...The Americans do not want to lose their main pressure leverage, and tare in a rush to strike a deal because inefficiency of the sanctions is growing increasingly evident, and in the near future no one would comply with them," the Basij commander concluded....
After reading a joint statement issued by Iran and the six world powers to a joint press conference with EU foreign policy chief Federica Mogherini, Iranian Foreign Minister Mohammad Javad Zarif warned that Tehran will reciprocate any violation of the final nuclear deal by the six world powers with similar action.
Speaking to reporters subsequent to a joint press conference with EU foreign policy chief Federica Mogherini in Lausanne on Thursday, Zarif said the agreements and the shared understanding developed in the last eight days of talks will be the basis for working out a final nuclear deal after the inclusion of details and mechanisms for implementing them. Zarif reiterated that a final deal should be worked out in the next three months and that Iran is committed to the documents it signs and expects the six world powers to do the same...
Thursday night, Iranian Foreign Minister Mohammad Javad Zarif said while reading out a joint statement at a press conference with EU foreign policy chief Federica Mogherini that "Our decision today will be the agreed base for the final text of the Joint the Plan of Action (the final deal) is of vital importance. Now we can start drafting the final agreement and its annexations by relying on the (following solutions) achieved ..." [...)

Iran rejects report on draft nuclear deal with US
Mar 19, 2015 5:5PM http://presstv.ir/Detail/2015/03/19/402578/No-draft-Ndeal-in-circulation...
Associated Press (AP) released a report on the fifth day of US-Iran nuclear negotiations .. part of broader negotiations between Tehran and the P5+1 countries...about a draft deal currently being negotiated between Iran and the US under which Tehran agreed to reduce the number of its uranium enrichment centrifuges by 40 percent in return for the immediate removal of Washington’s anti-Tehran sanctions. Abbas Araqchi, Iran’s Deputy Foreign Minister for Legal and International Affairs, told Press TV Thursday “The numbers and figures mentioned here and there are just imaginations...no draft exists, we haven’t started drafting yet.”...US Deputy Secretary of State Tony Blinken later also dismissed AP’s report as “erroneous.”

Iran, P5+1 joint statement calling for removal of all anti-Iran sanctions
Apr 2, 2015 5:38PM http://presstv.ir/Detail/2015/04/02/404427/Iran-P51-adopt-joint-statemen...
Iran and the P5+1 group of world powers have adopted a joint statement after marathon talks in the Swiss city of Lausanne calling, among other things, for the removal of UNSC resolutions and sanctions against the Islamic Republic. The statement was read out in a joint press conference Thursday in Lausanne by EU high representative, Federica Mogherini, and Iran's Foreign Minister Mohammad Javad Zarif.[content]

Parameters for a Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action Regarding the Islamic Republic of Iran's Nuclear Program
4/2/15 RELEASE TIME? “ just moments before Mogherini and Zarif spoke and the White House followed shortly after with a two-page fact sheet....

Iranian President: Termination, Not Suspension, of Sanctions Agreed with World Powers
Sun Apr 05, 2015 4:43 http://english.farsnews.com/newstext.aspx?nn=13940116000903
Iranian President Hassan Rouhani dismissed US officials' claims that Tehran and the world powers agreed on the suspension of the sanctions against Iran, reiterating that boycotts and embargos will be lifted forever under a final deal. "During the negotiations, we always planned for the termination of the economic, financial and banking sanctions and we have never negotiated on their suspension, otherwise, no understanding would be made," Rouhani said on Sunday...."The Islamic Republic of Iran has not and is not after aggression against another country and our contemporary history shows this reality, but we will defend our rights against anyone who seeks to violate the people's rights.
On Saturday, Iran's deputy lead negotiator Seyed Abbas Araqchi stressed "The Lausanne statement explicitly states that the sanctions will be annulled; all nuclear-related economic and financial sanctions will be removed in the first stage," He said the contents of the White House factsheet about the Lausanne agreements are wrong, and the statements made by (US State Department) spokeswoman are wrong too". He reiterated that economic sanctions and restrictions against Iran will be removed in the first stage of the implementation of the agreement.

Outline of Iran Nuclear Deal Sounds Different From Each Side
http://www.nytimes.com/2015/04/05/world/middleeast/outline-of-iran-nucle...
...The only joint document issued publicly was a statement from Mohammad Javad Zarif, Iran’s foreign minister, and Federica Mogherini, the European Union foreign policy chief, all of seven paragraphs that listed about a dozen “parameters” to guide the next three months of talks, including the commitment that Iran’s Natanz installation will be the only location at which uranium is enriched during the life of the agreement. But the United States and Iran have also made public more detailed accounts of their agreements underscore their expectations for what the final accord should say... shows considerable overlap between the two accounts, but also some noteworthy differences — which raise the question of whether the two sides are entirely on the same page, especially on the question of how quickly sanctions are to be removed. ...

Iran, P5+1 joint statement calling for removal of all anti-Iran sanctions
Apr 2, 2015 5:38PM http://presstv.ir/Detail/2015/04/02/404427/Iran-P51-adopt-joint-statemen...
Iran and the P5+1 group of world powers have adopted a joint statement after marathon talks in the Swiss city of Lausanne calling, among other things, for the removal of UNSC resolutions and sanctions against the Islamic Republic.
The statement was read out in a joint press conference Thursday in the Swiss city by the EU high representative, Federica Mogherini, and Iran's Foreign Minister Mohammad Javad Zarif.
In the framework of the agreement, none of Iran’s nuclear facilities as well as the previous activities will be stopped, shut down or suspended and Iran’s nuclear activities in all its nuclear facilities including Natanz, Fordow, Isfahan and Arak will continue.
These comprehensive solutions will guarantee the continued enrichment program inside the Iranian territory and according to this, Iran will be allowed to go on with industrial production of nuclear fuel which is meant for running its nuclear power plants.
According to the solutions, the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action (JCPOA) for enrichment program will cover a 10-year period, during which more than 5,000 centrifuge machines will continue producing enriched material at Natanz facility up to the 3.67-percent level. Extra machines and the related infrastructure in the facility will be collected by the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) in order to be replaced by new machines consistent with the allowed standards. Accordingly, Iran will be allowed to allocate the current stockpile of enriched materials for the purpose of producing nuclear fuel or swapping it with uranium in the international markets.
Iran will continue research and development program on advanced centrifuge machines and will be also able to keep initiating and completing its R & D program on IR-4, IR-5, IR-6 and IR-8 machines in the 10-year period of the agreement.

Fordow facility
According to the joint statement, Fordow nuclear facility will be turned into a research center for nuclear science and physics. More than 1,000 centrifuges will be maintained at this facility and two centrifuge cascades will keep operating. In cooperation with the P5+1 countries, about half of the Fordow facility will be dedicated to advanced nuclear research and production of stable isotopes which have important applications in industry, agriculture and medicine.

Arak heavy water reactor
According to the statement, the heavy water reactor in the Iranian city of Arak will remain in place but will be redesigned and updated. The redesigning process will greatly increase efficiency of the reactor while reducing the amount of plutonium produced in the facility. The redesigning process will be done according to defined scheduled as an international project with cooperation of Iran. Production of fuel for Arak reactor and awarding international nuclear fuel production certificate will be among international cooperation to be offered to Iran.

Additional Protocol
Iran will implement the Additional Protocol temporarily and voluntarily in line with its confidence-building measures and after that the protocol will be ratified in a time frame by the Iranian government and parliament (Majlis).

Removal of Sanction
Following the implementation of the JCPOA, all the UN Security Council sanctions as well as all economic and financial embargoes by the US and the European Union, including bans on banks, insurance, investment, and all other related services in different fields, including petrochemical, oil, gas and automobile industries will be lifted. Besides, all nuclear-related sanctions against real and legal entities, state and private organizations and institutions, including those sanctions imposed against the Central Bank of Iran, other financial and banking institutions, SWIFT system, and the country’s shipping and aviation sectors, and Iran's tanker company will be immediately lifted all at once. Moreover, the P5+1 countries are committed to avoid imposing any new nuclear-related sanctions against Iran.

International Cooperation
Iran’s international nuclear cooperation, including with the member states of the P5+1 will be possible and promoted in the fields of building nuclear power plants, research reactors, nuclear fusion, stable isotopes, nuclear safety, nuclear medicine and agriculture. According to the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action, Iran will be provided with access to global market as well as international trade, finance, technical knowledge and energy.

Schedule for implementing JCPOA
At the end of these negotiations, the two sides will start drafting the JCPOA in the near future to meet the July 1 deadline. Once the text is finalized, the JCPOA will be adopted as a UN Security Council resolution. For the JCPOA to be binding for all UN member states, the resolution will be adopted under the Article 41 of Chapter Seven of the UN Charter to be able to render previous resolutions against Iran null and void.
The parties to the JCPOA will, after the adoption of the Security Council resolution, need a period of preparation time to implement the JCPOA. Once the preparation period is over, and simultaneous with the start of the implementation of nuclear measures by Iran on a designated date the lifting of all sanctions will automatically go into action.
Within the framework of the solutions reached, the necessary mechanism has been envisaged for the mutual reversibility of the commitments included in the JCPOA in case of a failure to meet obligations by each party.
The joint statement released at the end of eight days of intensive negotiations in Lausanne on Thursday is a sign that Iran and its negotiating partners have come to a mutual understanding over Iran’s nuclear program.
Representatives of Iran and the P5+1 group of countries -- the United States, Britain, China, France and Russia plus Germany – along with senior officials of the European Union have held talks over the past years to narrow the existing differences on Tehran’s nuclear activities.

Obama Tells Times Columnist Thomas L. Friedman Iran Deal Would Not Threaten Israel’s Military Edge
http://www.nytimes.com/2015/04/06/opinion/thomas-friedman-the-obama-doct...
“Now, what you might hear from Prime Minister Netanyahu, which I respect, is the notion, ‘Look, Israel is more vulnerable. We don’t have the luxury of testing these propositions the way you do,’ ... I completely understand Israel’s belief that given the tragic history of the Jewish people, they can’t be dependent solely on us for their own security. But not only am I absolutely committed to making sure they maintain their * qualitative military edge, and can deter any potential future attacks, but what I’m willing to do is make the kinds of commitments that would give everybody in the neighborhood, including Iran, clarity that if Israel were to be attacked by any state, we would stand by them...Look, Israel is a robust, rowdy democracy. ... We share so much. We share blood, family. ..And part of what has always made the U.S.-Israeli relationship so special is that it has transcended party...
I think the election of Rouhani indicated an appetite among the Iranian people for rejoining with the international community, an emphasis on economics and desire to link up with a global economy....we’ve seen over the last several years, I think, is the opportunity for those forces within Iran that want to break out of the rigid framework that they have been in for a long time to move in a different direction, one I think that offers us the chance for a different type of relationship, and this nuclear deal, I think, is a potential expression of that.
....Iran may change. If it doesn’t, our deterrence capabilities, our military superiority stays in place... But it’s our belief, it’s my belief, we will be in a stronger position to do so if the nuclear issue has been put in a box. And if we can do that, it’s possible that Iran...starts focusing more on the economy and its people...then what’s possible is you start seeing an equilibrium in the region and Iran start saying, ‘Maybe we should lower tensions and focus on extremists like [ISIS] that would burn down this entire region if they could.’ ”...we have to distinguish between the ideologically driven from the defensive then what may happen is that those forces inside Iran can say we don’t have to see through the war machine lens... U.S.’s core interests in the region...are that everybody is living in peace, that it is orderly, that our allies are not being attacked, that children are not having barrel bombs dropped on them, that massive displacements aren’t taking place.... really just making sure the region is working...if it’s working well, we’ll do fine...a big project but I think this [framework deal] is at least a place to start”[...]

Ensuring Israel's QME (Qualitative Military Edge)
Andrew J. Shapiro, Assistant Secretary, Bureau of Political-Military Affairs to The Washington Institute for Near East Policy
11/4/11 http://www.state.gov/t/pm/rls/rm/176684.htm
President Obama said: “the United States sees the historic changes sweeping the Middle East and North Africa as a moment of great challenge, but also a moment of opportunity for greater peace and security for the entire region, including the State of Israel.”…"A Strong Partnership Supports U.S. National Security. So let me first turn to why this relationship is so important to the United States…The most direct tool the US uses to ensure Israel’s Qualitative Military Edge is security assistance. For some three decades, Israel has been the leading beneficiary of US security assistance through the Foreign Military Financing program, FMF...each year Israel accounts for 60% of U.S. security assistance funding distributed through FMF...Ensuring Israel’s military strength and superiority in the region, is critical to regional stability and as a result is fundamentally a core US interest.  The US and Israel also see eye to eye on a host of strategic questions...a new Washington Institute report by Robert Blackwill and Walter Slocombe articulates the strategic benefits of the relationship for the United States...” Israel as a vital ally serves as a cornerstone of our regional security commitments....

Peres: We cannot exist without the United States
10/22/10 http://www.jpost.com/Israel/Article.aspx?id=192392
Israeli President Shimon Peres: "We cannot exist alone. For our existence we need the friendship of the United States of America. It doesn't sound easy, but this is the truth," he said. In a speech to Jewish leaders Thursday evening broadcast by Israel Army Radio, Peres urged the Israelis to try to meet US demands in order to be assured of their existence.