Nuclear State Terror & Smart Power Diplomacy

(Reuters) - United States engaging in back-channel diplomacy with North Korea for several months, AP reported Friday, amid rising tensions in the region as President Donald Trump stepped up his warnings to Pyongyang a military option against North Korea was "locked and loaded". The dialogue involved Joseph Yun, the U.S. envoy for North Korea policy, and Pak Song Il, a senior North Korean diplomat at the United Nations, the AP reported, citing unidentified U.S. officials and others briefed on the process.
AUGUST 11, 2017 / 7:49 AM / https://www.reuters.com/article/us-northkorea-missiles-diplomacy-idUSKBN...

Smart Power and Military Force
Journal of Strategic Studies, 38:3, published 3/11/15 http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/01402390.2014.1002915
ABSTRACT Smart power is comprised of two elements: the quest for building society among states and between states and non-state actors; as well as the desire for cleaner forms of power projection. This special issue explores how states fumble over achieving the optimum mix of hard and soft power. This set of contributions suggests smart power is not unlike a ‘Swiss Army Knife’ analogy: multifunctional and challenging to choose the right combination of ideational and material tools...Smart power and military force are conceptually related through two themes – generating society and the unrelenting search for cleaner forms of global power projection. Smart power supposedly heals with the velvet, gloved hand of policy while judiciously resorting to the mailed fist only when extreme circumstances warrant it. As a response on the level of grand strategy to the exigencies of a fluid post-Cold War, post-9/11 world order, it merits serious scholarship beyond being acclaimed as an Obama administration reaction to the negativity from the George W. Bush presidency.. smart power is more than just parading military might for the cameras...it is increasingly intertwined with winning hearts and minds, diplomatic style... matched to the increasing proliferation of security missions....
Smart power can therefore be regarded as relevant to a resort to force on the basis Joseph Nye terms ‘strategies that successfully combine hard and soft power resources in differing contexts...Nye, the progenitor of the academic discourse of soft power...who witnessed and operated the levers of hard and soft instruments in foreign policy holding appointments in the State Department, Pentagon, and the US National Intelligence Council.

AP NewsBreak: Beyond Bluster, US, NKorea in Regular Contact
U.S. quietly engaged in ongoing diplomatic communications with North Korea over several months, The Associated Press has learned.
Aug. 11, 2017, at 7:37 p.m. https://www.usnews.com/news/politics/articles/2017-08-11/apnewsbreak-bey...
...People familiar with the contacts say the interactions have done nothing thus far to quell tensions over North Korea's nuclear weapons and missile advances now fueling fears of military confrontation. But they say the behind-the-scenes discussions could still be a foundation for more serious negotiation, including on North Korea's nuclear weapons, should President Donald Trump and North Korean leader Kim Jong Un put aside the bellicose rhetoric of recent days and endorse a dialogue....."We don't want to talk about progress, we don't want to talk about back channels," Trump told reporters Friday, revealing nothing.
The diplomatic contacts are occurring regularly between Joseph Yun, the U.S. envoy for North Korea policy, and Pak Song Il, a senior North Korean diplomat at the country's U.N. mission, according to U.S. officials and others briefed on the process. They weren't authorized to discuss the confidential exchanges and spoke on condition of anonymity....
Drowned out by the furor over Trump's warning to North Korea of "fire and fury like the world has never seen," Secretary of State Rex Tillerson expressed a willingness to entertain negotiations. His condition: Pyongyang stopping tests of missiles that can now potentially reach the U.S. mainland.... hinted at an ongoing back channel. "We have other means of communication open to them, to certainly hear from them if they have a desire to want to talk," he said at an Asian security meeting in the Philippines this week.
Friday he tweeted, "Military solutions are now fully in place, locked and loaded, should North Korea act unwisely." But later in the day, he said: "Nobody loves a peaceful solution better than President Trump. That I can tell you."
The interactions could indicate a level of pragmatism in the Trump administration's approach to the North Korean threat, despite the president's dire warnings....
Trump, in some ways, has been more flexible in his approach to North Korea than President Barack Obama. While variations of the New York channel have been used on-and-off for years by past administrations, there were no discussions in the last seven months of Obama's presidency after Pyongyang broke them off over U.S. sanctions. Obama made little effort to reopen lines of communication. The contacts quickly restarted after Trump's inauguration, other people familiar with the discussions say.
The two countries have no diplomatic ties and are still enemies having only an armistice — not a peace treaty — to end the 1950-1953 Korean War. Twenty-eight thousand U.S. troops are still stationed in South Korea.
In its own convoluted way, North Korea indicated openness to talks in recent weeks, even as it accelerated the tempo of weapons tests July 4, after the North test-launch... leader Kim added a new caveat to his refusal to negotiate over its nukes or missiles "unless the U.S. hostile policy and nuclear threat to the DPRK are definitely terminated."
[digest note: “new caveat” is transparent US face-saving since North Korea’s position has always been that it need for nuclear weapons is purely defensive national security against US —the only nation that has ever used nuclear weapons]

Why US Engineered Pearl Harbor Dec.7,1941
http://www.burbankdigest.com/node/579>
digest commentary: WWII started in 1939 but US did not enter the war until the attack it engineered December 7, 1941. Contrary to 'great anti-fascist war' myth, US delay was designed so 'allies' did most of the dirty ground work... US strategic goal was defeating communism, then major threat to US unilateral global domination.... Stalin, treacherous ‘leader’ of the supposedly still revolutionary Soviet Union, joined its imperialist enemies...to 'mop up the spoils...the current US WW aka GWOT... greenlighted by 911pretext,...
Pearl Harbor: The REAL History.. US Lies, Pearl Harbor, Hiroshima and Nagasaki ...why did the US unleash this untold death and destruction... Truman bombed Hiroshima and Nagasaki knowing the Japanese government wanted to surrender...”bomb might impress Russia.” ...."...everything the Japanese were planning to do was known to the United States..." ARMY BOARD, 1944 President Roosevelt (FDR) provoked the attack, knew about it in advance.... the backdoor to war.
1998 Memos Blueprint for War....predicted this shift could only come about slowly ."...without some catastrophic and catalyzing event, like a new Pearl Harbor..." That event came on Sept. 11, 2001....

“the US did not just 'know', it provoked the Japanese knowing they were about to surrender”
Things You Can't Say in America: FDR knew about the attack on Pearl Harbor
Alexander Cockburn, June 8, 2001 Counterpunch
Pearl Harbor. The fact that FDR knew the Japanese were going to attack is something that should by now be solidly established in American historiography...John Flynn made a sound case for Roosevelt's foreknowledge [The Truth About Pearl Harbor (1944) and The Final Secret of Pearl Harbor (1945)]... the historian Charles Beard did it magisterially in 1948 with his FDR and the Coming of the War 1941. John Toland wrapped it with Infamy early in the 1980s. Robert Stinnett made the case all over again a year ago with Day of Deceit.
...By the spring of 1945 the Japanese military had been demolished. The disparities in the casualties figures between the Japanese and the Americans are striking. From 1937 to 1945, the Japanese Imperial Army and Navy suffered 1,740,955 military deaths in combat. Dower estimates that another 300,000 died from disease and starvation. In addition, another 395,000 Japanese civilians died as a result of Allied saturation bombing that began in March 1945. The total dead: more than 2.7 million... American military deaths totaled 100,997. Even though Japan had announced its intentions to surrender on August 10...General "Hap" Arnold., August 14, directed a 1,014 air plane raid on Tokyo, blasting the city to ruins and killing thousands....the unconditional surrender was signed before the US planes returned to their bases. This raid, like dropping A-bombs on Hiroshima and Nagasaki, was aimed at impressing the Soviet Union... With implacable might of the United States.

A Smarter, More Secure America
CSIS Commission Report on Smart Power
November 6, 2007 https://www.csis.org/analysis/smarter-more-secure-america
Download report  . 
CSIS Commission on Smart Power's web site .
America's image and influence are in decline around the world. To maintain a leading role in global affairs, the United States must move from eliciting fear and anger to inspiring optimism and hope.
In 2006, CSIS launched a bipartisan Commission on Smart Power to develop a vision to guide America's global engagement. This report lays out the commission's findings and a discrete set of recommendations for how the next president of the United States, regardless of political party, can implement a smart power strategy.
The United States must become a smarter power by once again investing in the global good—providing things people and governments in all quarters of the world want but cannot attain absent American leadership. By complementing U.S. military and economic might with greater investments in soft power, America can build the framework it needs to tackle tough global challenges.

Editorial: Gloom, but Not Doom
"Mr. Obama appears to understand the challenges"
 http://www.nytimes.com/2008/12/04/opinion/04thu1.html
http://www.burbankdigest.com/node/37
There’s been a fair amount of hand-wringing since the nation’s intelligence community surveyed the world of 2025: America losing dominance; China and India rising; fierce competition for water, food and energy; increased danger that terrorists will get a nuclear weapon. That’s all sobering. But the headlines from “Global Trends 2025: A Transformed World,” published by the National Intelligence Council, are not the whole story.
President-elect Barack Obama is inheriting a world that is more complicated and more frightening than the one George W. Bush found in 2001. But while the trends may be apparent, the end results are not inevitable. Decisions Mr. Obama and other leaders make will matter more...
It is the new conventional wisdom that this will be the century of China or India. But both face serious economic, demographic and other challenges — including the threat of terrorism, as the Mumbai attacks so tragically demonstrated.
A relative decline in power also does not mean the United States will not remain powerful. This country can and must continue to lead...
The report suggests that Al Qaeda’s indiscriminate use of violence and its failure to focus on problems like poverty and unemployment could diminish its appeal. But other extremist groups that curry favor with social programs will likely have more staying power. The next administration will have to counter their influence by promoting economic development in the Middle East as well as a lasting peace between Israelis and Palestinians. Warnings that terrorists will have an easier time acquiring nuclear, biological and advanced conventional weapons argue for serious new initiatives to control the spread of these horrifying weapons. Mr. Obama appears to understand the challenges.

Pentagon's "Joint Vision 2020" United States Department of Defense.
http://www.dtic.mil/jointvision/jvpub2.htm
"The label full spectrum dominance implies US forces are able to conduct prompt, sustained, and synchronised operations with combinations of forces tailored to specific situations, and with access to and freedom to operate in all domains - space, sea, land, air and information. Additionally, given the global nature of our interests and obligations, the United States must maintain its overseas presence forces and the ability to rapidly project power worldwide in order to achieve full spectrum dominance."

U.S. Post 9/11 Public and Cultural Diplomacy

3/8/11
http://www.burbankdigest.com/node/375

...Since Bush’s public diplomacy agenda, “telling America’s story to the world”, has not managed to restore US credibility on world stage, the Obama administration is promoting the new “engaging with the world” agenda... clearly evident in his speech in Cairo, where he expressed US willingness to adopt more collaborative relations with the Muslim world tackling global challenges...
After consolations with foreign embassies, NGO’s and the private sector, the US state department announced a new strategic framework for public diplomacy in the 21st century. According to the new framework, USA aims to achieve foreign policy goals and objectives by expanding and strengthening relationships with foreign nations expected to advance the national interest and improve national security.
There are five strategic imperatives put forward by the State Department... imperative two: “expand and strengthen people-to-people relationships”, represents a very different approach of the current administration, paying particular attention to the use of the ever-expanding on-line social media, especially global young generation... new type of platform to ensure policy viewpoints are communicated...ordinary citizens shaping foreign opinion.
Inevitably, the new strategic framework is a step in the right direction for the USA towards restoring trust and respect on the world stage. However public diplomacy itself can not change the negative foreign public perception of America. If USA continues hard power diplomacy, the effectiveness of public diplomacy will remain questionable.