Social Media and End of Russia Probe?

The Plan is for the United States to rule the world. The overt theme is unilateralism, but it is ultimately a story of domination. It calls for the United States to maintain its overwhelming superiority and prevent new rivals from rising up to challenge it on the world stage. It calls for dominion over friends and enemies alike. It says not that the United States must be more powerful, or most powerful, but that it must be absolutely powerful.
Vice-President Dick Cheney - lecture at West Point, June 2002

EXCLUSIVE
New report on Russian disinformation, prepared for the Senate, shows the operation’s scale and sweep
The report, a draft of which was obtained by The Washington Post, is the first to analyze millions of posts provided by major technology firms to the Senate Intelligence Committee.
 Craig Timberg Tony Romm https://www.washingtonpost.com/technology/2018/12/16/new-report-russian-...
, A report prepared for the Senate provides the most sweeping analysis yet of Russia’s disinformation campaign around the 2016 election found the operation used every major social media platform to deliver words, images and videos tailored to voters’ interests to help elect President Trump — and worked even harder to support him while in office....
The report expressed concern about the overall threat social media poses to political discourse within nations and among them, warning that companies once viewed as tools for liberation in the Arab world and elsewhere are now threats to democracy.. [......]

VOA Telling America's Story
In 2018 VOA documented the Russian government disinformation campaigns...providing accurate, objective, comprehensive news and information to global audiences... New name, same mission.
The Broadcasting Board of Governors [BBG] is now the United States Agency for Global Media.[USAGM

digest: WaPo 100% privately owned, globally used as major ‘news source with NYT
Bezos, the Washington Post and the future of news publishing
11/18/16 https://rctom.hbs.org/submission/bezos-the-washington-post-and-the-futur...
Jeff Bezos acquired the Washington Post out of the blue...how Jeff Bezos is running The Washington Post”, Nieman Lab, June 8, 2016,
http://www.niemanlab.org/2016/06/5-things-publishers-can-learn-from-how-...
...Post...lead am ecosystem of daily newspapers....Bezos has spoken eloquently about the role of journalism in a democratic society. As he said at the dedication of the new headquarters this past January, “This needs to be a sustainable business because it’s healthy for the mission.”
Dan Kennedy, assoc professor Northeastern U School of Journalism...fellow at Harvard’s Kennedy School Shorenstein Center on Media, Politics, and Public Policy
Kennedy School of Government research center...exploring the intersection of media, politics and public policy in theory and practice.www.shorensteincenter.org

Is End of Russia Probe in Sight?
12/4/18 Voice of America https://www.voanews.com/a/is-end-of-russia-probe-in-sight/4685063.html
https://www.bbg.gov
The investigation may be entering its final phase just as Democrats reclaim the majority in the House of Representatives in the wake of the recent midterm elections and just as the president prepares for his re-election bid in 2020....
11/29/18 Michael Cohen walks out of NY federal court
The Cohen plea moves the Russia investigation closer to possible ties between then-candidate Trump and Russia, according to Virginia Democratic Senator Mark Warner. "This is one more example of one of the president's closest allies lying about their ties to Russia and Russians," he said....
The Cohen plea along with past indictments and guilty pleas, have bolstered the credibility of the Russia probe..."It does, I think, add more legitimacy to the investigation," said University of Connecticut law professor Doug Spencer. "that there is actually a lot of smoke going on in this particular realm that deserves investigation. I think it undercuts the claims that this is a hoax, or that this is a witch hunt”.. he thinks public support for the investigation "has begun to increase again."

"If war aims are stated which seem to be solely concerned with Anglo-American imperialism, they will offer little to people in the rest of the world. The interests of other peoples should be stressed. This would have a better propaganda effect."
The Council of Foreign Relations memo to US State Department, 1941

Defense Innovation Board chaired by Eric Schmidt, Alphabet Inc executive chairman
Pentagon advisers need special career track, ‘innovation elevator’ for big thinkers
 10/26/2017 https://www.bloomberg.com/research/stocks/private/snapshot.asp?privcapId=587124
The Defense Innovation Board, DIB, empowered to report directly to Secretary of Defense Jim Mattis on the best way to grow America’s military technological edge...

Amazon---DARPA
CHM Revolutionaries: DARPA's Dan Kaufman with NYT John Markoff
23 Mar 2018 17:15:12 -0700
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ny6xDCFU4n
Watch videos from Intel Free Press Interview with Dan at the Computer History Museum: http://www.youtube.com/watch?feature=... http://www.youtube.com/watch?feature=... [Recorded: July 24, 2012] Imagine what the world would look like if we gave everyone the ability to solve its toughest problems, the freedom to explore the world, and the tools to build the future....ideas that have been driving Dan Kaufman and his Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency (DARPA) research.. Recently at DARPA there have been multiple efforts to research the mobilization and self-organization potential of social networks & crowd sourcing. Two interesting questions arise: can you use the power of the crowd to solve a specific problem, and can you find special people in the crowd to solve a problem who have never been asked before? The power of the crowd has been explored through DARPA's Network Challenge... Who in the crowd can contribute greatly has been explored through a recent DARPA sponsored experiment called the Shredder Challenge... finding, in the crowd, those special people who may have never been asked the question. Many thought the task impossible, but it turned out they had been asking the wrong people. An obstacle to fully empowering the crowd is the need for software programmers. DARPA... tools have now been used to build aircraft, medical, and neurological simulators. John Markoff has referred to DARPA as an "Agency of Wonder" -- join us to find out why.

Pentagon's Controversial Drone AI-Imaging Project Extends Beyond Google

Google pressed forward its effort to provide artificial intelligence solutions to DOD despite the internal employee petition against Google’s military involvement...Google isn’t the only tech company partnered with the Department of Defense.....other tech companies in Project Maven makes the project seem...less like a Google-led effort...Google’s official Maven contract through third-party agency, ECS Federal, helps obscure Google contract details.

Amazon Lone Frontrunner For $10 Billion Pentagon Cloud Contract?
3/28/18https://www.nextgov.com/emerging-tech/2018/03/amazon-lone-frontrunner-10-billion-pentagon-cloud-contract/147035/
The Defense Department began designing an enterprise-wide cloud procurement process last year after a trip by Defense Secretary Jim Mattis and other top Pentagon officials to major West Coast tech hubs inclusing Seattle and Silicon Valley,
The Pentagon released draft requirements for the upcoming Joint Enterprise Defense Infrastructure cloud earlier this month stipulating that competing companies must be certified to host data at secret and top-secret classification levels within nine months of the award...
Currently Amazon Web Services – with a $600 million CIA contract and with another contract is hosting classified Defense Department data is the only company that meets those requirements  Pentagon requirements “will effectively prevent all but one vendor from bidding on this contract”...

Paradoxically, preserving liberty may require the rule of a single leader-a dictator-willing to use those dreaded 'extraordinary measures, which few know how, or are willing, to employ.'
Michael Ledeen, White House advisor and AEI fellow

Social Media in Strategic Communications (SMISC) DARPA‐BAA‐11‐64 July 14, 2011
SMISC_BAA_DARPA-BAA-11-64_Final_For_Posting_14_July_11.pdf
Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency Arlington, VA 22203‐1714
DARPA innovative research proposals in the social media area strategic communication.. approaches that enable revolutionary advances in science, devices, or systems.
Introduction
The conditions under which our Armed Forces conduct operations are rapidly changing with the spread of blogs, social networking sites, and media‐sharing technology (such as YouTube), and further accelerated by the proliferation of mobile technology. Changes to the nature of conflict resulting from the use of social media are likely to be as profound as those resulting from previous communications revolutions. The effective use of social media has the potential to help the Armed Forces better understand the environment in which it operates and allow more agile use of information in operations support ....
The general goal of the Social Media in Strategic Communication (SMISC) program is to develop a new science of social networks built on an emerging technology base. In particular, SMISC will develop automated and semi‐automated operator support tools and techniques for the systematic and methodical use of social media at data scale and in a timely fashion to accomplish four specific program goals [...[

Program Scope
The development of a new science of social networks and the solutions to the problems posed by SMISC will require the confluence of several technologies including, but not limited to, information theory, massive‐scale graph analytics and natural language processing.

digest:Post 911 US agenda:
Get the message out
By Richard Holbrooke
October 28, 2001 http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-dyn/content/article/2010/12/13/AR201012...
“D-I-M-E,” diplomacy, information, military, and economics enable the U.S. access and freedom of action around the world
Call it public diplomacy, or public affairs, or psychological warfare, or -- if you want to be blunt -- propaganda. But whatever it is called, defining what this war is really about in the minds of 1 billion Muslims in the world will be of decisive and historic importance. Yet every expert in Islam, every Muslim world analyst of what is happening , agrees Osama bin Laden gained the initial advantage in this struggle by arguing this is a war against Islam, rather than, as President Bush correctly says, a war against terrorism....
At first glance, this seems incredible: How could a mass murderer who publicly praised the terrorists of Sept. 11 be winning the hearts and minds of anyone? How can a man in a cave outcommunicate the world's leading communications society? Part of bin Laden's success lies in his shrewd mix of modern media technologies and medieval symbols: that high quality videotape from the desert is the best recent example. Another factor is his exploitation of the seething Arab resentment toward U.S. support of Israel.
But those two elements are largely outside our control. Bin Laden controls his own message, and we cannot reward terrorism by reducing our support of Israel. What should concern us most urgently is the apparent initial failure of our own message and the inadequacy of our messengers. If we fail to convince Muslims that this is not a war against Islam but a war against terrorism, if bin Laden succeeds in defining the struggle on his own terms, then he will have succeeded in his goal -- even if, as I confidently believe will be the case, he is tracked down and ultimately eliminated. Even in death, bin Laden could well spawn a new generation of dedicated, fanatical terrorists if his message takes root. The battle of ideas therefore is as important as any other aspect of the struggle we are now engaged in. It must be won...
A similar special office essential now must be run from the White House, the only place in Washington that can coordinate -- by which I mean direct -- public affairs activities of State, Defense, Justice, CIA, USAID and others... The very best talent from outside the government must be recruited once more, as in World War II....This must be a sustained effort closely allied to, the war on terrorism.... it will last longer than the war itself and if successful, have other benefits. We cannot afford to lose; if we do, a permanent struggle will lead to a permanent crisis .....

Public Diplomacy and Strategic Communication: Media Cultures, Firewalls..Norms
Secretary of State Condoleezza Rice remarks on Agenda change, March 14, 2005. http://www.state.gov/secretary/rm/ 2005/43385.htm
8/31/2005 https://smpa.gwu.edu/sites/smpa.gwu.edu/files/downloads/APSA_Panel6_Pape...
Public Diplomacy Institute George Washington University
Abstract... public diplomacy and strategic communication instrument of statecraft embraces diplomacy, cultural diplomacy, international broadcasting, political communication, democracy building, and open military information operations...To transform the intent of political leaders and some thirty expert studies since 9/11 into action, a business plan is needed to map policy and public diplomacy connections, replace coordination with strategic direction, marshal private sector creativity, and institutionalize planning....[...]

Employing Information as an Instrument of National Power
http://publications.armywarcollege.edu/pubs/726.pdf

digest: american exceptionalism forever firsters
China and Russia: A Strategic Alliance in the Making
12/14/2018 by Graham Allison https://nationalinterest.org/feature/china-and-russia-strategic-alliance...
Graham T. Allison Douglas Dillon Professor of Government at the Harvard Kennedy School. He is the former director of Harvard’s Belfer Center and the author of Destined for War: Can America and China Escape Thucydides’s Trap?
 The National Interest , founded in 1985 by Irving Kristol and Owen Harries, has displayed a remarkable consistency in its approach to foreign policy. It is not, as the inaugural statement declared, about world affairs. It is about American interests. 
Defying long-held convictions of Western analysts, against huge structural differences, Beijing and Moscow are drawing closer to meet what each sees as the “American threat.” The year before he died in 2017, one of America’s leading twentieth-century strategic thinkers, Zbigniew Brzezinski, sounded an alarm. In analyzing threats to American security, “the most dangerous scenario,” he warned, would be “a grand coalition of China and Russia…united not by ideology but by complementary grievances would be reminiscent in scale and scope of the challenge once posed by the Sino-Soviet bloc, though this time China would likely be the leader and Russia the follower.”...
Against the backdrop of this history, as we reflect on what the United States is now doing, we should ask whether Brzezinski’s warning about the “most dangerous scenario” could soon become a fact....[...]

digest: “socialist traitor” hero
Do not worry over the charge of treason to your masters, but be concerned about the treason that involves yourselves. Be true to yourself and you cannot be a traitor to any good cause on Earth.
Eugene V. Debs June 16, 1918

in 2010, Hillary Clinton announced the Internet freedom agenda would take center stage in U.S. foreign policy....
DIGEST: rare important analytical history and references
Centers of Gravity in Public Diplomacy 2.0: A Case Study:
U.S. Public Diplomacy in South Africa: An Ecosystem of Communications
Part 1Creation of the Media: Political Origins of Modern. Communication
....a central frustration is that academic studies of public diplomacy are too often bounded by bureaucratic definitions of who is a public diplomat and what constitutes public diplomacy. In reality, citizens on the ground pay little attention to whether outreach comes from USAID, Public Affairs, International Information Programs, etc....Even before its emergence as a world power, the U.S. exercised political, economic, and political interests at home and abroad largely through information networks. This dates back to the American Revolution.. The Creation of the Media: Political Origins of Modern Communication in the early nineteenth century, when the United States was neither a world power nor a primary center of scientific discovery, it was already a leader in communications—in postal service and newspaper publishing, then in development of the telegraph and telephone, later in the movies, broadcasting, and the whole repertoire of mass communications. . . The American framework of communications has been a remarkable engine of wealth and power creation, so much so its influence now extends over not merely a continent, but the world.
...various organizations in the U.S. government are responsible...include entities within the State Department such as: Office of Web Engagement, Office of Innovative Engagement, and Office of CO.NX/DVC in the Bureau of International Information Programs ((IIP); Office of Digital Engagement and the Rapid Response Unit in the Bureau of Public Affairs (PA); Bureau of Educational and Cultural Affairs (ECA); Office of eDiplomacy, and Center for Strategic Counterterrorism Communication (CSCC) . While not often the focus of public diplomacy literature, these DOS e-diplomacy efforts are complemented by those of a host of governmental entities ranging from the US Agency for International Development (USAID) to the DOD, (plus) individual accounts maintained by individuals representing myriad U.S. Government...
America’s privileged position at the center of global communication networks has translated into shifts in public diplomacy efforts as well as foreign policy in general. Film played a central role in U.S. public diplomacy efforts during World War I and World II. In the 1950s, the USIA provided one of the largest global circulators of American cultural products through its mobile cinema units and cultural programs. International broadcasting, first in the form of radio, then in television moved to the center of public diplomacy efforts, coinciding with the global expansion of these technologies...
in 2010, Hillary Clinton announced the Internet freedom agenda would take center stage in U.S. foreign policy....

All papers in the CPD Perspectives series free on its website (www.uscpublicdiplomacy.org). To purchase publications below in hard copy, please contact cpd@usc.edu.

Author Biography
In complement to her academic research Amelia Arsenault remains actively engaged with practitioners and policy makers involved in strategic communications, public diplomacy, and media development around the world. In this capacity, she has authored several commissioned reports such as “State Department: Digital Media Evaluation In the International Information Programs Bureau (IIP/Analytics) And Public Affairs Bureau (PA/ODE),” part of the US Advisory Commission on Public Diplomacy’s report to Congress, Data Driven Public Diplomacy: Progress Towards Measuring the Impact of Public Diplomacy and International Broadcasting Activities. Since 2010, and also organized the annual Milton Wolf Seminar on Media Diplomacy in Vienna, Austria.

Amelia Arsenault Assistant Professor of Communication at Georgia State University serves as the Media and Democracy Research Fellow at the Center for Global Communication Studies at the University of Pennsylvania, Annenberg School. She is currently working on a book project that explores the nascent industry of digital “information warriors” who provide contract services to political actors seeking to influence the online media agenda. She also serves as the co-Managing Editor of the open access, peer reviewed journal Media Industries and as a research advisor to the US Advisory Commission on Public Diplomacy in the Department of State. She teaches courses in new media, network theory, and communication and power. Her scholarly work has appeared in the International Journal of Communication, International Sociology, The ANNALS of the American Academy of Political and Social Science, and Information, Communication, and Society. She is also co-editor (with Rhonda Zaharna and Ali Fischer) of The Connective Mindshift: Relational, Networked and Collaborative Approaches to Public Diplomacy.
https://cdn.defenseone.com/a/defenseone/interstitial.html?v=8.21.0&rf=ht...

“This is not your grandparents’ public diplomacy”
Defense Science Board Task Force Strategic Communications Report,
DOD, 2004 http://www.acq.osd.mil/dsb/reports/2004-09-Strategic_Communication.pdf.
Traditionally public diplomacy was seen by many as a narrowly focused enterprise carried out by the U.S. Information Agency and its predecessor organizations, the Voice of America, and the Department of State’s Bureau of Educational and Cultural Affairs.
.The Man Who Invented Truth’: Edward R. Murrow as Director of the United States Information Agency During the Kennedy Years,” Cold War History ... The 9/11 Commission Report Terrorist Attacks on the United States. 2004....
U.S. Embassy Pakistan, “USAID, HEC Expand Fulbright Scholarship Program; Initiative Called ‘Investment in Pakistan’s Future,’” Press Release, April 6, 2005, http://islamabad.usembassy.gov/pakistan/ h05040601.html; Renae Merle, “Pentagon Funds Diplomacy Effort, Contracts Aim to Improve Foreign Opinion of United States,” The Washington Post, June 11, 2005; Southeast Europe Times Website, U.S. European Command, Department of Defense, http://www.balkantimes.com/; USAID Frontlines, “Voice of America and USAID Team Up to Beam Programming Worldwide,” January 2005, http://www.usaid.gov/ press/frontlines/fl_jan05/partner.htm; “Public Diplomacy for Middle Eastern and MEPI Affairs,”
.

White House Counter-Extremism Summit Shows Hearts And Minds Don’t Come Easy
2/19/15 https://www.defenseone.com/politics/2015/02/white-house-counter-extremis...
....While Obama in his remarks Thursday announced a new position, a “U.S. Special Envoy and Coordinator for Strategic Counterterrorism Communications,” and a digital counterterrorism communications center with the United Arab Emirates, the meeting did not produce a defined outline for an action plan....

Global Engagement Center
The Obama administration establishes the GEC in 2016

State-Defense Cooperation Global Engagement Center Programs and Access Fund to Counter State-Sponsored Disinformation
< https://www.state.gov/r/pa/prs/ps/2018/02/278851.htm>
...The Fund will be a key part of the GEC’s partnerships with local civil society organizations, NGOs, media providers, and content creators to counter propaganda and disinformation. The Fund will also drive the use of innovative messaging and data science techniques....GEC will initiate a series of pilot projects developed with the Department of Defense designed to counter propaganda and disinformation...supported by Department of Defense funding.
The 2017 NDAA allows the GEC leeway around privacy restrictions so long as clear oversight is in place in how the Center uses the personal information that it obtains. The law also specifies what the GEC can do with that personal information — it can, for example, use it to improve targeted campaigns. “Research and data analysis of foreign state and non-state propaganda and disinformation efforts and communications related to public diplomacy efforts intended for foreign audiences. Such research and data analysis shall be reasonably tailored to meet the purposes of this paragraph and shall be carried out with due regard for privacy and civil liberties guidance and oversight,” according to the NDAA.But the State Department is not currently taking advantage of this, according to several former State employees, which could be one reason why the analytics team was in such disarray.  State Department officials declined to provide an on-the-record response. 
Patrick Tucker is technology editor for Defense One. He’s also the author of The Naked Future: What Happens in a World That Anticipates Your Every Move? (Current, 2014). Previously, Tucker was deputy editor for The Futurist for nine years. Tucker has written about emerging technology in Slate, ... FULL BIO

Analysts Quitting State Department Anti-Propaganda Team
9/12/17 https://www.defenseone.com/technology/2017/09/analysts-are-quitting-stat...

Digest: results, remains and resistance to US failed “GWOT ” trying more "democratizing" approach
Below you'll meet some major US ruling class policy makers for whatever crisis/president/politicians:

Protecting America from Extremism in Fragile States
USIP INTERIM REPORT OF THE TASK FORCE ON EXTREMISM IN FRAGILE STATES
September 2018 https://www.usip.org/sites/default/files/Taskforce-Extremism-Fragile-Sta...

Task Force on Extremism in Fragile States
https://www.usip.org/sites/default/files/Taskforce-Extremism-Fragile-Sta...

Co-chairs
Governor Thomas Kean Former Governor of New Jersey; former 9/11 Commission Chair
Representative Lee Hamilton Former Congressman of Indiana; former 9/11 Commission Chair

Members
Secretary Madeleine Albright Chair, Albright Stonebridge Group; former U.S. Secretary of State
Senator Kelly Ayotte Board of Directors, BAE Systems, Inc.; former U.S. Senator from New Hampshire
Ambassador William Burns President, Carnegie Endowment for International Peace; former Deputy Secretary of State
Ambassador Johnnie Carson Senior Advisor to the President, United States Institute of Peace; former U.S. Assistant Secretary of State for African Affairs
Ambassador Paula Dobriansky Senior Fellow, The Future of Diplomacy Project, Harvard University; former Under Secretary of State for Global Affairs
Ambassador Karl Eikenberry Director U.S.-Asia Security Initiative, Stanford University; former U. S. Ambassador to Afghanistan
Dr. John Gannon former Chairman, National Intelligence Council, Adjunct Professor at the Center for Security Studies, Georgetown University
The Honorable Stephen Hadley former U.S. National Security Advisor, Chair Board of Directors, United States Institute of Peace
Mr. Farooq Kathwari CEO and President, Ethan Allen Interiors Inc.
The Honorable Nancy Lindborg President, United States Institute of Peace
The Honorable Dina Powell former U.S. Deputy National Security Advisor for Strategy, Nonresident Senior Fellow, The Future of Diplomacy Project, Harvard University
The Honorable Rajiv Shah former Administrator, U.S. Agency for International Development, President Rockefeller Foundation
Mr. Michael Singh former Senior Director for Middle East Affairs, National Security Council, Senior Fellow Managing Director, The Washington Institute;

Senior Advisors
Ambassador Reuben E. Brigety II Adjunct Senior Fellow, Council on Foreign Relations
Mr. Eric Brown Senior Fellow, Hudson Institute
Dr. Susanna Campbell Assistant Professor, School of International Service, American University
Ms. Leanne Erdberg Director Countering Violent Extremism, United States Institute of Peace
Mr. Steven Feldstein Nonresident Fellow, Carnegie Endowment for International Peace; Frank and Bethine Church Chair, Boise State University
Dr. Hillel Fradkin Senior Fellow, Hudson Institute
Ms. Alice Friend CSIS Senior Fellow, International Security Program, Center for Strategic and International Studies
Dr. George Ingram Senior Fellow, Global Economy and Development, Brookings Institution
Dr. Seth G. Jones CSIS Director Transnational Threats Project and Senior Advisor to the International Security Program
Dr. Mara Karlin Associate Professor of the Practice of Strategic Studies, Johns Hopkins School of Advanced International Studies
Dr. Homi Kharas Interim Vice President and Director of the Global Economy and Development Program, Brookings Institute
Mr. Adnan Kifayat Senior Fellow, German Marshall Fund and Head of Global Security Ventures, Gen Next Foundation
Dr. Rachel Kleinfeld Senior Fellow, Carnegie Endowment for International Peace
Mr. Christopher A. Kojm Visiting Professor Practice of International Affairs, George Washington University
Mr. Michael Lumpkin Vice President of Human Performance and Behavioral Health, Leidos Health
Mr. Robert Malley CEO, International Crisis Group
Dr. Bridget Moix Senior U.S. Representative and Head of Advocacy, Peace Direct
Mr. Jonathan Papoulidis World Vision Executive Advisor on Fragile States
Ms. Susan Reichle President and COO, International Youth Foundation
Dr. Lawrence Rubin Associate Professor, Sam Nunn School of International Affairs, Georgia Institute of Technology
Mr. Andrew Snow USIP Senior Fellow
Dr. Paul Stares Council on Foreign Relations Senior Fellow Conflict Prevention and Director of the Center for Preventive Action
Ms. Susan Stigant Director Africa Programs, United States Institute of Peace
Ms. Anne Witkowsky DOD Former Deputy Assistant Secretary of Defense for Stability and Humanitarian Affairs, U.S. Department of Defense
Ms. Mona Yacoubian Senior Advisor for Syria, Middle East, and North Africa, United States Institute of Peace