Venezuela's Long Liberation Struggle Against Desperate US Counterrevolutionary Terror War

Digest: Context: The LATIN AMERICAN region is crucial to US National Security bipartisan Agenda GWOT to save US Post WW 2 global world order. 2 YEAR TRUMP-CARD lays groundwork for fascist white supremacist AMERICAN NATIONALISM

The Atlantic Council and NAFSA Roundtable Dialogue: Shaping the Principles of a New Global Order
The_Atlantic_Council_and_NAFSA_Roundtable_Dialogue__Shaping_the_Principles_of_a_New_Global_Order/
 11/15/18 https://www.nafsa.org/About_Us/About_International_Education/Internation... /The_Atlantic_Council_and_NAFSA_Roundtable_Dialogue__Shaping_the_Principles_of_a_New_Global_Order/

Is the global order unraveling? Will democracy survive? How can US shape the fundamental principles of a new global order?

What's happening in #Venezuela ? ' Publication of US coup manual FM3-05.130, Unconventional Warfare [UW], provides insight DOS=Dept of State IC=Intel Community UWOA=UW Ops area ARSOF=#US Army Special Operations Forces https://file.wikileaks.org/file/us-fm3-05-130.pdf …

12/2/07 .Venezuela Hands Narrow Defeat to Chávez Plan; AFRICOM "We're Misunderstood: "SAVE DARFUR” Once staunch US ally...most profound left turn of any large Latin American nation in decade..now leading opponent of Bush developing world administration’s policies...

3/12/08 U.S. lawmakers urging Bush administration to add Venezuela to list of nations accused of sponsoring terrorism

"It is critical the administration now act swiftly and decisively. Venezuelan President Hugo Chavez is using vast oil wealth to fund terrorism in his own backyard" Connie Mack said in a statement...Some analysts view possibility of U.S. actually branding Venezuela a terror sponsor as remote...

9/21/08 How U.S./NGO "Humanitarian Aid" Works: HRW & "Doctrine for Asymmetric War Against Venezuela" http://www.burbankdigest.com/node/312

10/7/12 US Loses Venezuela 'Regime Change' Again AP Chavez wins re-election...defeating challenger Capriles,gaining six more years to cement his legacy... about 90% of votes counted, Chavez had over 54% of the vote...the National Electoral Council president “81% of nearly 19 million registered voters cast ballots, one of the largest turnouts in years.’

Sep 17, 2018 Invoking the bloody history of regime change in the region...As Some Call for Military Intervention in Venezuela..10 Latin American countries sign document rejecting intervention ..

Attempted Coup And Misguided U.S. Sanctions in Venezuela
2/11/15 http://www.coha.org/attempted-coup-and-misguided-u-s-sanctions-in-venezu...
On February 11, 2015, the government of President Nicolas Maduro, with a number of his senior officials, declared Venezuela faced down an attempted coup. Media in the United States and in Europe viewed such allegations as ridiculous, opposing the arrest of alleged conspirators, calling the arrests human rights violations. However, the history of coups and attempted coups in Latin America since 2002 proves paramount, and there is significant evidence to support their reality.1  
Recent diplomatic moves carried out by United States President Obama impose sanctions against seven Venezuelan officials qualify the country as a “national security threat,” calling attention to growing isolation of the United States in the hemisphere.  With the exception of Canada, every other government in the region condemned U.S. interference in Venezuela through the Community of Latin American and Caribbean States (CELAC) and the Union of South American Nations (Unión de Naciones Suramericanas, UNASUR) with significant evidence to support this reality.
 
History of coups in Latin America
, Honduras has been a laboratory for such “constitutional coup[s]”.. According to Le Monde Diplo’s Maurice Lemoine, a member of the counter-hegemonic Bolivarian Alliance for the Peoples of Our America (Alianza Bolivariana para los Pueblos de Nuestra América /ALBA)

FRAGILITY WHAT IT IS AND WHY IT MATTERS
REPORT OF THE FRAGILITY STUDY GROUP
Sept 2016 https://www.usip.org/sites/default/files/US-Leadership-and-the-Challenge...
As chairs of the Fragility Study Group chairs, the three of us come at this problem from different professional backgrounds and experiences, but agree that when State defense, development, and diplomacy departments talk past one another, U.S. policy suffers.
This Study Group defines fragility as the absence, or breakdown, of the social contract between people and their government. Fragile states suffer deficits of institutional capacity and political legitimacy that increase risk of instability and violent conflict and sap the state of its resilience to disruptive shocks.

Digest: US counter-revolution desperation drives 14 year apprentice Trump card
plus more
The next administration will have to navigate an international landscape filled with daunting national security challenges: ambitious and revisionist states, transnational terrorism, new cyber threats, and fears of nuclear proliferation, among others.
Fragile states lie at the root of today’s global disorder, from chaos in the Arab world to the refugee crisis and from pandemic diseases to economic malaise.2 Fragility has contributed to the spike in violent conflict since 2010, with a record 65 million people displaced from their homes at the end of 2015.3 Fragility can make it more difficult to address public health emergencies, seen with the precipitous Ebola spread, to counter transnational criminal networks that deprive citizens of their dignity and economies of their potential. In short, in a world that is more complex and interconnected than ever, fragility is pushing us closer to a new normal of “unpredictable instability.”4 U.S. efforts to prevent fragility and mitigate its consequences continue to fall short. Meeting this growing challenge head-on will require a re-imagined approach— defined by careful prioritization, shared frameworks for action, and effective partnerships.[...]

Venezuela’s Suicide Lessons From a Failed State
Nov/Dec 2018 I The Best of 2018 South America
...Venezuelans gambled on Chávez. What they got was an outsider bent on upending the status quo but also a Latin American leftist icon who soon had followers all around the world...a spoiler and star attraction at global summits... a leader of the burgeoning global wave of anti-American sentiment...The relationship between Cuba and Venezuela became more than an alliance. It has been, as Chávez himself once put it, “a merger of two revolutions.” ... Maduro deepened Venezuela’s alliances with a number of anti-American and anti-Western regimes, turning to Russia for weapons, cybersecurity, and expertise in oil production; to China for financing and infrastructure; to Belarus for homebuilding; and to Iran for car production. As Maduro broke the last remaining links in Venezuela’s traditional alliances with Washington and other Latin American democracies, he lost access to sound economic advice. He dismissed the consensus of economists from across the political spectrum.... 

Venezuela Crisis: Familiar Geopolitical Sides Take Shape
1/24/19 3:43 PM Voice of America https://www.voanews.com/a/venezuela-crisis-familiar-geopolitical-sides-t...
...Russian Prime Minister Dmitry Medvedev injected some domestic U.S. politics into the equation citing the partial government shutdown...“Let's imagine for an instant, how the American people would respond, for example, to the speaker of the U.S. House of Representatives declaring herself the new president against the backdrop of the budget crisis and government shutdown. What would be the reaction from the current U.S. president, especially if this move was supported by the leadership of another country, for example, Russia?” Medvedev said...

Council on Foreign Relations’ magazine Foreign Affairs: major US thinktank policy-producer --including strategies like ‘war on terror’ against made-in-usa terrorist‘ democracy’ fighters from al-Qaeda to ISIS‘ (for more info please use Digest search function)
Venezuelan Opposition's High-Stakes Assault on Maduro Will Guaidó's Gamble Pay Off?
1/25/19
On January 23, Venezuela’s opposition led National Assembly shocked the world. It declared the country’s president, Nicolás Maduro, illegitimate, pronounced his office vacant, and proceeded to swear in National Assembly leader Juan Guaidó as interim president in accordance with Venezuela’s constitutional provisions on presidential succession. Soon the United States, Canada, and most major governments in the Western Hemisphere recognized Guaidó as the legitimate president of Venezuela....
....Maduro hung on. His government clung to power with help from Russia and China, intelligence support from Cuba, and growing sales of gold to Turkey. Throughout 2018, Maduro consistently wrong-footed the opposition, claiming victory in May presidential election deemed illegitimate by independent observers and over 50 foreign governments. For much of last year, it seemed Maduro painted the opposition into a corner... January 15, the National Assembly passed an amnesty law providing immunity to military forces acting to restore Venezuelan democracy... Guaidó said he did not intend to hold the military accountable for supporting Maduro...with Trump administration’s swift—difficult to reverse—recognition of Guaidó and support of Latin American governments, the opposition signaled to the international community Venezuela is committed to change....
...the January 23 surprise events make clear at least some opposition leaders, particularly from the Primero Justicia and Voluntad Popular parties, were quietly doing their homework, developing a domestic and an international strategy to pressure Maduro to step down. Guaidó of Voluntad Popular—whose leader, Leopoldo Lópe, has been under house arrest since 2014—assumed the presidency of the National Assembly in December 2018...Guaidó and allies...with roots in the student movement.. pursued a new mobilization strategy, convening open-air town halls (cabildos abiertos) to engage average Venezuelans that helped lay the groundwork after a small military uprising failed January 21, spike massive popular unrest January 23 [....]

Maduro rival Guaido claims Venezuela presidency with U.S. backing
1/25/2019 https://af.reuters.com/article/worldNews/idAFKCN1PH08V
Venezuela’s opposition leader Juan Guaido on Wednesday, with backing from Washington and parts of Latin America declared himself interim president Wednesday, prompting socialist president Nicolas Maduro since 2013, to break relations with the U.S...“I swear to assume all the powers of the presidency to secure an end to the usurpation,” said 35-year old Guaido, head of the new opposition-run congress...
Maduro, in a TV broadcast from the presidential palace, accused the opposition of trying to stage a coup with Washington’s support...“We’ve had enough interventionism here, we have dignity, damn it! Here is a people willing to defend this land.”
Guaido’s declaration takes Venezuela into uncharted territory with the possibility of the opposition running a parallel government recognised abroad as legitimate but without state control Any change of government rests on a shift in allegiance within the armed forces. So far they have stood by Maduro through two waves of street protests and a steady dismantling of democratic institutions. 
U.S. Secretary of State Mike Pompeo called on the Venezuelan military to protect “the welfare and well-being of all Venezuelan citizens,” and said Washington would take “appropriate actions” against anyone who endangered the safety of U.S. personnel.....

Venezuela’s defense ministry called Silva a coward, posting his picture emblazoned with the word “traitor” in red capital letters....
1/27/19 https://www.theguardian.com/world/2019/jan/27/venezuela-opposition-leade...
Days after opposition leader Juan Guaidó  proclaimed himself interim president, Col Jose Luis Silva released a video recorded at the embassy in Washington at a desk alongside the Venezuelan flag calling on other military officers to back the pretender....“Today I speak to the people of Venezuela especially to my brothers in the armed forces of the nation, to recognize president Juan Guaidó as the only legitimate president.”
Guaidó welcomed Silva in a Twitter message, encouraging others to follow his example. But Venezuela’s defense ministry called Silva a coward, posting his picture emblazoned with the word “traitor” it in red capital letters....
Silva told Reuters one consular official in Houston and one in another US city also recognized Guaidó, but he was the only diplomat in Washington he knew who had taken the step. Reuters was not able to independently confirm other defectors....
Guaidó was recognised by the US, Canada and other regional powers, the UK called for Maduro to hold a “clean” election to decide the fate of the country.

FRAGILITY WHAT IT IS AND WHY IT MATTERS
REPORT OF THE FRAGILITY STUDY GROUP
Sept 2016 https://www.usip.org/sites/default/files/US-Leadership-and-the-Challenge...
As chairs of the Fragility Study Group chairs, the three of us come at this problem from different professional backgrounds and experiences, but agree that when State defense, development, and diplomacy departments talk past one another, U.S. policy suffers.
This Study Group defines fragility as the absence, or breakdown, of the social contract between people and their government. Fragile states suffer deficits of institutional capacity and political legitimacy that increase risk of instability and violent conflict and sap the state of its resilience to disruptive shocks.
Digest: US desperation calls in 14 year Apprentice Trump card
The next administration will have to navigate an international landscape filled with daunting national security challenges: ambitious and revisionist states, transnational terrorism, new cyber threats, and fears of nuclear proliferation, among others.
Fragile states lie at the root of today’s global disorder, from chaos in the Arab world to the refugee crisis and from pandemic diseases to economic malaise.2 Fragility has contributed to the spike in violent conflict since 2010, with a record 65 million people displaced from their homes at the end of 2015.3 Fragility can make it more difficult to address public health emergencies, seen with the precipitous Ebola spread, to counter transnational criminal networks that deprive citizens of their dignity and economies of their potential. In short, in a world that is more complex and interconnected than ever, fragility is pushing us closer to a new normal of “unpredictable instability.”4 U.S. efforts to prevent fragility and mitigate its consequences continue to fall short. Meeting this growing challenge head-on will require a re-imagined approach— defined by careful prioritization, shared frameworks for action, and effective partnerships.[...]

Venezuela’s Suicide Lessons From a Failed State
Nov/Dec 2018 I The Best of 2018 South America
...Venezuelans gambled on Chávez. What they got was an outsider bent on upending the status quo but also a Latin American leftist icon who soon had followers all around the world...a spoiler and star attraction at global summits... a leader of the burgeoning global wave of anti-American sentiment...The relationship between Cuba and Venezuela became more than an alliance. It has been, as Chávez himself once put it, “a merger of two revolutions.” ... Maduro deepened Venezuela’s alliances with a number of anti-American and anti-Western regimes, turning to Russia for weapons, cybersecurity, and expertise in oil production; to China for financing and infrastructure; to Belarus for homebuilding; and to Iran for car production. As Maduro broke the last remaining links in Venezuela’s traditional alliances with Washington and other Latin American democracies, he lost access to sound economic advice. He dismissed the consensus of economists from across the political spectrum.... 

Venezuela Crisis: Familiar Geopolitical Sides Take Shape
1/24/19 3:43 PM Voice of America https://www.voanews.com/a/venezuela-crisis-familiar-geopolitical-sides-t...
...Russian Prime Minister Dmitry Medvedev injected some domestic U.S. politics into the equation citing the partial government shutdown...“Let's imagine for an instant, how the American people would respond, for example, to the speaker of the U.S. House of Representatives declaring herself the new president against the backdrop of the budget crisis and government shutdown. What would be the reaction from the current U.S. president, especially if this move was supported by the leadership of another country, for example, Russia?” Medvedev said...

Council on Foreign Relations’ magazine Foreign Affairs: major US thinktank policy-producer --including strategies like ‘war on terror’ against made-in-usa terrorist‘ democracy’ fighters from al-Qaeda to ISIS‘ (for more info please use Digest search function)
Venezuelan Opposition's High-Stakes Assault on Maduro Will Guaidó's Gamble Pay Off?
1/25/19
On January 23, Venezuela’s opposition led National Assembly shocked the world. It declared the country’s president, Nicolás Maduro, illegitimate, pronounced his office vacant, and proceeded to swear in National Assembly leader Juan Guaidó as interim president in accordance with Venezuela’s constitutional provisions on presidential succession. Soon the United States, Canada, and most major governments in the Western Hemisphere recognized Guaidó as the legitimate president of Venezuela....
....Maduro hung on. His government clung to power with help from Russia and China, intelligence support from Cuba, and growing sales of gold to Turkey. Throughout 2018, Maduro consistently wrong-footed the opposition, claiming victory in May presidential election deemed illegitimate by independent observers and over 50 foreign governments. For much of last year, it seemed Maduro painted the opposition into a corner... January 15, the National Assembly passed an amnesty law providing immunity to military forces acting to restore Venezuelan democracy... Guaidó said he did not intend to hold the military accountable for supporting Maduro...with Trump administration’s swift—difficult to reverse—recognition of Guaidó and support of Latin American governments, the opposition signaled to the international community Venezuela is committed to change....
...the January 23 surprise events make clear at least some opposition leaders, particularly from the Primero Justicia and Voluntad Popular parties, were quietly doing their homework, developing a domestic and an international strategy to pressure Maduro to step down. Guaidó of Voluntad Popular—whose leader, Leopoldo Lópe, has been under house arrest since 2014—assumed the presidency of the National Assembly in December 2018...Guaidó and allies...with roots in the student movement.. pursued a new mobilization strategy, convening open-air town halls (cabildos abiertos) to engage average Venezuelans that helped lay the groundwork after a small military uprising failed January 21, spike massive popular unrest January 23 [....]

Maduro rival Guaido claims Venezuela presidency with U.S. backing
1/25/2019 https://af.reuters.com/article/worldNews/idAFKCN1PH08V
Venezuela’s opposition leader Juan Guaido on Wednesday, with backing from Washington and parts of Latin America declared himself interim president Wednesday, prompting socialist president Nicolas Maduro since 2013, to break relations with the U.S...“I swear to assume all the powers of the presidency to secure an end to the usurpation,” said 35-year old Guaido, head of the new opposition-run congress...
Maduro, in a TV broadcast from the presidential palace, accused the opposition of trying to stage a coup with Washington’s support...“We’ve had enough interventionism here, we have dignity, damn it! Here is a people willing to defend this land.”
Guaido’s declaration takes Venezuela into uncharted territory with the possibility of the opposition running a parallel government recognised abroad as legitimate but without state control Any change of government rests on a shift in allegiance within the armed forces. So far they have stood by Maduro through two waves of street protests and a steady dismantling of democratic institutions. 
U.S. Secretary of State Mike Pompeo called on the Venezuelan military to protect “the welfare and well-being of all Venezuelan citizens,” and said Washington would take “appropriate actions” against anyone who endangered the safety of U.S. personnel.....

Venezuela’s defense ministry called Silva a coward, posting his picture emblazoned with the word “traitor” in red capital letters....
1/27/19 https://www.theguardian.com/world/2019/jan/27/venezuela-opposition-leade...
Days after opposition leader Juan Guaidó  proclaimed himself interim president, Col Jose Luis Silva released a video recorded at the embassy in Washington at a desk alongside the Venezuelan flag calling on other military officers to back the pretender....“Today I speak to the people of Venezuela especially to my brothers in the armed forces of the nation, to recognize president Juan Guaidó as the only legitimate president.”
Guaidó welcomed Silva in a Twitter message, encouraging others to follow his example. But Venezuela’s defense ministry called Silva a coward, posting his picture emblazoned with the word “traitor” it in red capital letters....
Silva told Reuters one consular official in Houston and one in another US city also recognized Guaidó, but he was the only diplomat in Washington he knew who had taken the step. Reuters was not able to independently confirm other defectors....
Guaidó was recognised by the US, Canada and other regional powers, the UK called for Maduro to hold a “clean” election to decide the fate of the country.