7/13 Hard - Soft Power Merged, part 2: Haiti: US "Republic of NGOs"; U.S. Terror & Uganda; Info.War & "The Perfect Citizen"

2010 context: still the operative basis of U.S. bipartisan NSS strategy

"Prevent the Reemergence of a New Rival"
New York Times headine, March 8, 1992.
Declassified Studies from the Cheney Pentagon Show Push for U.S. Military Predominance and a Strategy to "Prevent the Reemergence of a New Rival"
http://www.gwu.edu/~nsarchiv/nukevault/ebb245/index.htm For more information contact:William Burr - 202/994-7032wburr@gwu.edu
Washington, D.C., February 26, 2008 - The United States should use its power to "prevent the reemergence of a new rival" either on former Soviet territory or elsewhere, declared a controversial draft of the Defense Planning Guidance (DPG) leaked to The New York Times in March 1992. Published in declassified form for the first time on the National Security Archive Web site, this draft, along with related working papers, shows how defense officials during the administration of George H. W. Bush, under the direction of Principal Deputy Under Secretary of Defense for Strategy and Resources I. Lewis "Scooter" Libby develop a strategy for maintaining U.S. predominance in the new post-Cold War, post-Soviet era.

"Development, along with defense and diplomacy, is now a pillar of our national security policy."
USAID should “be seen as the premier development agency in the world.”
Secretary of State Clinton
The Center for Global Development, July 23, 2009

USAID plays a vital role in promoting U.S. national security, foreign policy, and the War on Terrorism. It does so by addressing poverty fueled by lack of economic opportunity, one of the root causes of violence today. As stated in the President’s National Security Strategy, USAID’s work in development joins diplomacy and defense as one of three key pieces of the nation’s foreign policy apparatus. USAID promotes peace and stability by fostering economic growth, protecting human health, providing emergency humanitarian assistance, and enhancing democracy in developing countries. These efforts to improve the lives of millions of people worldwide represent U.S. values and advance U.S. interests for peace and prosperity.
USAID provides assistance in sub- Saharan Africa, Asia and the Near East, Latin America and the Caribbean, and Europe and Eurasia. With headquarters in Washington, D.C., USAID’s strength is its field offices in many regions of the world. The agency works in 100 developing countries and in close partnership with private voluntary organizations, indigenous groups, universities, American businesses, international organizations, other governments, trade and professional associations, faith-based organizations, and other U.S. government agencies. USAID has working relationships, through contracts and grant agreements, with more than 3,500 companies and over 300 U.S.-based private voluntary organizations [ed: NGOs]

Pentagon, State struggle to define nation-building roles
By Corine Hegland, April 30, 2007
.... The Senate Foreign Relations Committee passed a bill authorizing the Civilian Reserve Corps .Experts say its creation comes close to a make-or-break deal for a partnership between the civilian and military wings of the government...The Office of the Secretary of Defense proposal, the Building Global Partnerships Act, would authorize the military to do nearly everything it has done in Iraq and Afghanistan anywhere in the world, without subscribing to human-rights and other restrictions that govern State Department dollars...National Journal obtained a copy of the draft bill and asked the Wilson Center's Adams to review it. Pointing to the expansion of the Pentagon's humanitarian programs to cover such things as wells and clinics, he said, "Hello? That's USAID!"...The legislation would allow Defense "to engage itself in virtually the entire architecture of another country's internal security," Adams said.That is exactly what the military needs to do, the Defense official said...Even as the Pentagon moves to fill the short-term gaps left by the absence of civilian agencies, it is firmly pushing for the civilians to get the dollars and authorizations they need to fulfill their part of the mission."The military wasn't with us 10 years ago," said Beth Cole, a senior program officer at the Institute of Peace and a co-author of The Beginner's Guide to Nation-Building. She's been involved in nation building since the Balkans and has had a front-row seat to all of its strange iterations since. "They're with us now."

Report seeks 'smart power' overhaul of federal operations
America's global image is at an all-time low and is heading lower, crippling Washington's ability to shape world events and allowing other nations to usurp American leadership, concludes a recent report by a Washington think tank. The reason is that since the Sept. 11 attacks, America has elevated the war on terror to the central component of our global engagement, said study co-chair and former Deputy Secretary of State Richard Armitage.Since Sept. 11, Americans have been "exporting our fear and anger," said Armitage at an event Tuesday at the Center for Strategic and International Studies, which sponsored the Commission on Smart Power report. "I believe we need to get back to exporting more traditional values, such as hope, optimism and tolerance and opportunity."The report contains recommendations on how the next administration can repair America's global image and maintain its pre-eminence. Hard power relies on traditional measurements of military and economic might, while soft power is the “power of attraction” through ideas, said study co-chair and Harvard professor Joseph Nye. The report argues that both hard and soft power should be combined in new “smart power” efforts. Establish a Quadrennial Smart Power Review, modeled on the Pentagon’s Quadrennial Defense Review, to undertake a comprehensive assessment of the resources and goals of the civilian tools ...

Today's nightmare is by design: shelter, potable water, food, sanitation, work, healthcare barely exist. A 7/12/10 BBC report from Port-auPrince said at least 1.6 million people live in makeshift hovels, under plastic, sheets, or tarps, soaked by frquent rains, with no protection from approaching hurricanes, amidst massive rubble, only about 2% of which has been cleared, destitute with approx. 80% unemployment, extremely limited food, water, medical care. The excerpt below like most reports whitewashes the central role of decades-long U.S. imperialist military and 'strategic non-violent' genocide.
6 months ago at least 300,000 Haitians were killed in an unnatural disaster, millions displaced permanently, even more severely injured and abandoned as US military blocked 'rescue efforts' until it was firmly in command of Haiti's present and future. Having destroyed its past., but never able to destroy the fiercely proud Haitian nationalist resistance in its way. Now 6 months later, armed occupying UN 'peacekeepers' fail to intimidate growing weekly demonstrations, against the U.S - UN occupation and its proxy Preval.

Under Pretense of Haiti Disaster Relief, U.S. Runs Military Occupation
by Arun Gupta
...A new occupation of Haiti -- the third in the last 16 years -- fits within the U.S. doctrine of rollback in Latin America: support for the coup in Honduras, seven new military bases in Colombia, hostility toward Bolivia and Venezuela. Related to that, the United States wants to ensure that Haiti not pose the "threat of a good example” by pursuing an independent path, as it tried to under President Aristide -- which is why he was toppled twice, in 1991 and 2004, in U.S.-backed coups.
With the government and its repressive security forces now in shambles, neoliberal reconstruction will happen at the barrel of the gun...
This is the crux of the situation. Despite all the terror inflicted on Haiti by the United States, particularly in the last 20 years -- two coups followed each time by the slaughter of thousands of activists and innocents by U.S.-armed death squads -- the strongest social and political force in Haiti today is probably the organisations populaires (OPs) that are the backbone of the Fanmi Lavalas party of deposed President Jean-Bertrand Aristide. Twice last year, after legislative elections were scheduled that banned Fanmi Lavalas, boycotts were organized by the party. In the April and June polls the abstention rate each time was reported to be at least 89 percent.
It is the OPs, while devastated and destitute, that are filling the void and remain the strongest voice against economic colonization. Thus, all the concern about “security and stability.” With no functioning government, calm prevailing, and people self-organizing, “security” does not mean safeguarding the population; it means securing the country against the population. “Stability” does not mean social harmony; it means stability for capital...
“MINUSTAH [United Nations Stabilization Mission in Haiti] has been involved in numerous massacre sin Port-au-Prince slum strongholds for Lavalas and Aristide.” [cont]

Confronting the Occupation: Haiti, Neo-liberalism, and the US Occupation
Kali Akuno, National Organizer, Malcolm X Grassroots Movement
April 12, 2010 - The three-month marker for the earthquake that devastated Haiti is upon us. The significance of this marker is not one determined by the Haitian people, but by the enemies of the Haitian people and peoples’ movements throughout the world. According to Milton Friedman and the intellectual guru’s of neo-liberalism there are critical timelines and stages that must be strictly adhered by to successfully capitalize on a catastrophe and transform a society. The three month marker is one of these critical timelines, and in the words of Friedman himself " a new administration has some six to nine months in which to achieve major changes; if it does not seize the opportunity to act decisively during that period, it will not have another such opportunity."... http://www.uruknet.de/?p=65037

1/21 Haiti: Pre-Earthquake Simulation Israel: Image is Capital http://www.burbankdigest.com/node/266
1/19 One Week of War: Barbarity Born of Fear and Vulnerability http://www.burbankdigest.com/node/265
1/17 Fear of Haiti's Revolutionary Potential... a Haitian Holocaust http://www.burbankdigest.com/node/264
1/15 Haiti: How & Why this Horror is Sickeningly Familiar http://www.burbankdigest.com/node/263

Esquire Magazine admiringly touts Bill Clinton as “the de facto CEO” of Haiti, with a tiny Haitian as comprador partner in the neoliberal 'development' the U.S. has run largely through 10, 000 soft power NGOs. "...Clinton may the best hope for coordination of the NGO's as leader of the Clinton Global Initiative (CGI) and UN special envoy to Haiti

Cover Preview: Inside Bill Clinton's New Plan to Fix Haiti
July 8, 2010 by The Editors
While most of the world has stopped paying attention to Haiti, Bill Clinton has become the de facto leader of the effort to rebuild the country after the historic earthquake. The problem is, there wasn't much there to begin with. Seems like an impossible fix, right? Not for the former president, and not if you believe in solving impossible challenges. Herein, some excerpts from our new cover story — just one of many surprising tales of a prelude to greatness in The Impossible Issue, on newsstands Tuesday.

Clinton on Being Haiti's CEO:
"I don't want to be naive. It's going to be a stretch. It'll be hard, but I'm excited about it. Enough so that after a couple of heart incidents and being sixty-three years old, I am prepared to spend three years on it. They want the right things for their country."..."You can't forget there are people listening when you say you are going to do things, and I try not to overpromise. Mostly, I think people who have been worked over and messed around with, they kind of get it. Now, I also believe they could withdraw their support from me if they feel I don't do anything.... I wake up every day sick at heart that we aren't doing more."
"Haitians have the incentive. They need organizational structure and support to get things done. That's what I'm trying to do: move things along. I want them to consider all their big alternatives. I want them to consider becoming a wireless country, consider becoming an energy-independent country. I want them to close their landfills, recycle everything, and use the rest for energy. Wouldn't it be great if they became the first wireless nation in the world? They could, I'm telling you, they really could."

Leading by Example: Elites' Apt Pupils Launch 'Surge' in Uganda
Chris Floyd
13 Jul 2010 http://www.chris-floyd.com/
[The horrific bombing ] ...did not come out of nowhere, it did not spring from some abyss of mysterious, mystical, motiveless evil. It was an entirely rational act within the system adopted -- and imposed -- by the "Great Powers," which holds that the slaughter of innocent people is a perfectly acceptable way to advance your political, economic and ideological agendas. The United States and Great Britain (among other defenders of civilization) have practiced this for centuries. ... the relentless killing of civilians perpetrated by Western-backed forces in Somalia for years ...American-led meddling in the ravaged nation has led directly -- and inevitably -- to the deaths of thousands of innocent people.... As we noted herein 2008: Somalia is the invisible third front of the Terror War, an American-backed "regime change" operation launched by the invading army of Ethiopia and local warlords in December 2006. In addition to helping arm, fund and train the army of the Ethiopian dictatorship, the United States has intervened directly into the conflict, carrying out bombing raids on fleeing refugees and nomads, firing missiles into villages, sending in death squads to clean up after covert operations, and, as we reported here long ago, assisting in the "rendition" of refugees, including American citizens, into the hands of Ethiopia's notorious torturers.
Together, the American Terror Warriors, the Ethiopians and the [Somali] warlords (some of them directly in the pay of the CIA) have created the worst humanitarian disaster on earth. Thousands have been killed in the fighting. Hundreds of thousands have been driven from their homes ...
The United States is not only backing the Ethiopians and the Somali transitional government (TGF) propped up by the occupation; Washington has also provided "robust financial and logistical support to armed paramilitaries resisting the command and control of the TGF"... In other words, the United States is sponsoring a hydra-headed conflict that spews fire and destruction in every direction...by any measure a sickening abomination, a war crime of staggering proportions...
Before the American-backed invasion of 2006, Somalia had achieved a precarious but growing level of stability for the first time after many years of anarchy under the violent rule of warlords. But this government was made up of a broad coalition of Islamic groups.... outside the control or clientage of the Potomac Empire, and thus could not be allowed to survive. And so the CIA's warlords and Washington's Ethiopian proxies went to work. The coalition was destroyed -- and with it the hopes of a moderate, secure, independent Somalia, working out its own destiny, its own path toward development. In the resulting swamp of carnage and suffering...inflicted by the forces of 'civilization....once again the survival of the planet -- not to mention the sacred American way of life -- is under imminent threat...For as the history of American policy in the last 60 years has clearly shown there has never been an internal conflict in any country of the world that was not actually a direct threat to all the sweet American babies sleeping in their cribs.What is high policy for the Great is base terror when employed by the Low...there is absolutely no sign that the Great are about to give up the profitable path of state terror..

Information Warfare: Critical Front in Global Terror War
"Democracy is inimical to imperial mobilization."
“In brief, the U.S policy goal must be unapologetically twofold: to perpetuate America’s own dominant position for at least a generation and preferably longer still; and to create a geopolitical framework that can absorb the inevitable shocks and strains of social-political change...”
-Zbigniew Brzezinski, The Grand Chessboard: American Primacy and Its Geostrategic Imperatives, 1997

July 26,1947 U.S. imperialist wars for global domination officially became 'national defense'
"Military men are just dumb stupid animals to be used as pawns in foreign policy"
Henry Kissinger

'good coverage" freedom of the press, pillar of capitalist democracy's information warfare - NOT to be confused with 'authoritarian state controlled media"

“It’s not a matter of what is true that counts but a matter of what is perceived to be true.”
Henry Kissinger

“If you tell a lie big enough and keep repeating it, people will eventually come to believe it. The lie can be maintained only for such time as the State can shield the people from the political, economic and/or military consequences of the lie. It thus becomes vitally important for the State to use all of its powers to repress dissent, for the truth is the mortal enemy of the lie, and thus by extension, the truth is the greatest enemy of the State.”
Joseph Goebbels

Pentagon Tightens Media Rules
WASHINGTON – Military officials will need Pentagon clearance for interviews and other dealings with reporters, according to an order from Defense Secretary Robert Gates not long after the top general in Afghanistan was fired for his comments in a magazine article. "We have far too many people talking to the media outside of channels, sometimes providing information which is simply incorrect, out of proper context, unauthorized, or uninformed by the perspective of those who are most knowledgeable," about how the information may fit into larger government operations or goals. Gates' memo...Titled "Interaction with the media,"... requires top department officials to tell Wilson's office before interviews "or any other means of media and public engagement with possible national or international implications." Gates warned that leaking classified information "is against the law, cannot be tolerated and will, when proven, lead to the prosecution of those found to be engaged in such activity."...The new assistant secretary of defense for public affairs, Douglas Wilson, told AFP the Gates memo "is not linked to the Rolling Stone episode" and "is not intended to muzzle the press or the department."

The United States International Broadcasting Bureau
Radio Free of Bureaucracy
Arlington, Va. ... the new Broadcasting Board of Governors was confirmed by the Senate at the very end of last month. The bipartisan board, now headed by the former CNN chairman Walter Isaacson, supervises the government-financed programs Voice of America, Radio Free Europe/Radio Liberty, Radio Free Asia, the Arabic-language Radio Sawa and Al Hurra TV, and Radio and TV Martí, broadcast to Cuba...The board faces an increasingly competitive global media environment. The benchmark is the British Broadcasting Corporation’s World Service, which produces radio programs in 32 languages, plus television in Arabic and Persian, and has a global weekly radio audience of 180 million people — about 10 million more than the combined audiences of the American international stations...The United States spends close to twice as much on international broadcasting...American international broadcasting is a collection of often redundant agencies.As a result, there is much duplication of effort.The new Broadcasting Board of Governors... should propose to Congress and the administration a merger into one corporation under the board’s supervision, similar to BBC World Service... also free up money to invest in television necessary to attract audiences in many target countries....
Kim Andrew Elliott, an audience research analyst for the United States International Broadcasting Bureau, has taught communications at the University of Massachusetts and the University of Wisconsin-Stevens Point and blogs on international broadcasting.

ever- expanding merger of military, intel and police powers
Pentagon Spies Build New Database on Foreign and Domestic Threats
The Pentagon’s main spy outfit, the Defense Intelligence Agency, is building a new database which will consolidate in one system “human intelligence” information on groups and individuals—potentially including Americans—collected by DIA operatives in United States and abroad.
A notice published earlier this week in the government’s regulatory bulletin, the Federal Register, says the manager of the system will be a little-known DIA unit called the Defense Counterintelligence and Human Intelligence Center (DCHC)...
Counterintelligence Field Activity, CIFA, whose mission included collating intelligence collected by local law-enforcement agencies and military-intelligence units on potential threats to U.S. defense installations, had assembled files on peace marchers and other nonviolent antiwar protestors. The Pentagon later said CIFA would be broken up...some experts were alarmed when CIFA attempted to take over a Pentagon agency responsible for inspecting the security arrangements of defense contractors, and maintaining security-clearance files on millions of contractor employees. Critics feared that such a merger could result in the creation of a military secret police.
Two U.S. officials... said while CIFA had been disbanded on paper, many of its personnel and some of its functions were transferred to DCHC...now in the same office space that CIFA once occupied... the official said that theoretically, stored data could include information on domestic activists or protestors who might not be violent at present, but could be deemed a potential threat of violence in future. The official said the new DCHC database would not include field reports generated by military counterintelligence agencies with domestic field offices, such as the Army’s Criminal Investigation Division, the Navy Criminal Investigative Service, or the Air Force Office of Special Investigations. However, if those agencies were to ask DIA or DCHC to become involved in one of their cases, then information about the case could be entered in the new DCHC database.... no estimate of how many records on individual subjects—including Americans—would be stored....Mike German, a former FBI investigator who now works for the American Civil Liberties Union, told The Washington Post’s Spy Talk blog ..."We do know that DIA took over 'offensive counterintelligence' for the DoD once CIFA was abandoned… It therefore makes sense that this new DIA data base would be collecting the same types of information that CIFA collected improperly, so Americans should be just as concerned."

Army Drops 'Psy Ops' Name For Influence Operations
The Army has dropped the Vietnam-era name "psychological operations" for its branch in charge of trying to change minds acknowledging the term can sound ominous. The Defense Department picked a more neutral moniker: "Military Information Support Operations," or MISO. Fort Bragg is home to the 4th Psychological Operations Group, the Army's only active duty psychological operations unit. Psychological operations soldiers are trained at the post. The change was driven from the top, by Pentagon policymakers working for Defense Secretary Robert Gates. It reflects unease with the Cold War echoes of the old terminology, and the implication that the work involved subterfuge.

U.S. Plans NSA Cyber Shield for Utilities, Companies, Agencies
July 8, 2010, Wall Street Journal
The federal government is launching an expansive program dubbed "Perfect Citizen" to detect cyber assaults on private companies and government agencies running such critical infrastructure as the electricity grid and nuclear-power plants. The surveillance by the National Security Agency, the government's chief eavesdropping agency, would rely on a set of sensors deployed in computer networks for critical infrastructure that would be triggered by unusual activity suggesting an impending cyber attack. Defense contractor Raytheon Corp. recently won a classified contract for the initial phase of the surveillance effort valued at up to $100 million. Some industry and government officials familiar with the program see Perfect Citizen as an intrusion by the NSA into domestic affairs. One internal Raytheon email, the text of which was seen by The Wall Street Journal [said,] "Perfect Citizen is Big Brother." Raytheon declined to comment on this email. The information gathered by Perfect Citizen could also have applications beyond the critical infrastructure sector, officials said, serving as a data bank that would also help companies and agencies who call upon NSA for help with investigations of cyber attacks, as Google did when it sustained a major attack late last year.

"Information Dominance & Information Warriors"
The Charge of the Media Brigade
By John Pilger
The Associated Press says the Pentagon spends $4.7 billion on public relations ...winning the hearts and minds not of recalcitrant Afghan tribesmen but of Americans. This is known as “information dominance,” PR people are “information warriors.”
American imperial power flows through a media culture to which the word imperial is anathema. To broach it is heresy...“wars of perception,” wrote the present commander, Gen. David Petraeus, in which the media popularizes the terms and conditions. “Narrative” is the accredited word because it is post-modern and bereft of context and truth. The narrative of Iraq is that the war is won, and the narrative of Afghanistan is that it is a “good war.” That neither is true is beside the point. They promote a “grand narrative” of a constant threat and the need for permanent war. “We are living in a world of cascading and intertwined threats,” wrote the celebrated New York Times columnist Thomas Friedman, “that have the potential to turn our country upside down at any moment.”Friedman supports an attack on Iran, whose independence is intolerable. This is the psychopathic vanity of great power Martin Luther King described as “the greatest purveyor of violence in the world.” He was then shot dead. The psychopathic is applauded across popular, corporate culture, from the TV death watch of a man choosing a firing squad over lethal injection to the Oscar winning Hurt Locker and a new acclaimed war documentary Restrepo. Directors of both films deny and dignify the violence of invasion as “apolitical.” And yet behind the cartoon facade is serious purpose. The U.S. is engaged militarily in 75 countries. There are some 900 U.S. military bases across the world, many at the gateways to the sources of fossil fuels... Little has changed. In America, in 1939, W.H. Auden wrote:

“As the clever hopes expire
Of a low dishonest decade:
Waves of anger and fear
Circulate over the bright
And darkened lands of the earth,
Obsessing our private lives […]
Out of the mirror they stare,
Imperialism’s face
And the international wrong.