6/9 The Angola 3-Unrepentant Black Revolutionaries & U.S. Communication War, part 1

Power in defense of freedom is greater than power on behalf of tyranny and oppression
...a nation born in genocide when it embraced the doctrine that the original American, the Indian, was an inferior race. Even before there were large numbers of Negroes on our shore, the scar of our racial hatred had already disfigured colonial society. From the sixteenth century forward, blood flowed in battles over racial supremacy. We are perhaps the only nation which tried as a matter of national policy to wipe out its indigenous population. Moreover, we elevated that tragic experience into a noble crusade. Indeed, even today we have not permitted ourselves to reject or feel remorse for this shameful episode. Our literature, our films, our drama, our folklore all exalt it. Our children are still taught to respect the violence which reduced a red-skinned people of an earlier culture into a few fragmented groups herded into impoverished reservations...
... I believe in anger. I believe it is a crime for anyone who is being brutalized to continue to accept that brutality without doing something to defend himself. I am for violence if non-violence means that we continue postponing or even delaying a solution to the American black man’s problem. White man hates to hear anybody, especially a black man, talk about the crime that the white man perpetrated on the black man. But let me remind you that when the white man came into this country, he certainly wasn’t demonstrating non-violence.
Sitting at the table doesn't make you a diner, unless you eat some of what's on that plate. Being here in America doesn't make you an American. Being born here in America doesn't make you an American. Time is on the side of the oppressed today, it's against the oppressor. Truth is on the side of the oppressed today, it's against the oppressor...
Malcolm X (1925 - 1965), Autobiography of Malcolm X chap 4

"Bobby Kennedy recently made me the soul-stirring promise that one day – thirty years, if I’m lucky – I can be President too. It never entered this boy’s mind, I suppose – it has not entered the country’s mind yet – that perhaps I wouldn’t want to be. And in any case, what really exercises my mind is not this hypothetical day on which some other Negro “first” will become the first Negro President. What I am really curious about is just what kind of country he’ll be President of.
James Baldwin, Cross of Redemption, “Nationalism, Colonialism, and the United States...” 1961 speech to the Liberation Committee for Africa

digest commentary
North amerika's class-based capitalist system, is historically and inseparably intersected by 'race' (a social-political construct with no scientific biological basis). Since the invasion and occupation by european colonialist settlers, amerika's 'manifest destiny', constructed on genocide and slavery, has fostered the fascist myth of white supremacy to 'justify' racist state terror, genocide, slavery, hyper-exploitation oppression and wars of conquest.
In amerika, and throughout its blood-soaked empire, the slavemasters make 'preemptive' preparations for what they fear most: revolution -urban guerilla warfare -- in their 'planet of slums'. As the survival of world enemy #1, depends on ever more global destruction to seduce 'partners' and defeat rivals and potential revolutions - including the 'homeland slums' The selection of a Black president reveals the strategic vulnerability and fears of this ruling class, not a 'change' in its agenda for global domination - at literally any cost.
The 'bottom'-feeding predators are gambling they can use 'race' from both 'top' and 'bottom', as both carrot and stick, to pacify and unify the most brutally oppressed under the amerikan flag to advance the u.s. agenda. The ruling gangsters know better at this point than we do that those on whom its bloody empire is most dependent will play the pivotal role in leading the overthrow of its barbaric tyranny. Preventing the rise of political leadership based on political consciousness is their only hope. A Black face on a fascist agenda, Obama is their hope, not ours.

'Our' enemy knows its enemies. We need to know ours. Obama's speechwriter's emphasis on ending 'isms' and 'stale ideologies' was directed against the revolutionary minded: especially against what the u.s. fears most: revolutionary Black leadership informed by revolutionary nationalism and marxism, that, broke through deep class - race divisions, bringing this country to the brink of revolution. From chattel slavery until today, socialist revolutionary leadership has always been the greatest threat to the dictatorship of capital. The Black Liberation movement of the '60's'-early 70's was as close as this country ever came to revolution. The Black Panther Party's young leaders, built on the legacy of great revolutionary forefathers like Malcolm X, Mao, Lenin and Marx, understood that consciousness not only reflects material reality, but becomes a material force when organized into action.
The BPP taught millions how class and race functioned at the 'top' with class-race privilege, and at the 'bottom' with class-race oppression. It trained, organized, and far beyond its own numbers influenced millions.
The Black Power movement brought genuine possibilities and hope to the oppressed everywhere that world 'people power' could destroy and replace this monstrous imperialist destroyer. U.S. rulers feared the game was over. The FBI COINTELPRO massacred over 30 young BPP leaders, spreading filthy lies and tricks, infiltrating the party with hundreds of agents and drugs to wreck from within and destroy the BPP leadership that had proliferated into Brown, Red and white revolutionary groups across the country. 'Black Consciousness' leadership was murdered by 'hard power' warfare, plus 'soft power' political-cultural and psychological warfare: 'cultural Black nationalism', fascist 'entertainment' promoting Blacks as 'hos, pimps' and 'gangstas', not revolutionaries, 'diversity training', 'multicuturalism' and 'moderate' Black preachers with the age-old 'turn the other cheek' message in hip drag. Amerika began putting a few 'Black faces in high places'. As the BPP taught, on every corner of every ghetto, preachers, pushers and poverty pimps to numb and cool things out - until the next police murder aka 'justifiable homicide - then 'moderate' 'Black leadership' like Jesse Rainbow Jackson (see below) push front and center.

Surges of revolutionary nationalist anti-u.s. imperialist struggles burned through the 60-70's across the 'third world' -- and in amerika. Killers like Kissinger and Brzezinski (see Brzezinski's "Black Africa & the Black U.S. Movement: below) -- went back to the drawing boards with their fellow imperialist architects and strategists, with the same arrogant ignorance, convinced a few bloodsuckers could forever hold back the 'sands of time' and billions of people.

National oppression is not a partisan 'policy', it is the foundational lynchpin of amerikan capitalism built on the backs and blood of the indigenous peoples and Black slaves, 'globalized' to conquer the world. Finance capitalist gangsters preside over global genocide called 'liberation, freedom, aid, democracy' today - wrapped in think-tank generated Information warfare, 'strategic communication', aka propaganda called 'news'. Institutionalized national oppression is central to amerikan fascism worldwide and in the 'homeland' where 'homegrown terrorism' is the latest pretext. Massive genocidal waves like Katrina are 'natural disasters' in strategic information' war speak. The world watches, knows and resists u.s. 'liberation' exported and enforced by state terrorism. So must we.

Black genocide takes many forms today, among the worst is the prison system that began as, and is still, a continuation of slavery,

Why don't most people, maybe including you, know the story of 'The Angola 3', Albert Woodfox, Herman Wallace and Robert King (2 since King's wrongful conviction was overturned) but all 3 are still powerful, brave truth-telling Black revolutionaries we need to hear and heed. You'll hear their story below in their own voices, then some genuine supporters (and addresses to write Woodfox and Wallace), links to another revolutionary political prisoner on death row nearly 3 decades, Mumia Abu Jamal.

Following soon, part 2 is a brief, probably shocking, overview of the US 'Information war' under CYBERCOM. The 'war on the net', ever-expanding post-911, to give the state control of internet use/users, content and distribution, is related to how/why thousands of prisoners suffer torture and terror without our knowing about it and intrinsically related also to every crevice and corner of our lives and world that we are told non-stop lies about to overwhelm and disempower us in ignorance and fear, unable to think and act as human change-agents against an unprecedentedly cruel, corrupt and destructive political-economic system.

You may hear about the Angola 3 now, because after 40 years of silence the NGO Amnesty International [AI], suddenly popped up to exploit the story- not to expose the systemically racist justice system essential to capitalist 'security', but to subvert radical opposition and rekindle faith in 'reforming' capitalist injustice. Saving the system is their job.
Also to boost AI's own shrinking creds as 'human rights/democracy' activists. Silent complicity with US crimes has cost much NGO credibility. As does the fact that major capitalist media increasingly use these NGO agents twitters, etc. as 'new' sources to promote the US agenda on every continent. Social-media 'news' and Google search to make the 'news' prominent: for ex: 95% of 'Angola 3' searches yesterday were Amnesty Int'l.'s own report. Google's is a major state partner in the Cyberwar as will be seen in part 2 to follow.

AI and Human Rights Watch (HRW) are among the most recognized NGO partners in US soft power operations, led by multi-billionaire 'philanthropist Hedge fund operator, George Soros (see earlier digest issues). The Soros Foundation and Institute, with countless, labyrinthian sub-divisions, is a massive US soft power global lynchpin designed in myriad ways to subvert millions from fighting against major war criminal US, recruiting and using millions of genuine justice-peace people under a left-liberal banner of 'human rights, democracy, freedom' to channel mass anger and action back into working within the system, not 'agin' it.
The Soros gang is the same US gang behind the 'color revolutions' to destabilize and foment pro-US post -soviet leadership in eastern europe, Now the same script is being played out in the US 'arab spring' preemptive counter-revolutions to gain an AFRICOM foothold in Africa and secure US surrogates in the Arab world. (see earlier digest issues).

So we're kept ignorant and misled, fed state disinformation and 360 degree lies called news 24/7, constantly under surveillance, our every word and action - theyre working on 'thought' to find potential 'terrorists', e.g. resistance - everything databased to preempt a new revolutionary movement.

But, and most important, is understanding it's a futile fascist wetdream, driven by weakness and fear: the neoliberal capitalism security state in all-out crisis fascist mode, Nothing new for Blacks, Indigenous nations or Latinos where the iron fist has always ruled.
But a general fascist mode is not ideal for the rulers since repression breeds resistance - driven, ironically by necessity due to increasing strategic weakness and vulnerability - and by stark fear of the oppressed, the vast majority in this world that the US is destroying in order to 'own' it. If people know the truth, know the reality beneath the propaganda rhetoric, they learn and exercise their vast potential power. US dominated global finance capital knows its greatest fear, and only ultimate downfall, are genuine revolutions - not state sponsored 'arab spring' counterrevolutions - around the world and here to uproot this neanderthal system. That's what the state-terrorist 'global war on terrorism' is all about.

Part 2 will be a short outline of the Cyberwar info. that underpins the other 4 war domains (land, sea, space and air) for full-spectrum global dominance war. The war on the net and all communications-information and psychological warfare (psyops), (keeping public intimidation and fear high breeds patriotic loyalty) is critical. (search SCROOGLE.ORG, a google database minus tracking searches, cookies, etc.) for more and see previous digest issues.) The 'war on the net' to eliminate the internet as we know and use it: Internet 2 architecture is already operative and full-on 'trusted, secure' computing is around the corner. We face serious challenges but what's the alternative?

Staying intimidated and silently complicit here in the 'homeland' strengthens world enemy #1 and prevents 'we the people' of the world from collectively using our historical experience and knowledge to discern friends and enemies, develop a vision, strategy and tactics to organize and materialize them, Just think about it: approximately 1% of humanity controls and exploits approximately 8 billion people, the earth, environment and space for their power and profit, own the means of production and destruction, natural and human resources, healthcare, education, communication, information ad infinitum: why accept this? Can't 8 billion of us do better? Many millions are giving their lives trying, while we sit by passively because modern history's most violent, extremist rulers tell us our real allies are 'extremists terrorists'? They make Goebbel look like a propaganda neophyte.

'Our' rulers know - and we must learn - who their enemies are, and plan and act accordingly: WE worldwide whose lives, lands and aspirations they bleed to death, are the enemy, 'suspected terrorists' that neoliberal capitalism must secure itself from in order to secure its global 'full spectrum dominance' because they understand where the potential to stop their fascist crusade lies, we are ever-more threatening targets: as a white 'american dream' of upward mobility, our paper 'rights' disappear along with basic social services like education and healthcare stripped to bare bone, millions living in hopeless despair and poverty, jobless, hungry, wrecked lives and futures. The ruling class war on the working class will escalate so the rulers have a powerless, broken working class, and spend more trillions on bloodsucking finance capital & unjustified aggression - so-called'wars', under the pretext of 'al qaeda', 'homegrown terrorism' for 'national security' - meaning US imperialist security, democracy and freedom to wipe out resistance & rivals, install more 'cooperative' proxy governments to support 'US interests'. These are in NOT OUR interests.

Most importantly, realize the ruling class is not acting out of strength but out of strategic weakness and vulnerability. Read its think-tank experts to see how desperate and unable they are to accomplish any of their barbaric 'missions' because anti-invader-occupier resistance forces are beating their asses - which of course they try to cover by blaming 'al qaeda' and declaring 'significant gains' as the resurgence of just violence to drive the predators out rises. The propagandists apparently presume we are too dumb and pacified to put the shoe on the other foot and ask what american patriots would do if the usa was invaded and taken over because the US wouldn't cleanup up its act. Some non-patriots however might see an opportunity, make common cause with the intruders and forge an anti-imperialist force. Imperialism cannot defeat nationalist movements - but they must keep trying so long as the the system lives because if capitalism doesn't expand, it dies.

Despite knowing its real enemy, the nature of capital forces it to go on doing what it has to - which as Marx explained, must ultimately produces its own gravediggers. We better believe it... do whatever it takes to communicate, expose US lies and crimes and organize in the real world - the revolution will not be state-manipulated- social media controlled!

Part 2 will be a condensed survey of the national security state Information War.

How prisons are an extension of Black slavery in USA
Slavery in US Prisons--Interview with Robert King ... "24 Jan 2010 ... King was framed for a 1973 murder of another prisoner, and spent 29 years in solitary... This new video released by Angola 3 News is the third part ..."

"We are fighting for the people to understand that we were framed for a murder that we are totally, completely, and actually innocent of.”
—Herman Wallace
“I thought my cause, then and now, was noble. They might bend me a little bit, they may cause me a lot of pain, they may even take my life, but they will never be able to break me.”
—Albert Woodfox
“Everything legal is not moral; Legality and Morality are not friends..."
—Robert Hillary King

A Poem for Prisoners
By Herman Wallace
When my eyes are filled with tears, I become blind.
When my emotions overcome my consciousness, my vision becomes distorted.
When my knowledge is limited to my experience, I remain a slave.
Pluck up your courage and dignity and dedicate your life, in this life, for a better humanity.

photo Herman Wallace, Albert Woodfox and a freed Robert King

Written Transcript for “Message to Black Panther Alumni”
This is Herman Wallace along with Albert Woodfox, out of solitary confinement here at Angola State Penitentiary at Angola, Louisiana. Greetings comrades and fellow Panther alumni. The Angola 3 reaches out to you, from the belly of the beast. Our fellow Panther alumni recognize the merit of our actions, not our situation. It is not that we have been held captive for over 35 years in prison or that this is important. What is important is that we continue to hold high the principles of the Black Panther Party. Time has changed our bodies but not our resolve nor has it taken our strength. Grey Hairs adorn our heads but each grain is buried and cultivated by wisdom born of life’s disparities. Our souls are battered and bruised but we remain defiant. We lost family members, friends and comrades but our spirits still soar. We, like all of you, at some time in our lives made a conscious decision to become social revolutionaries. Our humanity would not allow us to close our eyes to the horrors waged against the poor, the homeless, the sick, the workers and the artists of this country in the name of the great lie of American Democracy. On with the platform and the philosophy of the Black Panther Party for Self-Defense, we not only shook the world but we changed America forever. For the Angola 3 the Black Panther Party platform and philosophy has proven to be many things: It has been a shield that has protected us, a weapon used to strike fear into the hearts of the people’s enemy and it has been a door, as a symbol of peace and unity among the people. As you hear these words, we ask that you search deep within yourselves the feel the spirit of our fallen comrades and continue the Panther Creed. You possess the shovel, the dirt and the power to eventually bury the capitalist mode of production. Realize that no matter how long it has been or how much time has changed you, you are still Black Panthers.

Written transcript Robert King Rally Speech: note: This is comprised of the above message and the following additonal text.
This is an opportunity to once again reaffirm your place in the battle against the enemy of the people. All it takes are choices made by all of you here today. In closing Albert and I ask that you listen to the words of our beloved comrade and friend, Robert King. King was freed by the support of the people along with his own fighting spirit after having served 29 years in solitary confinement. It is this kind of spirit that has allowed us to survive many, many years of darkness and despair. We salute all of you. Power to the People! Free all political prisoners!! Herman Wallace and Albert Woodfox

Written transcript of Herman Wallace's 8-1-07 update:
All Power to the People. I’m Herman Wallace talking to you from solitary confinement, here at the Louisiana State Penitentiary at Angola. On February the 8th, 2001, the whole world witnessed how the Louisiana Judiciary treats political prisoners. Robert King was innocent of murder and all the present facts are proof of his innocence. Still, fearing a lawsuit against them, the state government offered him a deal that presented no choice. They said, “Plead guilty to a lesser offense and walk free or chance a new trial and face a life sentence.” When King returned from the court that day, he was placed down the hall. Well, King and I were on the same unit at the time and he came to my cell and he explained the situation that the District Attorney put before him. Albert, King and myself… we always fought together. King told me that he and his lawyer, his name was Christopher Abler, had put up a good fight and come close to his freedom. I asked him what he was talking about and he explained that if he had accepted the deal it would have cast a shadow of doubt on his innocence. He said he was turning down the offer because it opposed the principles we had held throughout our long years of solitary confinement.

Now, I understood his position and I also understood the state’s strategy and King and I discussed the matter a whole lot further than what I’m talking about right now. This was not a decision King could make on his own, as being a member of the Angola 3, that’s a life-time commitment for all three of us. Our objective is freedom and to achieve it we must take it one step at a time. We decided to put the matter to a vote, that was between King and I because we had somewhat of a difference of opinion about the matter and so we sent a note to Albert and Zulu, they were on different units and Zulu is another comrade of ours, you’ll probably read more about him on the MySpace site that we have set up right now. At any rate, a note came back with three words, “Go Home, Moja.” Reluctantly, he did just that.

He is a soldier with a cause and though he says owes much to the Angola 3, many of you out there know that it is the Angola 3 that really owes him. All of you have read and learned the facts of this case, born out of a government conspiracy to execute Albert and I in April of 1972. Had it not been for the US Supreme Court ruling in Fermer v Georgia, the death penalty at that time was unconstitutional. Had it not been for that case, we would be [a] stinking corpse today. Since that time, with your support, we have managed to embarrass the government and the Louisiana Judiciary, as we have uncovered volumes of exculpatory evidence and some real prove regarding the actual killer of the murdered prison guard. A close look at the newly discovered facts, indicate clearly that the state did, in fact, know who the killer was. But they used the guard’s murder to frame Albert and I because of our challenge to their corrupt system. The conspiracy was not limited to the Department of Corrections officials, not those only in high places. It crept through the 20th judicial district court in St. Francis there, to the 19th judicial district court in Baton Rouge and it expanded, all the way to the criminal judicial court in New Orleans, all because they illegally gave rewards to prisoners for helping the state frame Albert and I.

We’ve acquired several affidavits from the state’s witnesses, recanting their testimony in ’73 and ’74 and for the first time admitting that they lied and that they were offered deals for all the lies they told. Michael Irving, the sitting judge in my case, had been holding on to this evidence for the past 17 years, refusing to properly rule. On June 10th, 2004, our attorney’s filed a writ of enforcement with the court and so this totally infuriated the judge. It infuriated him to the point that he denied my post-conviction without even responding to any of the new evidence or affidavits that were filed. For those of you who have been closely following this case, you know on November the 7th, 2006, the Court’s commissioner recommended that my conviction be overturned. From that date, pursuant with Louisiana revised statute 137207, Judge Irving had 30 days, only 30 days to rule. The man is 7 months and 3 weeks overdue, overdue for ruling which could illustrate the personal negative interest this judge has in my case.

I’m not on my knees asking for favors. I’m on my feet, with eyes locked and demanding justice. Free Mumia! Free Move 9! Free Marilyn Buck! Free Leonard Peltier and free all political prisoners!! And still defiant… Herman Wallace and Albert Woodfox

Slavery in US Prisons--Interview with Robert King ...
"24 Jan 2010 ... King was framed for a 1973 murder of another prisoner, and spent 29 ... This new video released by Angola 3 News is the third part of an ..."

Angola 3 links http://www.angola3.org/
DVD "Angola3: Black Panthers and the Last Slave Plantation" http://3blackpanthers.org

"...still trying to practice Black Pantherism..."
Despite Legal Win, Inmate Back In Solitary
12/17/08 http://www.npr.org/templates/story/story.php?storyId=98397302
3 Black men, falsely accused of a murder, in solitary torture for 40 years for "still trying to practice Black Pantherism"
May 17, 2011, http://solitarywatch.com/2011/05/17/angola-3-mark-39-years-in-solitary-c...
Herman Wallace and Albert Woodfox have entered their 40th year in solitary confinement in the Louisiana prison system. A series of events in New Orleans last month marked the 39th “anniversary” of their placement in solitary, following the murder of Angola prison guard Brent Miller–for which Wallace and Woodfox were later convicted on highly *dubious evidence. The third member of the Angola 3, Robert King, was convicted of a separate prison murder, and released after 29 years in solitary when his conviction was overturned. King was among the 39 people who paid homage to Wallace and Woodfox’s four-decade ordeal spending one hour inside a 6 x 9-foot cell replica ...at the headquarters of the organization Resurrection After Exoneration in New Orleans. Other events included the screening of the film In the Land of the Free, in which Brent Miller’s widow, Teenie Vernet, says: “If they did not do it–and I believe they didn’t–they have been living a nightmare.” ...originally targeted because they were Black Panthers, organizing against conditions at Angola... in solitary for the same reason. In a 2008 deposition, Angola Warden Burl Cain [ Cain's role in 'Katrina' below] said Woodfox “wants to demonstrate. He wants to organize. He wants to be defiant…He is still trying to practice Black Pantherism, and I still would not want him walking around my prison because he would organize young new inmates and I would have the blacks chasing after them.”
Wallace and Woodfox were recently separated and moved to other super-max security prisons. Wallace is now in the Hunt Correctional Center... Both remain in “Closed Cell Restricted” housing, or round-the-clock solitary confinement, with brief excursions for showers and solitary exercise in a “dog pen.” Woodfox is now in his mid-60s, and Wallace is nearing 70. Both depend upon mail to relieve their isolation; they can be reached at the following addresses:

Herman Wallace #7675 Elayn Hunt Correctional Center CCR – D – #11 PO Box 174, St Gabriel, LA 70776
Albert Woodfox #72148 David Wade Correctional Center, N1A 670 Bell Hill Rd., Homer, LA 71040

This is another example of the systems fear of those that speak out. I am just now beginning to discover the origins of that fear even thou the events which instilled this fear took place at least partly while I was incarcerated. I sat in a four man cell not much larger than the one depicted while confined in Baton Rouge’s segregated Parrish Jail in 1969-1970 and listened to older convicts describe the abuses they received in the southern prison farms such as Angola, Parchman (MS), and Sugarland (TX)...inmates beaten by a five inch wide heavy straps while tied naked to a slab of concrete, isolation units exposed to extreme temperatures, long hours tolling on the plantations in the heat and humidity along with snakes while fighting off swarms of mosquitoes...These inmates claimed the guards saw...the roots of insurrection and defiance in their minds coming from organizations like the BPP.... Alan CYA#65085 May 17, 2011

*dubious evidence
... On Tuesday, Nick Trenticosta, who is one of Woodfox's lawyers, will have 20 minutes to convince the 5th Circuit Court of Appeals to uphold the decision of a district court judge in Baton Rouge, who last July overturned Woodfox's conviction for the 1972 murder of an Angola prison guard. The murder, for which Wallace was also charged, occurred while Woodfox was already serving a sentence for armed robbery. Trenticosta, a longtime Louisiana death penalty attorney who heads the New Orleans-based Center for Equal Justice, will argue that his client received inadequate representation from his court-appointed attorneys when he was retried in 1998, as well as during his original trial in 1973. Better lawyers, he'll argue, would have shown that Woodfox's conviction was quite literally bought by the state, which based its case on jailhouse informants who were rewarded for their testimony. The primary eyewitness to the murder received special privileges and the promise of a pardon. One of the corroborating witnesses was legally blind, while another was on the anti-psychotic drug Thorazine; both were subsequently granted furloughs.
Woodfox's lawyers will also make the case that the state failed to provide his previous defense attorneys with crucial information about the witnesses—ensuring that they were unable to cross-examine them effectively—and lost physical evidence, which was inconclusive at best, and possibly favorable to the defendant. (A spokeswoman for the Louisiana State Penitentiary said the prison, as a matter of policy, would not comment on an ongoing case.)
Depending on how the appeals court decides, Woodfox may get a chance at another trial, where this time he'll be represented by a team of highly skilled lawyers. If given that opportunity, Trenticosta told Mother Jones in a recent interview, he and his colleagues will go beyond just refuting the evidence that led to their client's conviction. They intend to reveal the identities of the real murderers of prison guard Brent Miller, who, Trenticosta says, are now dead. He says his team has "numerous witnesses who saw" the murder and others "who have good information." (Asked for the names of the witnesses and others with specific knowledge of the murder, Trenticosta said he would reveal their identities only if there is another trial.) Of Woodfox and Wallace, Trenticosta says, "They were targeted. They were set up." The lawyer believes the state of Louisiana is determined to prevent Woodfox from being retried in order to "cover up a coverup."
The state's case against overturning Woodfox's conviction will be argued by Kyle Duncan, a University of Mississippi law school professor who is an admirer of the jurisprudence of Supreme Court Justice Antonin Scalia. He will likely take the usual position in these types of cases, arguing that Woodfox's previous defense attorneys, despite what Trenticosta might say, had every opportunity to cross-examine the witnesses, so no new trial is warranted. But Duncan is little more than a mouthpiece; the force behind the state's appeal is Louisiana attorney general James "Buddy" Caldwell Jr. The former prosecutor, who moonlights as an Elvis impersonator, is a politically ambitious Democrat. Since his election in 2007, Caldwell has fought efforts by Woodfox and Wallace to overturn their convictions. After Woodfox's conviction was overturned last year, Caldwell declared, "We will appeal this decision to the 5th Circuit. If the ruling is upheld there I will not stop and we will take this case as high as we have to. I will retry this case myself…I oppose letting him out with every fiber of my being because this is a very dangerous man."
Caldwell shares this position with Angola's warden, Burl Cain, a devout Baptist who has a reputation for proselytizing to the inmates under his watch. Cain, who likened the Black Panthers to the KKK, said ...Woodfox is "locked in time with that Black Panther revolutionary actions they were doing back when…And from that, there's been no rehabilitation."
After a three-judge appellate panel hears arguments March 3, it will be at least six weeks, and possibly months, before it rules on the appeal. If it concurs with the district court's decision, Woodfox will be retried or released. If it overrules the lower court, his conviction will remain in place, and his defense team will have to go back to the drawing board.

Black Agenda Report "In many cases, prisoners are held in solitary confinement for minor infractions...where we fight to maintain our sanity ... Yesterday the ACLU sent a letter to the Defense Secretary Gates...Troy Anderson has spent 23 of his 40 years on earth behind bars ..."

Stop the Legal Lynching of Mumia Abu-Jamal!
66K GIF of Mumia
Mumia Abu-Jamal, an African-American journalist on death row in Pennsylvania, was sentenced to death in 1982 as a result of a thoroughly rigged trial in which he was convicted of killing a Philadelphia policeman. The prosecution demanded the death sentence on the basis of Abu-Jamal's revolutionary political beliefs. A powerful movement has arisen demanding justice for Mumia. From the U.S. to Germany, Italy, France, and England, to South Africa, Brazil, India, and Mexico, tens of thousands of people have protested Mumia's unjust conviction and demanded his freedom.
The state of Pennsylvania set an execution date twice for Mumia, in 1995 and again in 1999. Both times the execution was stopped by the actions of people here and around the world. The fight for Mumia has shown that the people must struggle to win justice. This is all the more true at this moment. Mumia is still on death row even though a federal judge set aside his death sentence in December 2001, he is still locked in a small cell 23 hours a day on death row at SCI Greene, while the District Attorney of Philadelphia appeals the first admission the state did anything wrong in Mumia's case in 20 years. The death sentence could be reinstated by another federal court or the state could hold another sentencing hearing and go for it again. It's our job to make sure this execution never happens....The time for protest is NOW!

Mumia Abu-Jamal's Radio Broadcasts
Mumia Abu-Jamal is an award-winning journalist on Pennsylvania’s death row for twenty-nine years. Writing from his solitary confinement cell his essays have reached a worldwide audience. His books "Live From Death Row", "Death Blossoms", "All Things Censored", “Faith of Our Fathers”, “We Want Freedom”, and the recently released “Jailhouse Lawyers” have sold hundreds of thousands of copies and been translated into nine languages. His 1982-murder trial and subsequent conviction have been the subject of great debate ... (ed: and militant struggle worldwide)

Sign up for PRISON RADIO'S Email Newsletter to receive updates including links to Mumi Abu-Jamals latest essays, upcoming events, and breaking news about Mumia's case

Cruel and usual: US solitary confinement
22 March 2011, http://en.islamstory.com/cruel-usual-us-solitary-confinement.html
The specter of Bradley Manning lying naked and alone in a tiny cell at the Quantico Marine Base, less than 50 miles from Washington, DC, conjures up images of an American Guantanamo or Abu Ghraib, where isolation and deprivation have been raised to the level of torture. In fact, the accused Wikileaker, now in his tenth month of solitary confinement, is far from alone in his plight. Every day in the US, tens of thousands of prisoners languish in "the hole".
A few of them are prison murderers or rapists... Far more have committed minor disciplinary infractions within prison or otherwise run afoul of corrections staff. Many of them suffer from mental illness, and are isolated for want of needed treatment; others are children, segregated for their own "protection"; a growing number are elderly and have spent half their lives or more in utter solitude. No one knows for sure what their true numbers are. Many states, as well as the federal government, flatly declare that solitary confinement does not exist in their prison systems. As for their euphemistically named "Secure Housing Units" or "Special Management Units", most states do not report occupancy data, nor do wardens report on the inmates sent to "administrative segregation".
By common estimate, more than 20,000 inmates are held in supermax prisons, which by definition isolate their prisoners. Perhaps 50,000 to 80,000 more are in solitary confinement on any given day in other prisons and local jails, many of them within sight of communities where Americans go about their everyday lives.
Over the past 30 years, their numbers have increased even faster than the US' explosive incarceration rate; between 1995 and 2000, the growth rate for prisoners housed in isolation was 40 per cent, as compared to 28 per cent for the prison population in general...prisoners can be thrown into the hole for rule violations that range from attacking a guard or a fellow inmate to having banned reading materials or too many postage stamps.
In doling out months or years in solitary, the warden and prison staff usually serve as prosecutor, judge and jury, and unsurprisingly often abuse that power. The cases are shocking and they abound. Isolating the mentally ill.At the all-solitary Colorado State Penitentiary..By Colorado's own estimate, 37 per cent of the prisoners in its isolation units are mentally ill...
Prisoner Michelle Ortiz was first admonished, then shackled and sent to solitary confinement as punishment for reporting her molestation and subsequent rape by a male guard at the Ohio Reformatory for Women. As the Columbus Dispatch reported: "When Ortiz reported the first assault to prison official Paula Jordan, the official told the inmate the male guard was being transferred from the facility and was 'just a dirty old man'. That same evening, the male guard assaulted her again." She was sent to solitary so that she could not tell other prisoners what had happened to her. Victims of prison rape, like children, are often isolated "for their own protection", or given a choice between solitary confinement and continued sexual assault....

"Deacons for Defense", (excellent DVD by that name) was formed to survive KKK attacks in rural central Louisiana in 1964. After murderous terror, futile non-violent resistance and deep soul-searching, they concluded their responsibility for the survival of the parish, the community and themselves required armed self-defense. The Deacons for Defense were an inspiration to the Black Panthers and many others. They went on to form twenty-one chapters in rural Louisiana, Mississippi, and Alabama. Today they are an urgently needed model and a fighting legacy to uphold!

genocide scientifically calculated years before the storm...
"Hurricaine Katrina" Exercise
July 2004
"Hurricane Pam" Projected by 2004 Studies and computer exercises were "anticipated" and not made public
Massively attended by all govt. levels it projected detailed results of a hurricane, especially the deadly impact on low-lying, poor, predominantly Black working class areas...
both a planning workshop and a scenario-based exercise...
The 300+ workshop participants at the Hurricane Pam workshop July 2004 were provided with a catastrophic hurricane scenario, a set of consequences that would result from that, and assumptions designed to stress the emergency management system and force thinking on critical planning topics...a copy of Louisiana’s Emergency Operations Plan, 12 parish emergency operations plans, the City of New Orleans’ Comprehensive Emergency Management Plan, emergency plans and related documents from Louisiana Department of Transportation, Louisiana State Police, the US Army Corps of Engineers, FEMA Region VI....

The Hurricane Pam Exercise: Preparing for a Catastrophe
Statement before the Senate Homeland Security and Governmental Affairs Committee Madhu Beriwal, President and CEO, IEM
Chairman Collins, Senator Lieberman, and members of the committee
...Organizations like the Department of Homeland Security and Department of Defense routinely rely on our company to function as an independent evaluator of emergency planning strategies and tools. We are called upon to perform independent validation and verification for mission-critical systems and to conduct comparative analyses of various protective options, often in politically charged environments. ...Hurricane Pam IEM, with a team of subcontractors, competed for and received a FEMA contract for catastrophic planning for Southeast Louisiana and the New Madrid Seismic Zone on May 24, 2004. Because of the urgency associated with the project, IEM personnel met with FEMA Region VI officials and State officials from the Louisiana Office of Homeland Security and Emergency Preparedness (LOHSEP) within 18 hours after verbal notice of contract award.... In contrast to the traditional planning and exercise process, Hurricane Pam allowed both planners and operational personnel to collaborate in developing a plan based on a specific scenario. Hurricane Pam focused on developing plans for a specific catastrophic hurricane striking Louisiana. Thus, it was both a planning workshop and a scenario-based exercise.... The 300+ workshop participants at the Hurricane Pam workshop in July 2004 were provided with a catastrophic hurricane scenario, a set of consequences that would result from that scenario, and assumptions designed to stress the emergency management system and force thinking on critical planning topics. In addition, they received a copy of Louisiana’s Emergency Operations Plan, 12 parish emergency operations plans, the City of New Orleans’ Comprehensive Emergency Management Plan, and emergency plans and related documents from Louisiana Department of Transportation, Louisiana State Police, the US Army Corps of Engineers, and FEMA Region VI.
The IEM Team developed detailed consequence assessments for Hurricane Pam over a scant 53 days. Many of these consequences eerily echoed in Hurricane Katrina....
Table 1: Comparisons between projected consequences for Hurricane Pam and actual results produced by Katrina....

"principal federal official for Hurricane Katrina response"
9/11, Katrina, and the Future of Interagency Disaster Response
Admiral Thad W. Allen, Commandant, United States Coast Guard
Foreign Policy Studies, The Brookings Institution http://www.brookings.edu/comm/events/20070529.htm
A recent article on our guest speaker in U.S. News and World Report, "Always Ready for the Storm", says it all about Admiral Thad Allen... 23rd Commandant of the U.S. Coast Guard, [is] going to lead us today in a discussion of disaster response interagency operations....what the role is for the Coast Guard in the 21st century ... might involve issues of homeland defense, in other cases, disaster management, in other instances, immigration control or, in other cases, counter-narcotics operations.... Admiral Allen has first-hand experience with the challenges of interagency collaboration. In 2001, he led Coast Guard Atlantic Area operations response to the 9/11 attacks, and in 2005, was the principal federal official for Hurricane Katrina response...

Burl Cain, warden Angola Prison was rushed to the city...
National Guard fighting "the insurgency"...a combat operation to get this city under control"
The Secret History of Hurricane Katrina
8/31/09 by Sharon Philip for Mother Jones magazine
http://www.daily.pk/author/sharon-philip/ http://www.daily.pk/category/world/
There was nothing natural about the disaster that befell New Orleans in Katrina’s aftermath... What took place in this devastated American city was no less than a war, in which victims whose only crimes were poverty and blackness were treated as enemies of the state.

It started immediately after the storm and flood hit, civilian aid was scarce—but private security forces had boots on the ground...Blackwater (which has since redubbed itself Xe) under federal contract, a host of others answered to wealthy residents and businessmen who departed well before Katrina and needed help protecting their property... Blackwater set up HQ in downtown New Orleans. Armed as in Iraq, with automatic rifles, guns strapped to legs, and pockets overflowing with ammo, Blackwater contractors drove around in SUVs and unmarked cars with no license plates... “... ‘We’re on contract with the Department of Homeland Security...We can make arrests and use lethal force if we deem it necessary.’...Blackwater operators described their mission in New Orleans as “securing neighborhoods,” as if talking about Sadr City. When National Guard troops descended on the city, the Army Times described their role as fighting “the insurgency in the city.” Brigadier Gen. Gary Jones, who commanded the Louisiana National Guard’s Joint Task Force, told the paper, “This place is going to look like Little Somalia. We’re going to go out and take this city back. This will be a combat operation to get this city under control.” Ten days after the storm, the New York Times reported that although the city was calm with no signs of looting, “New Orleans has turned into an armed camp, patrolled by thousands of local, state, and federal law enforcement officers, as well as National Guard troops and active-duty soldiers.” The local police superintendent ordered all weapons, including legally registered firearms, confiscated from civilians.... didn’t “apply to hundreds of security guards hired by businesses and wealthy individuals to protect property…[who] openly carry M-16’s and other assault rifles.”...
Burl Cain, warden of the notorious Angola Prison... was rushed to the city to oversee construction of “Camp Greyhound” in the city’s bus terminal. According to the New Orleans Times-Picayune, the jail “was constructed by inmates from Angola and Dixon state prisons, outfitted with top-of-the-line recreational vehicles to live in, electrical power, courtesy of an Amtrak locomotive... computers to check suspects’ backgrounds and a mug shot station— with heights marked in black on the wall that serves as backdrop.”... martial law imposed in New Orleans after Katrina, the war.. spilled into the war on terror...a local Syrian immigrant stayed in New Orleans to protect his properties and ended up organizing makeshift relief efforts and rescuing people in a canoe...right up until he was arrested by a group of unidentified, heavily armed men in uniform, thrown into Camp Greyhound, and questioned as a suspected terrorist.... Zeitoun was among thousands doing “Katrina time”...complete suspension of all legal processes, no hearings, no courts... reports of residents firing at National Guard helicopters, of tourists being robbed and raped on Bourbon Street, and murderous rampages in the Superdome—all turned out to be false....

Racist Genocide in New Orleans Continues: "Like 911 But Add Water"
by liz burbank, posted at http://www.burbankdigest.com/node/309
[edited version that was originally published 9/3/05 "A Catastrophic Success": A Holocaust Shaped by Race]
Katrina was no accident, no surprise, no act of 'mother nature', the 'gods' , nor the result of 'bureaucratic incompetence' and 'poor communication'. The human and environmental and impact on New Orleans of a hurricane of this magnitude had been scientifically calculated. Rescue and recovery were deliberately withheld, working class Black people militarily imprisoned, forcibly dispersed and murdered by the armed state's violence.
National oppression and its ideological engine racism, are the lynchpin of u.s. capitalism, built and grown on genocide and slavery. Katrina is a major intensification of America's historical genocide, a premeditated physical and psychological attack on the Black Nation, part of a strategy to destroy its strength, pride, cultural cohesion that has led in revolutionary resistance against this system in its deepest crisis..
A renaissance of Black resistance and leadership, historically the leading edge of revolutionary resistance in the U.S., is what the postmodern slavemasters fear could derail or give rise to a movement here in the 'homeland', in solidarity with international resistance, that could defeat its global "new world order" agenda . Thus Katrina and the brutal aftermath was engineered to serve the capitalist agenda in two interrelated ways: by uprooting, dispersing and destroying the Black Nation, while simultaneously inflaming reliable american racism and support for the consolidation of a fascist mode of state capitalism -- under the pretext of "rescue, relief and recovery” from a "major casualty-producing event" called a “natural disaster.” [...] original article at http://lizburbankdigest.blogspot.com/2006/03/racist-genocide-in-new-orle...

"The Negro youth and moderate[s] must be made to understand that if they succumb to revolutionary teachings, they will be dead revolutionaries."
J. Edgar Hoover,FBI Chief, re:COINTELPRO against the Black Panther Party

"I need you to keep on believing. I need you to keep on hoping,"
Obama 10/22/10, University of Southern California stop on whirlwind five-state tour.

There were two kinds of Negroes. There was that old house Negro and the field Negro. And the house Negro always looked out for his master....
Malcolm X

Brzezinski, Obama adviser:
The Brzezinski policy memorandum below followed the FBI COINTELPRO which - despite destroying the ability of the Black national liberation movement, led by the Black Panther Party, to function after killing over 30 of its leaders in cold blood - failed to kill the revolutionary movement that terrified U.S. rulers as its influence spread far beyond the ghettos.
This Black strategy, systematically implemented, reached full-bloom with black house negro president Obama declaring the era of racism over, proved himself the trusted, secure executor of the ruling class global domination agenda, dependent on the elimination or cooptation of capitalist rivals and political resistance (aka "terrorism") by expanding GWOT further across the Arab world and into Africa, extending draconian state terror laws, while intensifying war against immigrants, Blacks, Latinos and the entire working class

Black Africa and the U.S. Black Movement
Zbigniew Brezinski

This Document is Exhibit 10 of U.S. Supreme Court Case No.00-9587
MARCH 17, 1978

Objective of our policy toward Black Africa is to prevent social upheavals which could radically change the political situation throughout the area. The success or failure of our policy in the region depends on the solution international
and internal issues whose importance of the United States is on the increase.


A multiplicity of interests influences the U.S. attitude toward black Africa. The most important of these interests can be summarized as follows:

If black African states assume attitudes hostile to the U.S. national interest, our policy toward the white regimes; which is a key element in our relations with the black states, may be subjected by the latter to great pressure for fundamental change. Thus the West may face a real danger of being deprived of access to the enormous raw material resources of southern Africa which are vital for our defense needs as well as losing control over the Cape sea routes by which approximately 65% of Middle Eastern oil is supplied to Western Europe.

Moreover, such a development may bring about internal political difficulties by intensifying the activity of the Black movement in the United States itself.

It should also be borne in mind that black Africa is an integral part of a continent where tribal and regional discord, economic backwardness, inadequate infrastructures, drought, and famine, are constant features of the scene. In conjunction with the artificial borders imposed by the former colonial powers, guerilla warfare in Rhodesia and widespread indignation against apartheid in South Africa, the above factors provide the communist states with ample opportunities for furthering their aims. This must necessarily redound to the detriment of U.S. political interests.

Black Africa is increasingly becoming an outlet for U.S. exports and investment. The mineral resources of the area continue to be of great value for the normal functioning of industry in the United States and allied countries. In 1977, U.S. direct investment in black Africa totaled about $1.8 billion and exports $2.2 billion. New prospect of substantial profits would continue to develop in the countries concerned.


Apart from the above-mentioned factors adverse to U.S. strategic interests, the nationalist liberation movement in black Africa can act as a catalyst with far reaching effects on the American black community by stimulating its organizational consolidation and by inducing radical actions. Such a result would be likely as Zaire went the way of Angola and Mozambique.

An occurrence of the events of *1967-68 would do grievous harm to U.S. prestige, especially in view of the concern of the present Administration with human rights issues. Moreover, the Administration would have to take specific steps to stabilize the situation. Such steps might be misunderstood both inside and outside the United States.

In order to prevent such a trend and protect U.S. national security interests, it would appear essential to elaborate and carry out effective countermeasures.
1. Possibility of Joint Action By U.S. Black and African Nationalist Movement.
In elaborating U.S. policy toward black Africa, due weight must be given to the fact that there are 25 millions American blacks whose roots are African and who consciously or subconsciously sympathies with African nationalism.
The living conditions of the black population should also be taken into account. Immense advances in the field are accompanied by a long-lasting high rate of unemployment, especially among the youth and by poverty and dissatisfaction with government social welfare standards.
These factors taken together may provide a basis for joint actions of a concrete nature by the African nationalist movement and the U.S. black community... renewal of the extremist national idea of establishing an "African Republic" on American soil. Finally, leftist radical elements of the Black community could resume extremist actions in the style of the defunct Black Panther Party. ...
Basically, actions would take the form of demonstrations and public protests, but the likelihood of violence cannot be excluded. There would also be attempts to coordinate their political activity both locally and in international organizations.

In the context of long-term strategy, the United States can not afford a radical change in the fundamentals of its African policy, which is designed for maximum protection of national security. In the present case, emphasis is laid on the importance of Black Africa for U.S. political, economic and military interests.

In weighing the range of U.S. interests in Black Africa, basic recommendations arranged without intent to imply priority are:
1. Specific steps should be taken with the help of appropriate government agencies to inhibit coordinated activity of the Black Movement in the United States.
2. Special clandestine operations should be launched by the CIA to generate mistrust and hostility in American and world opinion against joint activity of the two forces, and to cause division among Black African radical national groups and their leaders.
3. U.S. embassies to Black African countries specially interested in southern Africa must be highly circumspect in view of the activity of certain political circles and influential individuals opposing the objectives and methods of U.S. policy toward South Africa. It must be kept in mind that the failure of U.S. strategy in South Africa would adversely affect American standing throughout the world. In addition, this would mean a significant diminution of U.S. influence in Africa and the emergence of new difficulties in our internal situation due to worsening economic prospects.
4. The FBI should mount surveillance operations against Black African representatives and collect sensitive information on those, especially at the U.N., who oppose U.S. policy toward South Africa. The information should include facts on their links with the leaders of the Black movement in the United States, thus making possible at least partial neutralization of the adverse effects of their activity.


The concern for the future security of the United States makes necessary the range of policy options. Arranged without intent imply priority they are:
(a) to enlarge programs, within the framework of the present budget, for the improvement of the social and economic welfare of American Blacks in order to ensure continuing development of present trends in the Black movement;
(b) to elaborate and bring into effect a special program designed to perpetuate division in the Black movement and neutralize the most active groups of leftist radical organizations representing different social strata of the Black community: to encourage division in Black circles;
(c) to preserve the present climate which inhibits the emergence from within the Black leadership of a person capable of exerting nationwide appeal;
(d) to work out and realize preventive operations in order to impede durable ties between U.S Black organizations and radical groups in African states;
e) to support actions designed to sharpen social stratification in the Black community which would lead to the widening and perpetuation of the gap between successful educated Blacks and the poor, giving rise to growing antagonism between different Black groups and a weakening of the movement as a whole.
(f) to facilitate the greatest possible expansion of Black business by granting government contracts and loans with favorable terms to Black businessmen;
(g) to take every possible means through the AFL-CIO leaders to counteract the increasing influence of Black labor organizations which function in all major unions and in particular, the National Coalition of Black Trade Union and its leadership including the creation of real preference for adverse and hostile reaction among White trade unionists to demands for improvement of social and economic welfare of the Blacks;
(h) to support the nomination at federal and local levels of loyal Black public figures to elective offices, to government agencies and the Court.

truth most teachers don't know and kids won't get: abe didn't lie, american history propagandists do!

lincoln university namesake petition
...whereas Abraham Lincoln stated in Charleston, Illinois that "I am not now, nor ever have been in favor of bringing about in any way the social or political equality of the white and black races. I am not now nor ever have been in favor of making voters or jurors of Negroes, nor of qualifying them to hold office, nor of intermarriages with white people. There is a physical difference between the white and the black races which will forever forbid the two races living together on social or political equality. There must be a position of superior and inferior, and I am in favor of assigning the superior position to the white man.”

Lincoln on Slavery & Emancipation
We know that some Southern men do free their slaves, go North and become tip-top abolitionists, while some Northern Men go South and become most cruel masters.
When Southern people tell us that they are no more responsible for the origin of slavery than we are, I acknowledge the fact. When it is said the institution exists, and it is very difficult to get rid of in any satisfactory way, I can understand and appreciate the saying. I surely will not blame them for not doing what I should not know what to do as to the existing institution. My first impulse would possibly be to free all slaves and send them to Liberia to their own native land. But a moment's reflection would convince me that this would not be best for them. If they were all landed there in a day they would all perish in the next ten days, and there is not surplus money enough to carry them there in many times ten days. What then? Free them all and keep them among us as underlings. Is it quite certain that this would alter their conditions? Free them and make them politically and socially our equals? My own feelings will not admit of this, and if mine would, we well know that those of the great mass of whites will not. We cannot make them our equals. A system of gradual emancipation might well be adopted, and I will not undertake to judge our Southern friends for tardiness in this matter.
from Lincoln speeches at Peoria, Illinois

I acknowledge the constitutional rights of the States — not grudgingly, but fairly and fully, and I will give them any legislation for reclaiming their fugitive slaves.
The point the Republican party wanted to stress was to oppose making slave States out of the newly acquired territory, not abolishing slavery as it then existed.
from Lincoln speeches at Peoria, Illinois

I have no purpose directly or indirectly to interfere with the institution of slavery in the States where it exists. I believe I have no lawful right to do so, and I have no inclination to do so.
from Lincoln's Inaugural Address

Do the people of the South really entertain fear that a Republican administration would directly or indirectly interfere with their slaves, or with them about their slaves? If they do, I wish to assure you as once a friend, and still, I hope, not an enemy , that there is no cause for such fears. The South would be in no more danger in this respect than it was in the days of Washington.

Letter from Lincoln to A.H. Stephens
Public and Private Letters of Alexander Stephens, p. 150

My paramount object, is to save the Union, and not either destroy or save slavery. If I could save the Union without freeing the slaves, I would do it. If I could save the Union by freeing some and leaving others in slavery, I would do it. If I could save it by freeing all, I would do that. What I do about slavery and the colored race, I do because it helps save the Union.

Lincoln in a letter to Greeley

Mr. Wendell Phillips said Lincoln was badgered into issuing the emancipation proclamation, and after it was issued, Lincoln said it was the greatest folly of his life. President Lincoln in his Emancipation Proclamation evidently had in mind to colonize or segregate the slaves if freed:

"It is my purpose to colonize persons of African descent, with their consent, upon this continent or elsewhere, with the previously obtained consent of the government existing there."

He later said, in discussing the options of colonizing them with segregated areas of Texas, Mississippi and South Carolina:

"If we turn 200,000 armed Negroes in the South, among their former owners, from whom we have taken their arms, it will inevitably lead to a race war. It cannot be done. The Negroes must be gotten rid of."

Ben Butler responded by saying: "Why not send them to Panama to dig the canal?" Lincoln was delighted with this suggestion, and asked Butler to consult Seward at once. Only a few days later, John Wilkes Booth assassinated Lincoln and one of his conspirators wounded Seward.