4/30/12 May Day Warnings

(posted a day late - neither servers' could connect to the digest website)

“People who shut their eyes to reality simply invite their own destruction, and anyone who insists on remaining in a state of innocence long after that innocence is dead turns himself into a monster.”
James Baldwin, Biography

“It’s not a matter of what is true that counts but a matter of what is perceived to be true.”
Henry Kissinger


4/30/12 US officials claim terrorists might attack aircraft with bombs surgically ...
Reported by Brian Ross of ABC News ... authorities told ABC News today they fear al Qaeda may soon try ... Middle East has been substantially stepped up, with a focus on U.S. carriers. ... in the stomach area of the body for surgically implante

7/6/11 Implanted suicide bombs: Al Qaeda looks into surgically implanting ...
Al Qaeda operatives in Yemen recently discussed surgically implanting ... get past airport detectors and blow up a U.S.-bound passenger plane ...

Seattle mayor issues May Day warning
4/27/12The Seattle Mayor's office issued a statement warning about possible violence and property damage around Tuesday's planned May Day marches and protests. "We also have evidence people may be coming to Seattle on Tuesday with the intention of using the public demonstrations as an opportunity to commit violence, damage property and disrupt peaceful free speech activity". The annual May Day March for Immigrant & All Worker Rights will go from Judkins Park to downtown Seattle. Occupy Seattle is sponsoring a 'General Strike' and rallies at Westlake Park. (No mention of SCCC Walk-Out that join Anti-Capitalist march to Westlake for 5:30pm Anti-Border rally with March for Immigrant and Workers Rights arriving at 5pm.)

they are indeed political, serving the interests of the capitalist political-economic system by promoting engagement within it, not against it
Occupy and the Tea Party are not political groups
...Neither group is concerned with the system which produces the class power relationships, only how those relationships are managed. A political movement must challenge the capitalist power to transcend the realm of public policy and enter the political realm. While Occupy and the Tea Party positions both address effects of the ownership of wealth to a certain degree, neither is prepared to challenge the system by which wealth and ownership is decided... Thus neither approaches criticism of the political system: capitalism...
11/18/11 Occupy Memphis, tea party members meet - ..we all need to get together and reset our country.
12/8/11 Tea Party Meets Occupy Richmond to discuss common ground - YouTube
3/30/12 Occupy Atlanta, Tea Party Patriots Defeat SB 469
4/28/12 Occupy and Tea Party Members Meet in Minnesota

Federal agents begin protecting ‘Red Zone’ for NATO Summit next week
“Operation Red Zone" headed by the Federal Protective Service, is working with state, federal and local law enforcement in anticipation of the NATO Summit in Chicago on May 20 and 21...
there have been no specific threats to federal facilities nor “any credible threats related to terrorism by international terrorist organizations.”Employees were told to expect nonviolent demonstrations leading up to the summit, but that there was concern so-called “splinter groups” could be more unpredictable. There are at least two planned protests on May 18 and 20 that could draw more than 1,000 protesters. In the event of “civil disobedience” taking place, the feds will shut down access to the “Red Zone” temporarily, get the Federal Protective Service to restore order, then reopen the area.

You Are All Terror Suspects Now. What Are You Going To Do About It?
By John Pilger
April 30, 2012 "Information Clearing House " --- You are all potential terrorists. It matters not that you live in Britain, the United States, Australia or the Middle East. Citizenship is effectively abolished.  Turn on your computer and the US Department of Homeland Security's National Operations Center may monitor whether you are typing not merely "al-Qaeda", but "exercise", "drill", "wave", "initiative" and "organisation": all proscribed words. The British government's announcement that it intends to spy on every email and phone call is old hat. The satellite vacuum cleaner known as Echelon has been doing this for years. What has changed is that a state of permanent war has been launched by the United States and a police state is consuming western democracy.

What are you going to do about it?

In Britain, on instructions from the CIA, secret courts are to deal with "terror suspects". Habeas Corpus is dying. The European Court of Human Rights has ruled that five men, including three British citizens, can be extradited to the US even though none except one has been charged with a crime. All have been imprisoned for years under the 2003 US/UK Extradition Treaty which was signed one month after the criminal invasion of Iraq. The European Court had condemned the treaty as likely to lead to "cruel and unusual punishment".  One of the men, Babar Ahmad, was awarded 63,000 pounds compensation for 73 recorded injuries he sustained in the custody of the Metropolitan Police. Sexual abuse, the signature of fascism, was high on the list. Another man is a schizophrenic who has suffered a complete mental collapse and is in Broadmoor secure hospital; another is a suicide risk. To the Land of the Free, they go - along with young Richard O'Dwyer, who faces 10 years in shackles and an orange jump suit because he allegedly infringed US copyright on the internet. 

As the law is politicised and Americanised, these travesties are not untypical. In upholding the conviction of a London university student, Mohammed Gul, for disseminating "terrorism" on the internet, Appeal Court judges in London ruled that "acts... against the armed forces of a state anywhere in the world which sought to influence a government and were made for political purposes" were now crimes. Call to the dock Thomas Paine, Aung San Suu Kyi, Nelson Mandela.

What are you going to do about it? 

The prognosis is clear now: the malignancy that Norman Mailer called "pre fascist" has metastasized. The US attorney-general, Eric Holder, defends the "right" of his government to assassinate American citizens. Israel, the protege, is allowed to aim its nukes at nukeless Iran. In this looking glass world, the lying is panoramic. The massacre of 17 Afghan civilians on 11 March, including at least nine children and four women, is attributed to a "rogue" American soldier. The "authenticity" of this is vouched by President Obama himself, who had "seen a video" and regards it as "conclusive proof". An independent Afghan parliamentary investigation produces eyewitnesses who give detailed evidence of as many as 20 soldiers, aided by a helicopter, ravaging their villages, killing and raping: a standard, if marginally more murderous US special forces "night raid".

Take away the videogame technology of killing - America's contribution to modernity - and the behaviour is traditional. Immersed in comic-book righteousness, poorly or brutally trained, frequently racist, obese and led by a corrupt officer class, American forces transfer the homicide of home to faraway places whose impoverished struggles they cannot comprehend. A nation founded on the genocide of the native population never quite kicks the habit. Vietnam was "Indian country" and its "slits" and "gooks" were to be "blown away".

The blowing away of hundreds of mostly women and children in the Vietnamese village of My Lai in 1968 was also a "rogue" incident and, profanely, an "American tragedy" (the cover headline of Newsweek). Only one of 26 men prosecuted was convicted and he was let go by President Richard Nixon. My Lai is in Quang Ngai province where, as I learned as a reporter, an estimated 50,000 people were killed by American troops, mostly in what they called "free fire zones". This was the model of modern warfare: industrial murder.

Like Iraq and Libya, Afghanistan is a theme park for the beneficiaries of America's new permanent war: Nato, the armaments and hi-tech companies, the media and a "security" industry whose lucrative contamination is a contagion on everyday life. The conquest or "pacification" of territory is unimportant. What matters is the pacification of you, the cultivation of your indifference.

What are you going to do about it?

The descent into totalitarianism has landmarks. Any day now, the Supreme Court in London will decide whether the WikiLeaks editor, Julian Assange, is to be extradited to Sweden. Should this final appeal fail, the facilitator of truth-telling on an epic scale, who is charged with no crime, faces solitary confinement and interrogation on ludicrous sex allegations. Thanks to a secret deal between the US and Sweden, he can be "rendered" to the American gulag at any time. In his own country, Australia, prime minister Julia Gillard has conspired with those in Washington she calls her "true mates" to ensure her innocent fellow citizen is fitted for his orange jump suit just in case he should make it home. In February, her government wrote a "WikiLeaks Amendment" to the extradition treaty between Australia and the US that makes it easier for her "mates" to get their hands on him. She has even given them the power of approval over Freedom of Information searches - so that the world outside can be lied to, as is customary.

What are you going to do about it?


“"Today Americans would be outraged if U.N. troops entered Los Angeles to restore order; tomorrow they will be grateful! This is especially true if they were told there was an outside threat whether real or promulgated, that threatened our very existence. It is then all peoples of the world will pledge with world leaders to deliver them from this evil. When presented with this scenario, individual rights will be willingly relinquished for the guarantee of their well being granted to them by their world government."
Henry Kissinger, 5/21/1992, Bilderberger meeting, France

“I can think of no faster way to unite the American people behind George W. Bush than a terrorist attack on an American target overseas. And I believe George W. Bush will quickly unite the American people through his foreign policy.”
Henry Kissinger, on CNBC, Dec 13, 2000


editorial commentary:

'Left' and 'right' feign combat to combine and deceive, in the game of 'taking back america', the mythical 'constitutional peoples' democracy. Not only racist, revisionist garbage, it's a set up for another round on the endless electoral merry-go-round that secures our consent and loyalty to finance capitalism, a bipartisan economic-political system, united around the strategic necessity to maintain U.S. world supremacy, by any means necessary. The majority non-Anglo-American world knows, as should we, that the major enemy of the worlds' peoples and nations is the U.S. whose barbaric white supremacist history. Painted with patriotic, paralyzing myths of god's chosen -- this racist settler state grown fat on genocide, slavery, terror and war into imperialist [globalized] capitalism fools not those whose backs, blood and lives 'manifest destiny' fattens on still for global domination. This deadly finance capital dictatorship's crimes against humanity far surpass the crimes of openly fascist dictatorships, disguised in psychologically manipulative language and liberal democratic trappings for the class and "race" privileged, undisguised fascist terror for the majority of poor and oppressed peoples of color.

Capitalist class and race privilege, by degrading and criminalizing 'the other', deforms highly educated people into ignorant, self-satisfied people smugly submerged in mediocrity, violence and vulgarity, enthralled and indebted to their masters' dehumanizing voices of 'authority' keeeping them in line. Military, religious, pseudo-scientific', cultural, 'entertainment', the hollow 'lifestyle' lemmings, fools march as directed, heedlessly or deliberately racist,, cruel, mindless, ciphers without concern or curiosity for anything beyond the immediate gratification of state-programmed desires.
Liberals meticulously groomed and seduced by bourgeois white supremacist privileges that the ruling class can count on not to rock the ship of state, while bemoaning its 'excesses'. Silent complicity to the 'homeland's genocide against Black & brown oppressed peoples and nations worldwide.
North american ignorant arrogance would be laughable were it not so hideously, delibarately deceptive and deadly.
Patriotism, whether subdued (if you don't vote/support US, it's all your fault'; 'hate the wars but not our troops' type) or the red-neck-vulgar type liberals sneer at as they refuse to cut the electoral politics cord making them state partners. Enslaved and enslaving us from being truly alive, conscious agents of change, passionate about the world and our responsibility for it, thanking 'goodness' for the 'good fortune' of 'life styles' bred by exploitation and oppression.
What will it take to stand with the millions dying to resist it's terror, whose magnificent resistance our rulers declare 'terrorism'. by the predators, is defeating its fascist global terror war.
Serving this enemy of humanity is slavery, not freedom. Freedom is daring to identify with and resist our common enemy and take history into our collective hands to bury this horrific anachronism create a new system and future.

Severed from concrete class reality, democracy, like justice, peace, equality, etc., is an abstraction hiding the class nature and interests of capital and our subjection to its dictatorship, served by partisan guard-changing shell games. Political parties are guardians of the system they represent and serve.
Without a class perspective that reflects reality, we lack the ability to act in our own interests, shared with the vast majority of humanity, unable and unwilling to care, to distinguish oppressors from the oppressed, friends from enemies, truth from lies.
Acting for justice threatens our paltry and putrid privilege. Keeps us subject to captivating language, used as a WMD to make perception trump reality.. Critical thought that leads to courage and action is dangerous, not safe for mass public school education. Critical analysis, of authority, information, dispels the power of 24/7 demagogic abstractions, makes visible and tangible horrendous crimes 'justified' by lies: fascist state terror as 'national security'; resistance to imperialist democracy by invasion, occupation and liberation of whatever its empire needs as 'extremism'; massacring millions, destroying their lands and nations as 'peacekeeping, stability and development'. Here's how it works:

Anti-Americanism and the Rise of Civic Diplomacy
12/13/06 http://www.fpif.org/articles/anti-americanism_and_the_rise_of_civic_dipl...

...Anti-Americanism has clearly mushroomed over the last six years... intimately tied to the exercise of U.S. power and perceptions around the world of U.S. actions. To counter this anti-Americanism, the U.S. government has embarked on a largely clumsy effort at public diplomacy to convince the world of the benignity of U.S. aims and the universality of U.S. values. Structured like an advertising campaign, this effort has failed to sell the product. Even those who hitherto expressed brand loyalty toward the U.S. such as the denizens of “old Europe, have had second thoughts. Neither U.S. global policy nor the public diplomacy designed to mitigate its more noxious effects has arrested the steady decline in U.S. popularity in the world.
It's not too late to rescue public diplomacy. To do so, however, requires a fundamentally different approach. This new strategy must rely more on the ear than the mouth, more on “second track” rather than official diplomacy, and more on civic engagement than the actions of government representatives
Axis of Anti-Americanism
In September 2006, Venezuela's Hugo Chavez, Iran's Mahmoud Ahmadinejad, and Sudan's Omar Hassan Ahmed Bashir all earned headlines for their harsh and very personal commentary at the UN about all things American... Bush became El Diablo, head of the imperialist empire that bullies sovereign states....claiming to represent the people's will by calling out uber-sovereign Bush who terrorizes in his declared war on terror. Bush's 2002 State of the Union 'axis of evil' address has been replaced by a more expansive axis of anti-Americanism...the glue that holds together third world naysayers who have long opposed what the U.S. represents culturally, militarily, and economically.
This new axis running through the global South has gained legitimacy thanks to a steep decline in American credibility in the world. The Pew Global Attitudes Project which has been tracking global public opinion since 2001, indicates America's image in the world remains consistently negative, particularly as a result of the war in Iraq....
The most recent Pew poll from June 2006 indicates that... the U.S.-led war on terror remained a wedge issue not only in the Muslim majority countries but also among U.S. allies like Japan. Majority publics in 10 of the 14 countries surveyed said the Iraq War was responsible for making the world a more dangerous place. Abu Ghraib and Guantanamo received widespread public attention particularly in Western Europe and Japan...serving as indicators of America's declining commitment to the rule of law and human rights, making it all the more difficult for America to present itself as the great liberator in Iraq against all those “propaganda machines.”
Defining Anti-Americanism
Barry and Judith Colp Rubin, authors of Hating America: A History...make a distinction between opposition, which may be but is not always justified, and anti-Americanism, which they define as "illegitimate and extremist: ....The reason for this conclusion is simply that the United States is not a terrible or evil society, whatever its shortcomings. It does not seek world domination and its citizens do not take pleasure in deliberately injuring others..."
There are two problems with this analysis. First of all, it doesn't take into account all the Americans who have challenged U.S. policies...[it] also doesn't acknowledge real and malign effects of certain U.S. policies as well as attempts to maintain its unipolar power in the world....

Selling America Abroad
The Department of State remains the chief coordinator of open-sourced U.S. public diplomacy efforts to counter negative attitudes and opinions toward the United States generated by these wars. Most of their efforts are targeting Muslim majority countries of strategic importance to the much maligned war on terror. Since 2001, the State Department has increased funding by 25% to the Near East region, which includes Iran, Iraq, Syria, Lebanon, and Saudi Arabia. In the last two years alone funding to South Asia (India, Pakistan, and Afghanistan) has increased by 39%. These funding levels have not included matching public diplomacy staff levels. Among those staff, a quarter is language-deficient in the areas of concern.
The State Department, along with the Pentagon, the Agency for International Development, and the intelligence agencies are focused on countering global propaganda campaigns of Islamic extremism. In the last four years, the State Department initiated three major public diplomacy projects in the Arabic-speaking world. The media campaign “Share Values” ended after Charlotte Beers' departure in 2003. A youth-oriented magazine Hi was suspended in December 2005. And a series of youth-focused exchange programs also suffered cutbacks due to security concerns and visa problems. Since youth in the Muslim world still remain a primary target, funding for Al Hurra and Radio Sawa broadcasting efforts to the Middle East are continuing. President Bush's October 21, 2006 weekly radio address cited the Global Islamic Media Front“trying to influence public opinion here in the United States. They have a sophisticated propaganda strategy to divide America and break our will.”This public diplomacy campaign has been less than sure-footed. Consider the so-designated “Listening Tour” to the Middle East in September 2005 undertaken by public diplomacy czar, the former head of domestic campaign spin, Karen Hughes....

Truly Public Diplomacy
This advice to listen, rather than simply push a product, is central to salvaging the international reputation of the United States....
But listening is not enough. It is essential to move from the efforts of government officials to those of ordinary people, from the formal world of Track One diplomacy to Track Two diplomacy, in which non-governmental exchanges play a leading role. In September 1996, McDonald led a State Department seminar, “Public Diplomacy and Conflict Resolution: Linking Track One and Track Two Diplomacy.” The effort met with a resounding thud. Ten people attended the seminar. Only now is the U.S. government in general and the U.S. State Department in particular beginning to see the need to expand Track Two-style diplomatic efforts...
Finally, U.S. officials must be humble enough to admit mistakes. Alberto Fernandez, director of press and public diplomacy for Near Eastern Affairs, told the Arab-language network Al Jazeera in a 35-minute interview last October: “We tried to do our best [in Iraq] but I think there is much room for criticism because, undoubtedly, there was arrogance and there was stupidity from the United States in Iraq....Fernandez in short order had to backpedal and declare a mea culpa :"Upon reading the transcript … I realized I seriously misspoke by using the phrase ‘there has been arrogance and stupidity' by the United States in Iraq. This represents neither my views nor those of the State Department. I apologize." The State Department immediately blamed the error on poor translation, despite the Arabic-language fluency of its senior official.
A promising development was the State Department creation of a new journalism exchange program in spring of 2006. The Edward R. Murrow Journalism Program brought 100 foreign journalists to leading journalism schools, including the University of Southern California's Annenberg School for Communication. This program extended ties across multiple sectors, including public, private, and nongovernmental. Ideally the journalists will return to their home countries with a balanced, informed, and diversified impression of the United States.[...]

Public Diplomacy in Grand Strategy Foreign Policy Analysis (2006)
onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/j.1743-8594.2006.00025.x/abstract (brief excerpts)
"Public diplomacy’’ and ‘‘propaganda’’ are used interchangeably in this paper...the influence of the information revolution is not restricted to the developed world as evidenced in the resistance it meets from some non-democratic governments. Furthermore, one should not underestimate the exploitation of new technologies in third-world public diplomacy aimed at the developed world, especially at the US. All this should not obscure the continuing relevance of force (military power) to many interstate relations and increasingly terrorism which presents governments with a grand-strategic challenge: how to combine effectively soft and hard national means to obtain desired political outcomes...that especially in the current international system, depends on government’s ability to manage complicated balances and tradeoffs that inhere in the relationship between hard force and soft diplomacy... the traditional and time-honored concern of statecraft; ...however experience can be drawn from newer forms of force and communications, such as fighting terrorism in the age of global, real-time television and the Internet...

Internet engagement online public diplomacy
... the term “public diplomacy” was coined in 1965...the history of public diplomacy however goes back to the establishment of the US Information Agency (USIA) in 1953 to manage the world’s perception of the United States as a force for good...Modern public diplomacy has taken a new twist...recruiting members of the public, segments of civil society, to share your message indirectly...the battle ground today is online... social media is interactive...the audience is also the content producer, people do their own filtering, find their own sources, share with online friends and wider networks... larger expert online public diplomacy projects actively shape public opinion.

The USC Center on Public Diplomacy (CPD) was established in 2003 as a partnership between the Annenberg School for Communication and the School of International Relations at the University of Southern California. It is a research, analysis and professional training organization dedicated to furthering the study and practice of global public diplomacy.
....the concept of soft power coined by international relations scholar Joseph Nye has become a core concept in public diplomacy. Nye defines soft power as “the ability to get what you want through attraction rather than coercion or payments.” In other words, soft power is the degree to which a political actor’s cultural assets, political ideals and policies inspire respect or affinity on the part of others. Thus, soft power has come to be seen as a resource, with public diplomacy a mechanism that seeks to leverage soft power resources....
CPD sees public diplomacy emerging as a multi-disciplinary field with theoretical, conceptual and methodological links to several academic disciplines – communication, history, international relations, media studies, public relations, and regional studies, to name but a few.

CPD Media Monitors follow the development of critical public diplomacy stories in world media and feature news coverage on topical issues from a variety of international sources. The aggregated news stories are then analyzed in a Media Monitor Report examining their implications for public diplomacy.

June 24, 2007 - Present
This CPD Media Monitor tracks the public diplomacy mandate of the United States' newest military command in Africa, AFRICOM. Updated regularly, the Monitor provides a window into the local African as well as the global perspective on the subject.

January 14, 2011 - Present
The Arab Spring Media Monitor tracks public diplomacy related news coverage of the ongoing uprisings, protests, developments and crises in the Middle East and North Africa since the fall of the Tunisian and Egyptian governments in early 2011.

July 12, 2009 - Present
As part of the Center's research project on the topic, this CPD Media Monitor tracks coverage of China's Confucius Institutes around the world.

March 23, 2011
Faith Diplomacy, the use of religion to communicate with global publics and its incorporation into foreign policy, is an element of international engagement that cannot be dismissed. Mutual understanding is a key pillar of public diplomacy and religion is often the core of national identity. Post-9/11, and arguably even pre-9/11, religion finds itself at the core of some of the greatest diplomatic puzzles. It is therefore imperative that faith-based organizations and leaders are enlisted to help better engage foreign communities....and should involve engaging religious leaders in peace-keeping and peace-building efforts.

April 19, 2005
Pope John Paul II's reputation as a great global diplomat – working for peace and attempting to unite citizens of the world--did not end at his death, and followed the pope through his own funeral...reputed to be the largest in modern history, also became the diplomatic event of 2005.

Nov. 10, 2010
Public diplomacy legislation has enjoyed several successes during the past two years. Congress has passed legislation and established precedents for public diplomacy (PD) and strategic communications (SC) within the U.S. government. International media coverage has been somewhat sparse and domestic coverage of public diplomacy legislation has not fared much better. However, the legislative measures have been successfully implemented and evaluated within PD academic and practitioner circles as well as in the PD blogosphere in the U.S. and abroad.

July 6, 2009
This Media Monitor Report highlights the impact of new media use by foreign publics to communicate with and advocate for one another in the wake of the Iranian election. This report provides a brief analysis of the media coverage of social network-driven public diplomacy from June 13 – June 30, 2009. The stories collected here help demonstrate how the Iranian opposition movement has engaged in public diplomacy outreach through new media.

Two-part summary of press reports on public diplomacy issues on December 2004 Tsunami Crisis. A supplement to John Brown’s Public Diplomacy Press Review.

April 28, 2005
An aggregation of key articles and commentary evaluating how the world views China and how China views the rest of the world... suggest that China's economic "charm offensive" as well as its cultural outreach has been highly successful, particularly in the developing world. However, sources underscore how China's reputation for human rights violations and its growing military presence in the Pacific Rim present two major obstacles to improved foreign public opinion.

Internet engagement online public diplomacy
... the term “public diplomacy” was coined in 1965...the history of public diplomacy however goes back to the establishment of the US Information Agency (USIA) in 1953 to manage the world’s perception of the United States as a force for good...Modern public diplomacy has taken a new twist...recruiting members of the public, segments of civil society, to share your message indirectly...the battle ground today is online... social media is interactive...the audience is also the content producer, people do their own filtering, find their own sources, share with online friends and wider networks... larger expert online public diplomacy projects actively shape public opinion.

...Cultural domination has been an underappreciated facet of American global power.... As the imitation of American ways gradually pervades the world, it creates a more congenial setting for the exercise of the indirect and seemingly consensual American hegemony. And as in the case of the domestic American system, that hegemony involves a complex structure of interlocking institutions and procedures, designed to generate consensus and obscure asymmetries in power and influence....
Zbigniew Brzezinski, The Grand Chessboard (New York- Basic Books, 1997)

“...civilized nations have driven themselves into the position of barbarians..."
“Monopoly, oligarchy, the striving for domination, not for freedom, the exploitation of an increasing number of small and weak nations by a handful of the richest or most powerful nations – all these have given rise to those distinctive characteristics of imperialism which compel us to define it as parasitic or decaying capitalism. … It would be a mistake to believe that this tendency to decay precludes the rapid growth of capitalism. It does not. In the epoch of imperialism, certain branches of industry, certain strata of bourgeoisie and certain countries betray… now one and now another of these tendencies. On the whole, capitalism is growing far more rapidly than before: but this growth is not only becoming more and more uneven in general, its unevenness also manifests itself, in particular, in the decay of the countries which are richest in capital..The export of capital, one of the most essential economic bases of imperialism, still more completely isolates the coupon-clipping rentiers from production and sets the seal of parasitism on the whole country that lives by exploiting the labour of overseas countries and colonies....\Fascism is capitalism in decay.
V.I. Lenin, Imperialism, the Highest Stage of Capitalism, 1916