7/4/ Drugs in US Global War: Banking, part 2

Dreaded Mexican drug cartel trained in U.S.
October 28th, 2010, http://www.catholic.org/international/international_story.php?id=38935
LOS ANGELES, CA (Catholic Online) - Zeta cartel founding members were elite Mexican Airmobile Special Forces troops, trained in the early 1990s by America's 7th Special Forces Group or "snake eaters" at Ft. Bragg, North Carolina, a former U,S, special operations commander says."They were given map reading courses, communications, standard special forces training, light to heavy weapons, machine guns and automatic weapons. I had some visibility on what was happening, because this was related to things I was doing in the Pentagon in the 1990s" Craig Deare says, former special forces commander who is now a professor at the US National Defense University... critics say specific skills learned by the Zetas primed them as contract killers and drug dealers.....

absurd & deadly: no limits to US lies & crimes
"Two Iranian agents hired hit men from the Mexican Zeta cartel to assassinate the Saudi ambassador in U.S."
Holder: Iran aimed to bomb Saudi ambassador
10/11/11 http://www.cbsnews.com/stories/2011/10/11/national/main20118692.shtml
Attorney General Eric Holder told reporters at an afternoon news conference "The United States is committed to hold Iran accountable for its actions."
Holder said the U.S. would be taking unspecified action against the Iranian government. Asked if the plot was blessed by top echelons of the Iranian government, Holder said the Justice Department was not making that accusation. "This is not a trip wire for military action in Iran," a senior defense official said....Justice Department officials say they were working with a person they thought was an associate of the Mexican Zeta drug cartel to target the Saudi diplomat, Adel Al-Jubeir. But their contact was an informant for the Drug Enforcement Agency who told U.S. authorities about all their planning....
Secretary of State Hillary Rodham Clinton said the thwarted plot would further isolate Tehran. "This really, in the minds of many diplomats and government officials, crosses a line that Iran needs to be held to account for," she said. In addition to the U.S. Treasury Department sanctions imposed today, the Iranian-backed assassination plot sparked discussion at the U.N. for a Security Council meeting to impose a fifth round of targeted sanctions against individuals in Iran, hoping to further isolate Iran for its role in terror, said CBS News Foreign Affairs Analyst Pamela Falk, from the U.N. FBI Director Robert Mueller said "Though it reads like the pages of a Hollywood script, the impact would have been very real...many lives could have been lost in the plot to kill the ambassador with bombs in the U.S."
Preet Bharara, the U.S. attorney in Manhattan, said no explosives were actually placed and no one was in any danger because of the informant's cooperation with authorities.

."This Could Be Seen As An Act of War"
10/11/11 video.foxnews.com/ v/ 1213124350001/ mcfarland-this-could-be-seen-as-an-act-of-war/
Fox News national security analyst KT McFarland weighs in on thwarted terror plot....Before Tuesday's announcement, Interpol issued an alert obtained exclusively by Fox News warning of plans to assassinate ambassador in U.S.

Class A capitalist
by Faisal Islam
4/21/02 http://observer.guardian.co.uk/drugs/story/0,,686664,00.html
Forget for one minute the drugs are illegal. Forget the pain, addiction and social consequences of drug use... Adopt the mindset of legal industries. Adopt the profit motive. The global narcotics industry makes enough money, and employs enough people, to whet the appetite of the most respected industrialist or management consultant.The supply chain stretches from the Golden Triangle of Asia and the jungles of South America to almost every street corner in the urbanised western world. Here is an industry which does not advertise and is subject to interdiction at every turn. Hundreds of millions are spent on anti-drugs advertising campaigns.
But illegal drugs make up 8% of all world trade, says the UN, more than the combined global market for textiles, clothing, iron and steel... in 1830 Britain solved its ballooning trade deficit with China by flooding it with opium grown in Bengal, sparking the first opium war. More than 170 years later, the nexus linking drugs, war and business remains intact. Colombia and Afghanistan are the centres of US-led wars. Both are leading producers of the agricultural precursors to hard drugs... Some investment professionals hypothesise that so many 'narcodollars' are pumped into the US stock market that legalisation would lead to their withdrawal and collapse of the US and world economy. Regardless of legal status, the drugs industry remains near the peak of high finance.....

Western banks 'reaping billions from Colombian cocaine trade'
6/2/12 Ed Vulliamy, http://www.guardian.co.uk/world/2012/jun/02/western-banks-colombian-coca...
The vast profits from drug production and trafficking are overwhelmingly reaped in rich "consuming" countries rather than war-torn "producing" nations such as Colombia and Mexico , new research revealed. Anti-Drugs Policies In Colombia: Successes, Failures And Wrong Turns, edited by Alejandro Gaviria and Daniel Mejía, Ediciones Uniandes, 2011, as part of a Columbian government initiative at the University of the Andes in Bogotá, to overhaul global drugs policy and focus on money laundering by the big banks in America and Europe, as well as social prevention of drug taking and consideration of de-criminalising options...
The most far-reaching, detailed analysis to date of the drug economy in any country – Colombia – shows that 2.6% of the total street value of cocaine produced remains within the country, while 97.4% of profits are reaped by criminal syndicates, and , in first-world consuming countries.."The whole system operated by authorities in the consuming nations is based on going after the small guy... never big business or financial systems where the big money is"....The conflict has shifted, with deadly consequences, to Mexico and it is feared will spread imminently to central America....
The mechanisms of laundering drug money were highlighted in the Observer last year after a rare settlement in Miami between US federal authorities and the Wachovia bank, which admitted to transferring $110m of drug money into the US, but "failing to properly monitor" $376bn brought into the bank through small exchange houses in Mexico over four years. Wachovia was taken over by Wells Fargo...no one went to jail, the bank is in the clear....
Colombia's banks, meanwhile "are subject to rigorous control, to stop laundering of profits that may return to our country. Just to bank $2,000 involves a huge amount of paperwork – and much of this is overseen by Americans.... the US has very strong bank secrecy laws, not in Colombia– though the proportion of laundered money is the other way round. It's kind of hypocrisy, right?" "It's an extension of the way they operate at home. Go after the lower classes, the weak link in the chain...not the financial system and the big business that moves all this...the DEA [US Drugs Enforcement Administration] only acts on a fraction of what it knows...It's taboo to go after the big banks "

Mexico drug wars: 'vast majority of weapons used by the cartels ...
Of nearly 30,000 guns recovered in Mexico in the past two years, more than two thirds were traced to the US ...
10 April 2006, a DC-9 jet landed in the port city of Ciudad del Carmen, on the Gulf of Mexico... Mexican soldiers found 128 cases with 5.7 tons of cocaine, valued at $100m. But something more important and far-reaching – was discovered in the paper trail behind the purchase of the plane ...it emerged that the cartel had bought the plane with money laundered through one of the biggest banks in the United States : Wachovia, now part of the giant Wells Fargo.... billions of dollars in wire transfers, traveler's cheques and cash shipments through Mexican exchanges into Wachovia accounts. Wachovia was put under immediate investigation for failing to maintain an effective anti-money laundering programme.
Of special significance was that the period concerned began in 2004, which coincided with the first escalation of violence along the US-Mexico border that ignited the current drug war.
Criminal proceedings were brought against Wachovia, not against any individuals, but the case never came to court. In March 2010, Wachovia settled the biggest action brought under the US bank secrecy act, through the US district court in Miami. Now the year's "deferred prosecution" has expired, the bank is in effect in the clear. The bank was sanctioned for failing to apply the proper anti-laundering strictures to the transfer of $378.4bn –to one-third of Mexico's gross national product – into dollar accounts from currency exchange houses in Mexico, with which the Wachovia bank did business. It paid federal authorities $110m in forfeiture, for allowing transactions proved to be connected to drug smuggling, and incurred a $50m fine for failing to monitor cash used to ship 22 tons of cocaine....The conclusion to the case was only the tip of an iceberg, demonstrating the "legal" banking sector swilling hundreds of billions of dollars – blood money from the murderous drug trade in Mexico and other places in the world – around their global operations, now bailed out by the taxpayer. At the height of the 2008 banking crisis, Antonio Maria Costa, then head of the UN office on drugs and crime, said he had evidence to suggest the proceeds from drugs and crime were "the only liquid investment capital" available to banks on the brink of collapse. "Inter-bank loans were funded by money that originated from the drugs trade "
Wachovia was acquired by Wells Fargo during the 2008 crash -- Wells Fargo became beneficiary of $25bn in taxpayer money.....Mexico is the US's third largest international trading partner

BCCI Operations: Inside the Global Banking Intelligence Complex
10/7/10 David DeGraw, http://pubrecord.org/special-to-the-public-record/8315/world-global-bank...
BCCI...was run by the CIA and top US officials. CIA covert operations were run through BCCI’s “black network.” Former CIA directors George Bush Sr., William Casey and Richard Helms, former Defense Secretary Clark Clifford and former Secretary of State Henry Kissinger were all key players and shielded the bank from investigations throughout its reign...CIA, DIA, and NSC used BCCI as a private bank, sending billions in covert funding and weapons to organizations and countries....including the Mujahideen in Afghanistan to wreck the then Soviet Union...Pakistan’s ISI, the Shah of Iran...exposing how government and banking fund terrorists and drug cartels worldwide....Reporting in Time magazine, Beaty and Gwynne revealed details in BCCI Dirtiest Bank of All:

B.C.C.I. Dirtiest Bank of All
Jonathan Beaty, et. al., Time Magazine: July 29, 1991: http://www.time.com/time/magazine/article/0,9171,973481-1,00.html
Part Two: Inside the Global Banking Intelligence Complex, BCCI Operations

I: All Roads Go Through BCCI
II: BCCI & US Intelligence
III: Af-Pak Covert Operations
IV: The Iran-Contra Affair
V: Kissinger Associates & Iraqgate-BNL
VI: The Ultimate Conspiracy: The BCCI Cover-Up
VII: Wall Street & US Banking Industry
VIII: The Savings & Loan Crisis
IX: The Lessons of BCCI

I: All Roads Go Through BCCI: All these had one vital thing in common, the Bank of Credit and Commerce International (BCCI)
partial list of investigated economic and political scandals in the 1980s and early ’90s:
Savings & Loan scandal
Stock market manipulation and money laundering
International drug trade
Iran-Contra Affair
The October Surprise and Iran hostage crisis
Iraqgate-BNL and Saddam Hussein
Pakistan’s nuclear program and selling of bomb-making technology to Libya, Iran and North Korea;
Founding and funding of Afghan Mujahideen
Illegal weapon sales to Iran and Saudi Arabia
Proliferation of Middle Eastern terrorism

In December 1992, the US Senate Foreign Relations Committee on Terrorism, Narcotics and International Operations delivered a report on their investigation into the bank, entitled “The BCCI Affair .” The report would disclose the largest political corruption case in the history of the global economy. As the Senate Committee summed it up :

“BCCI’s criminality included fraud by BCCI and BCCI customers involving billions of dollars; money laundering in Europe, Africa, Asia, and the Americas; BCCI’s bribery of officials in most of those locations; support of terrorism, arms trafficking, and the sale of nuclear technologies; management of prostitution; the commission and facilitation of income tax evasion, smuggling, and illegal immigration; illicit purchases of banks and real estate; and a panoply of financial crimes limited only by the imagination of its officers and customers.

Among BCCI’s principal mechanisms for committing crimes were its use of shell corporations and bank confidentiality and secrecy havens; layering of its corporate structure; its use of front-men and nominees, guarantees and buy-back arrangements; back-to-back financial documentation among BCCI controlled entities, kick-backs and bribes, the intimidation of witnesses, and the retention of well-placed insiders to discourage governmental action.”

The BCCI scandal gave citizens of the world a rare glimpse into the inner workings of the covert global banking intelligence power structure, revealing power politics in its purest form. BCCI was modeled after the world’s most powerful intelligence agencies and multinational corporations. It represented the evolution of organized crime into the new world of the global economy, rendering nation-states obsolete. BCCI transcended religions and nationalities; it cut across the entire political spectrum, uniting countries and groups that, on the surface, were considered rivals, yet were unified in their pursuit of power.

BCCI consisted of a complex alliance of intelligence agencies, multinational corporations, weapons dealers, drug traffickers, terrorists, global bankers and high-ranking government officials. It involved leaders from 73 countries and formed what was described as “an elaborate corporate spider web.”

As former US Senate investigator Jack Blum described it :
“The problem that we are having in dealing with this bank is that…it had 3,000 criminal customers and every one of those criminal customers is a page one story. So if you pick on one of [BCCI's] accounts you find financing from nuclear weapons, gun running, narcotics dealing, and all manner and means of crime around the world in the records of this bank.”....

In a 1991 Time magazine article “The Dirtiest Bank of All", investigative journalists Jonathan Beaty and S.C. Gwynne summed up BCCI this way:
“Nothing in the history of modern financial scandals rivals the the Bank of Credit & Commerce International $20 billion empire. Never has a single scandal involved so much money, so many nations, so many prominent people... the largest corporate criminal enterprise ever, the biggest Ponzi scheme, the most pervasive money-laundering operation and financial supermarket ever created...
II: BCCI & US Intelligence
Nothing in the history of modern financial scandals rivals the unfolding saga of the Bank of Credit & Commerce International $20 billion empire regulators in 62 countries finally shut down...TIME pieced together a portrait of a clandestine division of the bank called the ‘black network,’ which functions as a global intelligence operation and a Mafia-like enforcement squad….
The more conventional departments of B.C.C.I. handled such services as laundering money for the drug trade and helping dictators loot their national treasuries. The black network, which is still functioning, operates a lucrative arms-trade business and transports drugs and gold. According to investigators and participants in those operations, it often works with Western and Middle Eastern intelligence agencies. The still murky ties between B.C.C.I. and intelligence agencies of other countries are so pervasive the White House is entangled... the National Security Council used B.C.C.I. to funnel money for Iran-contra deals, and the CIA maintained accounts in B.C.C.I. for covert operations...investigators told TIME the Defense Intelligence Agency (DIA) maintained a slush-fund account with B.C.C.I....

The 'black network' was a natural outgrowth of B.C.C.I.’s dubious and criminal associations…. Its original purpose was to pay bribes, intimidate authorities and quash investigations. But in the early 1980s the it began running its own drugs, weapons and currency deals according to a former operative,….B.C.C.I. worked closely with Israel’s spy agencies and other Western intelligence especially in arms deals... "B.C.C.I. played an indispensable role facilitating deals between Israel and some Middle Eastern countries. And when you look at Saudi support of the contras, ask yourself who the middleman was: there was no government-to-government connection between the Saudis and Nicaragua" says a former State Department official.

111:Af-Pak Covert Operations.
The CIA worked in partnership with BCCI in what was, at the time, the agency’s largest covert operation ever, pumping an estimated $10 billion funding into the Afghan Mujahideen’s anti-Soviet Jihad. Pakistan, operational home of BCCI played a pivotal role in support of the Afghan Mujahideen...investigative reporter Loretta Napoleoni revealed the details in her 2003 Modern Jihad: Tracing the Dollars Behind the Terror Networks

“As soon as Abedi’s bank [BCCI] came on board, CIA covert operations were passed to its ‘black network’, virtually a secret banking institution within the bank. Its headquarters were in Karachi and it was from this city that the underground network acted as a full-service bank for the CIA. With about 15,000 employees, it operated in a similar fashion to the Mafia. It was a fully integrated organization; it financed and brokered covert arms deals among different countries, it shipped goods using its own fleet, insured them with its own agency and provided manpower and security en route. In Pakistan, BCCI officials knew whom to bribe and when to do it. They also knew where to channel the funds. Richard Kerr, the former CIA director who admitted that the CIA had secret BCCI accounts in Pakistan, confirmed that those accounts had been opened to distribute the CIA funds to Pakistani officers and members of the Afghan resistance. By the mid-1980s, the black network had gained control of the port of Karachi and handled all customs operations for CIA shipments to Afghanistan, including the necessary bribes for the ISI [Pakistan’s intelligence service]. It was BCCI’s job to make sure that cargoes of arms and equipment were discharged quickly….

As the war progressed, costs soared. There was constant shortage of money along the pipeline to supply the Mujahedin and so the ISI and CIA began looking for additional sources of income. One that proved viable was drug smuggling. Soon the narcotics-based economy took over the traditional agrarian economy of Afghanistan…. Within two years the Pakistan-Afghanistan borderland had become the biggest centre for the production of heroin in the world and the single greatest supplier of heroin on American streets, meeting 60 per cent of the US demand for narcotics. Annual profits were estimated between $100 billion and $200 billion....In 1995, former CIA director of Afghan operations, Charles Cogan, admitted the CIA had sacrificed the drug war to fight the Cold War.”....

BCCI also funded Pakistan’s nuclear weapons program when it set up the Khan Institute of Engineering Sciences and Technology. Pakistan went on to sell the technology to Libya, Iran and North Korea as Chicago Sun Times report summed up:

“ Pakistan President Pervez Musharraf pledged the founder of Pakistan’s nuclear weapons program can keep the vast wealth he accumulated selling bomb-making technology...days after the Musharraf pardoning of Abdul Qadeer Khan for supplying nuclear expertise to Libya, Iran and North Korea, he told the Sunday Telegraph he would also spare the scientist’s property or assets... Musharraf said there had been good reason not to investigate the origin of Khan’s wealth before 1998 when Pakistan successfully tested its first nuclear weapon... Khan is thought to have earned millions of dollars from his sale of nuclear know-how, beginning in the late 1980s. Much of the money was funneled through [BCCI] bank accounts in the Middle East.”

Iran-Contra Affair George Bush Sr. and current Secretary of Defense Robert Gates were key players in the BCCI financed Iran-Contra Affair....Key Iran-Contra asset Oliver North was involved in the operations and was working directly for Bush Sr., Vice President at the time. North maintained several accounts in BCCI which he used to finance his covert operations. As Time magazine reported :

“… the National Security Council used B.C.C.I. to funnel money for the Iran-contra deals…. When American arms destined for Iran and Iraq passed through Israel, for example, B.C.C.I. was frequently the broker and financier…. There was, for example, the highly sensitive question of B.C.C.I.’s direct involvement in the secret arms-for-hostages deals in Iran during the 1980s, in which it acted as a broker and financier of weapons sales. Ollie North maintained three accounts at the B.C.C.I. Paris branch, and B.C.C.I. was used to transfer money to the contras.”

Kissinger & Iraqgate-BNL: George Bush Sr. and former Secretary of State Henry Kissinger were also heavily involved in another illegal covert operation run through the BCCI-linked Italian Banca Nazionale del Lavoro (BNL) used to covertly funnel billions of dollars to Saddam Hussein. This scandal would become known as Iraqgate....BNL was a client of Mr. Scowcroft’s while he was vice-chairman of Kissinger Associates....he regularly provided advice to BNL’s management and received hefty fees in return. Mr. Scowcroft, his staff at the National Security Council and the State Department, masterminded the Bush administration’s handling of the BNL scandal in order to mitigate the damage to US--Iraq relations.
Kissinger and his firm Kissinger Associates played a key role throughout BCCI’s existence. The Senate investigation report had an entire chapter focusing on Kissinger’s role, entitled “BCCI And Kissinger Associates .” Henry Kissinger got them to redact several sections when the report was released to the Senate Foreign Relations Committee, from the Government Printing Office’s final hardcopy version...

Wall Street & US Banking Industry: BCCI deeply penetrated Wall Street and US banking industry....BCCI secretly owned Washington’s largest bank, First American. Bank of America was a vital BCCI lifeline. As Beaty and Gwynne revealed
“B.C.C.I. accomplished a Stealth-like invasion secretly buying First American Bankshares, a Washington-based holding company with offices stretching from Florida to New York….Five of Bank of America’s senior officers were either on BCCI’s board of directors or helped to manage Abedi’s bank. For the next decade the two banks moved billions of dollars a week through each other’s international offices, Bank of America an invaluable, hidden, ally, continued to accept BCCI’s letter-of-credit business after virtually no other Western bank would touch it... it could be argued that Bank of America became the single most important financial institution helping BCCI stay afloat. In the United States alone, Bank of America transferred more than $1 billion a day for BCCI until the moment of BCCI’s global seizure in July 1991....

The BCCI Cover-Up Jonathan Beaty and S.C. Gwynne’s ground-breaking book The Outlaw Bank detailed the overwhelming evidence proving the dominant role US government agencies, intelligence and global banking played in BCCI operations and in covering up its activities....

Kyrgyzstan, the U.S. and the Global Drug Problem: Deep Forcesand the Syndrome of Coups, Drugs, and Terror
CONCLUSION: The Global Banking System and the Global Drug Trade
...Undoubtedly proceeds from the global opiate traffic (estimated at $65 billion in 2009), are systematically channeled into major banks, as has been well documented for the profits from cocaine trafficking into U.S. banks. When just one U.S. bank – Wachovia – admits that it violated U.S. banking laws to handle $378 billion in illicit cocaine funds, this supplies a measure of how important is the transnational dimension underlying local fusion drug-terror networks, whether in Dagestan or the Persian Gulf.71 Antonio Maria Costa, head of the UN Office on Drugs and Crime, has alleged that “Drugs money worth billions of dollars kept the financial system afloat at the height of the global crisis.” According to the London Observer, Costa
said he has seen evidence that the proceeds of organised crime were "the only liquid investment capital" available to some banks on the brink of collapse last year. He said that a majority of the $352bn (£216bn) of drugs profits was absorbed into the economic system as a result…. Costa said evidence that illegal money was being absorbed into the financial system was first drawn to his attention by intelligence agencies and prosecutors around 18 months ago. "In many instances, the money from drugs was the only liquid investment capital. In the second half of 2008, liquidity was the banking system's main problem and hence liquid capital became an important factor," he said.72
As a former diplomat, I sincerelyhope that the U.S. and Russian governments will collaborate to address these drug-related problems together, in Kyrgyzstan, in Afghanistan, and on the level of curbing? a venal global banking system. As a researcher, I have to say that I see the U.S. Government as part of the problem, not as a very likely solution to it. We have too often seen the U.S. habit of turning to drug traffickers as covert assets in areas where it is weak, from Burma in 1950 right down to the U.S. invasion of Afghanistan in 2001.73 I conclude that some other major force will have to be assembled to force a change in U.S. government behavior. Russia is right in bringing this problem to the attention of the Security Council, but this is a problem transcending governments. Perhaps religious organizations around the world could be one place to start mobilizing an extra-governmental force. Journalists and other researchers could also supply a component. Somehow the world must be made aware that it does indeed face a triple threat: the threat of drugs, the threat of drug-financed terrorism, and eventually the threat of war. Meanwhile it is far too early to predict what may eventually transpire between America and Russia in Kyrgyzstan. But it is none too soon to assert that history is repeating itself in an alarming and predictable way, and to recall that the ingredients of the coup-drug-terror syndrome have led to major warfare in the past. My personal conclusion is that deep forces, not fully understood, are at work now in Kyrgyzstan, as they have been earlier in Afghanistan and other drug-producing countries. My concern is heightened by my increasing awareness that for decades deep forces have also been at work in Washington. This was demonstrated vividly by the U.S. government’s determined protection in the 1980s of the global drug activities of the Bank of Credit and Commerce International (BCCI), which has been described as “the largest criminal corporate enterprise ever.”74 A U.S. Senate Report once called BCCI not just a “rogue bank … but a case study of the vulnerability of the world to international crime on a global scope that is beyond the current ability of governments to control.”75 Governments indeed long failed to regulate BCCI, because of its ability to influence governments; and when BCCI was finally brought down in 1991, it was as the result of relative outsiders like Robert Morgenthau, District Attorney of New York:
In going after BCCI, Morgenthau's office quickly found that in addition to fighting off the bank, it would receive resistance from almost every other institution or entity connected to BCCI [including] the Bank of England, the British Serious Fraud Office, and the U.S. government.”76
Peter Dale Scott, former Canadian diplomat and English Professor at the University of California, Berkeley, and author of many books...
Notes [ed: comprehensive, invaluable resource compilation]

the job of state sponsored strategic information is to twist US crimes into pretexts for more US 'assistance'
Mexican Drug Cartels Reach Further Across Africa
6/15/12 http://www.voanews.com/content/illegal-drugs-cartels-africa-mexico/12115...
NAIROBI -U.S. Drug Enforcement Administration officials say Mexican drug cartels are increasingly using Africa as a conduit for illegal drugs. DEA officials say their investigations indicate a growing number of chemicals used to produce illegal drugs for cartels in Mexico have been coming from African traffickers.They say they have documented Mexican drug cartel links to criminal groups in Mozambique, the Democratic Republic of the Congo, Ghana, and Nigeria.Jeff Breeden, DEA Headquarters’ Africa section chief , says “We haven’t identified specific cartel activity in Africa. We’ve identified Mexicans in Africa, and we know they are affiliated with cartels - we just haven’t put it together,” Breeden said....DEA believes nine of the largest drug trafficking organizations in South America and Mexico have operations in Africa. Breeden says the concern is that Africa may grow into a central transit point for the cartels.. forcing the DEA to increase its efforts, opening multiple offices across sub-Saharan Africa....Breeden says the DEA is reacting to a threat in Africa coming from all over the world...Breeden says Africa’s porous borders, under-trained law enforcement and corruption problem create prime ground for illegal organizations to operate freely.