11/5 Africa in the Crosshairs, part 2

AFRICOM'S Next Front : Lagos Dissents Under IMF Hegemony Nigeria:
1/5/12 http://engforum.pravda.ru/index.php?/topic/244745-the-imf-and-us-african...
The Managing Director of the International Monetary Fund (IMF), Christine Lagarde, on a recent trip to West Africa, met with Nigerian President, Goodluck Johnathan in December 2011 and the governments of Guinea, Cameroon, Ghana and Chad to drive home new IMF Structural Adjustment Program (SAP) directives.
[How IMF-World Bank and Structural Adjustment Program (SAP) Destroy Africa ]
The United States Army War College in Carlisle, Pennsylvania conducted a series of African war game scenarios in preparation for the Pentagon’s expansion of AFRICOM under the Obama Administration. In the presence of US State Department Officials, employees from The Rand Corporation and Israeli military personnel, a military exercise was undertaken which tested how AFRICOM would respond to a disintegrating Nigeria on the verge of collapse amidst civil war. The scenario envisioned rebel factions vying for control of the Niger Delta oil fields (the source of one of America’s top oil imports), which would potentially be secured by some 20,000 U.S.led troops if a US-friendly coup failed to take place. At a House Armed Services Committee press conference March 13, 2008, AFRICOM Commander, General William Ward, stated that the issue of growing US dependence on African oil would be furthered by AFRICOM operating under the principle theatre-goal of "combating terrorism". February 18, 2008 at an AFRICOM Conference held at Fort McNair, Vice Admiral Robert T. Moeller declared the guiding principle of AFRICOM was to protect "the free flow of natural resources from Africa to the global market", before citing China’s increasing presence in the region as challenging US interests.

US-African 'partnership'
U.S. Bilateral Relations with Nigeria

“Sanogo’s only merit is getting two-thirds of his country occupied” Niger’s foreign minister told Voice Of America

1/8/12 U.S. Secretary of State Clinton Embarks on Africa Tour
Reuters -- U.S. Secretary of State Hillary Clinton, launching a seven-nation Africa tour urged Africa to recommit to democracy. "The old ways of governing are no longer acceptable. It is time for leaders to accept accountability, treat their people with dignity, respect their rights, and deliver economic opportunity. If they will not, it is time for them to go," she said. Constitutional order has been restored in Niger and Guinea following recent coups, while Benin, Cape Verde, Liberia, Nigeria, Zambia and Togo have all held credible elections over the past year. But Clinton warned that sobering paths were being taken by Mali and Guinea-Bissau...Mali's once stable democracy collapsed in a March coup that paved the way for a military advance by northern separatists and al Qaeda-linked Islamists."...this could set back Mali's economic progress by nearly a decade," Clinton said, confirming urgent US humanitarian aid would continue...Guinea-Bissau, underwent a coup in April, is now suffering near economic collapse and drug traffickers are filling the void, she said... the US hoped to work with the its West African neighbours to set it back on the correct course. Regional bodies like the African Union and ECOWAS of West African states sought to take a firmer stance, suspending Madagascar, Guinea-Bissau and Mali after coups....
Clinton's Africa trip, her fourth as top U.S. diplomat, is aimed at reinforcing Washington's message that open markets and constitutional democracies provide the firmest foundation for Africa's future, U.S. officials said. She also hopes to promote the United States as an alternative to China's economic and political influence, which has been growing fast as Beijing aggressively courts African nations to win access to the continent's rich cache of mineral, timber and oil resources....she noted that President Obama, in his landmark speech on Africa in Ghana in 2009, pledged the US would offer "partnership, not patronage" "Throughout my trip across Africa this week, I will be talking about what that means - about a model of sustainable partnership that adds value, rather than extracts it," she said. "The days of having outsiders come and extract the wealth of Africa for themselves, leaving nothing or very little behind, should be over in the 21st century."

U.S. AFRICOM commander General Carter F. Ham, visited Guinea, Cape Verde & Senegal in West Africa , July 24-26, 2012
"General Ham said the purpose of his mission in Guinea is to discuss ways and means to strengthen military cooperation between the U.S. and Guinean militaries with President Alpha Conde, the Guinean Minister of Defense and Chiefs of Staff. Gen.Ham said that the United States, along with other development partners, will continue to support the on-going reforms undertaken by Guinea to make its army a republican institution, devoted to the defense of the country’s material and moral interests."

The full story translated from Portuguese: 
"Praia, 25 July, 2012 - The Commander of Civil-Military Activities of U.S. Africa Command (AFRICOM), General Carter F. Ham, spent the day in Cape Verde where he held meetings with various officials, including the ministers of Defense and Foreign Affairs, and discussed US-Cape-Verdean military partnership, especially cooperation in the fight against illegal maritime trafficking, drug trafficking, peace and stability in West Africa. AFRICOM has been working to establish partnerships with military, police and security institutions in Cape Verde focused on fighting drug trafficking and other illegal activities. General Ham’s itinerary also included a visit to the Maritime Security Operations Center (COSMAR) that facilitates communications between agencies in coordination with the Maritime Operations Centers (MOCs)."

USAID peace and security programs under the US government’s Trans-Saharan Counter-Terrorism Initiative [TSCTP]
The Trans-Sahara Counterterrorism Partnership (TSCTP) is a multi-faceted, multi-year U.S. Government (USG) program aimed at defeating terrorist organizations by:
• strengthening regional counterterrorism capabilities,
• enhancing and institutionalizing cooperation among the region’s security forces,
• promoting democratic governance,
• discrediting terrorist ideology, and
• reinforcing bilateral military ties with the United States.
The overall goals are to enhance indigenous capacities of governments in the Pan-Sahel (Mauritania, Mali, Chad, and Niger, as well as Nigeria and Senegal) to confront the challenge posed by regional terrorist organizations. Additionally, TSCTP will facilitate cooperation between the Pan-Sahel countries and Maghreb partners (Morocco, Algeria, and Tunisia) in combating terrorism.

Building Partner Nation Capability
TSCTP is a five-year program of counterterrorism, democratic governance, and military assistance and includes a public diplomacy component. Its main elements include:
• Counterterrorism (CT) programs to create a new regional focus for trans-Saharan cooperation, including use of established regional organizations like the African Union and its new Center for the Study and Research on Terrorism in Algiers. These programs include training to improve border and aviation security and overall CT readiness;
• Continued specialized Counterterrorism Assistance Training and Terrorist Interdiction Program (TIP) activities in the Trans-Sahara region and possible regional expansion of those programs;
• Public diplomacy programs that expand outreach efforts in the Sahel and Maghreb regions, Nigeria, and Senegal and seek to develop regional programming embracing this vast and diverse region. Emphasis is on preserving the traditional tolerance and moderation in African Muslim communities and countering development of extremism, particularly in youth and rural populations;
• Democratic governance programs strive to provide USG support for democratic and economic development in the Sahel, strengthening those states’ ability to withstand internal threats
• Military programs to expand military-to-military cooperation, ensure adequate resources to train, advise, and assist regional forces, and establish institutions for better regional cooperation, communication, and intelligence sharing.

Support from other United States Government Partners
The U.S. Agency for International Development (USAID) is developing civil society programs in TSCTP countries...
The Department of Defense is supporting TSCTP by working with U.S. Africa Command (AFRICOM) on Operation Enduring Freedom Trans Sahara (OEF-TS) .
This program works with partner nations to provide training and support with emphasis on preventing terrorism and t enhance the stability of OEF-TS countries. Other USG partners working with TSCTP include the Department of Treasury and FBI.

Multinational Support
As a top priority, increasing multinational partner support for TSCTP will build upon existing African regional coalitions such as the African Union (AU) and the Economic Community of Western African States (ECOWAS). The US State Department is actively engaging other countries and organizations to join TSCTP efforts in the region.

Guinea-Bissau Leader Ousted, Nation Now a Drug Haven
https://www.nytimes.com/ 2012/ 11/ 02/ world/ africa/ guinea-bissau-after-coup-is-drug-trafficking-haven.html
April 13, 2012 a military coup before presidential elections ...In 2010, the United States explicitly linked Guinea-Bissau's military to the drug trade: the Treasury Department... froze whatever assets they may have had in the US. Now, however, US officials are making overtures to the transitional government...Last month the transitional government Justice minister warned opposition politicians not to speak publicly of “cases that don’t concern them,” under threat of criminal penalty. This week repression appeared to tighten. General Injai threatened journalists with death if they asked questions about the assassination of the former president and warned there would be many arrests as a result of the countercoup attempt.
On 16 April an agreement, intentionally excluding PAIGC, The African Party for the Independence of Guinea and Cape Verde, was reached with 22 of 35 opposition parties to set up a National Transitional Council.... existing institutions would be dissolved and two committees would run the country... [specifics] would be determined and discussed with the Military Command the next day... https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/2012_Guinea-Bissau_coup_d%27état

by Abayomi Azikiwe, http://libya360.wordpress.com/2012/05/07/ecowas-to-deploy-3000-troop-to-...
...The Memorandum of Understanding and Operational Agreement, according to the Pentagon's AFRICOM website, “was organized and facilitated by U.S. Africa Command and the Africa Center for Strategic Studies.”This initiative coincides with the Operations Enduring Freedom Trans Sahara (OEF-TS) described by the Global Security website as a partnership between the United States and 10 African countries: Algeria, Burkina Faso, Chad, Mali, Mauritania, Morocco, Niger, Nigeria, Senegal and Tunisia. The website continues reporting that “The initiative is an integrated, multi-year approach that draws resources and expertise from multiple agencies in the U.S. Government, including the Department of State, the Agency for International Development (USAID), and the Department of Defense.” (globalsecurity.org )
This report says AFRICOM “works on programs that expand military-to-military cooperation between the U.S. and partner nations by ensuring adequate resources available to train, advise, and assist regional units in hope of promoting better regional cooperation, communications, and intelligence sharing. AFRICOM conducts train and equip missions to build company-level units capable of providing sustained border security. Also, AFRICOM facilitates partner national staff information training and mentorship programs, conducts JPAT and MIST trainings, and JCT events in all 9 OEF-TS countries.”
These military cooperation agreements, purportedly to improve African security, are creating greater instability on the continent by facilitating further penetration of imperialist intelligence and combat operations.... Consequently the role of ECOWAS in both Mali and Guinea-Bissau should be viewed in the broader context of what AFRICOM is doing on the continent of Africa.

U.S. to Coordinate Anti-Militant Push in Mali
ALGIERS — Secretary of State Hillary Clinton arrived in Algeria Monday to coordinate U.S. support for an emerging international effort to push Islamic militants out of northern Mali where an array of Islamist militant groups seized control, including Al Qaeda in the Islamic Maghreb.  Northern Mali has emerged as a haven for terrorists. Earlier this month, the UN Security Council adopted a resolution underscoring its “readiness” to send an international force to evict the militants in response to a request from the Mali government...the basic idea is for forces from Nigeria and other West Africa countries to help Mali’s military mount a campaign against the militants. France, the US and other countries would help with training, intelligence and logistics...while West Africans and Mali’s military provide “boots on the ground.” Algeria is a regional power and Mali’s neighbor to the north, and its political support for such a campaign is essential, diplomats say. Algeria, which waged a brutal war against militants in its own country, also has one of the strongest militaries in the region, as well as an active intelligence service. It includes an intelligence center in the southern city of Tamanrasset that Algeria, Niger, Mali and Mauritania have set up to coordinate efforts against Al Qaeda and other regional threats....Algeria has not always been supportive of an international effort in Mali... But as security in Mali continued to deteriorate, the Algerians dropped their objections....
Libyan Col. Muammar el-Qaddafi's prompted Tuareg rebels from Mali, who fought alongside Qaddafi forces, to return to northern Mali with weapons from Libya’s arsenals. Together with their Islamist allies, the Tuareg easily chased out the Malian Army, already weakened by a coup in the capital, from the north in late March and early April. The Islamists chased out the Tuaregs and seized control in May and June.

US 'al qaida linked islamist groups', with the help of US installed Mali chief Sanago, temporarily overthrew the Tuareg National Movement for the Liberation of Azawad (NMLA)
Al Qaida-linked groups cement control in northern Mali as diplomats ponder intervention
10/31/12 http://www.mcclatchydc.com/2012/10/31/173211/al-qaida-linked-groups-ceme...
...U.S. efforts for now focus on regional diplomacy, expected to end eventually in a Western-backed military intervention...Neighboring African states would provide the manpower, the West, intelligence and guidance...similar to an offensive the African Union launched to counter al Qaida’s affiliate in Somalia. U.S. diplomats and military officials are buzzing to and from West African and European capitals, trying to finalize an intervention plan. The West African bloc of nations, ECOWAS, has said it is willing to contribute an intervention force, backed by the African Union, supported financially and logistically by the U.S. and its allies...
U.S. Secretary of State Hillary Clinton met this week with officials in neighboring Algeria in hopes of winning their support for some kind of action. A month ago, Clinton, speaking on the sidelines of the U.N. General Assembly, described Mali as a hub from which "terrorists are seeking to extend their reach and their networks in multiple directions.”...
"Quite a lot of training and equipping needs to be done first," said the U.S. diplomat. That training is expected to take months. Then, planners envision a campaign to retake the north’s major towns, followed by a much more drawn-out battle to slowly drain their presence from the surrounding desert...to produce a fighting force with regional backing such ground operations are at least months away, U.S. officials say.. That means the undertaking will fall to the next presidential administration.

Exposing U.S. Agents of Low Intensity Warfare in Africa
"Policy Wonks" behind Covert Warfare and Humanitarian Fascism
by Keith Harmon Snow, http://www.consciousbeingalliance.com/2012/08/us-agents-of-covert-war-in...
From the 1980s to today, Western intelligence operatives have backed low-intensity guerrilla warfare in African ‘hotspots’. Mass atrocities in the Great Lakes and Sudan can be linked to Roger Winter, a pivotal U.S. operative whose ‘team’ was recently applauded for birthing the world’s newest nation, South Sudan. Behind the fairytale we find a long trail of blood and skeletons from Uganda to Sudan, Rwanda and Congo. While the mass media covered their tracks, their misplaced moralism helped birth a new left-liberal ‘humanitarian’ fascism. In this falsification of consciousness, Western human rights crusaders and organizations, funded by government, multinational corporations and private donors, cheer the killers and blame the victims– patting themselves on the back for saving Africa from itself. Meanwhile, the “Arab Spring” has spread to (north) Sudan. Following the USNATO-Israeli model of regime change being used in Central & North Africa, it won’t be long before the fall of Khartoum.

U.S. Steps Up Militarization of Africa Through “Drug Wars”
A Black Agenda Radio commentary by Glen Ford
... D.E.A. recently described Africa as the “new frontier” where Washington plans to embed commando-style teams of specially vetted police for an American-run war on drugs, similar to U.S. operations in El Salvador, Guatemala, Panama, and the Dominican Republic..add Colombia and Afghanistan, the world capitals of cocaine and heroin, respectively.
According to mythology, everything King Midas touched turned to gold. It appears the US has the Narcotics Touch - everything it touches turns to dope...its allies in the developing world quickly become narco-states. The pattern has not changed in 60 years, since the Italian and French mafias were rewarded with international drug franchises in return for their assistance against socialists and communists. Southeast Asia’s Golden Triangle became the center of the global heroin trade during the Vietnam War – a project of the CIA. When the U.S. shifted its focus to suppressing leftist movements in Latin America, cocaine became the region’s biggest export. The US has never waged war against drugs ...it rewards political friends with drug franchises and monopolies, in return for service to US interests. That’s why most of America’s friends in the developing world are criminal regimes...That’s how its Narco Touch works. The endless "War on Drugs" another US tool to subvert foreign governments and societies.
Now it’s Africa’s turn... Liberia and Ghana, where US plans to train elite police units after “vetting” their personnel...making sure the commandos are willing to act as de facto U.S. operatives. You can be sure Liberia and Ghana will emerge as hubs of the African drug trade – as in Colombia and elsewhere in Latin America. With i“vetted” operatives in charge of the African drug networks, the U.S. will vastly increase its ability to buy influence across the continent, in and out of uniform... its 'Drug Wars' indistinguishable from the 'War on Terror', which used to be the 'War on Communism'... a war against the poor.

State Building in South Sudan
United Staes Institute of Peace
Center for Conflict Analysis and Prevention
Center for Mediation and Conflict Resolution
Center for Post-Conflict Peace and Stability Operations

* USIP's work in South Sudan
* NGO Engagement in South Sudan USIP Event December 13, 2011
* Birth of the Republic of South Sudan USIP Event July 14, 2011

The United States and other Western countries have invested billions of dollars in South Sudan, hoping to overcome its deeply etched history of poverty, violence and ethnic fault lines to emerge as a stable, Western-friendly nation in a volatile region. One of the least developed countries in the world, South Sudan contains most of the oil that fueled Sudan’s growth over the past decade.
Updated: Sept. 27, 2012 http://topics.nytimes.com/top/news/international/countriesandterritories...

7/31/12 Secretary Clinton: to Senegal, South Sudan, Uganda, Kenya ...accompanied by U.S. business delegation.... ">http://www.state.gov/secretary/trvl/2012/195788.htm>
OPIC www.opic.gov/who-we-are/overview ...U.S. Government's development finance institution mobilizes private capital to help solve critical world challenges and in doing so, advances U.S. ...

10/16/12 OPIC Open for Business in South Sudan www.opic.gov/press-releases/2012/opic-open-business-south-sudan
“As Secretary of State Clinton said in July, South Sudan has been hard at ... South Sudan is ready to work to develop new businesses and industries ...

South Sudan Becomes World's Newest Nation
JUBA, South Sudan -- South Sudan became the world's newest nation, The Republic of South Sudan at 12:01 a.m. Saturday, breaking Africa's largest country in two, after two civil wars over five decades that cost the lives of millions...U.N. Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon has arrived. Former U.S. Secretary of State Colin Powell will attend, as will Sudanese President Omar al-Bashir, whose country already has recognized South Sudan, pledged to accept losing about one-third of his country's territory that contains valuable oil fields....The Obama administration has devoted considerable effort to ensure the fragile peace deal holds. The U.N. Security Council has unanimously approved a new peacekeeping force for South Sudan, authorizing deployment of up to 7,000 military personnel and 900 international police, plus an unspecified number of U.N. civilian staff including human rights experts...But relations are already are looking bleak, with hostilities raging between northern troops and southern-allied forces in a northern border state, a tense stalemate over another disputed border zone, and a breakdown in negotiations this week over the future of Sudan's oil industry. While South Sudan is expected to control more than 75 percent of what was Sudan's daily oil production, it has no refineries and southern oil must flow through the north's pipelines to reach market. North-south negotiations under way in the Ethiopian capital this week broke down over disputes between the two sides...diplomats say hostilities in that area stymy efforts to resolve critical outstanding issues between the governments. Princeton Lyman, U.S. envoy to Sudan, said south-north relations will be "strained and a little rocky."

US proxies short-lived marriages of convenience
South Sudan Expels UN Human Rights Officer
KAMPALA, Uganda — South Sudan, which gained independence from Sudan last year after decades of civil war, has expelled a UN human rights officer after the government objected to its report raising allegations of atrocities by South Sudan’s army....“This expulsion raises serious concerns,” said Jehanne Henry, a senior researcher for Human Rights Watch in the region, “and we hope it does not represent a step backward for human rights in South Sudan.With so many challenges ahead, South Sudan needs to make sure it upholds and protects civil and political rights”. Officials from South Sudan’s Information Ministry and the president’s office could not be reached for comment. Talks over Ms. Beidas expulsion went all the way to South Sudan’s president, Salva Kiir, the HRW statement said, but “the order has not been rescinded.” For decades, South Sudan was the scene of a brutal civil war and ethnic fighting. The US helped broker a peace deal leading to independence. Since then, the US has invested hundreds of millions of dollars in the country ...South Sudan’s security forces — a patchwork of national soldiers, local militiamen, intelligence officers and police troops — have also been accused of abuses as the government tries to consolidate control over South Sudan’s vast expanse of territory

humanitarian fascists, from Sudan to Syria, on every continent, never condemn US state terror
US/Soros engineer imperialist crimes then do selective criticism further serving USrael agenda
11/5/12 VOA http://www.voanews.com/content/right-groups-say-no-justice-on-south-suda...
Human Rights Groups: No Justice on South Sudan's Death Row
Amnesty International and Human Rights Watch say more than 200 people are thought to be on death row, half of them languishing in cramped, dirty cells in Jub
Jehanne Henry, Africa Researcher for Human Rights Watch, says the vast majority of those put on death row never had a chance to defend themselves in court...“South Sudan has a nascent justice system with many weakness “South Sudan as a new country has a nascent justice system that has many weakness and it is simply incapable of providing people with their basic due process rights. South Sudan should place a moratorium on the death penalty... in and of itself is an affront to human rights" said Henry....

Low-Intensity Warfare In Africa: US "Policy Wonks" Behind Covert Warfare & Humanitarian Fascism, Part 1 of 2
09/04/2012 - 20:45 — Keith Harmon Snow
Tirelessly, furiously pumping out disinformation for decades...Washington paves the public mind with hysterical accounts of Arab and Islamic terrorism and African tribalism..[as] the US deployed covert forces in the Great Lakes, Chad, Ethiopia, Sudan, Somalia, Mali, Niger...massive guerrilla insurgencies that have shattered five sovereign countries, terrorized millions and drenched Sudan and the Great Lakes in blood and skeletons. The fracture and divide strategy in Sudan, at work in the Congo, also echoes the RPF strategy of 'fight and talk' for regime change in Rwanda 1990 to 1994... In low intensity wars against Sudan (1989-2006), Uganda (1980-1985), Rwanda (1990-1994) and Congo-Zaire (1996-1997)... movements or groups responsive to U.S. interests are created and legitimated...the U.S. and allies, primarily U.K. and Israel, sponsored the Sudan People's Liberation Movement (SPLM), the National Resistance Movement (NRM), Rwandan Patriotic Front (RPF), and the Alliance for the Democratic Liberation of Congo-Zaire (ADFL). the South Sudan SPLM has committed massive atrocities...including genocide ...the same as Museveni's NRM guerrillas in Uganda, Kagame's RPF guerrillas in Rwanda, and the Ugandan and Rwandan ADFL guerrillas in Congo-Zaire.... In October, 2011, president Barack Obama announced the Pentagon was sending "100 armed advisers" to Uganda... U.S. Special Forces...are all over the region, from Camp Hurso in Ethiopia  and Camp Lemonnier in DJibouti  to the new US AFRICOM base in Kisangani, Congo...When South Sudan became the world's newest nation on 9 July 2011, the Sudan People's Liberation Movement's military wing, SPLA became its national army....  The divide and conquer politics of Empire dictate that rebel factions be set at each other's throats , enabling greater western penetration and control through new South Sudan.
The propaganda stories, and the institutions that manufacture them, whiteout Israeli ties to the carnage.  Israel routinely advised and trained the security forces of the Mobutu regime in Zaire and the Hissen Habre regime in Chad and they backed both Idi Amin and Museveni in their guerrilla wars.  Israeli MOSSAD agent David Kimche worked alongside Roger Winter to aide the RPF victory in Rwanda.  Israeli commanders were spotted on the battlefields of eastern Congo-Zaire and the Israeli firm Silver Shadow reportedly armed the Ugandan People's Defense Forces in their alliance with the Congolese warlord Jean Pierre Bemba and his ruthless Movement for the Liberation of Congo. Israel backed the SPLM with defense and intelligence cooperation for decades.  Israel backed the 'rebels' in Darfur, both the Sudan Liberation Army---an extension of the SPLM---and, more significantly, the so-called Justice and Equality Movement.  Tanks and artillery equipment were off-loaded at the U.S. military port of Mombasa, Kenya, and driven across Kenya and South Sudan.  
Israel's support for the new South Sudan is no longer covert.  In April 2012, just before the full-scale SPLA offensive in the disputed Heglig  border region, Israeli and South Sudanese newspapers reported that Israeli aircraft delivering military hardware and mercenaries (from other African countries) in South Sudan to fight the Khartoum government.  South Sudanese soon after shot down a Sudanese MiG-29 fighter jet: the SPLA claimed that Khartoum "didn't know we have that capacity." [9]...
November 2011 Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu hosted the leaders of Uganda and Kenya.  During his December visit, Kiir held meetings with President Shimon Peres, Benjamin Netanyahu and Foreign Minister Avigdor Lieberman...the same players backing the Dan Gertler companies  behind the Hyppolite Kanambe (alias Joseph Kabila) dictatorship and Western-backed plunder and depopulation in the Congo. July 23, 2012 the new South Sudan SPLA regime signed over Sudan's water rights  and "infrastructure development" to Israel ... Israeli Military Industries (IMI) aerospace and defense contractor... a prime U.S. military supplier.

 See also: keith harmon snow, "The Winter of Bashir's Discontent: AFRICOM's Covert War in Sudan,"  AllThingsPass.com, March 4, 2009; "Oil in Darfur? Special Ops in Somalia? The New Old "Humanitarian" Warfare in Africa,"  February 1, 2007; "Merchant's of Death: Exposing Corporate-Financed Holocaust in Africa ,"Global Research, December 7, 2008.

Israel accused of Sudan air strike
1,000-mile air raid on Khartoum seen as signal to Iran of ability to attack nuclear facilities. Israeli military commentators said the Yarmouk facility in the Sudanese capital was owned by Iran and used to supply weapons to Hamas fighters in the Gaza Strip. The "impressive" reach of the secret operation was said to have demonstrated an ability to hit Iran's nuclear facilities — a similar distance from Israel .As reverberations continued from Tuesday's 1,000-mile attack, Israel would neither confirm nor deny it was involved. Ehud Barak, Israeli defence minister, said : "There is nothing I can say about this subject." But one of his most senior officials praised the country's air force and called Sudan a "terrorist state".

'Israeli attack' on Sudanese arms factory offers glimpse of secret war
Khartoum factory bombing is neither confirmed nor denied by Israel, but there are precedents for this ...Sudan was warned by the US in January 2009 not to allow the delivery of unspecified Iranian arms that were expected to be passed to Hamas in Gaza around the time of Israel's Cast Lead offensive, in which 1,400 Palestinians were killed.
Israeli media has reported that the Israeli air force carried out at least two secret operations in Sudan in January and February 2009. The first involved the bombing of a convoy carrying arms through Sudan to Gaza, in which 119 people were killed. And a ship at a Sudanese port was bombed from the air. Sudan accused the US of carrying out these attacks....rarely did US cables show evidence of direct Israeli requests to the US to block arms deliveries.

Anti-U.S. rebel triumph in northern Yemen brings peace to embattled region
SAADA, Yemen — For much of the past decade, Yemen’s far northern governorate of Saada, on the border with Saudi Arabia, has been one of the most conflict-wracked areas of this fractious nation where war between the Houthis and Yemen’s central government left thousands of dead and much of the region in ruins....
Devastation from years of warfare is still evident....but shops brimming with goods operate out of half-ruined buildings, bullet-scarred gas stations are open and construction is evident across this provincial capital...no question of who’s in charge: Houthis man the frequent checkpoints, the Yemeni flag is a rare sight. Banners and graffiti bearing the Houthis’ notorious slogan – “God is great, death to America, death to Israel, power to Islam” – are everywhere...Few analysts see any likelihood the Houthis will be forced from their current role, though some think it possible they’ll cooperate with the central government one day.

IMF Urges Decisive Action on Debt by US, Europe
Singapore's Finance Minister Tharman Shanmugaratnam, chairman of the IMF steering committee: "We're in a better position now than we were six months ago...There remain downside risks. And we were all quite candid about the nature of those downside risks. The U.S. fiscal cliff is a major uncertainty that affects the entire world. That is, in fact, a major spillover."
U.S. Treasury Secretary Timothy Geithner ...[whose] comment in Tokyo came hours after the U.S. announced the budget deficit was above one trillion dollars for the fourth straight year... acknowledged ...it still has much work to do for its fiscal affairs to be in order...About the only disagreements to emerge publicly from the sessions concerned how much time troubled countries, such as Greece, should get to slash budgets and whether monetary easing intended to encourage more bank lending will actually destabilize markets ....
IMF managing director Christine Lagarde's Global Policy Agenda issued Saturday... noting limited progress in debt overhangs and weak financial systems, says confidence has not been restored due to continued uncertainty on key policies. "The IMF and World Bank governors' joint Development Committee is expressing concern that  financial crises mean fewer jobs where millions are needed.” The committee also called on the World Bank to step up work to break the cycle of emergency aid for the Sahel, in Africa, where it says hunger threatens the lives of 19 million people and the stability of the region. For the less fortunate in poorer countries, the IMF announced more than $1 billion for low-cost loans...

Africa Sees Opportunity in Enduring Global Financial Crisis
10/13/12 http://www.voanews.com/content/africa_sees_opportunity_in_enduring_globa...
Among the African countries expecting double-digit economic growth in five years is Rwanda, a beneficiary of investors' growing interest in purchasing sovereign debt of African countries with positive growth. Rwanda's finance minister, John Rwangombwa, dispels concerns that African countries with easier access to credit will once again fall into a debt trap.
Namibia, with its lucrative diamond and uranium mines as well as recent outside interest in offshore oil exploration, is still experiencing growth. But since the global economic crisis began four years ago, it has exhausted its fiscal surplus. Namibia's finance minister, Saara Kuugongelwa-Amadhila, concerned a protracted eurozone crisis will further delay much-desired additional foreign direct investment “That would have a negative impact on inflows of investment. But we continue...our capital market reforms and building of infrastructures, skills provision and generally making the environment conducive to investing in the economy,” said Kuugongela-Amadhila....Kerfalla Yansane, finance minister of Guinea, agrees the international economic climate has not brought in enough investment... But he notes Guinea is among developing countries enjoying more flexibility finding partners for infrastructure projects to borrow money...no longer the need to rely exclusively on the IMF and the World Bank which now have competition from China, India and others.

Engaging Africa’s Innovators:  Apps4Africa 2012 Business Challenge
10/25/12 http://blogs.state.gov/index.php/site/by_author/tgenton
Apps4Africa, like DEMO Africa, is a key partner in the State Department's Liberalizing Innovation Opportunity Nations Alliance which uses public-private partnerships to promote innovation, support technology and entrepreneurship in Africa. As in the past two years, Appfrica International will run this year's Apps4Africa competition, under a grant from the State Department's Bureau of African Affairs ... After the launch in Nairobi, Apps4Africa 2012: Business Challenge will be split into three regional competitions: East Africa, West and Central Africa, and Southern Africa. Seven regional sessions -- in Uganda, Zimbabwe, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Zambia, Ghana, Senegal, and Nigeria -- will bring together prospective apps developers, universities, businesses, and civil society [NGOs] to help identify needs, form networks, and explore solutions.

Educating Africa’s youth key to continent’s growth
10/26/12 http://www.voanews.com/content/africa-economy-youth/1534015.html
African leaders will be joined by international scholars, economists, and private industry leaders when the 7th African Economic Conference gets underway in Rwanda, October 30 through November 2. The African Development Bank, (AFDB) with the Economic Commission for Africa, (ECA), and the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP), organizes the African Economic Conference every year. Emmanuel Nnadozie, director and chief economist of the Economic Development Division of the UN Economic Commission for Africa...said if one begins with Africa’s natural resources, then asks the question:  how can we add more value to create a sustainable economy? The conference will address how to best develop and harness Africa’s wealth of natural resources—that could also improve Africa’s employment rate....if one begins with Africa’s natural resources, then asks:  how can we add more value to create a sustainable economy?

Controversial Private Schools in Africa
Gems Education Company, a private school group operating in 10 countries, is embarking on a major expansion in Africa, attracted by the continent's strong economic growth.. when demand for private education is growing in the developing world because of government underinvestment.
In September, the company opened its first secondary school in Africa in Nairobi, Kenya. Schools are planned in Nigeria, Uganda, Ghana, Mozambique, Tanzania and South Africa.
"We are excited by Africa; it offers tremendous potential with a growing consumer class," said Dino Varkey, group executive director...According to the October UNESCO report 71 million lower secondary school age adolescents were out of school in 2010, three out of four in south and west Asia and sub-Saharan Africa.
Gems now has schools in the US, UK, India and China, its partners include the Clinton Global Initiative, UNESCO. the Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation and the Tony Blair Faith....

Africa Partnership Fund
Commitment by: USAID, JPMorgan Chase & Co., The Rockefeller Foundation, Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation and more...
For the first time, private social impact investors with the U.S. Government will leverage comparative advantages to stimulate private sector led growth among agriculture businesses in Africa.

Obama quote: in The Finish: The Killing of Osama Bin Laden, by Mark Bowden
"I do think that from a broader military perspective, we can’t overstate what Special Forces can do. Special Forces are well designed to deal with very specific targets in difficult terrain and oftentimes can prevent us from making the bigger strategic mistakes of sending forces in, with big footprints and so forth. And so when you’re talking about dealing with terrorist networks in failed states, or states that don’t have capacity, you can see that as actually being less intrusive, less dangerous, less problematic for the country involved. But ultimately, none of this stuff works if we’re not partnering effectively with other countries, if we’re not engaging with smart diplomacy, if we’re not trying to change our image in the Muslim world to reduce recruits [to extremism]. It’s not an end-all, be-all. I’m sure glad we have it, though.” (262)

sample of REUTERS wire service AFRICA propaganda
Who among the seven longest serving African leaders will be deposed next?
Several African leaders watching news of the death of Africa’s longest serving leader are wondering who is next and how they will leave office. Three of the ten longest serving have fallen this year – Ben Ali of Tunisia ruled 23 years, Hosni Mubarak of Egypt ruled 30 years and the longest, the Ghaddafi of Libya ruled 42 years –all gone in the last six months.
Teodoro Obiang Nguema of Equatorial Guinea (32), Jose Santos of Angola (32), Robert Mugabe of Zimbabwe (31), Paul Biya of Cameroon (29) and Yoweri Museveni of Uganda (25), King Mswati III of Swaziland (24), Blaise Campore of Burkina Fasso (24) and still going strong, and must be wondering whose turn is next...Although the revolts have so far been limited to North Africa...Slowly but surely, these revolutions are heading south and unless Africa’s long-serving leaders pave the way for inclusive governance and relinquish their power, they are increasingly likely to face the same fate as North African ones.

Could Islamist rebels undermine change in Africa?
Creeping from the periphery in Africa’s east and west, Islamist militant groups now pose serious security challenges to key countries and potentially even a threat to the continent’s new success.  Blog  

Will 2012 see more strong men of Africa leave office?
There are many reasons for being angry with Africa ’s strong men, whose autocratic ways have thrust some African countries back into the eye of the storm and threatened to undo the democratic gains in other parts of the continent of the past decades.  Blog