12/6/12 US Sudden,Desperate Escalation of War on Syria


US weighing military options if Syria uses WMD
12/3/12 Associated Press WASHINGTON http://www.npr.org/templates/story/story.php?storyId=166382361
The United States and its allies are weighing military options to secure Syria's chemical and biological weapons, after U.S. intelligence reports show the Syrian regime may be readying those weapons and may be desperate enough to use them
NB: possible psywar, unconfirmed report by Debka by major israeli intel/propaganda site
USS Eisenhower aircraft carrier arrives off Syrian shore
12/5/12 DEBKAfile Special Report http://www.debka.com/article/22586/USS-Eisenhower-aircraft-carrier-arriv...
The USS Eisenhower Strike Group transited the Suez Canal from the Persian Gulf Saturday, Dec. 1, sailing up to the Syrian coast Tuesday in a heavy storm, with 8 fighter bomber squadrons of Air Wing Seven on its decks and 8,000 sailors, airmen and Marines.The USS Eisenhower group joins the USS Iwo Jima Amphibious Ready Group which carries 2,500 Marines.  
Facing Syria now are 10,000 US fighting men, 70 fighter-bombers and at least 17 warships, including the three Iwo Jima amphibious craft, a guided missile cruiser and 10 destroyers and frigates. Four of these vessels are armed with Aegis missile interceptors.This mighty US armada brings immense pressure to bear on the beleaguered Assad regime after it survied an almost two-year buffeting by an armed uprising. Its presence indicates that the United States now stands ready for direct military intervention in the Syrian conflict ...

Pressure Builds on Syrian Opposition Coalition; Fears of Chemical Weapons Rise
12/6/12 http://www.nytimes.com/2012/12/06/world/middleeast/clinton-expresses-sup...
Pressure is building on the new "National Coalition of Syrian Revolutionary and Opposition Forces"...pulled together from a variety of opposition groups... last month in Doha, Qatar, convened by the US... to choose leaders and transform itself into a political force that could earn formal recognition from the US and other countries, as a viable alternative to the Syrian government...
Wednesday, the United States, ahead of a meeting next Wednesday of the "Friends of Syria" in Marrakesh, Morocco, expressed fresh support for the coalition, as US intelligence said it detected that Syrian troops had mixed precursor chemicals for a deadly nerve gas. US officials hinted that the US would upgrade relations with the opposition, possibly to formal recognition, if the coalition made progress on a political structure by the meeting. “Now that there is a new opposition formed, we are going to be doing what we can to support that opposition,” Secretary of State Hillary Rodham Clinton said at a news conference in Brussels, adding that at the Marrakesh meeting “we will explore with like-minded countries what we can do to” end this conflict...
With the pressure to create a government framework, the coalition and its delegates have held meetings in Cairo to try to agree on how to choose leaders, including a prime minister. Another round of talks could take place there on Saturday. Yaser Tabbara, a member of the coalition, said they might also try to identify candidates for 10 to 15 cabinet positions...

what "like-minded" US friends are for...
"... the possibility of U.S.-made NATO-operated hardware being used against the Assad regime for the first time"
NATO backs Patriot anti-missile system for Turkey bringing US, allies closer to Syria
At NATO headquarters in Brussels, U.S. Secretary of State Clinton and NATO's 27 other foreign ministers “unanimously expressed grave concerns about reports the Syrian regime may be considering the use of chemical weapons"...Germany and the Netherlands are expected to give Turkey several batteries of the latest PAC-3 U.S.-built Patriots systems...the U.S. would likely fill any gaps, possibly from its European stocks...exact details of the deployment and number of batteries are still to be determined ...A joint team is studying possible basing sites in Turkey, and parliaments in both Germany and the Netherlands must then approve shifting the assets and the possible involvement of several hundred soldiers.It’s unclear if any American soldiers would need to be deployed...The U.S. also cites the risk of extremists among the rebels getting their hands on weapons they may later use against U.S. allies such as Israel...Syria, which is party to the 1925 Geneva Protocol banning chemical weapons in war, has repeatedly insisted it would not use them even if it did possess such weapons.
U.S. officials say the U.S. and its allies are weighing military options in light of intelligence reports showing the Syrian regime may be readying its unconventional weapons and may be desperate enough to use them. German ambassador Martin Erdmann said the Bundestag will probably take up the matter next week. The decision was announced after NATO foreign ministers met Tuesday with their Russian counterpart Sergey Lavrov... he warned that the conflict “is being increasingly militarized,” ...Addressing Lavrov and the other 27 NATO foreign ministers, Clinton said Washington and Moscow still have major differences on the political transition needed in Syria...

How US armed Saddam Hussein with chemical weapons
8/28/02 by Norm Dixon, http://www.greenleft.org.au/node/26825
note democrat-pimps change headline to "Reagan armed..."
...1985 until 1990 "the US government approved 77 for export to Iraq of $1.5 billion worth of biological agents and high-tech equipment with military application… US export control policy was directed by US foreign policy formulated by the State Department, and it was US foreign policy to assist the regime of Saddam Hussein." A 1994 US Senate report revealed that US companies were licenced by the commerce department to export a "witch’s brew" of biological and chemical materials, including bacillus anthracis (causes anthrax) and clostridium botulinum (cause of botulism). The American Type Culture Collection made 70 shipments of the anthrax bug and other pathogenic agents...US exports to Iraq included precursors to chemical warfare agents, plans for chemical and biological warfare facilities and chemical warhead filling equipment. US firms supplied advanced and specialised computers, lasers, testing and analysing equipment. Among the better-known companies were Hewlett Packard, Unisys, Data General and Honeywell.... March 16,1988 Iraq launched a poison gas attack on the Iraqi Kurdish village of Halabja, killing 5000 people...that attack today is touted by senior US officials as one of the main reasons why Hussein must now be "taken out"... four months later, Washington stood by as the US giant Bechtel corporation won the contract to build a huge petrochemical plant that would give the Hussein regime the capacity to generate chemical weapons...

Read Ziadeh's bio below for all you need to know about 'like-minded' US NGO 'arab spring democracy/humanitarian activists' in a war for ME domination
Radan Ziadeh is Executive Director of The Syrian Center for Political and Strategic Studies based in Washington, D.C.

U.S. might [SIC] name Syrian rebel Nusra Front a foreign terrorist group
...In an apparent bid to isolate Islamist extremists and bolster a new Western-backed Syrian opposition alliance, the United States is moving to declare one of the most effective Syrian rebel groups a foreign terrorist organization because of alleged ties to al Qaida. The State Department originally planned to add the Nusra Front – Jabhat al Nusra in Arabic – to its list of international terrorist groups this week, McClatchy learned. The announcement was postponed as officials discussed how to get the maximum impact from the designation... before the US and European and Arab allies meet with leaders of the new opposition alliance at a conference Dec. 12 in Morocco, where a significant aid package for the new alliance is expected to be announced...Nusra members in Syria told McClatchy most of their funding comes from individuals in Saudi Arabia...The symbolism of the move however may be more important as the administration tries to build the credibility of the new opposition bloc...Experts and U.S. officials see the move against Nusra as a part of a U.S.-backed effort to strengthen the new National Coalition of Syrian Revolutionary and Opposition Forces formed last month...seeking international recognition as the government in waiting to replace Assad’s embattled regime, should it fall, and guide Syria’s transition to democracy...."...What is the reason the U.S. administration is considering it (Nusra) al Qaida? All our focus is on getting rid of the Assad mafia. We welcome anyone in the fight against Assad,” said Radwan Ziadeh, executive director of the Washington-based Syrian Center for Political and Strategic Studies.

About Us http://www.scpss.org/index.php?pid=2
The Syrian Center for Political and Strategic Studies (SCPSS) is an independent NGO studies center....to educate readers and activists about the Syrian Arab Republic from political, economic, social and strategic perspectives, through sponsorship programs that tackle theoretical, applied and social science research, through studies, conferences, publications, symposiums, and seminars.

Radwan Ziadeh receives the Democracy Courage Tributes Award
Syrian Center for Political and Strategic Studies
Radwan Ziadeh on behalf the Syrian Human Rights Movement receives the Democracy Courage Tributes Award
Syrian Center for Political and Strategic Studies NGO (SCPSS)
Executive Director: Dr. Radwan Ziadeh, Senior Fellow at U.S Institute of Peace in Washington D.C, and Fellow at Institute for Social Policy and Understanding (ISPU) in Washington D.C.
Since the Syrian uprising started in March 15, 2011 he was involved in documenting all the human rights violations and testifying at the UN Human rights council in Geneva twice, also he involved in the opposition activities where he elected in October as director of Foreign relation office for the Syrian National Council SNC the main umbrella for the Syrian opposition.
He was most recently a Visiting Scholar at Dubai Initiative at Kennedy school of Government at Harvard University, visiting scholar at The Institute for Middle East Studies (IMES) at Elliot School of International Affairs at George Washington University, Prins Global Fellow at Hagop Kevorkian Center for Near Eastern Studies at New York University and Visiting Scholar at The Center for Contemporary Arab Studies (CCAS) at Georgetown University.
Before that he was Reagan–Fascell Fellow at National Endowment for Democracy (NED) at Washington D,C and Visiting Scholar at the Center for the Study of Human Rights at Columbia University in New York City, he was also a Visiting Fellow at Chatham House (The Royal Institute of International Affairs) in London and a visiting scholar at Carr Center for Human Rights at Harvard University (2008–2009). In 2007–2008 he was a Senior Fellow at United States Institute of Peace (USIP) in Washington, D.C.
He is the founder and director of the Damascus Center for Human Rights Studies in Syria and co-founder and executive director of the Syrian Center for Political and Strategic Studies in Washington, D.C. He is the managing editor of the Transitional Justice in the Arab World Project.
Before that, Ziadeh was editor-in-chief of Tyarat magazine in 2001–2002 and secretary of the Syrian Organization for Transparency. He was a researcher with the UNDP’s "Syria 2025" project and was named best political scientist researcher in the Arab world by Jordan’s Abdulhameed Shoman Foundation in 2004; in 2009 he was awarded the Middle East Studies Association (MESA) Academic Freedom award in Boston; and in 2010 he was awarded the Democracy Courage Tributes award on behalf of the Human Rights movement in Syria by the World Movement for Democracy at Jakarta- Indonesia.   
Ziadeh has been a major player in the “Damascus Spring,” intense debate about politics, social issues and calls for reform in Syria after the death of President Hafez al-Asad in 2000.
He is on the board of directors for the Center for the Study of Islam and Democracy ( CSID) inWashington, D.C., and a member of the Advisory Group for the Institute for Democracy and Electoral Assistance (IDEA) in Stockholm, Sweden. In addition, he is a member of the Advisory Board for the Islamic World Initiative at USIP for “Reform and Security in the Muslim World” program, a member of the Middle East Studies Association (MESA), the American Political Science Association (APSA), The International Institute for Strategic Studies (IISS) in London, the International Political Science Association (IPSA), and the International Studies Association (ISA).
His most recent book is Power and Policy in Syria: Intelligence Services, Foreign Relations and Democracy in the Modern Middle East (I.B.Tauris ,2011). He has written ten books: The Clash of Values Between Islam and the West, with Kevin James O’Toole (2010), Political Islam in Syria (2008), Decision Making and Foreign Policy in Syria (2007), The Challenges of Reform in The Arab World: Islam, Identity, Modernity and Globalization (2006), The Intellectual Confronts Power: Dialogues of Syrian Civil Society (2005), andThe Near Peace: The Syrian–Israeli Negotiations (2005), The Ideology of Renaissance in Contemporary Arab Discourse (2004), The Question of Renewal in Contemporary Islamic Discourse (2004), Modernism and Post-Modernism in Western Philosophy(2003), and Human Rights in the Arab World (2000).
He has edited five books: The Democratic Transition between Spain and Syria, with George Irani (2009), The Struggle for Reform in Syria (2006), Reform in Syria: Between Domestic and International Politics (2004), Towards Civil Society in Syria (2004), and Islam and Political Thought: Democracy and The West (2000).
Ziadeh has published studies, research projects and policy papers for many international institutions including United States Institute of Peace (USIP), Institute for Democracy and Electoral Assistance (IDEA) in Stockholm, German Institute of Global and Area Studies (GIGA), The Netherlands Institute for Multiparty Democracy (NIMD), Freedom House and Global Integrity both in Washington D.C, The Global Leadership Project at the Clinton Global Initiative.
He has lectured at Harvard University, Columbia University, Georgetown University, Stanford University, Rutgers University, Cornell University, George Washington University, New York University, UCLA, UC–Davis, Roger Williams University, Kennesaw State University, Tufts University, Oxford University, St. Andrews University, National Academy of the Sciences, King’s College–University of London, Edinburgh University, University of Colorado, Savannah Council on World Affairs, University of Ljubljana-Slovenia, Jagiellonian  University in Poland, Lund University –Sweden, Gutenberg University-Mainz-Germany, University of Amsterdam, LUISS University in Italy , Pontifical Catholic University in Rio de Janeiro, Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona (UAB)-Barcelona, National University-Rosario-Argentina, International Christian University in Tokyo, Cairo University, American University of Beirut, Al-Baat University in Amman, University of Jordan, and Damascus University.
He is a frequent political commentator on several U.S., European, and Middle Eastern media outlets such as Al-Jazeera, Al-Arabiya, B.B.C. and Al-Hurra and writes a bi-monthly op-ed for the leading Arab daily, Al-Hayat.

The Case for Organizing a Military Force from Muslim Countries to Intervene in Syria
2/9/12 Syrian Center for Political and Strategic Studies http://www.scpss.org/index.php?pid=283
The ongoing crisis in Syria is that rare international issue that should unite both humanitarians and foreign policy realists. Intervening to terminate the Assad regime is the only way to end the Middle East's bloodiest humanitarian tragedy in decades. It's also the most effective way to get rid of the most anti-American regime in the Levant, a strategic area for U.S. interests. That's not to say intervention will be simple. Ill-conceived action could escalate the conflict... the intervention in Syria needs to be velveteen in nature, soft to the touch and woven patiently over time...
Washington's reluctance to lead an operation may prove a blessing, leaving space for Turkey to take the reins....Turkey would support an air-based intervention to protect U.N. designated safe havens -- as long as the mission is led by a "regional force," composed of both Turkish and Arab militaries. Qatar and Saudi Arabia, who are funding the opposition, should be happy to work with their new ally in Ankara to protect the safe havens; Washington and European powers could then remotely back the operation, facilitating its success. This might be just what the war-weary United States needs: a military victory in the Middle East without the American military.
There is one more barrier, of course: Russia's veto in the U.N. Security Council. As long as Russia continues to block a U.N. resolution, there won't be any internationally-recognized "safe havens," which means no Turkish-led coalition to protect them. But this is where active U.S. diplomacy, guided by historically-informed sympathy, can make a difference. Moscow's obstructionism isn't because it likes the Assad regime. Rather, Russia fears that by losing Assad, it will also lose its only Mediterranean maritime base, located in the Syrian coastal town of Tartus...Losing Tartus would usher in a historic Russian lockout of the Mediterranean and the warm seas -- this would be a strategic disaster for Russia. Washington must assure Russia that it will have access to Tartus after Assad leaves. Give Russia their warm water port, and they will not veto the resolution.
Washington needs to devise a well-planned, delicate intervention strategy in Syria: supported by the Russians, executed by the Turks and Arabs, and remotely backed by the U.S. and its European allies -- and last but not least, one involving no ground troops.