1/29/13 US Explodes Egypt/SCARF - Morsi Arrangement

Note: brief background & strategic context:

US will deploy troops to 35 African countries in 2013
12/24/12 http://blackagendareport.com/content/master-“guest”-us-military-swarms-over-africa
Soldiers based out of Fort Riley, Kansas’ 2nd Brigade, 1st Infantry Division will begin training in March 2013 in order to prepare for a project that will send troops to as many as 35 African nations, the AP reports. Citing a growing threat from extremist groups, including those with 'ties to al-Qaeda', the Pentagon is installing U.S. forces to prepare local troops there for any future crises as tensions escalate....DoD sources with insider knowledge told the Washington Post US troops will soon be en route to the nation of Mali in order to thwart the emerging threat of Islamic extremists, including al-Qaeda aligned insurgents. With the latest news from the Pentagon, though, Mali will be just one of many African nations hosting US troops in the coming year...

The End of the Mubarak Era
1/29/11 Bruce Reidel, www.brookings.edu/research/opinions/2011/01/29-egypt-riedel
Bruce Reidel, former CIA Officer, a senior fellow in the Saban Center for Middle East Policy at the Brookings Institution.
...No conceivable Egyptian government will lightly rip up the peace treaty Sadat signed with Begin...Similarly no Egyptian government will want to lightly cut ties with America...US assistance runs close to $2 billion a year, Egypt's army is equipped with US gear (including the tanks and the tear gas used this weekend). But democracies have to pay attention to their people. Mubarak could criticize George Bush's Iraq War and still allow the U.S. Navy and Air Force to use the canal and Cairo west airport to supply it... Mubarak's government pressed hard for the world to condemn Israel's nuclear weapons program with little success. Mohamed ElBaradei, a former International Atomic Energy Agency chief and Nobel Peace prize winner, will almost certainly redouble the effort to put the Israeli arsenal on the agenda of the U.N. Security Council. A new Egypt will still be the enemy of al Qaeda and rival to Iran. It will still want Western tourists and investment and it will behave as a responsible member of the world community. The army will be a voice of caution still....

US trains activists to evade security forces
April 2011 AFP
WASHINGTON (AFP) - The US is training thousands of cell phone and Internet pro-democracy campaigners worldwide to evade security forces in what it calls a "cat-and-mouse game" with authoritarian governments to help activists in Arab and other countries gain access to technology that circumvents government firewalls, secures telephone text and voice messages, and prevents attacks on websites.... "organized training sessions for 5,000 activists in different parts of the world. A session held in the Middle East about six weeks ago gathered activists from Tunisia, Egypt, Syria and Lebanon who returned to their countries with the aim of training their colleagues there..there's a ripple effect." That ripple effect of course, the "Arab Spring" and the subsequent destabilization, violence, and US armed and backed warfare that followed

precisely the US plan
Egyptian military holds on to power despite presidential vote
6/19/12 By CNN Wire Staff, http://www.cnn.com/2012/06/18/world/meast/egypt-election/
An Islamist backed by the Muslim Brotherhood declared victory as Egypt's first democratically elected president even as the military rulers, the Supreme Council of the Armed Forces (SCAF)
issued a decree that stripped the position of much of its power....Under an interim constitutional declaration released Monday by the Supreme Council members "shall decide all matters related to military affairs, including the appointment of its leaders." The president has the power to declare war, it says "after the approval of the SCAF."
In the event of unrest in the country... the president can involve the armed forces to provide general security "after receiving the approval of the SCAF,"

Obama proposes $800 million in 2013 budget for "Arab Spring"
A new "Middle East and North Africa (MENA) Incentive Fund," the president said in his budget plan.
2/13/12 http://www.reuters.com/article/2012/02/13/us-usa-budget-foreign-idUSTRE8...
President Obama promised Egypt $1 billion in aid to support its transition to democracy following the fall of President Hosni Mubarak. Obama asked military aid to [ed: SCAF] be kept at the level of recent years - $1.3 billion - despite a crisis by Egypt's probe targeting U.S. NGO democracy activists. A WikiLeaks cable revealed the Egyptian government asked USAID to stop financing NGOs that 'weren't properly registered'. The proposals, part of Obama's budget request for fiscal year 2013, which begins October1, 2012, "expands U.S. bilateral economic support to countries where transitions are underway...incentives for long-term economic, political, and trade reforms to countries in transition - and to countries preparing to make reforms proactively," the White House budget document said...to build on other programs for the area, including $2 billion in regional Overseas Private Investment Corporation financing, $1 billion in debt swaps for Egypt, and approximately $500 million in existing funds re-allocated to respond to the region last year

U.S. Aid to Egypt: Where Does the Money Go— Who Decides How It’s Spent?
10/9/12 http://www.propublica.org/blog/item/f.a.q.-on-u.s.-aid-to-egypt-where-do...
Egypt gets the most U.S. foreign aid of any country except for Israel. U.S. foreign assistance to Egypt has averaged about $2 billion a year since 1979, when Egypt struck a peace treaty deal with Israel following the Camp David accords, according to the Congressional Research Service. That includes military and economic aid. Military aid — which comes through a funding stream known as Foreign Military Financing — has held steady at about $1.3 billion since 1987. U.S. officials have long argued the money promotes strong ties between the U.S. and Egyptian militaries, giving the U.S. all kinds of benefits. U.S. Navy warships, for instance, get "expedited processing" when they pass through the Suez Canal.This 2009 U.S. embassy cable released by WikiLeaks makes essentially the same point:
President Mubarak and military leaders view U.S. military assistance program as the cornerstone of our mil-mil relationship and consider the USD 1.3 billion in annual FMF as "untouchable compensation" for making and maintaining peace with Israel. The tangible benefits to our mil-mil relationship are clear: Egypt remains at peace with Israel, and the U.S. enjoys priority access to the Suez Canal and Egyptian airspace. The military funding also enables Egypt to purchase U.S.-manufactured military goods and services.

U.S. on Algeria: We knew ‘something big’ was coming
1/21/13 http://www.washingtontimes.com/news/2013/jan/21/us-algeria-we-knew-somet...
House Intelligence Committee chairman Mike Rogers told ABC news Sunday that the United States received reports “something big” was going to target the West, but specifics were lacking and Algeria was a surprise. “Just like Benghazi, we had lots of threat streams...reports coming in from all different types of sources saying, ‘Something big is going to happen.’ We didn’t know for sure...but we knew they were trying to find a Western target”

digest note 1/29/13:
TV, print and social media tell public diplomacy tales of an upsurge by 'revolutionary youth to finish their revolution' in Egypt - aka the US-engineered 'Arab Spring' op. against Morsi, the now 'authoritarian' it made its US updated proxy, US educated ex- MB member. Real news, if not easily accessible, is available. Briefly:

The US is using its brief SCAF-Morsi election arrangement to manufacture violent divisions destabilization in Egypt as pretext for a 'stable' SCAF dictatorship necessary for US acceleration and expansion of its "counterterrorist" North Africa juggernaut which is critical to its MENA campaign. The US-backed Morsi presidency was ruled by US-funded SCAF behind 'revolutionary democracy' activists that publicly backed the military, and will enable US to openly secure this client state, Israel and the entire region.

Mainstream state-sponsored media tales, increasingly fabricated and confusing-apparently assume, or don't give a damn-that millions worldwide remember the battle-cry "the military are our friends, El-Baradei our president" by Egypt's stage 1 'google facebook revolution', locally organized by the US State. Dept. trained April 6 movement.
(more coverage of this US war for the African continent is at with a links-bibliography at bottom of the page)

US-SCAF play 'islamist' card, plus soccer killers, against Morsi/MB that US briefly used as fronts for SCAF rule to advance strategic regional MENA plans for domination of Africa
Its NYT mouthpiece of record feigns 'unclarity' about SCAF-police-Morsi connection to 'justify' dictatorship of US-backed SCAF again
Chief of Egypt’s Army Warns of ‘Collapse’ as Chaos Mounts
1/30/13 http://www.nytimes.com/2013/01/30/world/middleeast/egypt-protest-updates...
CAIRO — Egypt’s top military officer warned Tuesday of the potential “collapse of the state” if political forces in the country did not reconcile, reflecting growing impatience with the country’s growing unrest. In a speech to military cadets distributed as a statement, defense minister Gen. Abdul-Fattah al-Sisi, publicly warned Egypt’s new Islamist leaders and their opponents that “their disagreement on running the country may lead to the collapse of the state and threatens the future of the coming generations." As such, General Sisi suggested the polarization of the civilian politics was becoming a concern of the military because “to affect the stability of the state institutions is a dangerous matter that harms Egyptian national security." His remarks came as violence in Cairo began to escalate. During clashes between riot police and protesters early Tuesday, the fighting spilled into one of the city’s luxury hotels, leaving the lobby in ruins. The worst of the turmoil, which left at least 45 people dead, has been in Port Said at the northern tip of the Suez Canal. President Mohamed Morsi imposed a month long state of emergency in the city and two others in the Suez Canal zone, calling on the army to regain control of security. General Sisi also [SIC!] said the army would protect the “vital” Suez Canal. The state of emergency imposed by Mr. Morsi virtually eliminates due process protections against abuse by the police (as if SCAF rule doesn't include police]
But it was far from clear that Mr. Morsi was fully in command of the military either. The new Islamist-backed Constitution grants general broad autonomy within the Egyptian government in an apparent quid pro quo for turning over full power to Mr. Morsi in August. Mr. Morsi’s formal request for the military to restore order was “not so much an instruction as a plea for support,” Mr. Bahgat said. It remains to be seen whether the military retains the credibility to quell the protests. The soldiers stationed in Port Said did nothing to intervene as clashes raged on in the streets hours after curfew Monday night. Analysts close to the military say its officers are extremely reluctant to engage in the kind of harsh crackdown that would damage its reputation with Egyptians, preferring to rely on its presence alone. Near the front lines of the clashes, residents debated whether they would welcome a military takeover. “The military sent to Port Said is the Muslim Brotherhood’s military"...others said they still had faith in the institution, if not in its top generals. “In the military, the soldiers are our brothers,” said Khaled Samir Abdullah

7/11/12 Posted by Lawrence AusterDaniel Pipes and Cynthia Farahat write in today’s Washington Times:
Morsi is not... the commander in chief. Arguably, he does not even run the Muslim Brotherhood. His job is undefined. The military could brush him aside. For the first time since 1954, Egypt’s president is a secondary figure, assigned the functionary role long associated with its prime ministers...
SCAF exploits the Muslim Brotherhood and other proxies as its civilian fronts, a role they are happy to play, by permitting Islamists to garner an outsized percentage of the parliamentary vote, then to win the presidency. During the suspicious week-long delay before the presidential votes were announced, SCAF met with the Muslim Brotherhood’s real leader, Khairat El-Shater, and reached a deal whereby Morsi became president but SCAF still governs.

To understand SCAF’s power, note three actions it took in conjunction with the presidential elections:
1. Imposition of martial law: On June 13, the Justice Minister authorized the General Intelligence Services and military police to arrest civilians at will and incarcerate them for six months if they express any form of written or artist opposition against SCAF, the police, or their Islamist proxies, while protesting these same institutions on the streets can lead to life in prison.

2. Dissolution of parliament: On the grounds that the parliamentary elections of Nov. 2011-Jan. 2012, breached the constitution (which prohibits party candidates to run for “individual” seats), the Supreme Administrative Court ruled them invalid in February 2012. On June 14, the SCAF-controlled Supreme Constitutional Court confirmed this decision and dissolved parliament. In retrospect, it appears that SCAF, which oversaw those elections, intentionally allowed Islamists to break the law so as to have an excuse at will to dissolve Egypt’s fraudulent parliament.

3. Establish premise for martial law: SCAF issued a constitutional declaration on June 17 that formalized its intention to prolong the military’s 60-year-old rule. Article 53/2 states that, in the face of internal unrest, “the president can issue a decision to direct the armed forces—with the approval of SCAF — to maintain security and defend public properties.” The basis for a complete military takeover could hardly be more baldly asserted; Morsi’s plan to reconvene the dissolved parliament could justify such an action.
Morsi took the oath of office before the Supreme Constitutional Court and not before the parliament...another symbolic SCAF victory.

If foreigners are largely blind to SCAF’s power play, Egyptians widely recognize this reality. The April 6 Youth Movement called its recent actions “a soft coup d’etat.” Journalist Zainab Abu El-Magd bitterly noted that “political coups these days are done through ‘fair elections’.” Ziad Abdel Tawab of the Cairo Institute for Human Rights Studies calls the dissolution of parliament a “blatant military coup.” One Egyptian newspaper called Morsi “president without powers,” while an Islamist compared him to Queen Elizabeth II of Britain.
SCAF is struggling to perpetuate the status quo, whereby the officer corps enjoys the good life and the rest of the country serves its needs. Making Morsi the apparent president of Egypt cleverly saddles him with responsibility as the country’s economic problems worsen. But SCAF’s tricks run great dangers and could backfire, for a population fed up with tyranny and backwardness finds itself with more of the same. The next explosion could make the uprising of early 2011 look tame.
To help avoid that next explosion, Western governments should adopt a policy of pressuring SCAF gradually to permit increasing genuine political participation.

Egyptian Youths Ready for Another Revolution
1/24/13 http://www.washingtontimes.com/news/2013/jan/24/egyptian-youths-are-read...
Large protests are planned for Cairo's Tahrir Square, the nerve center of the anti-Mubarak revolution.
“The second anniversary will be a new wave of the revolution,” said Ahmed Maher, co-founder of the April 6 Youth Movement, which played a prominent role in the anti-Mubarak demonstrations. “The revolution isn’t finished yet.” Two years ago, Mr. Maher used a Facebook group to organize youths hungry for change. The opposition needs to do a better job organizing and have a clear plan if it hopes to be a match for the Islamists, who have strong networks and clear goals, he said.

At least 30 killed in Egyptian clashes after soccer verdict
1/25/13 http://www.washingtonpost.com/world/middle_east/at-least-22-killed-in-eg...
In anticipation of an unsatisfactory verdict in the Port Said case earlier this week, the al-Ahly Ultras took to the streets of Cairo, temporarily occupying subway tracks and leaving threatening graffiti on the city’s walls. The Port Said violence last year was the deadliest soccer riot in the world in 15 years. Clashes broke out in the Egyptian coastal city of Port Said on Saturday, leaving at least 30 dead and at least 300 hundred injured, following a court verdict imposing death sentences on 21 people for killings during a soccer riot in the city last year. All those killed in Port Said Saturday died of gunshot wounds....It was the second day of violence in Egypt after tens of thousands of protesters marking the two-year Arab Spring revolution anniversary clashed with police in cities across the country, leaving at least nine people dead in the city of Suez and more than 260 others injured nationwide, according to state officials. Anger toward Egypt’s new Islamist government, over the legitimacy and effectiveness of the country’s first democratically elected president.

'smart power' public diplomacy wraps the big lie (Egypt's 'arab spring revolution') in some actual facts and reconciles them to serve neoliberal US agenda
The Egyptian Revolution--Only Two Years Old
1/25/13 by Crystal Ray
The Egyptian Revolution is only two years old. While it has already changed Egypt profoundly, it is far from over. This was proven again today, January 25, 2013, two years from the beginning, as thousands went to Midan al-Tahrir (Liberation Fields or Plaza...
The heads of the Supreme Council of the Armed Forces SCAF) were replaced by President Morisi, but the military/intelligence leadership remains the most powerful force in Egypt, thanks to the support of the United States....For now they have a working arrangement with the Moslem Brotherhood but it is tenuous...The SCAF, has a very long history... The security apparatus that proceeded and sustained Mubarak is as strong as ever... Most have trained in the US and a significant part of its yearly budget comes directly from US to the Ministry of Defense to "encourage" Egypt's acceptance of the status quo with Israel and general acquiescence to Pax Americana.   When confronting soldiers the revolutionaries often chant "The soldiers are the brothers of the people."...
Not only does it [SCAF] deploy armed gangs to attack and kill nonviolent protesters, but there is a great deal of evidence that it organized the bombing of Coptic Churches, the massacre of football fans (the ultras who have played such a role in the Revolution), and the assassination of targeted activists. The military runs its own system of kangaroo courts and has systematically sexually assaulted arrested women under the flimsy pretext of "virginity exams." Need it be said yet again, most elements of the SCAF forces have been trained by the US and work closely with the CIA and the US military..the US is an empire with incredible power over Egypt, supporting its military...Egypt only has so much time... It might not be a bad thing that as the party in power now, the Moslem Brotherhood will bear most of the blame for the upcoming hard times... With revolutionary Libya on one side, an aggressive Israel on the other, and war nearby in Mali and Iraq, the whole region is unstable....With his grab for power President Morisi himself proved millions were still ready to risk their lives (over 50 died) in the streets for the Revolution.

FAQ about Daily Kos: Who is 'Kos'? "kos" is the US-Army/screen nickname of the founder of Daily Kos Markos Alberto Moulitsas Zúniga.
What is the purpose of this site? (Condensed -written by kos 2004)
This is a Democratic blog, a partisan blog. One that recognizes that Democrats run from left to right on the ideological spectrum, and yet we're all still in this fight together. We happily embrace centrists like NDN's Simon Rosenberg and Howard Dean, conservatives like Martin Frost and Brad Carson, and liberals like John Kerry and Barack Obama. Liberal? Yeah, we're around here and we're proud. But it's not a liberal blog. It's a Democratic blog with one goal in mind: electoral victory...and we're one more thing: a reform blog.

How Safe Is the Suez Canal?
1/29/13 Bloomberg-Newsweek
The army, deployed to sites along the Suez Canal to ensure security, imposed martial law allowing soldiers to arrest citizens for 30 days. Suez Canal revenue has been one of Egypt’s only stable sources of foreign currency, rising 4 percent to $424.6 million in December 2012, compared to the previous month. Tourism and oil-and-gas exports, additional major sources of foreign currency, have fallen since the uprising that deposed Hosni Mubarak in 2011, while the canal consistently rakes in roughly $5 billion in annual revenue, according to analysts

Egypt’s military chief says clashes threaten the state
1/ 29/13 http://www.washingtonpost.com/world/middle_east/egypts-military-chief-sa...
CAIRO, Egypt — Egypt’s military chief warned of a potential “collapse of the state” on Tuesday after a fourth night of violent street battles between protesters and Egyptian security forces in Cairo and in major cities along the country’s prized Suez Canal. “The continuation of this struggle between the different political forces...could lead to the collapse of the state, and threatens the future of coming generations,” Army chief and Defense Minister Abdel Fatah al-Sissi told military academy cadets, in remarks posted Tuesday on the armed forces’ Facebook page.
At least 54 people have died, and hundreds more more injured, in five days of bitter clashes between anti-government protesters — many armed with rocks, Molotov cocktails and in some cases live ammunition— and the better-armed security forces.Tuesday, the AP reported, tanks fanned out on the streets of Port Said, a strategic city of some 600,000 at the tip of the Suez Canal. Troops in Port Said and Suez stood by as thousands took to the streets overnight, in direct defiance of a 9 p.m. to 6 a.m. curfew and state of emergency declared by President Mohamed Morsi, the wire service said. The violence started Friday, as protesters marched through Cairo and several other cities to voice their opposition to Islamist rule under Morsi on the two-year anniversary of the uprising that ousted Hosni Mubarak. Those protesters were confronted by government security forces....

Monday the National Salvation Front, a loose [pro El Baradei] coalition of opposition leaders, rejected Morsi’s call to a national dialogue. The front called for more nationwide protests on Friday.That a city like Port Said could turn so vehemently against Morsi in response to a single court verdict underscores the president’s increasing vulnerability, and suggests that others could just as easily shift their favor — potentially altering the nature of Egypt’s political divide and bringing new threats to the country’s already tenuous stability and rapidly sinking economy... many who chanted for Morsi’s execution in the tense and battle-scarred streets of Port Said said they actually voted for the man.in last summer’s presidential election,

Morsi’s government and his backers in the Muslim Brotherhood have struggled to control the security crisis. Morsi declared the 30-day state of emergency and a nighttime curfew for Port Said, Suez and Ismailia on Sunday.But many Egyptians in the emergency zone, spread along Egypt’s most crucial holding, the Suez Canal, said the moves only made them angrier.Late Monday, as helicopters whirred overhead in Port Said, they gathered to bury their dead and defy the curfew. Some set fire to tires, as one angry protester explained, “to stop the police from attacking.”
Men and women carried pictures of young male relatives whom they said had been killed in the two days prior. “The people want the execution of the president,” the crowd chanted...by late afternoon, clashes flared again outside a city police station, amid flying stones and the sporadic sounds of gunfire.
In Cairo, protesters clashed sporadically with police on the fringes of Tahrir Square, near the country’s Parliament, and across two major downtown thoroughfares, temporarily shutting down a bridge. One man died of a bullet wound, news agencies reported.In Ismailia, protesters attacked a police station, injuring two police officers with shotgun pellets, local media reported.
The U.S. Embassy in Cairo, near Tahrir Square, closed on Monday in anticipation of the protests, State Department spokeswoman Victoria Nuland said. Canada and Britain also closed their embassies. The seeming permanence of Mubarak’s judiciary and what critics call his abusive police force have fueled much of the anger from Cairo to Port Said, where protesters say their dissent has grown more forceful since Friday, when black-clad riot police used force against them....

Egypt Deploys Troops to Suez
1/26/13 VoA - News Saturday 26th January, 2013
Violence erupted across Egypt Friday in a day of nationwide protests marking the anniversary of the uprising. Egyptian news outlets late Friday reported government buildings set on fire in Suez. Opposition leader Mohamed ElBaradei sent a message on Twitter calling on protesters to "finally achieve the objectives of the revolution." Egypt's armed forces deployed troops to the city of Suez, early Saturday, after at least six people died there in clashes between police and protestors Friday...

Morsi Declares Emergency Rule in 3 Egypt Cities
1/28/13 http://www.nytimes.com/2013/01/28/world/middleeast/morsi-declares-emerge...
President Mohamed Morsi’s resort to the authoritarian measures of his predecessor appeared to reflect mounting doubts about the viability of Egypt’s central government.

Mursi declares state of emergency in three cities
1/27/13 West Australian Sunday 27th January, 2013
Egypt's president declared a state of emergency Sunday for 30 days in three cities along the Suez Canal, scenes of the worst violence across the country at the weekend, killing 49 people

Mass funeral held in Egypt after riots kill 37
1/27/13 AP http://hosted2.ap.org/vabrm/nationalsports/Article_2013-01-27-Egypt/id-7...
PORT SAID, Egypt (AP) — The trouble erupted after Port Said's home team Al-Masry beat Cairo's Al-Ahly 3-1. Some witnesses said "hired thugs" wearing green T-shirts and posing as Al-Masry fans led the attacks. Other witnesses said at the very least, police were responsible for gross negligence in the soccer violence, which killed 74 people, most of them Al-Ahly fans. Tens of thousands of mourners poured into the streets of Port Said Sunday for a mass funeral for most of the 37 people killed in rioting a day earlier, chanting slogans against Islamist President Mohammed Morsi. Violence erupted briefly, halting the funeral procession, when some in the crowd fired guns and police responded with volleys of tear gas, witnesses said. State television reported 110 injured... Anger at police was evident in Port Said, home to most of the 73 men accused of involvement in the bloodshed (murder of 74 rival soccer players) Verdicts for the remaining 52 defendants, including nine security officials, are to be delivered on March 9. Some have been charged with murder and others with assisting the attackers. All the defendants — who were not present in the courtroom Saturday for security reasons — can appeal the verdict...rioters attacked the prison where the soccer defendants were being held to storm police stations and government offices across the city...officials say at least 37 people were killed, including two policemen. Survivors and witnesses of the Port Said soccer melee blame Mubarak loyalists for the violence, saying they had a hand in instigating the killings....The clashes show how turmoil was deepening in Egypt nearly seven months after Morsi took office. Critics say Morsi has failed to carry out promised reforms of the judiciary and police, and claim little has improved in the two years since the uprising. At the heart of the rising opposition toward Morsi's government is a newly adopted constitution ratified in a nationwide referendum. Opponents claim the document has an Islamist slant, drafted hurriedly by the president's allies without the participation of representatives of liberals and minority Christians on the panel that wrote the charter. Protesters this past week demanded the formation of a national unity government (ed: silence re: call for US man el-Baradei) early presidential elections and amendments to disputed clauses in the constitution.
Morsi and the Muslim Brotherhood, the Islamist group from which he hails, counter that the opposition is seeking to overturn the results of democratic and free elections. The Brotherhood, a well-organized and established political group in Egypt for decades, has emerged as by far the most powerful force in post-Mubarak Egypt. As the situation in Port Said spiraled out of Saturday, police disappeared from the streets, residents and security officials said, staying put in their camps, police stations and the city's security headquarters. The military then dispatched troops to the city, taking up positions at vital state facilities, including the local power and water stations, the city's main courthouse, the local government building and the city prison. Navy sailors were guarding the local offices of the Suez Canal company. Navy vessels were escorting merchant ships sailing through the international waterway, a vital income earner for Egypt's beleaguered economy. Military helicopters were flying over the canal to ensure the safety of shipping...The military issued a statement urging residents to exercise restraint and protect public property, warning troops would deal "firmly" with anyone who "terrorizes" citizens or infringes on the nation's security and stability.

US-raelI public diplomacy /propaganda plays this election success in battle between no-longer-ruling SCAF dictatorship and democratically-elected MB, as another 'arab spring' toward democracy -- disguise for imperialist engineered MENA in Egypt -- the geopolitically important Arab nation, linchpin in the US regional-global hegemony. From its long 'Brotherhood' history the US knows what reliable imperialist-zionist partners they are.

Our Secret Connections with the Muslim Brotherhood
Ian Johnson, http://www.nybooks.com/articles/archives/2011/mar/10/our-secret-connecti...
.... Since the 1950s, the United States has secretly struck up extensive alliances with the Brotherhood or its offshoots...

SCAF Brotherhood deal could be reached to end current confrontation:
www.facebook.com/ahramonline *
Sources close to both the ruling Supreme Council of the Armed Forces (SCAF) and the Muslim Brotherhood confirmed the two sides were heavily engaged in high-level talks that could produce "a political deal", which is likely to include announcing the Brotherhood's Mohamed Mursi Egypt's president elect. According to a source close to the negotiations, the SCAF wants Mursi to desist from proclaiming himself president-elect, which he came close to doing at a press conference earlier on Friday. They also want him to pull the bulk of his supporters out of Tahrir and to agree to work within the parameters set out by SCAF in its annex constitutional declaration. The annex, enacted by the SCAF earlier in the week, gives the military a share in the prerogatives of the Egyptian president, as well as the legislative powers of the dissolved parliament. If a deal is reached, Brotherhood sources say, then Mohamed Mursi would be "legitimately announced as the elected president "tomorrow, or after tomorrow". [* see more below on ahram ]

'Muslim Brotherhood pledged to honor Israel peace treaty'
US State Department spokeswoman says Egypt's strongest political party assured Washington it will abide by all previous governments' agreements
6/1/12 Yitzhak Benhorin http://www.ynetnews.com/articles/0,7340,L-4172048,00.html
Assistant Secretary of State for Near Eastern Affairs Jeffrey Feltman is in the Middle East meeting with various Egyptian officials. The meetings are focused on the third round of elections in the country. The first two rounds have seen an overwhelming victory for the Islamist parties.

U.S. Engages with Egypt's Muslim Brotherhood
6/30/11 http://www.reuters.com/article/2011/06/30/us-usa-egypt-brotherhood-idUST...
"We believe, given the changing political landscape in Egypt, that it is in the interests of the United States to engage with all parties that are peaceful, and committed to non-violence, that intend to compete for the parliament and the presidency...this is not a new policy, it is one we are re-engaging because of the upcoming elections, but there will be certain expectations set and certain messages delivered" Clinton told reporters at a news conference.

White House congratulates Mursi on Winning Egyptian Presidential Election
6/25/12 http://english.ahram.org.eg/NewsContent/36/0/46083/Presidential-election...
"The United States congratulates  Mohamed Mursi on his victory in Egypt’s Presidential election, and we congratulate the Egyptian people for this milestone in their transition to democracy....The United States intends to work with all parties within Egypt to sustain our long-standing partnership as it consolidates its democracy.  We commend the Presidential Election Commission and the Supreme Council of the Armed Forces (SCAF) for their role in supporting a free and fair election, and look forward to the completion of a transition to a democratically-elected government.  We believe it is essential for the Egyptian government to continue to fulfill Egypt’s role as a pillar of regional peace, security and stability.  And we will stand with the Egyptian people as they pursue their aspirations for democracy, dignity, and opportunity, and fulfill the promise of their revolution."

Israel reacts to Muslim Brotherhood Egypt presidential victory
6/24/12 http://english.ahram.org.eg/NewsContent/36/0/46074/Presidential-election...
Israeli Foreign Ministry spokesman Ofir Gendelman declared on Twitter on Sunday following the announcement of Egypt's final presidential election results that "Israel appreciates the democratic process in Egypt and respects the results of the presidential elections. Israel looks forward to continuing cooperation with the Egyptian government on the basis of the [Camp David] peace treaty between the two countries, which is in the joint interest of both peoples and contributes to regional stability."

Activists in Egypt came out in a startling show of support for Mohamed ElBaradei, yet to declare his candidacy for the presidency, chanting "Raise your voice — ElBaradei will be President." ...In a country where political demonstrations require official permission and signs of popular unrest are greeted with swarms of riot police, the ElBaradei reception was remarkable. Crowds gathered, chanted, called for an end to Mubarak, even entered the airport. And there were no riot shields in sight....

US State Department Chooses April 6th Movement to take part in Anti-Extremism Conference
11/11/08 http://www.ikhwanweb.com/article.php?id=18771
Cable reference id: #09CAIRO2279 www.cablegatesearch.net/cable.php?id=09CAIRO2279 -
Egypt: Ahmed Maher announced April 6 movement will coordinate El Baradei's "conditional" 2011 presidential run

The Kefaya Movement: A Case Study of a Grassroots Reform Initiative, Prepared for the Office of the Secretary of Defense, Santa Monica, Ca., RAND_778.pdf, 2008
US has used varying means to pursue democratization, including military intervention that, launched for other reasons, had the installation of a democratic government one of its end goals.

US Crisis Group behind "Egyptian youth movement leaders":
Mohamed ElBaradei , Zbigniew Brzezinski and George Soros

Google's Wael Ghonim in 2011 Egyptian Arab Spring
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Wael_Ghonim -
Wael Ghonim took leave from Google as a Facebook marketing manager to focus his work in Egypt and the Middle East...Part of the Arab Spring ...

Arab spring: Google's Wael Ghonim on the fall of Mubarak
5/18/11www.guardian.co.uk/media/pda/2011/may/18/google-wael-ghonim-mubarak -
Ghonim, described as a hero by Google's Eric Schmidt ...Arab spring

ElBaradei found online support of thousands of people tired of Mubarak's rule. AbdulRahman Yusuf, who runs a Facebook social networking site group called "ElBaradei for Presidency of Egypt 2011", said "Our aim is to bring together activists who can galvanise a popular base through peaceful means," he said.

April 6 Movement opposition leaders, Ahmed Maher and Amr Ali, arrested Wednesday for organising the ElBaradei recepton... but Maher was out at the airport on Friday.