6/15 Crisis for US 'Arc of Crisis' Strategy Deepens


US strategy in the Muslim World after 9/11
2004 Rand Corporation Study Conducted on behalf of the US Air Force www.rand.org/ pubs/ research_briefs/ RB151/ index1.html
Angel Rabasa, RAND senior policy analyst, is the lead author of the 567-page study “US strategy in the Muslim World after 9/11” (December 2004) suggested exploiting Sunni, Shiite and Arab, non-Arab divides to promote US policy objectives in the Muslim world.
In light of 9/11 and the global war on terrorism, it is important for U.S. leaders to develop a shaping strategy toward the Muslim world. The U.S. Air Force asked RAND Project AIR FORCE (PAF) to study the trends most likely to affect U.S. interests and security in the Muslim world. Researchers developed an analytic framework to identify the major ideological orientations within Islam, to examine critical cleavages between Muslim groups, and to trace long-term and immediate causes of Islamic radicalism. This framework will help U.S. policymakers understand the political and military strategies available to respond to changing conditions in this critical part of the world.
Attitudes Toward Democracy and Nonviolence Are Key Markers
The Muslim world encompasses a band of countries stretching from Western Africa to the Southern Philippines as well as diaspora communities throughout the globe. Researchers developed a typology to differentiate Muslim religious and political currents according to their overarching ideologies, political and legal orientations, preferred forms of government, attitudes toward human rights, social agendas, links to terrorism, and propensity for violence. Based on these markers, Muslim groups fall within a spectrum ...

As Syrians Fight, Sectarian Strife Infects Mideast
The war is setting off a contagious sectarian conflict in Iraq and Lebanon, rekindling long-simmering tensions.
6/2/13 NYT http://www.nytimes.com/2013/06/02/world/middleeast/sunni-shiite-violence...

In May 2005, Ann Scott Tyson wrote in the Washington Post that U.S. military analysts did not deny the U.S. strategy “aggravates the underlying fault lines in Iraqi society, heightening the prospects of civil strife.” The Iraq war logs released by WikiLeaks include a number of reports from Samarra in 2004 and 2005 describing how the U.S. handed their captives over to the
"Wolf Brigade" for “further questioning"... to extract more information from the detainees...

"U.S. rebrands Iraq ex-insurgents"
8/25/07 http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-dyn/content/article/2007/08/25/AR200708... 0638.html

Tearing sovereign nations into what the predators hope to make manageable pieces
For some, the undoing of Syria fulfills predictions that began when the U.S. military deposed Saddam Hussein in 2003, empowering the country’s Shiite majority and creating what the king of Jordan described as a “Shiite crescent” stretching from Iran to Lebanon.As Syria’s civil war enters its third year, the army’s depleted ranks of largely Sunni conscripts increasingly have been supplanted by militiamen drawn primarily from Alawite villages, further stoking sectarian tension. While some Syrians and analysts speak about a partitioning of the country along sectarian lines, the reality is already more like Iraq – which remains a single geopolitical entity although members of its different sects no longer live together – or Lebanon – where people mix regularly but largely live in separate enclaves, even if they might abut one another...
The divisions are also evident in a minor explosion of news media in Syria, where it’s possible for the first time to publicly broadcast and print viewpoints that contradict the government’s. But many [NGO 'HUMAN RIGHTS /SOCIAL MEDIA ACTIVISTS] complain the outlets that have opened are just as limiting, refusing to criticize the rebels.“Psychologically speaking, the separation exists,” said Firas Diba, a Syrian journalist now in exile in Turkey who’s spent months trying to find a backer for a TV station he says will present all viewpoints. “Practically speaking, we are taking the first step toward division.”

'Syrian Spring' US/NGO regime change 'color revolution': modern Syrian history
A Syrian Perspective: Democracy Movement vs. Foreign Invasion.
The current crisis is not civil war or rebellion, but foreign aggression against a sovereign nation.
By Arabi Souri The author was born and lived in Damascus, Syria. He moved to Germany ten years ago and runs a company that organizes tourist groups to Syria. Before the conflict he went to Syria often to stay for days and months. He has been an outspoken defender of the Syrian government and has been targeted by the Free Syrian Army who destroyed his property and threatened his life, and so writes under the name Arabi Souri. This article was edited by Seth Rutledge.

"Exclusive: Obama Asks Pentagon for Syria No-Fly Zone Plan"
5/29/13 FP's Situation Report Daily Beast's Josh Rogin citing two administration officials wrote
Along with no-fly zone plans, the White House is considering arming parts of the Syrian opposition and formally recognizing the Syrian opposition council, reports Josh Rogin....President Obama’s dual-track strategy of continuing to pursue a political solution to the two-year-old uprising in Syria while also preparing for more direct U.S. military involvement includes authorizing the Joint Chiefs of Staff for the first time to plan for multilateral military actions inside Syria, the two officials said. They added that no decisions on actually using force have yet been made. “The White House is still in contemplation mode but the planning is moving forward and it’s more advanced than it’s ever been,” one administration official told The Daily Beast."...administration officials said the Pentagon is doing nothing more than the routine contingency planning begun last year. A Pentagon Joint Chiefs of Staff spokesman Dave Lapan sent the following statement to The Daily Beast after this story posted: “There is no new planning effort underway. The Joint Staff, along with the relevant combatant commanders, continue to conduct prudent planning for a range of possible military options”...the report the Pentagon is preparing for a no-fly zone in Syria is not true, no new preparations were underway...the Pentagon is doing routine contingency planning it began last year.
Josh Rogin,senior correspondent for national security and politics for Newsweek and The Daily Beast, previously worked at Foreign Policy magazine, Congressional Quarterly, Federal Computer Week magazine and Japan’s leading daily newspaper The Asahi Shimbun.

As Syrian government forces began to turn the war in its favor... Obama ordered officials to...plan what weaponry to send and how to deliver it...the chemical weapons finding provided fresh justification to act...The administration has continued to deflect questions about what equipment it will provide...the shifting balance in the war has made the peace talks proposed last month untenable With the opposition in a position of weakness, and little immediate incentive for Assad to agree to any deal requiring him to give up power ...U.S. diplomats and officials said Putin is unlikely to soften his support for Assad at the G8 summit next week...Any use of the U.S. military “would be things we could discuss in great detail,” said Benjamin Rhodes, Obama’s deputy National Security Adviser for strategic communications...

Riots making Turkey too dangerous to travel there- says war-torn Syria
Erdogan, a former close ally of Syria's Bashar Assad, turned against Damascus after the Syrian president cracked down on mainly peaceful protests which broke out in March 2011 and have since descended into a brutal civil war. Turkey hosts around 370,000 Syrian refugees and has been a base for Assad's military and political foes, as well as a transit point for weapon supplies flowing into northern Syria. Saturday Syria called on Erdogan to halt what it called his violent repression of protests or step aside -- an echo of the appeals to Assad in the early days of Syria's uprising. According to Reuters, Syrian Information Minister Omran Zoabi said: "The demands of the Turkish people don't deserve all this violence ... If Erdogan is unable to pursue non-violent means, he should resign." ...

Syrian Paradox: Regime Gets Stronger as It Loses Its Grip
8/2/12 world.time.com/2012/08/02/syrian-paradox-the-regime-gets-stronger-as-it-loses-its-grip/
...Of all the changes, perhaps the most significant and least appreciated is what, over time, has become of the regime. The one at the outset of the conflict almost certainly could not have survived the spectacular killing of top officials in the heart of its traditional stronghold; street combat in Damascus, Aleppo and a string of other towns; the loss of important border crossings with Turkey and Iraq; all amid near-total economic devastation and diplomatic opprobrium. That, a year and a half later, its new incarnation not only withstood those blows but vigorously counterpunched sends a message worthy of reflection...it has been weakened in ways that strengthen its staying power.... from a military standpoint, it is becoming clearer by the day the outcome will be much messier than either party to the conflict once hoped....

“A new brain for Barack Obama! It’s 78 years old and it still works perfectly. It belongs to Zbigniew Brzezinski, the peppery ex-national security adviser to Jimmy Carter.”
The "arc of crisis" has been defined as the area stretching from the Indian subcontinent in the east to the Horn of Africa in the west. The Middle East constitutes its central core. Its strategic position is unequalled: it is the last major region of the Free World directly adjacent to the Soviet Union, it holds in its subsoil about three-fourths of the proven and estimated world oil reserves, and it is the locus of one of the most intractable conflicts of the twentieth century: Zionism versus Arab nationalism. Moreover, national, economic and territorial conflicts are aggravated by the intrusion of religious passions in an area which was the birthplace of Judaism, Christianity and Islam, and by the exposure, in the twentieth century, to two competing appeals of secular modernization: Western and communist. http://www.foreignaffairs.com/articles/32309/george-lenczowski/the-arc-o...

“Eurasia is the world’s axial supercontinent. A power that dominated Eurasia would exercise decisive influence over two of the world’s three most economically productive regions, Western Europe and East Asia. A glance at the map also suggests that a country dominant in Eurasia would almost automatically control the Middle East and Africa. With Eurasia now serving as the decisive geopolitical chessboard, it no longer suffices to fashion one policy for Europe and another for Asia. What happens with the distribution of power on the Eurasian landmass will be of decisive importance to America’s global primacy and historical legacy.” Zbigniew Brzezinski, “A Geostrategy for Eurasia,” Foreign Affairs, September/October 1997.

Counselor Brzezinski, feigning surprise, calls out his protege prez
As Assad Makes Gains, Will New U.S. Strategy for Syria Change the Dynamics?
6/14/13 http://www.pbs.org/newshour/bb/world/jan-june13/syria2_06-14.html
(Brzezinski from interview by the digest)
JEFFREY BROWN: we return to Syria and the options on the table for the U.S. We invited an Obama administration member to discuss the change in Syria strategy. Our request was declined. But with us to assess the White House decision, Zbigniew Brzezinski, National Security Adviser to President Carter, now Counselor at the Center for Strategic and International Studies...Dr. Brzezinski, many questions still about how much, timing, et cetera, but what's your initial reaction to this announcement the U.S. will be providing some arms?
BRZEZINSKI: It's kind of baffling because there's no pattern of consistency...we started helping the rebels, whatever they are, they're certainly not fighting for democracy, given their sponsorship, Qatar and Saudi Arabia, as far back as early spring of 2012, without saying it publicly. I assume there was a presidential finding approving it, but we're doing that. Since then, I'm not at all clear as to what our policy actually is.
BROWN: So it didn't -- it wasn't clarified by yesterday's announcement?
BRZEZINSKI: I think that was even more baffling because it refers to a very small number of casualties allegedly inflicted by chemical warfare...why should that be the issue?...
BROWN: Is there an alternative? Because, if the U.S. does little or nothing, and the Syrian government wins, as now the battlefield perhaps looks like it's turned, doesn't that affect our interests in the region and the world as well?
BRZEZINSKI: Well, of course, it doesn't affect them positively. But we have to think of the alternative consequences. If we get involved in a protracted war again in the region... this hurts us also in Afghanistan.. if that war produces a collision between America and Iranians supporting Assad, is that better than an outcome in which perhaps Assad stays in power?
Better still, an international Geneva conference...But should we be there with the French and the British, the two countries most hated in the region, former colonial powers? Are these the right countries with whom we ought to be dealing? Of course, Turkey ought to be there. What about China...Japan...India, all of which are dependent on a stable flow of oil from the region? They have stakes in that region. They might prefer some sort of a compromise solution and might be prepared to give the political support for it. They might also be able to influence the Russians. But to simply go in on the hope that, somehow, by doing something, which is not precisely described, for groups which are not very friendly to us or powerful -- the one that favors us is the weakest -- is not a strategy. It's an evasion of strategy...a lack of clarity which has defined our posture there for the last two years....there are a great many factions competing for power on the ground in Syria, and most are not very friendly to us. So, weapons for whom? It so happens, unfortunately, those factions which we consider allegedly to be democratic are the weakest. So what are we going to accomplish by infusing a few more arms for groups that are the weakest? If we're going to engage in political warfare with a strategic outcome, and we insist on a victory for those who allegedly are with us, and a victory particularly for us, we have to do it whole hog, not just from the air, not just by supplying some arms to some not particularly strong groups, but we have to do it by, in effect, invading the country. If we invade the country, will it just stop with fighting in Syria? Might we collide with Iranian forces? Do we really want that at this stage of history in the Middle East...?

Big Brzezinski / Soros region & recall *'Boston Bombing" Brothers
Chechen President: Foreign Services Recruit Young People to Fight in Syria
Chechen President Kadyrov said exactly that these “young people from Chechnya” are “recruited by foreign special services to fight with the Syrian opposition”....“No one even tries to hide it. Naturally, young people coming to Syria from Russia are a delicacy for them... clearly planned by external forces to overthrow the regime, destroy the country and liquidate its armed forces...and one cannot be sure that such kind of recruiting will not be then directed against Russia” Kadyrov said that about 5-6 people from his country already died within Syria while they fought on the side of the jihadists and thus, under the led [sic] of foreign nations and religious radicals...

U.S. Army Training in Urban Operations
1/4/13 U.S. Army http://www.syrianews.cc/egypt-thousands-islamists-jihad-syria/
The “very well educated” protesters in Cairo yesterday, most bearded and wearing the traditional white galabiya, shouted stupid phrases like “there is no God but Allah, and Bashar is his enemy"... answering calls of so-called clerics...Wahhabi and Salafi tools who follow an Israeli-American agenda.for a holy war and thus, jihad, against the Syrian government and President Bashar al-Assad...the people in Egypt should start to think about this call and Saudi goals with and in Syria with links to United States and Israel... that this demand in front of a mosque has nothing to do with the meanings of Jihad. It is misuse of religion by Saudi Arabia for years – similar to the misuse of religion by the dangerous Muslim Brotherhood since it was established years ago...This shows again they are far from logical thinking and far too religious, which is honestly very dangerous because they are getting easily misused for worldly goals... it is about time for a real “Arab Spring” in Egypt, without US influence and European methods to gain benefits...when we are honest, they probably need much more “Springs” to come clean in their heads.

Fabricated claims of chemical arms use by Syrian government
"Information about use of chemical weapons by Assad was fabricated in the same place as the lies about (Saddam) Hussein's weapons of mass destruction. Obama is taking the same path as George Bush." Alexei Pushkov, head of the foreign policy committee in the Russian parliament, said on Twitter.

Sarin Gas Use Doubted Experts Don't See Evidence
By Matthew Schofield 6/15/13 McClatchy Washington Bureau
WASHINGTON — Chemical weapons experts voiced skepticism Friday about U.S. claims that the government of Syrian President Bashar Assad had used the nerve agent sarin against rebels on at least four occasions this spring, saying that while the use of such a weapons is always possible, they've yet to see the telltale signs of a sarin gas attack, despite months of scrutiny.
"It's not unlike Sherlock Holmes and the dog that didn't bark," said Jean Pascal Zanders, a leading expert on chemical weapons who until recently was a senior research fellow at the European Union's Institute for Security Studies. "It's not just that we can't prove a sarin attack; it's that we're not seeing what we would expect to see from a sarin attack."
Foremost among those missing items, Zanders said, are cellphone photos and videos of the attacks or the immediate aftermath."In a world where even the secret execution of Saddam Hussein was taped by someone, it doesn't make sense that we don't see videos, that we don't see photos, showing bodies of the dead, and the reddened faces and the bluish extremities of the affected," he said. Other experts said that while they were willing to give U.S. intelligence the benefit of the doubt, the Obama administration has yet to offer details of what evidence it has and how it obtained it. White House foreign policy adviser Benjamin Rhodes gave dates and places for the alleged attacks... But he provided no details..."Ultimately, without more information, we are left to trust the integrity of the U.S. intelligence 'high confidence' judgment...my guess is they have it right," he noted the White House statement "carefully and prudentially worded" acknowledged the lack of a "continuous chain of custody for the physiological samples from those exposed to sarin." " Greg Thielmann, a senior fellow at the Washington-based Arms Control Association, said by email. "It does not eliminate all doubt in my mind," he said.
Philip Coyle, a senior scientist at the Center for Arms Control and Non-Proliferation in Washington, said without hard, public evidence, it's difficult for experts to assess the validity of the administration's statement... from what is known, what happened doesn't look like a series of sarin attacks to him. "Without blood samples, it's hard to know... I hope there isn't a blood sample because I'm still hopeful sarin has not been used."
Even a big proponent of the United States providing military assistance to the rebels raised doubts about the possible motive for announcing the chemical weapons conclusion. In a passionate argument for U.S. involvement in Syria, Anthony Cordesman, a security expert at the Center for Strategic and International Studies in Washington, wrote Friday "the 'discovery' that Syria used chemical weapons might be a political ploy"...
Chemical weapons have been a focus of discussion in Syria ever since the day in August 2012 when President Barack Obama announced that the use of such weapons was a "red line" that would trigger possible U.S. military involvement. Since then, rebels have reported the likely use of chemical agents on dozens of occasions with varying degrees of credibility. Only one detailed independent report of a chemical attack has surfaced however — in the French newspaper Le Monde last month that triggered both French and British letters to the United Nations.
Zanders, however, said that much about that report bears questioning. Photos and a video accompanying the report showed rebel fighters preparing for chemical attacks by wearing gas masks. Sarin is absorbed through the skin, and even small amounts can kill within minutes.He also expressed skepticism about the article's description of the lengthy route victims of chemical attacks had to travel to get to treatment, winding through holes in buildings, down streets under heavy fire, before arriving at remote buildings hiding hospitals.Zanders, who also headed the Chemical and Biological Warfare Project at the Stockholm International Peace Research Institute, was director of the Geneva-based BioWeapons Prevention Project, noted that had sarin been the chemical agent in use, the victims would have been dead long before they reached doctors for treatment. Zanders also said he's skeptical of sarin use because there have been no reports of medical personnel or rescuers dying from contact with victims. Residue from sarin gas would be expected to linger on victims and would infect those helping, who often are shown in rebel video wearing no more protection than paper masks. Le Monde reported that one doctor treated a victim with atropine, which is appropriate for sarin poisoning. But that doctor said he gave his patient 15 shots of atropine in quick succession, which Zanders said could have killed him almost as surely as sarin.

US proxy does rescue job
No proof of chemical weapons use in Syria: US
4/24/13 http://english.samaylive.com/world-news/676528399/no-proof-of-chemical-w...
...Israel declared it has found evidence the Syrian government repeatedly used chemical weapons last month, arguing that President Bashar al-Assad was testing how the US and others would react and that it was time for Washington to overcome its reluctance to intervene ...Carney said "It is precisely because of the seriousness of the use of chemical weapons and the seriousness with which the President made clear that would be unacceptable, that it is incumbent upon us and our partners to investigate thoroughly and validate or verify allegations of chemical weapon use. And we are obviously doing that...We remain skeptical of any claim the opposition used chemical weapons. We believe Syria's chemical weapons stockpile remains under Syrian government control... we are engaged with other countries to underscore the common concern about the security of these weapons, the Syrian government's obligation to secure them and not to use or transfer them to others, including non-state actors."

US proxy 'feels obliged to lay low' - except in israeli propaganda where it plays 'decider' not proxy
Syrian War: Israel and U.S. Coordinating How to Target Assad’s Arsenal
6/14/13 Karl Vick, TIME Jerusalem bureau chief and Aaron J. Klein from Tel Aviv, http://world.time.com/2013/06/14/the-syrian-war-israel-and-u-s-coordinat...
52 days after Israeli general Yigal Palmor declared Syria had used chemical weapons against the rebels, the Obama administration reached the same conclusion, using the finding to justify announcing the decision arm to the victims...of course Israel is closely involved already, in more ways than acknowledged publicly... “We are sharing. We have had our cards on the table with the US for a long time. They had all this information.”... cooperation between the two countries has been exceptionally close — and growing closer as Washington publicly ramps up its military involvement in the Syrian conflict.“Things are happening behind the scenes. Things are really happening” an Israeli intelligence official said... Israel has already struck inside Syria three times by air this year...“The main arms of concern to us are the arms already in Syria — anti-aircraft weapons, chemical weapons and other very dangerous weapons that could be game changers,” Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu told the BBC in April, in remarks the Israeli foreign ministry said remain operative in the wake of Obama’s decision to arm the rebels. “They will change the conditions, the balance of power in the Middle East..." ...the Pentagon announced this month it was sending F-16s and Patriot missile batteries to Jordan, ostensibly for the "Eager Lion" exercise, but which will remain afterward. “It’s a clear, purposeful, presence of a strike force near the Syrian border of Syria...a clear message” the Israeli official noted. The message is also intended to be legible to Iran and Lebanese militia Hizballah, as well as testing the resolve of Western powers who threaten to strike its nuclear program. “It’s only a short leap to the Gulf,” the official said.
Patriot batteries went into Turkey last year, under the NATO banner. And the chief of Mossad, Israel’s overseas intelligence agency, traveled to Ankara this week to meet with Turkey’s National Intelligence Organization, known by its Turkish initials MIT. As opponents of Syrian President Bashar Assad organize to assist the rebels opposing him, Israel feels obliged to lay low. Though closely aligned with the US and maintaining diplomatic relations with Jerusalem, countries like Jordan and Turkey have majority Muslim populations who do not welcome cooperation with Israel. “If this is to hold water, this cannot involve Israel,” the Israeli official said....

Israel Seeks US-Backed Loan for Mega Arms Deal
6/13/13 http://www.defensenews.com/article/20130613/DEFREG/306130022/
...US Defense Secretary Chuck Hagel, when visiting here in April, announced that Washington “would make available to Israel a set of advanced new military capabilities” to augment Israel’s qualitative military edge.[QME....Several current and former Israeli officials, all of whom asked not to be named, estimated MOD’s official request could well exceed $5 billion if the Pentagon agreed to include a second squadron of F-35Is in the prospective funding plan. The pending request for bridge funding would likely include $1 billion for up to eight V-22 tilt-rotors; $500 million to retrofit active electronically scanned array radars into F-15I fighters and another $1 billion for a variety of air-to-ground weapons. A second squadron of F-35Is — if approved for inclusion in the package — would boost requested funding by nearly $3 billion, sources here said....
Israeli government and industry sources said MoD and the Israel Air Force are still mulling Hagel’s offer to include aerial refueling tankers as part of the security assistance package...
Bilateral discussion on US-backed loans and up to $37 billion in addition FMF aid through 2028 comes at a time of intensified shuttle diplomacy by US Secretary of State John Kerry, aimed at bringing Israel and the Palestine Authority back to the negotiating table....In interviews here and in Washington, US officials were loath to link the pending response to Israel’s irregular financing request to Jerusalem’s readiness to resume long-stalled Palestinian peace talks. All underscored Washington’s unconditional commitment to Israel’s security. Nevertheless, a senior US source noted the unprecedented uptick in security support from the Obama White House was part of larger confidence-building efforts aimed at “encouraging the Israeli government to take those risky, yet necessary steps toward peace.” The senior source referred to Obama’s March 20 press conference in Jerusalem with Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu when the US president said, “I actually believe that Israel’s security will be enhanced with a resolution to this [Israel-Palestinian peace] issue.” When asked if US strings would be attached to the multibillion-dollar funding package under review, the source replied: “It’s not a matter of quid pro quo. There won’t be strings, but there are expectations.”

1/28/13 Moscow– Russia Today TV website published leaked documents on Dec. 24, 2012 -- the date certain media outlets claimed Syria used chemical weapons in Homs -- that show Qatar suggested smuggling chemical weapons from Libya to Homs to frame the Syrian Army... hacked from the British Britam Defence Corporation website, the documents said Qatar also suggested employing Ukrainian mercenaries to be filmed pretending to be Russians captured by the so-called "Free Syrian Army" ...

www.gloria-center.org/ 2012/ 04/ turkish-israeli-relations-in-the-shadow-of-the-arab-spring/ -
The AKP regime wished to keep the armed forces happy after coming to power ... The “ArabSpring” and the Turkish-Israeli Relationship....

Prime Minister Erdogan’s ‘anti-Zionism’ Comments Isolate Him and His Country
2/27/13 http://www.americanprogress.org/issues/security/news/2013/02/28/55175/pr...
Speaking recently at the 5th Global Forum of the U.N. Alliance of Civilizations, Turkish Prime Minister Tayyip Recep Erdogan grouped Zionism with anti-Semitism, fascism, and Islamophobia as “crimes against humanity .” While Prime Minister Erdogan’s outrageous comments seem intended to isolate Israel, they also threaten to further isolate Turkey at a time when the Justice and Development Party, or AKP, should be seeking to build new partnerships to replace its failed “zero problems with neighbors” strategy.
In its broadest definition, modern Zionism is the national movement of the Jewish people. Developed in response to centuries of anti-Semitism in Europe, it holds that Jews represent a national group and thus deserving of self-determination in a state of their own. By declaring Zionism—an essentially political movement—a “crime against humanity,” Prime Minister Erdogan implies that it should meet resistance appropriate to such a grave crime—namely, force.

Turkish Prime Minister Tayyip Erdogan dismissed some street protests as organized by extremists "We already have a spring in Turkey, But there are those who want to turn this spring into winter.

WMD: heaviest 'assistance' in Palestine & Egypt
World Movement for Democracy USAID, National Endowment for Democracy, ...Project: Freedom of Expression in Turkey. The project undertakes research on cultural, sociological, legal and institutional frameworks of freedom of expression in Turkey and considers ways of applying European Union freedom of expression standards to Turkey.

Full Page Ad for Turkish Democracy in Action
Activists - We hear you. Protesters - We are you. You have power. You can speak your mind at the New York Times!
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Turkey Seeks to Reassure International Investors Over Protests
U.S. Secretary of State Kerry underlined U.S. support for freedom of the press and assembly saying that the most powerful countries will be the ones with open societies and political system. He said the violence has raised concerns around the world and only Turks can solve the underlying problems...Deputy Prime Minister Arinc met with leaders of the civil society group whose initial protest to stop authorities from ripping up trees in Taksim Square sparked the nationwide demonstrations. The rights activists urged the government to release arrested demonstrators, ban police from gassing protesters, and fire police chiefs in cities where excessive force was used.The protests that began last Friday have continued into a sixth day, as have calls for Erdogan to resign. Critics accuse him of governing in an authoritarian manner and imposing Islamic views on a secular nation...the growing unrest has started to unnerve financial markets, and Turkey's stock market plunged on Monday. With no signs some of the protesters are ready to quit...

Egypt's and Tunisia's Arab Spring revolutions have influenced demonstrations in other Arab countries including Libya, Yemen, Bahrain, Jordan and Syria
Following the Tunisian Arab Spring revolution that resulted in the overthrow of the long-time Tunisian president, protests took place in Cairo, Alexandria and other Egyptian cities. The Arab Spring Revolution of 25 January ,was a diverse movement of demonstrations, marches, plaza occupations, riots, non-violent civil resistance , civil disobedience and labor strikes, demanding the overthrow of Muburak... The primary demands were the end of the Hosni Mubarak regime, the end of emergency law, freedom, justice, and a non-military government...Violent clashes between security forces and protesters resulted in at least 846 people killed and 6,000 injured. Protesters burned upwards of 90 police stations, though international media and politicians minimized that aspect of the revolt... Mubarak's government had long earned US annual aid by maintaining peace with Israel and suppression of militant policies....Mubarak dissolved his government and appointed former head of the Egyptian General Intelligence Directorate Omar Suleiman as Vice-President and Ahmed Shafik, former chief of Egypt's Air Force,to form a new government...
On 11 February 2011, Vice President Omar Suleiman announced Mubarak would step down as president and turn power over to the Supreme Council of the Armed Forces SCAF) Mubarak resigned. The military junta, headed by effective head of state Mohamed Hussein Tantawi, (recently a University of Washington Economics professor) announced on 13 February the constitution would be suspended, both houses of parliament dissolved, and the military would rule until elections could be held. The prior cabinet, including Prime Minister Ahmed Shafik would continue to serve as a caretaker government until a new one was formed...
19 June, protesters, many with the Muslim Brotherhood protested in Cairo's Tahrir Square, angry that the Supreme Armed Forces Council, SCAF, had kept powers that formerly belonged to the President. Protesters accused the SCAF of launching a coup. On 24 June, the State Election Commission announced Mohammed Morsi had won the presidential election. On 30 June, Morsi was inaugurated as the 5th President of Egypt with U.S. backing...

Convictions put Egypt's beleaguered NGOs into deeper chill
An Egyptian court sentenced 43 NGO workers, 15 Americans, to between one and five years in prison and shuttered the offices of five organizations.
6/4/13 http://www.csmonitor.com/World/Middle-East/2013/0604/Convictions-put-Egy...
[It] began in December 2011with armed raids on U.S. democracy, development, and human rights organizations... By February 2012, authorities brought charges against employees of five organizations, including the National Democratic Institute (NDI), the International Republican Institute (IRI), and Freedom House. All are pro-democracy organizations that receive funding from the US government's National Endowment for Democracy (NED). Authorities also brought charges against employees of the International Center for Journalists and the German NGO Konrad Adenauer Foundation, which runs civic education programs. At the time, Egypt was under the rule of the Supreme Council of Armed Forces (SCAF), which took over when former President Hosni Mubarak stepped down. Mubarak had long obstructed the work of civil society in Egypt His government protested angrily when the US sent funds directly to NGOs, instead of routing them through the Egyptian government.
US funding for pro-democracy NGOs increased after the Egyptian uprising, but SCAF appeared to also disapprove of the NGOs...officials whipped up xenophobia and stoked public anger calling the defendants 'foreign agents', implying they might be foreign spies carrying out activities intended to destabilize Egypt, though the official charges were for operating organizations and receiving foreign funds without a license.
The NGO verdict will strain ties between Egypt and the US. Seven of the Americans indicted were in Egypt when the charges were announced last year, bringing the deepest crisis in US-Egypt relations in decades, and were kept there under a travel ban. One of the accused was Sam LaHood, son of US Transportation Secretary Ray LaHood. As some took refuge from potential arrest in the US embassy, US officials warned the cases being brought against them could imperil more than $1.2 billion annual aid . All of the Americans except Mr. Becker eventually left Egypt on a US-chartered plane after negotiations led to their travel bans being lifted and around $330,000 bail per person was paid. US Secretary of State Kerry said the US is "deeply concerned" about the verdict. He called the trial "politically motivated", saying "This decision runs contrary to the universal principle of freedom of association and is incompatible with the transition to democracy."  Freedom House called the convictions a "disgrace,", the International Center for Journalists called it "outrageous."