12/13/13 Mandela: From "Terrorist" to Savior

"We'll not likely see the likes of Nelson Mandela again...His acts of reconciliation… set an example all humanity should aspire to…"

US National Security Strategy, May 2010
...South Africa’s inclusion in the G-20 should be followed by a growing number of emerging African nations charting a course toward improved governance and meaningful development. South Africa’s vibrant democracy, combined with its regional and global leadership roles, is a critical partner. From peacemaking to climate change to capacity-building, South Africa brings unique value and perspective to international initiatives. With its strong, diversified, well-managed economy, it oftenserves as a springboard to the entire African continent, and we will work to pursue shared interests in Africa’s security, growth, and development of Africa’s human capital....

AFRICA: Obama Doctrine
Under President Obama, operations on the continent have accelerated far beyond the limited interventions of the Bush years. Last year's war in Libya; a regional drone campaign with missions run out of airports and bases in Djibouti, Ethiopia, and the Indian Ocean archipelago nation of Seychelles; a flotilla of 30 ships in that ocean supporting regional operations; a multi-pronged military and CIA campaign against militants in Somalia, including intelligence operations, training for Somali agents, secret prisons, helicopter attacks, and US commando raids; a massive influx of cash for counterterrorism operations across East Africa; a possible old-fashioned air war, carried out on the sly in the region using manned aircraft; tens of millions of dollars in arms for allied mercenaries and African troops; and special ops expeditionary force (bolstered by State Department experts) dispatched to help capture or kill Lord's Resistance Army leader Joseph Kony and his senior commanders, operating in Uganda, South Sudan, the Democratic Republic of the Congo, and the Central African Republic (where US Special Forces have a new base) only begins to scratch the surface of fast-expanding US regional plans and activities. Even less well known...training African forces for operations considered integral to US interests on the continent.. include[...]

U.S. Scramble for Africa
U.S. Defence Department African Contingency Operation Training and Assistance Programme
Frontline India, Volume 28 - Issue 23 :: Nov. 05-18, 2011 www.frontline.in/stories/20111118282302400.htm
A 2002 Heritage Foundation backgound paper called for the creation of a U.S. military command for the African continent so "direct military intervention", using air power and naval forces, would be possible to "protect vital U.S. interests" in Africa...and not necessitate the deployment of U.S. ground forces. Such wars should be fought with the help of local allies. In 2008 President George W. Bush set up the US-Africa Command (AFRICOM)... for a permanent US military footprint on the African continent. The U.S. Defence Department African Contingency Operation Training and Assistance Programme is deeply involved training the armies of many countries in the region...

Obama Tells Fellow Blacks: ‘No Excuses’ for Any Failure
Speaking to the NAACP Obama delivered a fiery sermon to black America warning parents and children they must accept their own responsibilities.

"There were two kinds of Negroes. There was that old house Negro and the field Negro...the house Negro always looked out for his master. When the field Negroes got too much out of line, he held them back in check. He put 'em back on the plantation...."
Malcolm X

US Expands War for Africa http://www.burbankdigest.com/node/408 part 1, http://www.burbankdigest.com/node/409 part 2
3/11/12 Phony "Kony 2012" & US AFRICOM http://www.burbankdigest.com/node/387

Same World, Same War: Asian Pivot, African Target
2/22/13 Evan Taylor http://www.counterpunch.org/2013/02/22/asian-pivot-african-target/
Barack Obama loves basketball, and the media loves to analyze his maneuvering of U.S. Foreign Policy as if it were a basketball game.  The first term was the “Asia Pivot,”—Barack backing down China in the lane, clearing out space for U.S. in Vietnam, Thailand and Myanmar. But the White House was actually running a different play all along, or so the WP now says, a shift to Africa.  While Asia got US rhetoric down low, it was Africa where the Pentagon was getting its hands bloody in “a string of messy wars,”..while messy wars in Africa are nothing new, the continent-spanning network of military installations the US has been building since 2007 is[....]

US government listed Nelson Mandela a terrorist until 2008
During the Cold War US State and Defense departments listed the African National Congress (ANC) a terrorist group and Mandela remained on the U.S. terrorism watch list till 2008

Mandela funeral to bring together world's most powerful people
12/6/13 Julian Borger, diplomatic editor http://www.theguardian.com/world/2013/dec/06/mandela-funeral-worlds-most...
World leaders are preparing to converge in unprecedented numbers on South Africa for Nelson Mandela 's funeral, likely to be one of the biggest global gatherings of powerful people in modern history...As South Africa embarked on nine official days of mourning, comparisons were drawn with earlier mammoth funeral ceremonies, of Pope John Paul II, Princess Diana, President John F Kennedy and Winston Churchill. But Mandela's appeal was even broader, cutting across religious divides and the usual geopolitical barriers between north and south, east and west....The spirit of reconciliation Mandela embodied could provide, for example, the backdrop for a first meeting between Obama and Iranian leader, Hassan Rouhan

Think Again: Nelson Mandela
"Mandela's Legacy Is Unblemished." False. For most of the world, Nelson Mandela is a hero of the struggle against apartheid for nonracial democracy. The election of Mandela, father of democratic South Africa, as president in 1994 marked both the end of a racist regime and the country's embrace of racial reconciliation. As such, Mandela was a figure of hope not only for Africa but for the rest of the world... still very much struggling with racism and underdevelopment. Mandela articulated for South Africans of all races his democratic vision, and, with then-President F.W. de Klerk, shepherded the country toward nonracial elections and a new constitution....The less heroic reality is that apartheid's demise was the result of a political deal between change advocates and the establishment led by de Klerk... that largely preserved economic privileges of white South Africans....the final bargain reflected the fact that the balance of power, and reconstruction of the economy was never a realistic option...the ANC armed wing MK...received weapons and other support from the Soviet Union, which viewed the apartheid state part of the hostile Western bloc...This tied the liberation movement to the Soviet Union at the height of the Cold War...only the end of the Cold War convinced many it was possible to negotiate with the ANC....after the collapse of the Soviet Union in 1991, the Pretoria government signaled it wanted dialogue with the liberation movements...Mandela was quick to seize the opportunity... his utter lack of bitterness ...went a long way toward facilitating success at the negotiating table, paving the way for South Africa's first democratic elections in 1994...

Nelson Mandela And The Virtue Of Compromise
When Mandela was behind bars, many whites regarded him a terrorist. He received his life sentence for launching armed struggle against apartheid...mostly to a low-level sabotage campaign...
Mandela's ANC won the 1994 first all-race elections in a landslide... under the deal negotiated with de Klerk, the government included not only de Klerk's party, but the Zulu Inkatha party whose bloody battles against the ANC had left thousands dead. This required many delicate negotiations, but kept the country together...Revolutionary figures tend to be doctrinaire, single-minded firebrands who consider compromise a sign of weakness. Yet Mandela consistently preached a shrewd pragmatism...flexibility, reconciliation...he did not renounce armed struggle... but refused to endorse more aggressive blacks..."We can't win a war, but we can win an election," Mandela said.

The Mandela model represents failing US finance capitalist system' only hope: South Africa, a capitalist state 'ended apartheid' judicially in words on legal documents, like the USA. Ever since Mandela delivered Azania to the US dominated IMF, World Bank etc. the relative Black impoverishment v. white wealth has increased by the year. The more that predatory imperialist "aid" creates a finance capitalist-dependent 'gem', based on the oppression, repression and destitution of Black Azanians.
The ruling US-led Boer 'partners' urgently needed and groomed Mandela for years during his 'imprisonment' to lead a 'peaceful transition' subverting the anti-imperialist struggle supported by billions worldwide, as well as then-socialist Soviet Union and China.

The Politics of Forgiveness
...Prior to becoming Prime Minister of South Africa, Jan Smuts studied race and federalism at the heart of the American Civil War in hopes of avoiding the same outcome. Years later, the architecture of apartheid was explicitly modeled on America's Jim Crow segregation system...Mandela’s release from prison and collapse of apartheid were direct consequences of the demise of the Soviet Union; the South African regime could no longer rely upon its anticommunism...the USSR had long been a supporter of African independence movements... The irony is that former South African President F. W. de Klerk and his successor Mandela...arrived at a bargaining table for the same reason: the end of the Cold War left them with few other options ....
It’s consistent that Obama emerged as a presidential contender on the strength of his 2004 Mandela-esque speech to the Democratic National Convention, in which he opined there was no black America or white America, simply the United States of America...no truer in post-apartheid South Africa than in the US that night, but it does suggest the political potency of reconciliation...

Nelson Mandela: the freedom fighter who embraced his enemies
12/7/13 John Carlin, http://www.theguardian.com/world/2013/dec/07/nelson-mandela-freedom-figh...
John Carlin, journalist and author of Playing the Enemy: Nelson Mandela and the Game that Made a Nation about the 1995 Rugby World Cup is the basis for the 2009 film Invictus
(where Mandela shamelessly sported the Afrikaner Springboks team shirt #6 - propaganda movie stars Morgan Freemann & Matt Damon)
John Carlin knew Mandela in the tumultuous years just after his release. Here he tells of the private meetings that proved he was a master at winning over even the most implacable opponents
Nelson Mandela arrived early for work on 11 May 1994, the day after his inauguration as the first black president of South Africa...he paused outside a door and knocked.A voice said "Come in" and Mandela, who was 6ft, found himself looking up at a vast, second-row forward of a man, Afrikaner John Reinders, chief of presidential protocol during the tenure both of the last two white [apartheid] presidents, FW de Klerk, and his predecessor, PW Botha...Reinders, packing away his belongings into cardboard boxes, replied: "I am taking away my things, Mr President. I am moving to another job."...Mandela proceeded to persuade Reinders to stay. "You see, we people, we are from the bush. We do not know how to administer a body as complex as the presidency of South Africa. We need the help of experienced people such as yourself. I would ask you, please, to stay at your post...." Reinders, whose eyes filled with tears as he recalled that story some time later, told me that during the five years he had served at Mandela's side, traveling far and wide with him, he received nothing but courtesy and kindness. Mandela treated him with the same respect, he said, as he showed the president of the United States, the pope or Britain's Queen, who, incidentally, adored him...reveals the secret of his success as a political leader.. master of the game had at his command an irresistibly seductive cocktail that combined boundless charm born of a vast self-confidence with...reveals is the secret of his success as a political leader.If politics is about winning people over, Mandela, as numerous other politicians have attested, was the master of the game. He had at his command an irresistibly seductive cocktail that combined boundless charm born of a vast self-confidence with inflexible principle, strategic vision and the canniest pragmatism.
strategic vision and the canniest pragmatism....
To the dismay of some fellow prisoners, he set about learning Afrikaans – "the oppressors' language" – reading books on Afrikaner history...During his last five years in prison he held more than 70 secret meetings with the ;AfriKaaner] Justice Mnister, Kobie Coetsee, and National Intelligence chief, Niel Barnard... to explore the possibility of a political accommodation...
Released from prison February 11,1990, Mandela went on a triumphant progress around South Africa, preaching a finely tuned message...He reached out to, and to a large degree pacified, the white population by persuading his own people to make another major compromise on a matter close to all South African hearts....
the national anthem...Die Stem, a martial tune...celebrated the triumphs of Boer leaders...as they drove upwards through South Africa in the 19th century, crushing black resistance. The unofficial anthem of black South Africa, Nkosi Sikelel' iAfrika, the soulful expression of a long-suffering people yearning to be free...Die Stem was a sombre martial tune that praised God and celebrated the triumphs of Boer leaders Piet Retief, Andries Pretorius and the rest of the "trekkers" as they drove upwards through South Africa in the 19th century, crushing black resistance. The unofficial anthem of black South Africa, Nkosi Sikelel' iAfrika, was the richly soulful expression of a long-suffering people yearning to be free...Mandela, as sternly schoolmasterish as fellow ANC leaders had ever seen him, (said) "This song you treat so easily holds the emotions of many people you don't represent yet. With the stroke of a pen, you would take a decision to destroy the very – the only – basis we are building upon: reconciliation."...for the foreseeable future, South Africa should have two anthems, played one after the other at official ceremonies, from presidential inaugurations to international rugby matches: Die Stem and Nkosi Sikelel' iAfrika... all about the creation of a national mood, persuading politically by moving people's emotions....
Mandela's chief purpose during his five years as president was to cement the foundations of the new democracy and banish the prospect of a terrorist counter-revolution...It has been said, and will be for a long time probably, that he might have done more to redress the economic injustices of apartheid. Perhaps, but in a country with a high birthrate and no economic growth figures to match, it was a practically impossible challenge. The best that could be said was that Mandela's presidency saw the emergence of a potent new social phenomenon.. a flourishing black middle class. He could have set about a wholesale redistribution of the nation's wealth, but that would almost certainly have provoked what he most feared, a racial civil war.

CLASS WAR called "RACE WAR", like "SECTARIAN WAR" promoted by RAND CORP and other geostrategists

* Fareed Zakaria speaks with CNN about Nelson Mandela
I remember when he came out of prison, when he was elected in ’94, everyone wondered, what is this guy going to do? Because the countries that supported the African National Congress, that supported the anti-apartheid movement... were revolutionaries. Was he going to take South Africa to become a kind of rogue nation?... he steered South Africa in the direction of becoming part of the world community, pro-Western, part of the democratic world...he demonstrated it with the Truth and Reconciliation Commission, with the fact there was no vengeance of any kind...
Mandela's new ministers were told they couldn’t fire anyone from the old Afrikaner state because Mandela said the whole old order stays intact...
* Fareed Zakaria - Council on Foreign Relations

US revolution-prevention materially and psychologically 'eliminated' capitalism's working class arch-enemy, declaring a monolithic all-american 'middle class', as US state terror 'counterterrorist democracy revolutions' attempt to crush or coopt anti-imperialist insurgencies called 'al-qaeda'
Africa: a continent drenched in the blood of revolutionary heroes
Between 1961 and 1973, six African independence leaders were assassinated by their ex-colonial rulers, including Patrice Lumumba of Congo
1/17/11 by Victoria Brittain, http://www.theguardian.com/global-development/poverty-matters/2011/jan/1...
Patrice Lumumba, prime minister of newly independent Congo, was the second of five leaders of independence movements in African countries to be assassinated in the 1960s by former colonial masters, or their agents. Lumumba's death in 1961 followed that of Felix Moumie,,opposition leader of Cameroon, poisoned in 1960. Sylvanus Olympio, leader of Togo was killed in 1963. Mehdi Ben Barka, leader of the Moroccan opposition movement kidnapped in France in 1965, his body never found. Eduardo Mondlane, leader of Mozambique's Frelimo, fighting for independence from the Portuguese, killed by a parcel bomb in 1969...sixth, Kwame Nkrumah of Ghana, in a western-backed coup in 1966, and seventh, Amilcar Cabral, leader of the west African liberation movement against Portugal of the African Party for the Independence of Guinea and Cape Verde, (Partido Africano da Independência da Guiné e Cabo Verde or PAIGC) in Guinea Bissau and Cape Verde, assassinated in 1973. The effects are still evident today... the loss 50 years ago of these leaders...with a common political project based on national dignity, crippled each of their countries, and the African continent...Lumumba's words to his wife four months after independence day are a reminder of who he was and why he meant so much to so many people then, and still does today: "Dead, living, free, or in prison on the orders of the colonialists, it is not I who counts...it is our people for whom independence has been transformed into a cage where we are regarded from the outside…History will one day have its say, but it will not be the history Brussels, Paris, Washington, or the UN will teach, but that which they will teach in the countries emancipated from colonialism and its puppets… a history of glory and dignity. Lumumba would not have been surprised his successor, Joseph Mobuto, a US strategic ally in Africa for 30 years...

Patrice Lumumba: the most important assassination of the 20th century:
"the greatest legacy of Patrice Lumumba is the ideal of national unity for Congo and Africa"
1/17/11 by Georges Nzongola-Ntalaja, http://www.theguardian.com/global-development/poverty-matters/2011/jan/1...
The US-sponsored plot to kill Patrice Lumumba...less than seven months after independence on 30 June, became the first prime minister of the Democratic Republic of the Congo...
assassinated in 1961. The assassination's historical importance lies in a multitude of factors, the most pertinent being the global context in which it took place, its impact on Congolese politics since then and Lumumba's overall legacy as an African nationalist leader....the US acquired a strategic stake in the enormous natural wealth of the Congo following its use of the uranium from Congolese mines to manufacture the first atomic weapons, the Hiroshima and Nagasaki bombs..[in] the cold war...Soviet camp enemies...To fight him, the US and Belgium used all the tools and resources at their disposal, including the UN secretariat, under Dag Hammarskjöld and Ralph Bunche, to buy the support of Lumumba's Congolese rivals and hired killers.

The Black Consciousness Movement (BCM) led by Steven Biko: for Black liberation political consciousness is necessary to understand and fight for structural political change...
BCM's system of local committees of resistance...was involved in large scale protests and strikes in 1972 -1973, especially in Durban. In 1973 the government declared BCM treasonous, and virtually banned the entire leadership. In August-September 1974 after support rallies for FRELIMO which had taken power in Mozambique, many BCM leaders were arrested under the Terrorism Act and Riotous Assemblies Act...suspending habeas corpus, many were not charged until the next year...among them many prominent activists...whose trials gave BCM a public forum...that, far from crushing the movement, led to its wider support... protests against the government decree that black students must learn Afrikaans and secondary school classes must be taught in Afrikans, in which SA Security Forces killed hundreds, led to the 1976 Soweto Uprising... that spread like wildfire throughout the country...by 1977 the new Internal Security Amendment Act banned BCM, all related organizations and it's national leader, Steve Biko...Biko was later murdered in South African Security Police custody...


National Security Study Memorandum NSSM 200 – The Kissenger Report Recommending Genocide In Third World Nations

Kissinger Study of Southern Africa: National Security Study Memorandum 39 (Secret)
ed. Mohamed A. El-Khawas and Barry Cohen 1976
Kissinger's NSSM 39 based on the counter-communist “Nixon Doctrine”: proposals for US government drafted 1969 and implemented

“[T]he blacks cannot gain political rights through violence. Constructive change can come only by acquiescence of the whites.
To improve US standing in black Africa and internationally on the racial issue;
To minimize likelihood of escalation of violence and risk of US involvement;
To minimize opportunities for USSR and Communist China to exploit the racial issue for propaganda advantage to gain political influence with black governments and liberation movements;
To encourage moderation of white regime current rigid racial and colonial policies;
To protect economic, scientific and strategic interests and opportunities in the region, including the orderly marketing of South Africa’s gold production.”

“Our interests, the United States of America's interests, are the world's interests. Our interests are not defined by one region or one country or one area”
12/5/13 US Sec Defense Chuck Hagel

[Obama] “recognizes that the challenge is a new face, a new sense of direction, a new definition of America’s role in the world.”
Zbigniew Brzezinski

Black Africa and the U.S. Black Movement
Zbigniew Brezinski
This Document is Exhibit 10 of U.S. Supreme Court Case No.00-9587

Objective of our policy toward Black Africa is to prevent social upheavals which could radically change the political situation throughout the area. The success or failure of our policy in the region depends on the solution international and internal issues whose importance of the United States is on the increase.

A multiplicity of interests influences the U.S. attitude toward black Africa. The most important of these interests can be summarized as follows:

If black African states assume attitudes hostile to the U.S. national interest, our policy toward the white regimes; which is a key element in our relations with the black states, may be subjected by the latter to great pressure for fundamental change. Thus the West may face a real danger of being deprived of access to the enormous raw material resources of southern Africa which are vital for our defense needs as well as losing control over the Cape sea routes by which approximately 65% of Middle Eastern oil is supplied to Western Europe.
Moreover, such a development may bring about internal political difficulties by intensifying the activity of the Black movement in the United States itself.
It should also be borne in mind that black Africa is an integral part of a continent where tribal and regional discord, economic backwardness, inadequate infrastructures, drought, and famine, are constant features of the scene. In conjunction with the artificial borders imposed by the former colonial powers, guerilla warfare in Rhodesia and widespread indignation against apartheid in South Africa, the above factors provide the communist states with ample opportunities for furthering their aims. This must necessarily redound to the detriment of U.S. political interests.

Black Africa is increasingly becoming an outlet for U.S. exports and investment. The mineral resources of the area continue to be of great value for the normal functioning of industry in the United States and allied countries. In 1977, U.S. direct investment in black Africa totaled about $1.8 billion and exports $2.2 billion. New prospect of substantial profits would continue to develop in the countries concerned. [...]

Apart from the above-mentioned factors adverse to U.S. strategic interests, the nationalist liberation movement in black Africa can act as a catalyst with far reaching effects on the American black community by stimulating its organizational consolidation and by inducing radical actions. Such a result would be likely as Zaire went the way of Angola and Mozambique.

An occurrence of the events of *1967-68 would do grievous harm to U.S. prestige, especially in view of the present Administration concerns with human rights issues. Moreover, the Administration would have to take specific steps to stabilize the situation. Such steps might be misunderstood both inside and outside the U.S.

In order to prevent such a trend and protect U.S. national security interests, it would appear essential to elaborate and carry out effective countermeasures.
1. Possibility of Joint Action By U.S. Black and African Nationalist Movement.
In elaborating U.S. policy toward black Africa, due weight must be given to the fact that there are 25 millions American blacks whose roots are African and who consciously or subconsciously sympathies with African nationalism.
The living conditions of the black population should also be taken into account. Immense advances in the field are accompanied by a long-lasting high rate of unemployment, especially among the youth and by poverty and dissatisfaction with government social welfare standards.
These factors taken together may provide a basis for joint actions of a concrete nature by the African nationalist movement and the U.S. black community... renewal of the extremist national idea of establishing an "African Republic" on American soil. Finally, leftist radical elements of the Black community could resume extremist actions in the style of the defunct Black Panther Party. ...
Basically, actions would take the form of demonstrations and public protests, but the likelihood of violence cannot be excluded. There would also be attempts to coordinate their political activity both locally and in international organizations.
In the context of long-term strategy, the United States can not afford a radical change in the fundamentals of its African policy, which is designed for maximum protection of national security. In the present case, emphasis is laid on the importance of Black Africa for U.S. political, economic and military interests.

In weighing the range of U.S. interests in Black Africa, basic recommendations arranged without intent to imply priority are:
1. Specific steps should be taken with the help of appropriate government agencies to inhibit coordinated activity of the Black Movement in the United States.
2. Special clandestine operations should be launched by the CIA to generate mistrust and hostility in American and world opinion against joint activity of the two forces, and to cause division among Black African radical national groups and their leaders.
3. U.S. embassies to Black African countries specially interested in southern Africa must be highly circumspect in view of the activity of certain political circles and influential individuals opposing the objectives and methods of U.S. policy toward South Africa. It must be kept in mind that the failure of U.S. strategy in South Africa would adversely affect American standing throughout the world. In addition, this would mean a significant diminution of U.S. influence in Africa and the emergence of new difficulties in our internal situation due to worsening economic prospects.
4. The FBI should mount surveillance operations against Black African representatives and collect sensitive information on those, especially at the U.N., who oppose U.S. policy toward South Africa. The information should include facts on their links with the leaders of the Black movement in the United States, thus making possible at least partial neutralization of the adverse effects of their activity.

The concern for the future security of the United States makes necessary the range of policy options. Arranged without intent imply priority they are:
(a) to enlarge programs, within the framework of the present budget, for the improvement of the social and economic welfare of American Blacks in order to ensure continuing development of present trends in the Black movement;
(b) to elaborate and bring into effect a special program designed to perpetuate division in the Black movement and neutralize the most active groups of leftist radical organizations representing different social strata of the Black community: to encourage division in Black circles;
(c) to preserve the present climate which inhibits the emergence from within the Black leadership of a person capable of exerting nationwide appeal;
(d) to work out and realize preventive operations in order to impede durable ties between U.S Black organizations and radical groups in African states;
e) to support actions designed to sharpen social stratification in the Black community which would lead to the widening and perpetuation of the gap between successful educated Blacks and the poor, giving rise to growing antagonism between different Black groups and a weakening of the movement as a whole.
(f) to facilitate the greatest possible expansion of Black business by granting government contracts and loans with favorable terms to Black businessmen;
(g) to take every possible means through the AFL-CIO leaders to counteract the increasing influence of Black labor organizations which function in all major unions and in particular, the National Coalition of Black Trade Union and its leadership including the creation of real preference for adverse and hostile reaction among White trade unionists to demands for improvement of social and economic welfare of the Blacks;
(h) to support the nomination at federal and local levels of loyal Black public figures to elective offices, to government agencies and the Court.

*The Brzezinski policy memorandum followed US COINTELPRO, which, despite destroying the organizational functioning ability of the Black Panther Party-led Black national liberation movement, and murdering more than 30 of its top leaders, failed to kill the movement that increasingly terrified Us rulers as its revolutionary influence spread far beyond ghettos and barrios. This strategy has since been systematically implemented, reaching full-bloom with Obama whom the white supremacist ruling class trusts to execute its global domination agenda requiring defeaating capitalist rivals and political resistance aka "terrorism".

"The Negro youth and moderate[s] must be made to understand that if they succumb to revolutionary teachings, they will be dead revolutionaries."
J. Edgar Hoover,FBI Chief, re:COINTELPRO against the Black Panther Party

“What you’ve seen in some statements made by these terrorist organizations is that they do not regard African life as valuable in and of itself. They see it as a potential place where you can carry out ideological battles to kill innocents without regard to long-term consequences for their short-term tactical gains....I think it presents a pretty clear contrast in terms of the future most Africans want for themselves and their children. And we need to make sure we are doing everything we can to support those who want to build, as opposed to want to destroy."
Obama, state-terror-commander-in-chief
Explaining the president's comment, senior administration official said, "In short al Qaeda is a racist organization that treats black Africans like cannon fodder and does not value human life."...
Jake Tapper ABC News Senior White House Correspondent and ABC News White House team