12/25/07 Holydays of Tribulation, Terror ...and Resistance

Al Jazeera obtained video footage that appears to show that Iraq's resistance movements are very much in operation, despite the US administration's claims. part 1

Iraqi fighters
Iraq correspondent Hoda Abdel Hamid, Aljazeera.net
The fighters are adapting to the changing nature of the battlefield [Al Jazeera]
Video: Iraq's resistance fighters. part 2
Weapons - 24 Dec 07
Foreign forces in Iraq are hoping that a much heralded drop in violence in Iraq will continue into the new year. However, in exclusive images obtained by Al Jazeera, it seems fighters from the Islamic Front for Resistance in Iraq (Jami) are merely biding their time and training hard with an array of new weapons in order to drive foreign forces out as soon as possible.

Al Jazeera's Hoda Abdel Hamid reports.
Deep in the groves north of Baghdad, a group of fighters are shown on camera participating in an afternoon workshop on the making and use of weapons.
It includes a step-by-step lesson on how to turn an old tank shell into a roadside bomb. It took only 20 minutes to put together a device powerful enough to blow up an armoured vehicle. Two will destroy a tank, the instructors say.Countless videos of these devices' devastating effects are shown on military websites.Roadside bombs are lethal devices that cause the bulk of US soldier casualties to this day.

The Pentagon has upgraded military equipment in Iraq to counter this kind of attack, but the enemy has remained relentless, and is swiftly adapting to the changes on the field."We have experts who are in charge of researching and developing new methods continuously," one of the men says....He says the Americans are now using jamming devices, but their engineers have already managed to crack the code.

The fighters are part of Jami and describe themselves as a resistance group. They vow that all their firepower is directed at foreign soldiers only...

Over the past four years, groups such as Jami have grown into organised war machines, with fighters divided in combat cells, snipers, anti-aircraft gunners, bomb makers and artillery experts.

Long-haul battle
The recent announcement that Washington and the Iraqi government are drawing up plans for long-term US military bases is for many Iraqis proof of an open-ended occupation. The fighters have every intention of continuing their operations and in an ever more sophisticated manner. "Our researchers are developing remote-controlled explosive devices," one man says."Soon we will be able to wage a battle with as little as two fighters - we will minimise our losses."
Almost five years after the start of the war in Iraq, the US still has not acknowledged the existence of a fighting force hostile to the presence of foreign troops on Iraqi soil. And despite a decrease in US casualties over the past two months, the fighters warn they are in this battle for the long haul.

NYT Pimps U.S."Pacification" & "Reconciliation" Strategy: divide to conquer Iraq
In a Force for Iraqi Calm, Seeds of Conflict
...The Awakening movement, a predominantly Sunni Arab force recruited to fight Sunni Islamic extremists like Al Qaeda in Mesopotamia, has become a great success story after its spread from Sunni tribes in Anbar Province to become an ad-hoc armed force of 65,000 to 80,000 across the country in less than a year. A linchpin of the American strategy to pacify Iraq, the movement has been widely credited with turning around the violence-scarred areas where the Sunni insurgency has been based.
But the beating that day was a stark example of how rivalries and sectarianism are still undermining the Americans’ plans. And in particular, the Awakening’s rapid expansion — the Americans say the force could reach 100,000 — is creating new concerns.
Despite the successes of the movement, including the members’ ability to provide valuable intelligence and give rebuilding efforts a new chance in war-shattered communities, the American military acknowledges that it is also a high-risk proposition. It is an experiment in counterinsurgency warfare that could contain the seeds of a civil war — in which, if the worst fears come true, the United States would have helped organize some of the Sunni forces arrayed against the central government on which so many American lives and dollars have been spent....
Col. Martin Stanton, chief of reconciliation and engagement for the Multinational Corps-Iraq, said the military had no illusions about the Awakening members’ former lives or the reasons for what appeared to be their change of heart... It was probably a distasteful choice to make back then because, after all, they viewed us as invaders, and they probably still do, but it was a survival choice and they made it.”

Though the Americans obtain biometric data on every Awakening group member to try to screen out known insurgents, the government and many Shiite citizens say they fear that the movement has spread so quickly that it is impossible to keep track of who has signed up for it. And while government officials are somewhat willing to accept the tribal character of the Awakening groups in Anbar Province, they are leery of the new ones in and around Baghdad, which have more Baathists from the era of Saddam Hussein in their leadership and are active in more mixed neighborhoods.
“Many people believe this will end with tens of thousands of armed people, primarily Sunnis, and this will excite the Shiite militias to grow and in the end it will grow into a civil war,” said Safa Hussein, the deputy national security adviser and a point man on the Awakening program for Prime Minister Nuri Kamal al-Maliki.[...]

Cassandra's New Year's Wish...
Layla Anwar, An Arab Woman Blues
Condi Rice is full of good wishes for the Middle East. The statement just issued on her behalf says to the effect that the U.S does not wish to see any more turmoil in this region... Condi Rice is telling the Arabs...America and the West in general do not fear rogue states and theocracies loyal to it....Israel is a Jewish theocracy, Iran is Shia theocracy and Saudi Arabia a Sunni theocratic monarchy...And Egypt, called "Umm al Duniya"
(mother of the world) by the Egyptians, has turned into another satellite American TV station...
What Condi Rice is really telling the Arabs is that Arab nationalism and any true Arab identity is the real enemy of the U.S. Hence the destruction of Iraq and its fragmentation into sects and its turning it into a Shia theocracy is exactly what America and the Western world had hoped for... On a side note but still related... both puppet governments in Iraq and Afghanistan have called for a continued American presence in the region...

Inside Iraq's Only Women's Prison
Women And Their Children Held [HOSTAGE] Because Husbands Are Accused Of Terrorism
Elizabeth Palmer, CBSNews
(CBS) Imagine women in prison because their husbands are accused of terrorism. Now imagine their infants and children in prison with them. Worst of all, it seems they have no way out. News Correspondent Elizabeth Palmer visited such a place with Iraqi Vice President Tareq al Hashemi, who had come to inspect Iraq's only women's jail. The women prisoners of Khadimiya jail had been waiting a long time for the chance to be heard, some shouting from behind bars: "Our husbands were accused ... and we were arrested. "Many of us have been raped." "We were pregnant and lost our babies."
Almost 200 inmates live in the prison, many with their children. Some of the babies were born behind bars.Most of the women are being held on vague terrorism charges, with little or no evidence and no hope of legal advice -- or even a court date."They accused my husband," one woman said. "Then arrested me too but I've done nothing!" Another prisoner said through tears, "I was detained in the Green Zone by the Americans two years ago. I have no idea what's happened to my family."
With the cameras rolling, al Hashemi -- a smooth politician -- tried to reassure them."We'll appoint a committee to look into your cases," he told them.But the women were having none of it.Sitting cross-legged in her bunk, one replied, "I don't believe you. I've been waiting a year-and-a-half to find out why I am here."
Al Hashemi told Palmer: "They try to talk openly but I just stopped them. It's damaging, in fact. Damaging. Damaging my personality being a vice president in fact that Iraqi women are treated like that.
When pressed, al Hashemi did confirm the women's accounts of abuse by police and interrogators -- long before they arrived in their overcrowded cells..."I was raped after I was arrested," one woman claimed. "They have sentenced me to 20 years on terrorism charges. Such a statement is taboo in a country where a women's honor is everything, and it makes the vice president squirm.

Bitterness as U.S. releases Iraqi prisoners
Leila Fadel, McClatchy Newspapers
BAGHDAD — When Leila Nasser was six months pregnant, U.S. soldiers burst into her house and wrestled away her husband, Mohammed Amin , who was asleep on the roof, trying to escape the summer heat. This week, Nasser waited outside what's now called the "reconciliation hall" in Baghdad's Jihad neighborhood for Amin to appear. In her arms she cradled her year-old son, whom she'd named Moubin, the Iraqi word for apparent."I called him Moubin hoping that his father would appear for his eyes," she said. Moubin had never met his father. Now Amin was one of 15 detainees who'd be released as part of a reconciliation program that the U.S. military's 1st Battalion, 28th Infantry Regiment put together... But the release showed how far reconciliation has to go.
More than 25,000 Iraqis are now in U.S. detention facilities. The Jihad reconciliation committee of Sunni and Shiite Muslims had requested that 562 men be released. Last month, 48 people were released, but 40 more were detained. Most of those held are never charged with crimes.... "They destroyed the house with us in it," she said of the U.S. soldiers. "The reason? Because he has a revolver, a revolver that he puts under his pillow to defend me and my daughter."
A member of the reconciliation committee, eavesdropping interrupted her.
"Talk about reconciliation," he instructed. "Reconciliation? Which reconciliation? What did we understand from the reconciliation?" Nasser asked. "It's been one year and three months and he did nothing."...
The Americans divided Iraqis, she said, by accusing all Sunnis of being insurgents and all Shiites of being aligned with militias. "I swear to God I didn't recognize people as Sunni or Shiite until after the collapse," she said, referring to the fall of Saddam Hussein's regime. "Our lives are full of injustice. ...God willing all the detainees will be released," she said. "We tasted bitterness, no salaries— we have nothing. We suffered so much."

As his wife wept outside, Amin was inside, preparing to be released. U.S. soldiers cut the plastic cuffs from his wrists. He and the other detainees were asked [SIC] to sign a "reconciliation oath." Behind each detainee sat a relative or friend who'd promised that he'd honor the oath. Amin's brother put his hand on Amin's right shoulder and Amin recited the oath.
"I, Mohammed Amin , acknowledge the recent signing of the reconciliation agreement, have ushered in an era of peace and partnership between Shiite, Sunni, Kurdish, Christian, Jaysh al Mahdi (the Mahdi Army of radical Shiite cleric Muqtada al Sadr ), Iraqi security forces and American forces," he said. "Based on a review of my arrest record, Iraqi government and coalition force leaders have agreed that my immediate release would be beneficial to the reconciliation process. I pledge not to commit any violation of the reconciliation agreement's 12 points, violate Iraqi law or attack coalition forces." Amin said he'd never been a threat to security. He thought about his children waiting for him outside....

Commentary by URUKNET editor Paola Pisi:
Now the US openly recognize the Mahdi army as a PUBLIC legitimate Iraqi force. And the Mahdi army only (no other militia or party is mentioned)... "peace and partnership between Shiite, Sunni, Kurdish, Christian, Jaysh al Mahdi (the Mahdi Army of radical Shiite cleric Muqtada al Sadr ), Iraqi security forces and American forces". The "anti-american cleric" ... HAHAHA:

The Iraqi detainees who have never faced any charges to be released must recite the following reconciliation oath: let people read these pieces:

"I, xxxxxxxxxxx, acknowledge the recent signing of the reconciliation
agreement, have ushered in an era of peace and partnership between Shiite,
Sunni, Kurdish, Christian, Jaysh al Mahdi (the Mahdi Army of radical Shiite
cleric Muqtada al Sadr ), Iraqi security forces and American forces," he
said. "Based on a review of my arrest record, Iraqi government and coalition force leaders have agreed that my immediate release would be beneficial to the reconciliation process. I pledge not to commit any violation of the
reconciliation agreement's 12 points, violate Iraqi law or attack coalition

CORRECTION to Oil or Nothing: what's the real story, Burbank Digest, December 12, 2007, posted at www.uruknet.info?p=39127
Link: http://www.burbankdigest.com/

correction by Uruknet:
[Hassan's] thesis is that all the iraqi death squads were created, trained and paid by the the US whilst actually the US also used the Iran-backed sectarian death squads to create a 'civil war' to ethnic cleanse Iraq. The existence of the death squads created and funded by the occupying power cannot and must not be used to deny involvement of the Badr Organisation and the Mahdi Army in the current Iraqi genocide. Every analysis of Iraq situation that hides Iranian role is misleading: the first militia to came to Iraq was the Badr brigades. And it came from Iran ... with the US tanks. And the Badr brigades were trained by the Iranian Pasdaran. ..."

Sympathy for the Occupiers
Democracy Now!: Ambivalent on Occupation?
Kim Petersen
Democracy Now! carried an extremely sympathetic interview on the 2nd Platoon, Charlie Company in Adhamiya, Iraq. The platoon refused to go out on patrol fearing that they might commit a massacre. People of good conscience would applaud this "mutiny" of Charlie Company. The interview is with Kelly Kennedy of the Army Times, a newspaper geared toward US Army and US National Guard personnel and their families. It is predictable that Kelly, a veteran, would impart a sympathetic view toward the men of Charlie Platoon. But her propaganda went unchallenged on the "independent," left-leaning DN. For instance, she talked about "catching insurgents," a demonization of the Iraqi resistance. Iraqis have a legitimate right to resist occupation (...) DN host Gonzales wondered about "the soldiers finding that they’re on a mission to help a people, but they have so much hostility from the very people that they are there to help, the impact of that on their fighting ability or on the morale." Does Gonzales really wish to leave the viewers with the impression that he believes the soldiers are in Iraq on a noble mission to help Iraqis!? Does he want to portray Iraqis as ungrateful because of their hostility to foreign occupation?..

exposing western media propaganda presenting a monolithic Kurdish voice
Stone-age politicians
By Dr Fereydun Hilmi
...The way the backward Iraqi politicians have been conducting themselves regarding the conditions in Iraq had been so appalling that they could only be described as stone-age politicians. Their treasonous acts; first in the 1980s when they fought against their own country and in favour of the Iranian mullahs and then in offering their treasonship to the equally-primitive Bush Administration Mullahs aided and abetted by the Fatwa-slingers of the UN International Lynch Mob and the savage Satanic slaughter of their own people on the pretext of their being Sunnis is a testament for that.

James Baker is not yet too old to remember his promise of turning Iraq back to the stone ages especially now that the US killing and destruction machine has managed to fulfill his promise. Unfortunately no one in the Kurdish administration heeded my advice and warnings which I personally and more often in writing delivered at their doorsteps. Furthermore they and their close-knit followers accused me of being anti-Kurdish, Saddamic and pro-Arab for the stance I took against those treacherous and blood-crazed sadistic killers now roaming the corridors of power in the Green Zoo. I cried loud and clear that we must not strike any deal with such monsters but to no avail...

Today in Baghdad it is not just the Sunni Arabs who are at peril; everyone is in danger of the wild satanic mobs including one and half million Kurds. The people of Kirkuk and Mosul; Arabs and Kurds and Turkomen are all at the receiving end of the primitive gangs who have been “liberated” by the Prince of Darkness at the White House to spread his seeds of fascism and global control. If anyone has any doubt about my warnings and thinks that I am making claims by way of hindsight realisation let him or her read my KM articles “Hollow Victory and the Impending Chaos Beyond”, “The Dragging of Nuri Pasha”, “Savagery Seeking a Cause”, “Carta Non-Magna” and others...

Four years have passed and the Kurds are still waiting for a Sectarian ex-mullah to make up his mind and apply the article which settles the Kirkuk problem and we have nothing but a kind of filibustering. The participation of Kurdish ministers and so-called MPs has been zeroed and none of them is at his post for longer than it takes to sign in for salary purposes. Laws are passed in the most sectarian and backward manner to cover the entire country which they claim as Alawi or single-sect and soon will extend their filthy tentacles to Kurdistan with the aid of their big brother Iran and with Turkey long waiting to join in the kill...
Helping to setup a state to the south of Kurdistan which is capable of the most violent and savage acts is a great danger to the future of the Kurds especially since Iran will be well behind it and will not hesitate to give it all the means of annihilating the Iraqi Kurds after it gets rid of the Eastern Kurds. We should do all possible to stop such a birth to occur either as part of or outside the “great new Middle Eastern” birth pains!
* KurdishMedia.com - By Dr Fereydun Hilmi * 06/01/2007

when 'notify' means authorizes
U.S. Doubts Kurds' Claims of New Attack by Turkey
American military officials said there was an understanding that Turkey would notify the American Embassy in Ankara before attacking Kurdish rebels.

On ‘Israel’s Right to Exist’
John V. Whitbeck, Special to PalestineChronicle.com
...For Palestinians to acknowledge the occurrence of the Nakba -- the expulsion of the great majority of Palestinians from their homeland between 1947 and 1949 -- is one thing. For them to publicly concede that it was "right" for the Nakba to have happened is something else entirely. For the Jewish and Palestinian peoples, the Holocaust and the Nakba, respectively, represent catastrophes and injustices on an unimaginable scale that can neither be forgotten nor forgiven.
To demand that Palestinians recognize "Israel's right to exist" is to demand that a people who have for almost 60 years been treated, and continue to be treated, as subhumans unworthy of basic human rights publicly proclaim that they are subhumans -- and, at least implicitly, that they deserve what has been done, and continues to be done, to them. Even 19th century U.S. governments did not require the surviving Native Americans to publicly proclaim the "rightness" of their ethnic cleansing by the European colonists as a condition precedent to even discussing what sort of reservation might be set aside for them -- under economic blockade and threat of starvation until they shed whatever pride they had left and conceded the point...

The original conception of the formulation "Israel's right to exist" and of its utility as an excuse for not talking with any Palestinian leadership which still stood up for the fundamental rights of the Palestinian people are attributed to Henry Kissinger, the grand master of diplomatic cynicism. There can be little doubt that those states which still employ this formulation do so in full consciousness of what it entails, morally and psychologically, for the Palestinian people and for the same cynical purpose -- as a roadblock against any progress toward peace and justice in Israel/Palestine and as a way of helping to buy more time for Israel to create more "facts on the ground" while blaming the Palestinians for their own suffering.
However, many private citizens of good will and decent values may well be taken in by the surface simplicity of the words "Israel's right to exist" (and even more easily by the other two shorthand formulations) into believing that they constitute a self-evidently reasonable demand and that refusing such a reasonable demand must represent perversity (or a "terrorist ideology") rather than a need to cling to their self-respect and dignity as full-fledged human beings which is deeply felt and thoroughly understandable in the hearts and minds of a long-abused people who have been stripped of almost everything else that makes life worth living.
That this is so is evidenced by polls showing that the percentage of the Palestinian population which approves of Hamas' steadfastness in refusing to bow to this humiliating demand by the enemies of the Palestinian people, notwithstanding the intensity of the economic pain and suffering inflicted on them, substantially exceeds the percentage of the population which voted for Hamas in January 2006.
Those who recognize the critical importance of Israeli-Palestinian peace and truly seek a decent future for both peoples must recognize that the demand that Hamas recognize "Israel's right to exist" is unreasonable, immoral and impossible to meet. Then they must insist that this roadblock to peace be removed, that the siege of the Gaza Strip be lifted and that justice -- not simply "peace", which can be a euphemism for the successful repression of resistance to injustice -- be pursued, with the urgency it deserves, with all legitimate representatives of the Palestinian people.

Israel wants to annihilate Palestinians, not reach peace with them
Comment by Khalid Amayreh in the West Bank
I know I should be observing and enjoying the Eidul Adha, the most important holiday in the Islamic calendar. However, the ongoing orgy of killings and maiming in Gaza, carried out by the children and grandchildren and great grandchildren of the holocaust, leaves me no choice but to identify with these unwept victims of Zionist wickedness and arrogance of power. In less than forty eight hours, more than 24 Palestinians have been killed. A large number of people have also been injured, some sustaining serious wounds that will leave them crippled for the rest of their lives...

Israel upholds use of cluster bombs
The investigation determined that Israel's use of the weapons, which open in flight and scatter dozens of bomblets, during [Israel's] last year's war in Lebanon, was a "concrete military necessity" and did not violate international humanitarian law.The United Nations and human rights groups accused Israel of dropping about 4 million cluster bomblets during its 34-day war against the Hezbollah guerrilla group. They say as many as 1 million bomblets failed to explode and now endanger civilians. More than 30 people have been killed by cluster bomb and land mine explosions in Lebanon since the 2006 summer war...The fighting left 159 Israelis dead, including 119 soldiers, while in Lebanon more than 1,000 people died, most of them civilians, according to counts by human rights groups, the Lebanese government and The Associated Press.

US institute: Israel could survive nuclear war
Bruce Riedel, a former CIA official and senior adviser to three US presidents, including George W. Bush, has recently claimed Israel will ultimately attack Iran in a bid to defend its 'nuclear monopoly' in the region. http://www.presstv.com/detail.aspx?id=36203&sectionid=351020202

Jerusalem Post - Israel

A Washington-based military think tank has revealed that the Zionist regime has produced nuclear weapons with 'a yield of one megaton' ... If a nuclear war between Israel and Iran were to break out 16-20 million Iranians would lose their lives - as opposed to 200,000-800,000 Israelis according tto report by Center for Strategic and International Studies (CSIS),headed by Anthony H. Cordesman, former strateegist for the US Department of Defense.... The report assesses that a nuclear war would last approximately three weeks and ultimately end with the annihilation of Iran, due to Israel's alleged possession of weapons with a far larger yield. Israel, according to the assessment, would have a larger chance of survival. The report does not attempt to predict how many deaths would eventually be caused by possible nuclear fallout... Cordesman, disclosed that Israel is currently 'in possession of 200 nuclear warheads'...
Megaton nuclear bombs are about twice the size of MK 18, the most powerful US-made fission bomb, which used 60kg of enriched uranium.

A Fortnight after Annapolis
Aid Donors' Conference in Paris Exposes Manipulation of the Palestine Question for Furthering Preparation of Another World War
By Gary Zatzman
Co-editor, Dossier on Palestine

Gaza City, Palestine, December 15, 2007: rally to celebrate Hamas' 20th anniversary. "We support all
forms of aid, financial or otherwise, to the Palestinian people. But the Paris conference is coating poi-
son with honey and is a dangerous conspiracy," said Hamas spokesman Fawzi Barhum on December 17.

About a quarter of a million Palestinians -- one out of every 6 residents in the Gaza Strip -- demonstrated in Gaza City on the 20th anniversary of the founding of Hamas. This was a powerful reassertion of the Palestinians to prevail on their terms against the starvation siege unleashed against them and enforced by the occupation forces of the State of Israel.
This siege is the dirty deed of the American empire, including the Canadian government, and the old colonial and imperial powers of the European Union in league with the ruling junta of Tel Aviv. This siege began after January 26, 2006. On that date, the Palestinians of the West Bank and Gaza elected 74 candidates of the Hamas-led 'Change and Reform' slate to the 132-seat Palestine Legislative Council. This act repudiated the entire line of accommodating the Israeli occupier of their homeland. On June 13-14, 2007, the Palestinian resistance forces led by Hamas shut down and ousted the CIA-led goon squads of U.S. Col. Keith Dayton and his Palestinian executioner, the Palestinian Authority (PA) security chief Mohamed Dahlan. In response, the U.S., Canada and the old colonial and imperial powers of the European Union, in league with the State of Israel, have escalated the siege to even more extreme levels of strangulation.

As a legal cover for this current stage of siege, on 19 September 2007, Israel declared Gaza a "hostile entity". Less than a dozen trucks a day are allowed into Gaza from Israel, to unload outrageously token quantities of rotting foodstuffs and expired pharmaceuticals. The already extremely dire situation facing the approximately 1 million refugees in Gaza (who are fed by the United Nations Relief and Works Agency [UNRWA]) has extended rapidly among the nearly half a million non-refugee population. Describing the deterioration for the more than 460,000 non-refugees who live in Gaza, officials of the World Food Program reported the findings of their own survey. It found 71 per cent of non-refugee households surveyed were having increased problems since June producing or buying enough food to eat. Median household income fell 30 per cent over the last six months. About 70 per cent of non-refugee households surveyed now earned less than $1.2 per person per day, compared to 54.5 per cent before June. Among these Gaza residents, 62 per cent of household spending went on food, putting Gaza's non-refugee population on par with Somalia. That compares to 37 per cent in a 2004 survey.

This siege is an act of unparalleled savagery. What could possibly be at stake to justify such near-universal support among governments of the "civilized" West for exterminating the Palestinians' indomitable resistance to manifest injustice?

On Monday, December 17, some 87 countries and international organizations gathered in Paris to tighten the screws on Gaza. There the executive branch of the PA, led by President Mahmoud Abbas, once again sided with the Israeli occupier as well as the modern and veteran imperialists of America and Europe. The PA executive had expected to bring back pledges of $5.6 billion over the next three years. However, as the reward for participating in the farcical "peace talks" at Annapolis during November 27-29, the PA executive was actually rewarded with $7.4 billion in "aid" in the Paris meetings. As Abbas himself recognized and declared before the gathering in Paris, a "moment of truth" had arrived. In Gaza, a Hamas spokesman, Sami Abu Zuhri, branded it a "declaration of war against the Hamas movement."

According to the conference's final declaration, the total for 2008 alone, was $3.4 billion. The United States pledged $555 million, up from $75 million this year. The European Union, the largest aid donor to the Palestinians, pledged $650 million for 2008; separately, France pledged $300 million, Germany $200 million and Britain $500 million over three years. Norway pledged $120 million for the three years. The Saudis pledged $500 million over three years, adding insult to injury as they are well aware of the difficulties in Gaza and the PA executive's intention not to expend any of this aid there as long as the forces of resistance retain the upper hand over the forces of accommodation.
Canada was also busy at the Paris aid donors conference, pledging $300 million over the next five years. The Harper government, installed in office less than two weeks after Hamas' victory in the January 2006 elections, was the first in the world to cut off all aid to the PA. On Monday it was boasting about how "in 2006-2007, Canada provided $25 million in programming in the West Bank and Gaza to support a resolution of the Israeli-Palestinian conflict, including humanitarian assistance. As well, Canada provided $15 million in support of Palestinian refugees through a provision to the United Nations Relief and Work Agency program ..." The last sentence of this paragraph in the official press release from the Department of Foreign Affairs and International Trade finally discloses in who else's name and interest this is all being undertaken: "In addition, Foreign Affairs and International Trade Canada's Global Peace and Security Fund provides support to the United States Security Coordinator's mission." And the next paragraph adds: "Canada will provide support to security sector reform, including capacity building for civilian police and corrections officials, as well as judicial reform. Canada will also increase support to the United States Security Coordinator's mission. We are also exploring the possibility of supporting the European Union Coordinating Office for Palestinian Police Support (EUCOPPS)." Far from defending the interests of the Palestinians to move their nation-building project forward, Canada is forking over the entrance fee to join a newly-forming inter-imperialist bloc.

This was the biggest aid donor conference on Palestine in 11 years. On this particular occasion, however, there has been a vast inflation of rhetoric surrounding the economic prospects awaiting those Palestinians who collaborate in this latest project of U.S. imperialism, European neocolonialism and Zionism. Thus for example, a World Bank report cautioned that, even with the new aid pledges, the Palestinian Authority's economy will continue to contract unless Israel eases its blockade of the Gaza Strip and removes key internal checkpoints to allow Palestinians to move freely in the West Bank. The World Bank estimated that without such measures, the Palestinian gross domestic product would probably contract by 2 per cent annually over the next five years. On the other hand, if Israel eased the restrictions, and if the PA executive reformed their administration along the lines demanded by the EU, the economy would be expected to grow 5 per cent a year, rendering it a juicy and attractive morsel for the big banks of London, Paris and Frankfurt. Israeli's foreign minister, Tzipi Livni, who headed Israel's team at Annapolis, told delegates in Paris Monday that the strengthening of Israel's security had to be accompanied by an improvement in the lives of Palestinians for there to be a lasting Middle East peace. "Economic advancement and personal security must be advanced together," she said, adding, "For peace to succeed, Israeli security must be a Palestinian interest, just as a Palestinian state is an Israeli interest." What is going on behind this sudden display of touching concern from the Israeli lion about lying down peacefully with the Palestinian lamb?

Sixty years ago, on November 29, 1947, the United Nations General Assembly passed the Partition Resolution 181. This resolution proposed to replace the British Mandate with Zionist and Palestinian Arab states pledged to live side by side in economic union for the first 10 years of their existence. It was passed under strongarm pressure from the U.S. The Zionist hierarchy worked cynically for its passage. David Ben-Gurion and his associates had no intention whatsoever of accepting either an Arab state alongside or the partition plan's boundaries as the borders of their future state. No part of the settled Arab population of Palestine -- neither the Jewish nor Christian nor Muslim communities -- were consulted. Their Jewish (Yishuv) and Muslim segments were known to be massively opposed to partitioning the territory of Mandate Palestine. Post-Mandate Palestine without an Arab Palestinian state was, therefore, a manoeuvre carefully prepared by the Anglo-American powers. Neither the U.S. nor any other UN member-state voting for Resolution 181 proposed sending it to the Security Council to ratify the partition. That would have made the partition a binding piece of international law. The Zionists' freedom unilaterally both to redefine its own borders and prevent a Palestinian neighbouring state from coming into existence depended crucially on Resolution 181 never becoming binding international law.

By comparison: what happened last month at Annapolis? What was being conceived at Annapolis was neo-Mandate Palestine, a Second Partition. What the Palestinians assembled in Gaza City on Sunday were resisting is a third Nakba, another catastrophe on the same order as the Balfour Declaration 90 years ago and the Partition Resolution 60 years ago (followed five and a half months later by declaration of the State of Israel on 78 per cent of Palestinian territory). If Gaza capitulates to this EU-US integration plan, its imprisoned population can eat; otherwise they can rot.
Meanwhile, behind the scenes, the news agencies have barely mentioned en passant that the EU has been scheming to extend membership to the State of Israel. The evidence of this donor's conference is that such a linkage would proceed on condition that Israel manage a neocolonial extension of the joint economic and political power of the European financial oligarchy to incorporate those parts of Palestine not officially part of the State of Israel.
That the EU is moving on to new levels of integrating and annexing pieces of the world economy can hardly be doubted. This weekend, just before the aid donor conference in Paris, the EU's new Treaty of Lisbon, which replaces both its founding Treaty of Rome and the failed effort to create an EU "constitution," was signed. Finalized last August, with a signing ceremony set for December, this historic development (which, unlike the failed constitution, will not be subject to national ratification votes) was also a factor in setting the date of the Annapolis Conference and the aid donor conference follow-up.

If the price of Israeli acquiescence was candidacy for membership in the EU, the price of U.S. acquiescence appears to be alignment of Britain, France and Germany on the side of the U.S. against Iran backed by Russia. In the wake of the U.S. disaster in Iraq, and the increasingly parlous condition of the U.S. dollar as the reserve currency of global trade and investment, a major realignment of imperial blocs has become an urgent priority of the leading powers of the EU. Beneath the Annapolis demagogy about "peace in our time" in the Middle East, there has actually been lurking a serious and renewed danger of world inter-imperialist war.

The Palestinian question was left hanging amid contending European colonial ambitions in the Levant following World War One. Between the end of World War Two and the launch of the Cold War, it was temporarily 'disappeared' by an Anglo-American ethnocidal attempt orchestrated through Zionist proxies. Eventually it evolved into a generational resistance of the indigenous population against a foreign-propped 'local' military occupation. The present siege of Gaza, which directly led to Annapolis and this donors' conference, is the latest desperate gamble of those who need to finish the Palestinian ethnocide. Despite all predictions, and despite being continually written off and discounted by all the 'experts' because it has not yet captured state power, this resistance continues to grow in depth and breadth, and deliver ever more resounding negation of their oppressors' will. The outcome of the Paris aid donors' conference demonstrates how the unresolved question of a Palestinian state is now going to be manipulated by the leading powers of the European Union: to re-set the boundaries between them and the United States within the U.S.-led camp. The historical record of the Palestinians' resistance suggests, however, that the EU will not enjoy the last word, any more than Israel or the Anglo-Americans were able to before them.

There is the political economy of the aid donors' pledges, and there is the reality of the financial capacity of the Palestinian Authority. No serious observer believes Mahmoud Abbas & Co. in Ramallah, even backed by the State of Israel, can possibly process or handle $7.4 billion independently of the banking institutions of the European Union, even stretched over three to five years. There is also the upcoming financial crunch confronting Israel. Today, the U.S. dollar's latest bout of pneumonia threatens to push up interest rates on both new borrowings and roll-overs of existing debt instruments. By 2010-11, the U.S. loan guarantees to Israel end. In the meantime, U.S. commitments elsewhere in West Asia continue to grow at a rate that will raise questions about continuing to funnel money to the junta in Tel Aviv "no questions asked". Up to now, the U.S. financial system and a series of post-Soviet Russian oligarchs have underwritten the expansion of the Zionists' settler colonies in the West Bank. Disguised as a scheme of aid to the Palestine National Authority, the donor pledges made in Paris - the single biggest tranche of more than $2 billion coming from member-states of the EU - imply a financial tectonic shift is under way. Could this be pointing to the real financial content of the "moment of truth" to which Mahmoud Abbas was alluding in Paris?

If the financing and continuation of the settlement-colonization project in the occupied Palestinian territories are to be underwritten in future increasingly by the Euro rather than the U.S. dollar, an Israeli future as the hemi-demi-semi-neo-sub-colony of the EU project appears to loom on the horizon. The loan-guarantees method of financing the Zionist colonising settlement enterprise was launched between Washington and Tel Aviv in 1993 following the Oslo Accords. The rate of interest at which the U.S. Treasury has been bleeding their Israeli partners-in-crime since then is 7% per annum. Before the George W. Bush Administration attained office, the Zionists kept putting this interest burden off into the future by rolling over the guarantees every 2-3 years. Under George W. Bush, this was extended to 5 years, but extended for additional 3-year terms twice since. This seems to be reaching the end of the road as far as the U.S. Treasury is concerned: there are currently no negotiations planned to extend these past 2011. The penultimate extension was the Zionists' condition for accepting the U.S. tabling the resolution at the Security Council in August 2006 imposing the ceasefire between the Israeli Armed Forces and Hizbullah in Lebanon. The latest extension came this past June, in the wake of the Palestinian resistance forces in Gaza driving out the Dahlan gang and closing down its CIA-managed spynest in Gaza City.

The U.S. guarantees have become the lever by which the EU may be annexing Israel's financial and commercial space, incorporating the West Bank. These guarantees enabled the Zionist oligarchs to vastly increase their borrowings in the European money market at specially-discounted rates, enabling them to turn the disaster that struck the former Soviet Union to profitable account. During the 1990s, as Russian emigrés flooded in to colonise the West Bank, these loan-guarantees were what enabled the Zionist oligarchs to skin the ox several times. The Israeli central bank loaned the money to the banking system, which in turn financed construction companies' investment in settlement-block projects and settler-colonists' mortgages. Issuing more and more U.S. dollars at an especially rapid rate since the 2003 invasion and occupation of Iraq, and circulating them not just in the United States but around the globe as one of the gatekeepers of the world's leading reserve currency, the U.S. Treasury believed it could tolerate waiting to collect its 7%. When it comes to circulating the Euro beyond the EU, on the other hand, the European banking system enjoys no such luxury, and they are bound to come collect on the debt. They have noted the decline in new colonists in the West Bank. According to figures published by the Jewish Agency in Tel Aviv on December 24, European-Jewish immigration to Israel continued to slide in 2007 with the number of newcomers at just 19,700 - the lowest level in 20 years - with the number of immigrants from former Soviet countries, which made up 30 percent of all newcomers, dropping 15 percent from 2006. If the Zionist junta do not accept financial commercial annexation to the EU on terms dictated by their creditors, the days of easy money would appear to be over. That is the actual financial content of Israeli foreign minister Tzipi Livni's blather that "Israeli security must be a Palestinian interest, just as a Palestinian state is an Israeli interest." What neither Israel nor the PA dare face much less publicly admit, however, is their own responsibility in facilitating the embroilment of the EU in the U.S.-Israeli confrontation against Russian positions in the eastern Mediterranean, especially in Syria. In their greed and desperation, they are not concerned in the slightest that such shifting of the creditor-diktat from Washington to Brussels will increase the danger of war.

The aid from the Paris donors will grease the skids of the next stage of EU expansion, richly rewarding the European Central Bank and its leading shareholders. Positioning itself to set the terms of future peaceful coexistence with the Islamic Republic of Iran on a basis that strengthens the positions of the Euro as a reserve currency of the oil business, the Merkel government in Berlin appeared during its recent stint in the rotating EU presidency to have leapfrogged Britain and France. French President Sarkozy, however, via this donors' conference appears to have delivered a tit-fot-tat: the mechanisms that are to deliver the donors' aid appear to have been programmed to pull not only Israel and the Occupied Palestinian Territories, but perhaps also Lebanon - a major object of manipulation by the wealthiest and most powerful Parisian banks - more tightly into the orbit of the coming stage of EU expansion.

Concrete analysis of the concrete conditions discloses that the substance of Annapolis fif not unfold at a U.S. naval academy witnessed by delegations from 50 governments. It unfolded at the Paris aid-donors' conference two weeks later. Nevertheless, many continue to natter about the failure at Annapolis. Indeed: some have already started a parallel discourse speculating about the unlikelihood of any of the aid pledged in Paris ever being delivered... For the peoples, however, it cannot be permitted that the issue is reduced to whether this or that genocidal agenda of the imperialist powers prevails. Rather, the forces of resistance must ensure that they prevail over the forces of accommodation. The struggles of the workers and oppressed for renewal on the world scale must prepare, and inflict, defeats on the forces of retrogression. Either the imperial powers' "peace process" will eventually push the missile-launching buttons in Washington, London, Paris, Berlin and Moscow, or the resistance of the Palestinians and the rest of the world's peoples will stay their hands.
(Developments in Paris at the aid donors' conference were reported at "World pledges $7.4 billion to Palestinians," by Elaine Sciolino, International Herald Tribune. News of the Canadian government's aid offer is documented in News Release 2007/179, DFAIT-Ottawa.)

best laid plans of rival global bloodsuckers
From Pentagon's Plan: 'Prevent the Re-Emergence of a New Rival'
NYT March 8, 1992
Excerpts from the Pentagon's Feb. 18 draft of the Defense Planning Guidance for the Fiscal Years 1994-1999: This Defense Planning guidance addresses the fundamentally new situation which has been created by the collapse of the Soviet Union, the disintegration of the internal as well as the external empire, and the discrediting of Communism as an ideology with global pretensions and influence. The new international environment has also been shaped by the victory of the United States and its coalition allies over Iraqi aggression -- the first post-cold-war conflict and a defining event in U.S. global leadership. In addition to these two victories, there has been a less visible one, the integration of Germany and Japan into a U.S.-led system of collective security and the creation of a democratic "zone of peace."

Markets Up After a Deal by Merrill
Shares rose on Monday after Merrill Lynch agreed on Monday to sell $5 billion of new stock to a Singapore investor raised hopes wealthy foreign investors would rescue of America's ailing investment firms. http://www.nytimes.com/2007/12/25/business/25stox.html?th&emc=th

China invests its new economic power in Wall Street
By Joe Bel Bruno, AP
NEW YORK -- There's a good reason schools across the country are scrambling to find people who can teach Chinese: It's quickly becoming business' second language as Wall Street seeks to tap China's $1.3 trillion in foreign reserves. China has been making increasingly aggressive investments in some of the world's most prestigious financial companies in recent months -- most of them American. Morgan Stanley, Bear Stearns, Blackstone Group and Barclays of Britain have all negotiated major stakes by Chinese government-controlled investment funds. Investment banks ailing from the subprime mortgage mess are looking for money to shore up their balance sheets. And China is leading a surge of strategic investments from Asia and the Middle East that so far have sunk about $25 billion into Wall Street banks.

That's just the start of what some believe is a dramatic reversal of financial power in the shadow of Wall Street's credit turmoil.

"Both Chinese private and government interests are controlling more and more of the U.S. economy, and this is a result of the big trade and budget deficits we have," said Alan Donziger, professor of economics at Villanova School of Business.... for foreign governments, the devalued dollar makes investments in these financial institutions cheap.
China agreed to pay $5 billion for a 9.9 percent stake in Morgan Stanley, and those securities pay 9 percent a year until they convert to shares in 2010. That translates to a gain of about $450 million of cash next year.
But, for Morgan Stanley investors, the infusion of new stock two years from now will dilute their shares -- and potentially make owning Morgan Stanley's securities less valuable. The same can be said about other banks that receive foreign investments.
The deals have been structured so that the sovereign funds are passive investors with no seat on the board, and this escapes regulatory scrutiny... By keeping investments under 10 percent, it does not trip an automatic review by the government. Bush and others believe the injection of foreign capital helps keep the banks competitive and restores faith in an industry beaten down this year.

But some banking analysts believe these government-sponsored funds might get more say than the banks are admitting."The Chinese are putting $5 billion into Morgan Stanley without there being some kind of quid pro quo of what they're going to get other than interest on their investment," said Dick Bove, an analyst with Punk Ziegler & Co. "It's part of a major shift in the worldwide financial system that I think will be very negative to the U.S."
He said these kinds of investments are not over, and expects to see others surface next year. In some cases, investment banks that have already received investments might strike other deals to increase capital.
"The whole situation has changed with financial power moving dramatically toward China and the Middle East, and that will have significant impact over time," Bove said.

U.S. sides with Iran, China on the death penalty
The U.N. General Assembly adopted a moratorium on the death penalty last week, overcoming opposition from the United States, China and Iran.

Turkish jets bombed northern Iraq on Sunday in the latest of a string of attacks on Kurdish rebels there
ISTANBUL, Turkey — Turkish warplanes bombed Kurdish rebel targets in northern Iraq on Saturday in the third confirmed cross-border offensive by Turkish forces in less than a week, the military said.
The U.S. Embassy in Ankara said it was informed before the assault took place, but gave no further information. The United States and Iraq both have urged Turkey to avoid a major operation in the area, fearing it could destabilize what has been the calmest region in Iraq... The United States has been providing Turkey with intelligence to go after the rebels, and a coordination center has been set up in Ankara so Turks, Iraqis and Americans can share information.... http://seattletimes.nwsource.com/html/iraq/2004088539_kurds23.html

Philippine Govt. Resorts to "Soft Power"/"Strategic Non-violence" to Crush Revolutionaries
Alleged NPA Weakening: Truth or Gov’t Propaganda?
Vol. VII, No. 46, December 23, 2007 – January 5, 2008
President Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo had given kudos to the Armed Forces of the Philippines (AFP) and the Department of National Defense (DND) for a job well done in waging war against the “communist insurgents.”...even though as late as 2006, government was pointing to the communist-led New People’s Army (NPA) as a “major threat to national security.”... In her statement published in the official website of the Office of the Press Secretary (OPS), she said that the total strength of the communist New People’s Army (NPA) has been halved.Due to this, the chief executive called on Congress to restore the P1 billion (US$24,022,267.81) Kalayaan Fund that was slashed off by lawmakers during the deliberation on the 2008 national budget. The said fund was supposed to be used to “restore” war-torn areas due to the war against the “insurgents.”... The president pointed out that the special infrastructure program is significant to the success of what she called the “soft-power strategy” in fighting the communist “insurgency” which started in the early 1970s... According to the data mentioned by the president, from 12,000 fighting NPA guerillas in 2001, it was reduced to 6,000 by the consistent and persistent military operations under the Operational Plan (OPLAN) Bantay Laya (Oplan Freedom Watch).“At the rate we are going, we
will put an end to the insurgency by 2010,” said Arroyo...

On the other hand, the revolutionary Communist Party of the Philippines (CPP), congratulated its own forces in successfully launching an ambush against a unit of the Philippine Marines last Dec. 16 and urged all other units of the NPA to launch more tactical offensives against AFP units and “other armed enemy forces” that continue to intrude into revolutionary territory and “conduct military operations against the NPA and the revolutionary masses.”In the morning of the said date, troops from the Marine Battalion Landing Team 9 were ambushed by an NPA unit in Barangay (village) Binga, San Vicente, Palawan. Three soldiers were killed in the ambush.“[It] was a necessary course of action in the face of continuing offensive military operations by the AFP and the Arroyo regime's hypocritical declaration of a sham 22-day unilateral ceasefire which supposedly started (December 15)," CPP spokesperson Gregorio “Ka Roger” Rosal said in a statement."The Palawan ambush shatters the peace pretensions of the Arroyo regime and its armed forces," said Rosal...“Those Marines were ambushed for their armed transgression into known revolutionary territory,” Rosal added. He also warned units and elements of the government armed forces not to enter revolutionary territory without explicit permission from revolutionary authorities. Otherwise, he said, they are always legitimate targets of NPA tactical offensives.
Rosal urged NPA units nationwide to carry out more tactical offensives.
"Carrying out more frequent and widespread tactical offensives against weak enemy armed forces is a most effective way of defeating the continuing campaigns of suppression of the AFP," he said.

amerikan stocking-stuffer...
December 25, 2007
Parents Defend School’s Use of Shock Therapy
Parents tend to be referred there by desperate education officials, after other institutions have decided they cannot keep the child...While at Rotenberg, students must wear backpacks containing a device that allows a staff member to deliver a moderate shock to electrodes attached to the limbs, or in some cases palms, feet or torso, when the students engage in a prohibited behavior. Both the children’s parents and a court must consent to the shocks. Michael P. Flammia, the lawyer for Rotenberg, defended the practice in an interview. “People want to believe positive interventions work even in the most extreme cases...If they did, that is all we would use. Many of these kids come in on massive dosages of antipsychotic drugs, so doped up that they are almost comatose. We get them off drugs and give their parents something very important: hope.”
for state officials, many behavior experts and even some former Rotenberg parents, the shock therapy at the school represents a dangerous, outdated approach to severe behavioral problems, reminiscent of the electric shock helmets used on some autistic patients into the 1980s and now discredited... they say Rotenberg does not use shock punishments only for dangerous self-mutilation, but rather for a wide variety of actions, including shouting profanities and spitting... Ms. Handon was among the parents of more than 40 children who sued and won a court injunction to keep treatments going. In January, the state, which pays for treatment of all New York students at Rotenberg to age 21, enacted a new ban on the treatment for those students, to take effect in 2009; it also set new restrictions on who can begin the therapy in the interim. But the parents amended their suit, and a trial beginning in 2008 will decide the issue....“The point is that at Rotenberg, they still manage Crystal to control what she needs to do,” Ms. Handon said. “Her behaviors were not acceptable for society. Now I think I can bring her home.”

The Rotenberg Center, which says it is the only school in the nation using electric shock, has been the subject of many critical reports by the news media and state investigators... last week, Massachusetts investigators issued a report saying a child at the school was shocked 77 times in three hours last summer as a result of a prank....

Technically, the lowest shock given by Rotenberg is roughly twice what pain researchers have said is tolerable for most humans, said James Eason, a professor of biomedical engineering at Washington and Lee University. The highest shock given by Rotenberg is three times the lowest amount... The lawyer for Rotenberg, Mr. Flammia, said the current has to hurt to work. He described the highest shock as “a hard pinch.” ...

A Threat So Big, Academics Try Collaboration
December 25, 2007
It is a basic tenet of university research: Economists conduct joint studies, chemists join forces in the laboratory, political scientists share ideas about other cultures — but rarely do the researchers cross disciplinary lines... The political landscape of academia, combined with the fight for grant money, has always fostered competition far more than collaboration. But the threat of global warming may just change all that....
Neil Hawkins, Dow Chemical’s vice president for sustainability, sees it that way, too. Thus, Dow is giving $10 million, spread over five years, to the University of California, Berkeley, to set up a sustainability center.“Berkeley has one of the strongest chemical engineering schools in the world, but it will be the M.B.A.’s who understand areas like microfinance solutions to drinking water problems,” Mr. Hawkins said. That realization is spreading throughout academia. So more universities are setting up stand-alone centers that offer neutral ground...“We give professors a chance to step beyond their usual areas of expertise, and we give students exposure to the worlds of science and business,” said Daniel C. Esty, director of the year-old Yale Center for Business and the Environment, a joint effort between the School of Management and the School of Forestry and Environmental Studies.
Similar setups are getting easier to find. Last year, the University of Tennessee consolidated all of its environmental research programs under a new Institute for a Secure and Sustainable Environment. Arizona State University did the same in 2004, when it inaugurated its Global Institute of Sustainability....Nor do the environmentally themed names necessarily convey an enviro-centric agenda. Many sustainability centers — the Kenan-Flagler Center for Sustainable Enterprise at the University of North Carolina is a good example — address global cultures, business ethics and corporate social responsibility along with environmental issues... Yale center was developing an “eco-services clinic” that would help companies address various environmental issues. Duke’s Corporate Sustainability Initiative, which is a joint venture of its earth sciences, business and environmental policy schools, is also a founding member of the Chicago Sustainable Business Alliance....
Nor does the money for the centers necessarily come from university coffers... Thomas P. Lyon, the institute’s director, said much of the money goes to defray third-year costs for graduate students who pursue a dual degree in business and natural sciences...the institute is now talking to venture capitalists about teaching students to invest in green technologies, and is setting up projects for students in China and elsewhere....The vast majority of the money for the Golisano Institute in Rochester came from B. Thomas Golisano, the founder of Paychex and one of the underwriters of the Clinton Global Initiative....Sometimes, government chips in... Companies are getting into the financing act...Enterprise Rent-a-Car donated $10 million to the Donald Danforth Plant Science Center in St. Louis for research on growing crops for food. This year it gave $25 million to create the Enterprise Institute in conjunction with Danforth, to do research into biobased fuels... ExxonMobil, General Electric, Schlumberger and Toyota — have anted up for the Stanford University Global Climate and Energy Project...The Shell Oil Foundation has been financing Rice University’s Shell Center for Sustainability since 2002. Wal-Mart has promised money for an Applied Sustainability Center at the University of Arkansas. Berkeley, meanwhile, is using Dow’s gift to set up a Sustainable Products and Solutions Program within its existing Center for Responsible Business... in the Haas Business School...“Commercialization takes forever if the chemical engineers and the business types do not coordinate,” she said. “So think how much easier it will be for chemistry graduates to work inside a company if they already know how to interact with the business side.”...

Members of the CIGNA Corporation Board of Directors (as of April 25, 2007) responsible for the cold-blooded murder of 17-year-old Nataline Sarkisyan :