3/19/08 Iraq 5 Years late: Destroyer of Nations as 'Supporter of the Oppressed? History Answers

Before the Shooting Starts: A Fabricated Case?
by George Hunsinger, Princeton Theological Seminary
November 13, 2002

Breaking news: British and American troops were involved in fierce fighting near Iraq's main port today as the war to topple Saddam began. The firefight broke out near Basra as men of the Special Boat Service targeted the strategically vital city and oilfields in southern Iraq. ...
Full Story:http://www.thisislondon.co.uk/news/waroniraq/articles/3895393?version=1
19 March 2003 http://www.thisislondon.co.uk/

An Army of Propaganda
The military's slick propaganda campaign borrows from the corporate PR world, and keeps the war sanitized for public consumption.
The PR War: The general who devised the "embedded" program deserves a fourth star.
By Jack Shafer,late Magazine
Tuesday, March 25, 2003
The Pentagon officer who conceived and advanced the embedded journalist program should step forward and demand a fourth star for his epaulets...
The wide range of U.S. and international "embeds," as the journalists are now called, bring substantial credibility to the war as independent truth-tellers... the likes of NBC's David Bloom as he joyously cruises across the Iraq desert seated on the fore of an armored vehicle like he's John Wayne lassoing rhinos from the front bumper of a truck in Howard Hawks' Hatari!...Because the war on Iraq is still young, the embed reports from the front are mostly variations on the themes, "Hey, I'm still alive!" and "Hey, those Iraqis are extremely dead!" which must warm the hearts of the chain of command. The honest shock and awe expressed by the embeds' reports translate into victories for the U.S. military in their concerted propaganda campaign against Iraq, its allies, and its sympathizers....The propaganda tide could shift and cause the Pentagon to rue the day they heard the word "embed."

Diminished Expectations in Iraq
March 25, 2003
As American forces began skirmishing with Iraq's Republican
Guard troops on the drive toward Baghdad yesterday, Iraq's
best soldiers seemed in no mood to lay down their arms.
Army Apache helicopters attacked and destroyed up to 15
armored vehicles of a Republican Guard division in central
Iraq but were driven back by a ferocious hail of small-arms
fire and rocket-propelled grenades. Virtually all the
Apaches were hit, and one went down. It was the latest
evidence that some of the initial hopes - even assumptions
- that Iraqi resistance would quickly crumble seemed not to
be panning out.
The American and British military are prepared to fight a
war against a resistant enemy, and they insisted yesterday
that everything was on or ahead of schedule. But the public
had reason to expect something different. The Bush
administration had conveyed the impression that the Iraqi
government was shaky, that much of the army was not likely
to fight and that the Iraqi people would welcome the
invasion force with cheers and flowers.

A particularly severe humanitarian crisis is already
developing in Basra, Iraq's second-largest city, whose
largely Shiite population is hostile to the Hussein regime
and was expected to welcome the invading troops. Iraqi
forces there are offering resistance, and British and
American troops have been unwilling to fight their way in
at the risk of heavy civilian casualties. Now parts of the
city have been without power or water for three days. It is
hard to see how allied forces can mitigate the situation
without fighting their way into the city.

The climactic battles of this campaign will be in and
around Baghdad, where the regime remains firmly in control
and the city's air defenses, though degraded, are still
functional. Unless there is a major break in the will of
Iraq to keep fighting, American forces may be faced with
the street-by-street fighting they had hoped to avoid.

From Hussein, Defiance and Praise for His Troops
March 24, 2003
KUWAIT, March 24 - A defiant Iraqi leader appeared on state
television today to condemn the American-led invasion,
praise his soldiers and exhort them to continue to battle
the allied armies.
The fedayeen, perhaps joining other Iraqi irregulars, are
thought to have attacked marines around Nasiriya on Sunday,
resulting in the heaviest fighting of the war. In sporadic
battles across Iraq on Sunday, military officials reported
at least 20 American soldiers missing or killed and up to
82 injured....
This morning, images of Mr. Hussein were show on television
celebrating those battles.... Mr. Hussein's speech was broadcast by Iraqi national
television, which continues to operate even after four days and nights of heavy bombing in Baghdad.

A front-page insta-analysis in the Post ponders yesterday's casualties and concludes, "U.S. LOSSES EXPOSE RISKS, RAISE DOUBTS ABOUT STRATEGY."

Unfolding Tragedy
Arab News Editorial 20 March 2003
“My question was and remains,” Chancellor Gerhard Schroeder said yesterday, “does the degree of threat stemming from the Iraqi dictator justify a war that will bring certain death to thousands of innocent men, women and children?”

The “shock-and-awe” strategy the Pentagon has threatened during the initial hours of the war on Iraq will rain down upon the country more than 3,000 satellite-guided bombs. It will be an assault of such awesome power that, in the words of an official who wisely withheld his name, “they are not going to know what hit them.” These bombs, smart or otherwise, are headed for thousands of targets in Iraq, most of them in Baghdad. People close to these “command centers,” or employed there in any number of civilian and menial functions, will die. So, of course, will the soldiers stationed there.If only a few of the smart bombs should prove to be dumber than expected — or, as is likely, the US actively targets water and power supplies, or sewage facilities — cholera and typhoid will spread like wildfire. Hospitals will be rendered useless in the face of such a catastrophe, if they too are not bombed to smithereens.

On June 10, 1991, US soldiers slaughtered as many as 100,000 Iraqi conscripts who, after an agreed cease-fire, were retreating en masse along the Basra highway. It was an attack of such barbarity that British pilots refused to continue flying missions; and even American commanders expressed reservations about the morality of the operation....
[digest note: see Patrick J Sloyan on how the mass slaughter of a group of Iraqis went unreported, February 13 2003http://www.guardian.co.uk]

The United Nations has estimated that the war could result in as many as two million refugees, who will be placed indefinitely in desert camps in Syria and in Jordan, where Oxfam alone has set up facilities for 30,000 refugees. They have already started to arrive.
A humanitarian tragedy of immense proportions, then, is beginning to unfold. As we are shown endless pictures of ordnance and other paraphernalia of war from the invader’s point of view, of this or that military-looking structure precision-bombed off a video screen, the dead and the dying — and the displaced people who were lucky enough to escape the carnage — will not be much talked about.

Footage showing their plight will be at best unsuitably depressing, at worst deemed “offensive” for the viewers of the evening news. Once again, the media and the Pentagon will collude to sideline the millions whom the war will hit worst.

Conquered states that have been accustomed to liberty and the government of their own laws can be held by the conqueror in three different ways. The first is to ruin them; the second, for the conqueror to go and reside there in person; and the third is to allow them to continue to live under their own laws, subject to a regular tribute, and to create in them a government of a few, who will keep the country friendly to the conqueror
Niccolo Machiavelli, The Prince

The limitation of tyrants is the endurance of those they oppose.
Frederick Douglass

Those who have the privilege to know, have the duty to act.
Albert Einstein

Insurgency Blooms, Firefighters’ Glee at U.S. Deaths
“I was happy, everyone was happy,” Waadallah Muhammad, one of the firefighters, told me. “The Americans, yes, they do good things (ed. note: built fire station) but only to enhance their reputation. They are occupiers. We want them to leave.”

Five Years of Genocide
Zuheir Kseibati, Al-Hayat -
Five years ago to the day, it was the dawn of the American invasion that carried Iraq to the endless darkness of the occupation. The fall of Baghdad, the Arab capital which they almost dubbed Saddam Hussein's capital, was nothing but the onset of a massive volcanic eruption in the region; its fires still consume the Arabs' stability and security and rewrite maps from the Ocean to the Gulf.... hundreds of thousands have been left dead since the invasion and occupation began. .. When Mesopotamia becomes the nation of unified plagues falling upon the necks of a nation, the American president finds no reason to apologize for his lies about weapons of mass destruction. Only a handful of the original war architects remain with him but mostly in hiding, while Cheney promises the Iraqis that he would not tire. The battle still has chapters to come...
Five years of tears and blood. The deafening bombs are still louder than the wailing of the mothers who lost their children and the weeping of men every time they lost children and fathers. Millions are now refugees all over Mesopotamia and neighboring countries, announcing the worst humanitarian "crisis" in a country that holds the world's third largest oil reserves. Perhaps it is certainly much worse than a crisis. Despite all this, Bush is still celebrating the liberation of Iraqis from tyranny, and also from their blood, wealth, sovereignty, security, stability, and unity. The only obstacle that hinders "reconciliation" between the ruling forces and the disgruntled parties is a final resolution over the oil law to divide the inheritance of the murdered victim.The "Iraqis were liberated" five years ago. All they need to do is to believe the American when he offers them a medal for defeating tyranny so they can prepare themselves for another decade or two of war on terror, while he promises them "strategic" military bases to guard oil facilities …and the dead.

timely new "information" from the Iraqi WMD discoverers!
United States has released online an unclassified redacted version of the study entitled "The Iraqi Perspectives Project -- Saddam and Terrorism: Emerging Insights from Captured Iraqi Documents."

iraq "civil war" made-in-usa

digest note:
Iraq 'civil war' : "Under this plan Iraq would cease to exist" : Iraq is the critical lynchpin for the broader U.S. agenda: control of ME energy/oil as leverage over friends and enemies. The 'civil war' divide et impera strategy was formulated in early 90's to undermine and demonize the anti-imperialist nationalist resistance -- and serve a death blow to Arab nationalism. The resistance can not be conquered ... a lesson imperialists are constitutionally unable to learn since systemic survival depends on eliminating major rivals and resistance to maximize global basis of capital accumulation -- and capitalism operates globally -- thus imperialism. The bogus U.S. 'war on terrorism' is the pretext for this murderous juggernaut.

U.S. Considers Dividing Iraq Into Three Separate States After Saddam Is Gone
FORECASTS & TRENDS, Oct 1, 2002 http://www.profutures.comarticle.php/91/%20
Stratfor.com http://www.stratfor.com/ reports that one of the leading long-term strategies being considered by US war planners is to divide Iraq into three separate regions. Under this plan Iraq would cease to exist. [emphasis added]
Stratfor says that such a plan reportedly was discussed at an unusual meeting between Crown Prince Hassan of Jordan and pro-US Iraqi Sunni opposition members in London in July. Further, they say that in September, the Israeli newspaper, Yedioth Ahronoth, stated that the US goal in Iraq was to create a United Hashemite Kingdom that would encompass Jordan and Iraq's Sunni areas. Also, Israeli terrorism expert Ehud Sprinzak recently echoed this sentiment on Russian television on September 24.
So whose idea is this? According to Stratfor, Sprinzak stated that the authors of the "Hashemite" plan are Vice President Dick Cheney and Deputy Secretary of Defense Paul Wolfowitz, both considered the most hawkish of Bush administration officials.[...]

2004 Rand study “U.S. Strategy in the Muslim World After 9/11”
By Abdus Sattar Ghazali, exec. editor American Muslim Perspective
Rand study titled “U.S. Strategy in the Muslim World After 9/11” suggests exploiting Sunni, Shiite and Arab, non-Arab divides to promote the US policy objectives inthe Muslim world. [...]

Dismembering the body politic in Iraq By Ahmed Janabi
Thursday 22 June 2006, 8:31 Makka Time, 5:31 GMT
Iraqi nationalists fear the break-up of their country [...]

Iraq's Partition
The discussion within the U.S. foreign policy establishment on the future of Iraq has come to a conclusion. The U.S. will, now officially, work to dissolve the Iraqi nation and state into three independend statelets under a powerless sham national government and, of course, total U.S. control (...) As Col. Lang emphasizes, the seeds for partioning were laid when Cheney and the neocon figures around him ordered the Iraqi army to be disbanded and the de-Baathification of the Iraqi g! overnment, i.e. its total annulment. The idea of partitioning Iraq may even have been the very reason for the war. The New Middle East expression goes back to the "Clean Break" document (pdf) prepared 1996 by U.S. neocons as a strategy for Israel's Netanyahu government. The first modern partition Iraq argument was made by Zionist strategist Oded Yinon in 1982. In A Strategy for Israel in the Nineteen Eighties he recommends: In Iraq, a division into provinces along ethnic/religious lines as in Syria during Ottoman times is possible. So, three (or more) states will exist around the three major cities: Basra, Baghdad and Mosul, and Shi'ite areas in the south will separate from the Sunni and Kurdish north. The now imminent, new policy of partitioning Iraq is indeed only the announcement of the result of a process that has been the plan and the policy all along. This is a real "Mission Accomplished" moment...

Iraq's Sectarian Bloodshed 'Made in the USA'
Iraq never had a history of sectarian conflicts. U.S. policy choices provided a perfect road map for starting one
by Erik Leaver and Raed Jarrar, Asia Times
When the United States ousted Saddam Hussein in April 2003, crime spiked and full-scale looting erupted. But there were still no signs of sectarian clashes. That quickly changed, however, as the U.S. administration assumed control over Iraq, led by Paul Bremer.
Bremer, attempting to put an Iraqi face on the occupation, appointed members to the Iraqi Governing Council. Instead of reflecting how Iraqis saw themselves, the council's makeup mirrored and reinforced the U.S. sectarian view of the population . . .
FULL TEXT http://www.twf.org/News/Y2006/0810-Sectarian.html

The Minister of Civil War: Paul Bremer, and the rise of the Iraqi death squads
Bayan Jabr,
Harper’s Magazine, August 2006. By Ken Silverstein.
The rise of the death squads corresponds almost precisely to the April 2005 appointment of Bayan Jabr as interior minister in Iraq’s transitional government. The Interior Ministry, which is something like a combined FBI and Department of Homeland Security, controls billions of dollars and more than 100,000 men in police and paramilitary units. Jabr was a former high-ranking member of the Iranian-backed Badr Brigade, the military arm of the fundamentalist Shiite Supreme Council for the Islamic Revolution in Iraq (SCIRI) that is now the dominant political force in the country. After taking over the Interior Ministry, he quickly purged it of Sunnis, and members of the Badr Brigade were widely incorporated into the ministry’s police and paramilitary units….

The conquest of Southwest Asia
By Pepe Escobar
For Washington the real enemy is not Islamic fundamentalism: it's Arab nationalism. For decades the ultimate target of Israeli foreign policy has been to sow disunion among Arabs. Secular Arab nationalism is the ultimate threat to Israel, thus to the US, in neo-con thinking. The crux is not religious: it's political... [see Brzezinski documents bottom of page]

By Pepe Escobar
The plan [to break up Iraq] allegedly conceived by David Philip, a former White House adviser working for the American Foreign Policy Council (AFPC)[...]

Civil war likely in Iraq, not necessarily negative
Tony Jones Interview with Daniel Pipes
Australian Broadcasting Corporation, 02/03/06
TONY JONES: Tell me what sort of trends you’re talking about? Because I’m still struggling to understand how it would be anything but a strategic disaster.
DR DANIEL PIPES: ...should there be a civil war in Iraq, there are various trends which will be disrupted, trends which I think are negative... in the first place, there would be fewer attacks on our forces in Iraq as they fight each other. More broadly outside Iraq. There would be fewer attacks on us as the Shi’ites and the Sunnis attack each other. The imperative that the US Government, in particular, has been following would be shunted aside - an imperative which I think has led to negative results, because the victors in democracy, whether it be Afghanistan, Iraq, Lebanon, the Palestinian Authority, Saudi Arabia and Egypt, have in all these cases been our most extreme enemies - the Islamists. And I think as developments in Iraq slow down the democracy process, so it will elsewhere and we will be the better for it. […]

The Pentagon's P20G Fomenting Civil War in Iraq
The Pentagon’s “Proactive, Preemptive Operations Group (P2OG)” is
behind many of the terrorist attacks in Iraq. The car bombings,
assassinations, sabotage, kidnappings and attacks on mosques are
designed to cause violence and discord between Sunnis and Shiites.
P2OG in collusion with Israeli IDF and MOSSAD operatives are responsible
for a series of secret covert operations whose purpose is to create an
all out civil war in Iraq. The ultimate purpose is to dismember the
country, achieve complete control and make it easier for the USA and
Zionist Israel to profit from Iraq’s vast oil resources.

As part of the Pentagon’s well funded programme, the CIA and Israeli
MOSSAD have been training and arming the Kurds for terror raids inside
Iraq. The Israeli operatives are also helping train US special forces
in aggressive counter-insurgency operations, including the use of
assassination squads against guerrilla leaders, prominent Iraqi
academics, scientists, politicians and religious leaders. .

Their first major operation was the bombing on February 22, 2006 of the
Shiite Askariya shrine in Samarra, also known as the Golden Mosque.
The mosque was a very well thought out target that holds the tombs of
two revered 9th-century imams of the Shiite branch of Islam. The attack
on the Golden Mosque began at 7 a.m., when a dozen men dressed in
paramilitary uniforms entered the shrine and handcuffed four guards who
were sleeping in a back room. The attackers then placed a bomb in the
dome and detonated it, collapsing most of the dome and heavily damaging
an adjoining wall.

The covert operation against the Golden Mosque was designed to provoke
Shiite groups into committing violent acts and retaliations against the
Sunnis. Sunni political leaders said retaliatory attacks hit more than
20 Sunni mosques across Iraq with bombs, gunfire or arson. Authorities
reported at least 18 people killed in the aftermath, including two Sunni
clerics. In one incident, in Basra in southern Iraq, police said gunmen
in police uniforms broke into a jail, seized 12 Sunni men and later
killed them. These attacks against the Sunnis were also carried out by
operatives under the Pentagon’s “Proactive, Preemptive Operations
The Pentagon blamed the bombing of the Golden Mosque on al-Qaeda but
cleric Abdul Zara Saidy had another explanation He said the mosque
attack was the work of “occupiers,” Americans, “and Zionists”.

Related La Voz de Aztlan report:
NORTHWOODS PROJECT: Exposing the Pentagon’s Schemes

The Myth of al-Qaeda in Iraq
Andrew Tilghman, The Washington Monthly

Destruction of Holiest Shia Shrine Brings Iraq to the Brink of Civil War
Robert Fisk, "All This Talk of Civil War, and Now This Carnage. Coincidence?," Associated Press, March 3, 2004
The horrific attack which destroyed much of the Golden Mosque generated sectarian outrage which led to attacks on over 50 Sunni mosques. Many Sunni mosques in Baghdad were shot, burnt, or taken over. Three Imams were killed, along with scores of others in widespread violence.This is what was shown by western corporate media. As quickly as these horrible events began, they were called to an end and replaced by acts of solidarity between Sunni and Shia across Iraq. This, however, was not shown by western corporate media. . .

IRAQ: Five Years, And Counting
Analysis by Dahr Jamail
WASHINGTON, Mar 18 (IPS) - Devastation on the ground and largely held Iraqi opinion contradicts claims by U.S. officials that the situation in Iraq has improved towards the fifth anniversary of the invasion...With more than a million dead, more than four million displaced, and another four million in need of emergency aid, a third of Iraqis are displaced, in need of emergency aid -- or dead.... a "successful endeavour"...after Cheney said that, a suicide bomber killed at least 32 and wounded 51 near a mosque in the holy Shia city Kerbala, south of Baghdad. Bombings in Baghdad near the Green Zone just after Cheney arrived killed another four, and wounded 13. Baghdad has become the most dangerous city in the world, largely as a result of a U.S. policy of pitting various Iraqi ethnic and sectarian groups against one another. Today Baghdad is a city of walled-off Sunni and Shia ghettoes, divided by concrete walls erected by the U.S. military....Ethnic and sectarian cleansing strategies, backed by occupation forces, have virtually eliminated all mixed areas of Baghdad... "The surge is working," McCain, also in Iraq, told reporters...
With "enduring" U.S. military bases established in Iraq, and an embassy in Baghdad the size of the Vatican City, there appears to be no end in sight for the U.S. occupation of Iraq. (END/2008)

onward christian fascists
The Bush administration issued a new warning to U.S. banks on Thursday that Iran's state banks are using deceptive practices to disguise Tehran's involvement in nuclear proliferation and terrorist activities.

"The war with the US has already begun and they are blocking our purchases of food", Venezuelan Minister Ramón Rodríguez Chacín told viewers on Venezuelan TV on March 12.

"...competed with anti-war protesters...
Seattle vigil for Tibetans
By Karen Johnson
Nearly 200 Seattle-area Tibetans assembled at Westlake Park on Wednesday to protest the treatment of Tibetans by the Chinese government.... show support for their native country.... Supporters of the Tibetan cause competed with anti-war protesters who gathered at Westlake Plaza to commemorate the five-year anniversary of the war in Iraq.... the organizer of the Tibet vigil, said he was unaware until Wednesday morning that the war protest was taking place.

DIGEST Truth check: minimal investigation by Seattle Times reporter would have revealed the lie: the media did not advertise it like it has pro-U.S. Tibet / CIA agent dalai lama anti- China events, however the 5th. anniversary of this genocidal war would obviously be protested, plus, the anti-U.S.Iraq war demo. was organized by 12 groups, many of whose members overlap with pro-Tibet supporters, and the fact that approval for protests at Westlake Park are required which would have revealed prior reservation....unless authorities made an exception to this rule, as well as rules that rule violent, lethal riots on behalf of U.S. interests are "peaceful resistance" to it's major strategic enemy "China's oppression"
For the real story behind this made-in-usa campaign see http://www.burbankdigest.com/node/73 & http://www.burbankdigest.com/node/77

Tibet events
. Seattle gathering: An alliance of Tibetan supporters, including the Tibetan Nuns Project, will take part in a walking meditation from 4 p.m. to 6 p.m. Friday at the Federal Building, 915 2nd Ave. in Seattle.
. Vancouver, B.C., rally: The Tibetan Association of Washington will go to Vancouver, B.C., Saturday to protest outside the Chinese Consulate building, 3380 Granville Street. The group will be joined by Tibetans from Portland and Canada. The event will take place at 5 p.m.
. Dalai Lama visits Seattle: The Dalai Lama is scheduled to be in Seattle April 11-15 as part of Seeds of Compassion, an event focusing on the importance of nurturing kindness and compassion, especially in children. Event organizers have said the Dalai Lama is committed to the event and that the situation in Tibet would not affect his appearance here.

only "terrorists" criticize or resist the long racist north american history of violent state suppression...
While there were more than 140 arrests in San Francisco [note: of estimated 500 protesters] and more than 30 in Washington, attendance was lighter than at protests in the early years of the Iraq war.

"war on terrorism" success story
Anti-War Grannies Arrested Trying to Enlist
ATLANTA - As part of actions across the United States to mark the fifth anniversary of the U.S. invasion of Iraq in 2003, 10 "Grandmothers for Peace", ranging in age from 57 to 80, were arrested Monday while trying to enlist in the United States Army. Acts of civil disobedience are planned this week in at least 17 other U.S. cities. http://www.ipsnews.net/news.asp?idnews=41625

Iraqis Slaughtered in U.S. Genocide "1,185,800"

After five years in Iraq, Bush hails 'strategic victory'
US president makes expansive claims of success on anniversary of invasion..."The answers are clear to me: removing Saddam Hussein from power was the right decision - and this is a fight Americans must win." ...The war has left tens of thousands dead...The cost of the war is estimated at between half a trillion dollars to three trillion cost hundreds of millions of dollars and has been blamed for creating fresh instability in the Middle East. Bush made no mention today of the failure to find Saddam Hussein's alleged weapons of massive destruction, the stated reason for war, but returned to the theme, warning that that a hasty US withdrawal from Iraq could lead to an emboldened al-Qaida with access to Iraq's oil resources pursuing "its ambitions to acquire weapons of mass destructions to attack America and other free nations". ...And, in a new argument reflecting US and world concern over impending recession, it would threaten the world economy. http://www.guardian.co.uk/world/2008/mar/19/usa.iraq

"...'quagmire' is an interesting word. If you lived in Iraq and had lived under a tyranny, you’d be saying, god, I love freedom- because that’s what’s happened.... there are killers and radicals and murderers who kill the innocent to stop the advance of freedom. But freedom is happening in Iraq..."
GWB at 11/7/7 joint press conference with French President Sarkozy

"There is no telling how many wars it will take to secure freedom in the homeland."
GWB speech August 7, 2002

let nothing stand in the way of propaganda...besides, seen one piece of our empire 'ya seen 'em all
“...when liberty takes root on the Iraqi soil of the West Bank and Gaza, it will inspire millions across the Middle East who want their societies built on freedom and peace and hope...”
GWB Annapolis speech 12/07

McCain errs saying Iran backs al-Qaida in Iraq
AMMAN, Jordan -- Sen. John McCain mistakenly said Tuesday that Iran was allowing al-Qaida fighters into the country to be trained and returned to Iraq.McCain, the Republican presidential nominee-in-waiting, expressed concern about Iran's rising sway in the Mideast and said, "Al-Qaida is going back into Iran and is receiving training and are coming back into Iraq from Iran."He made the comments Tuesday at a news conference in Jordan; he made similar comments earlier to Hugh Hewitt, an American radio talk-show host....After Sen. Joe Lieberman, an independent from Connecticut who was traveling with McCain, stepped forward to whisper in the candidate's ear, McCain said: "I'm sorry; the Iranians are training the extremists, not al-Qaida. Not al-Qaida. I'm sorry."...In response to a question about possible U.S. strikes against Tehran, McCain said only: "At the end of the day, we cannot afford having a nuclear-armed Iran."In addition, McCain noted that U.S. military officials recently discovered a cache of armor-piercing bombs in Iraq, and he hinted the explosives had been provided by Iran. http://seattlepi.nwsource.com/national/355543_mccain19.html
Cheney again links Iraq invasion to 9/11 attacks:
Vice President Dick Cheney told soldiers in Iraq that the 9/11 attacks spurred the decision to invade Iraq... This month, an exhaustive Pentagon-sponsored review of more than 600,000 Iraqi documents captured during the 2003 U.S. invasion found no evidence that Hussein's regime had any operational links with al Qaeda. http://www.miamiherald.com/news/world/story/461967.html

Cheney On Two-Thirds Of The American Public Opposing The Iraq War: "So?"


Excerpts From Pentagon's Plan: 'Prevent the Re-Emergence of a New Rival'
NYT March 8, 1992
Following are excerpts from the Pentagon's Feb. 18 draft of the Defense Planning Guidance for the Fiscal Years 1994-1999: This Defense Planning guidance addresses the fundamentally new situation which has been created by the collapse of the Soviet Union, the disintegration of the internal as well as the external empire, and the discrediting of Communism as an ideology with global pretensions and influence. The new international environment has also been shaped by the victory of the United States and its coalition allies over Iraqi aggression -- the first post-cold-war conflict and a defining event in U.S. global leadership. In addition to these two victories, there has been a less visible one, the integration of Germany and Japan into a U.S.-led system of collective security and the creation of a democratic "zone of peace."

1996 A Clean Break: A New Strategy for Securing the Realm
Following is a policy blueprint prepared by The U.S. Institute for Advanced Strategic and Political Studies’ "Study Group on a New Israeli Strategy Toward 2000." The main substantive ideas in this paper emerge from a discussion in which prominent opinion makers, including Richard Perle, James Colbert, Charles Fairbanks, Jr., Douglas Feith, Robert Loewenberg, David Wurmser, and Meyrav Wurmser participated. The report, entitled "A Clean Break: A New Strategy for Securing the Realm," is the framework for a series of follow-up reports on strategy.

1997 A Geostrategy For Eurasia, by Zbigniew Brzezinski [major democrat strategist]
Foreign Affairs,76:5, September/October 1997 Council on Foreign Relations Inc.

1997 THE GRAND CHESSBOARD: American Primacy and its Geostrategic Imperatives, Zbigniew Brzezinski

The Will to Power in the Epicenter of Evil
By Ilya Shapiro 04/07/2004
"Gentlemen, the time for counsel is past and the time for fighting has come."

The Soldiering Ethos http://www.techcentralstation.com/021904A.html
By Michael Vlahos
America has fought a war for two years with its peacetime military. Moreover this is what both the nation and the military have wanted. But the situation is changing. Effective insurgency in Iraq is just the first step moving America's military into long-term wartime. [...]

Our World-Historical Gamble
By Lee Harris


2000 “Rebuilding America’s Defenses: Strategy, Forces and Resources for a New Century” by the Project for the New American Century Policy Doc.
http://www.newamericancentury.org/RebuildingAmericasDefenses.pdf, advocates for total U.S. global domination, basically became the NSS of USA [below]

2002 United States Government, National Security Strategy of the United States (NSS of USA)

2001 The Empire's New Middle East Map: ethnic cleansing to control the oil using sectarian divisions to split Iraq, Iran and Saudi Arabia to control oil rich provinces. Cheney Energy Task Force view of Persian/Arabian Gulf oil resources.


2004 THE PENTAGON’S NEW MAP: War & Peace in the 21st. Century
by Thomas P.M. Barnett, U.S. Naval War College
NOTE: The Pentagon's New Map: War and Peace in the Twenty-First Century is
published by G.P. Putnam's Sons on 26 April 2004 (448 pages)
Esquire, March 2003 issue explains why we're going to war and why we'll keep going to war
Since the end of the cold war, the United States has been trying to come up with an operating theory of the world—and a military strategy to accompany it. Now there’s a leading contender. It involves identifying the problem parts of the world and aggressively shrinking them. Since September 11, 2001, the author, a professor of warfare analysis, has been advising the Office of the Secretary of Defense and giving this briefing continually at the Pentagon and in the intelligence community. Now he gives it to you.


Fire & Damnation Await Those Who Transgress Against White America's Civic Religion
by BAR Executive Editor Glen Ford
America was born in a charnal house of mass racial murder and every conceivable abomination to God and Man. This is the great genesis 0f the U.S.A.
... the totality of the national mythology amounts to a comprehensive body of faith, packed with superpower potency and globe-consuming threat. And it is incontrovertible fact, from which all our racial conflicts and disparities flow.... U.S. Imperialism is sanctified at the Highest Level, according to the prevailing White American Religion. Black theology and the Black historical world view rejects the religion of the victor, who is also the continued tormentor of people of color around the planet . Yes, God Damn the U.S.A. for its multitudinous crimes, past, present and future... The transgression of Rev. Dr. Jeremiah A. Wright, pastor of Barack Obama's church home of twenty years in Chicago were not Scriptural. Wright questioned white America's civic religion, its fraudulent self-image as benevolent conqueror and justified leader of the planet. Heretics of this kind are speedily cast from the public American public discourse, despite the fact most of the planet agrees with them. What does it say about the "change" Obama "brings with him" that his "multiracial coalition" seems to depend is eagerly endorsing pernicious lies rather than speaking truth to power. Barak Obama thinks he can talk his way out of the confluence of American racism and an American religion that is saturated with racist doctrines and celebrations. It is an impossible task – but one that will keep the talking heads dumbly bobbing in imitation of thought. Who will Obama denounce, or be required to denounce next?
Read more... http://www.blackagendareport.com/index.php?option=com_content&task=view&...

Obama's Audacious Deference to Power
Paul Street

No wonder the media love him —selling false hopes is what they do best
Barack Obama's latest book reveals the presidential aspirant to be a rank racial accommodationist and political opportunist. The Illinois Senator urges empathy for those in power, labels critics on the Left cranks and zealots, and whitewashes America's past and present crimes. In the final analysis, Obama is an ‘authoritarian corporate imperial insider' - a front-running candidate for betrayal. "Obama's book is the product of a relentless ideological triangulator, a clever racial accommodator and political opportunist." (Barack Obama, The Audacity of Hope: Thoughts on Reclaiming the American Dream (New York, NY: Crown, 2006)
Now that Barack Obama has made the obvious next to finally official by declaring a presidential "exploratory committee," we can be sure that the Republicans Noise Machine will portray him as a dangerous agent of the "left." The claim that the centrist, corporate-neoliberal Obama is a man of the left will be totally absurd (see Paul Street, "The Obama Illusion," forthcoming in Z Magazine, February 2007).
But this will hardly stop numerous commentators on the nominal portside of U.S. politics from claiming Obama as a "progressive" ally. Certain to be encouraged by Obama and his handlers, this confusion will reflect the desperation and myopia that shaky thinking and a narrow-spectrum electoral system tend to induce on the liberal left in the U.S....
Obama roots the greatness of America in its "free market" capitalist system and "business culture." The American overclass should be gratified by Obama's claim that the United States' "greatest asset has been our system of social organization, a system that for generations has encouraged constant innovation, individual initiative and efficient allocation of resources" (pp. 149-150).

It is left to alienated carpers, "cranks" and "moral absolutists" of the "unreasonable" left (Obama's basic understanding of radicals) to observe the terrible outcomes of "our" distinctively anti-social (and incidentally heavily state-protected) "market system." Those unfortunate results include the marvelously "efficient," climate-warming contributions of a nation that constitutes 5 percent of the world's population but contributes more than a quarter of the planet's carbon emissions. Other notable products include the innovative generation of poverty for millions of U.S. children while executives atop leading U.S. "defense" firms rake in untold taxpayer millions for helping Uncle Sam and his Israeli and British friends kill and maim hundreds of thousands of Iraqi civilians....

The Audacity of Hope is carefully designed to reassure the corporate-imperial plutocracy, the foreign policy establishment and the white majority that an Obama presidency would show proper [Alexander] "Hamiltonian" deference to dominant social, racial, and global structures and ideologies of inequality. Beneath false humility, populist pretensions and consultant-crafted claims of "freshness," "outsider" status and non-ideological "pragmatism," The Audacity of Hope is the work of an authoritarian corporate-imperial insider. It is dedicated to recycling timeworn and heavily ideological ruling-class doctrine. It is the product of a relentless ideological triangulator, a clever racial accommodator and political opportunist.
"The Audacity of Hope is the work of an authoritarian corporate-imperial insider." ...
Paul Street ( paulstreet99@yahoo.com ) is a veteran radical historian, journalist, and activist and anti-centrist political commentator in Iowa City, Iowa. Street is the author of Empire and Inequality: America and the World Since 9/11 (Boulder, CO: Paradigm, 2004), Segregated Schools: Educational Apartheid in the Post-Civil Rights Era (New York, NY: Routledge, 2005), and Still Separate, Unequal: Race, Place, and Policy in Chicago (Chicago, 2005). Street's next book is Racial Oppression in the Global Metropolis: A Living Black Chicago History (New York, 2007).
Our thanks to the editors of BLACK AGENDA REPORT, a fraternal site, for recommending this fine article.

“Of Obama, Democrats, and the Power Elite”
Hope, Change, and Pissing in the Wind
By Patrice Greanville and Jason Miller
To understand why Obama and the ilk he took with him to DC would be little or no better than the human excrement currently occupying the tangible, visible positions of power in the US, let’s examine various facets of Obama(1) and of our rotten-to-the-core sociopolitical and socioeconomic systems.

...Obama or no Obama, we are still stuck with a bourgeois democracy. Which means that despite all the rhetoric and mythologies about equality, freedom, meritocracy, opportunity, and a host of other lies that placate the masses and maintain the social order, the United States is a nation of the rich, by the rich and for the rich.
Even if we suspend our critique of Obama for a moment and pretend he is a man of saintly virtue, trusting an Obama or a JFK or whomever to do the right thing by the nation, the environment, the people, etc. rests on the assumption that the American president is indeed an all-powerful figure capable of enacting or precipitating policies of tremendous consequence for the country.... Those who bank on stopping the slide to fascism through a liberal president are deluding themselves, because the American president is powerful ONLY when he’s playing with the consent of most of the ruling class and the institutions it controls... let’s look at the larger picture we traverse today... a rapidly degenerating empire, in which the logical evisceration of FORMAL aspects of democracy proceeds accordingly. The prospect is for endless wars, more super-exploitation of the planet, and so on. If any “remedial” policies are implemented against judicial abuse, planetary death, or human/non-human animal exploitation in various contexts, these cannot take hold and neutralize the overarching slide toward worse because “toward worse” is embedded in the dynamics of the system—and how could it be otherwise in a socioeconomic structure premised on greed and selfishness? There are systemic contradictions at play ... Some think we gain time for such organization under the Democrats. Problem is, the Democrats and their half measures that appear to thwart the capitalist juggernaut are what keeps the masses enthralled with the system and in effect dissuade them from joining the struggle against it.[...]

"The role of the president of the United States is to support the decisions that are made by the people of Israel. It is not up to us to pick and choose from among the political parties."
Ann Lewis, Hillary Clinton representative at United Jewish Communities Conference about best presidential candidate

"The CIA owns everyone of any significance in the major media"
former CIA Director William Colby (died suddenly after freak canoe accident) Bernstein's 1977 Oct. Rolling stone article.

U.S. Adapts Cold-War Idea to Fight Terrorists
Officials believe that a combination of efforts could establish something akin to a posture of deterrence adapted to the global jihadi terrorist movement.
In the days immediately after the attacks of Sept. 11, 2001, members of President Bush’s war cabinet declared that it would be impossible to deter the most fervent extremists from carrying out even more deadly terrorist missions with biological, chemical or nuclear weapons. Since then, however, administration, military and intelligence officials assigned to counterterrorism have begun to change their view. After piecing together a more nuanced portrait of terrorist organizations, they say there is reason to believe that a combination of efforts could in fact establish something akin to the posture of deterrence, the strategy that helped protect the United States from a Soviet nuclear attack during the cold war. [SIC].. A primary focus has become cyberspace, the global safe haven of terrorist networks. To counter efforts by terrorists to plot attacks, raise money and recruit new members on the Internet, the government has mounted a secret campaign to plant bogus e-mail messages and Web site postings, with the intent to sow confusion, dissent and distrust among militant organizations, officials confirm. At the same time, American diplomats are quietly working behind the scenes with Middle Eastern partners to amplify the speeches and writings of prominent Islamic clerics who are renouncing terrorist violence...
Disrupting Cyberprojects
Terrorists hold little or no terrain, except on the Web. “Al Qaeda and other terrorists’ center of gravity lies in the information domain, and it is there that we must engage it,” said Dell L. Dailey, the State Department’s counterterrorism chief.[...]


The 1992 containment strategy for China may herald the next cold war.
"Our first objective is to prevent the re-emergence of a new rival ... that poses a threat on the order of that posed formerly by the Soviet Union," the document stated. Accordingly, "we [must] endeavor to prevent any hostile power from dominating a region whose resources would, under consolidated control, be sufficient to generate global power." ...


Zhang Wenmu, CICIR strategic analyst CHINA INSTITUTE OF CONTEMPORARY INTERNATIONAL RELATIONS]: India's intention is to separate Tibet from China:
"Tibetan independence will create a buffer zone between China and India and enable India to take bolder action on the South Asian continent, and subsequently, in the Indian Ocean region, without the fear of being attacked front and rear...In the next century, to split China's western part, or more specifically, to split China's Tibetan region . . . is probably the target of the Western world's geopolitical strategy. Having pushed Russia northward, creating a political barrier like Tibet or Xinjiang between China and the oil-producing countries in Central Asia conforms to the strategic interests of the West to control permanently the world's geographic and energy center. This dovetails with India's political plot to create a Tibetan buffer zone between China and India. Currently, India is pulling out all the stops to convince the West that it is willing to play the vanguard for the West's effort to achieve this goal, under the prerequisite that the West will adopt an appeasement policy towards its nuclear option."
Zhang Wenmu, "The Issue of South Asia in Major Power Politics," Hong Kong Ta Kung Pao, September, 23, 1998, B1, in FBIS-CHI-98-293, October 21, 1998.

Aug. 16, 1999, Newsweek magazine, “A secret war on the roof of the world–spooks, monks and the CIA’s covert gamble in Tibet” :describes details of the CIA operation from 1957 to 1965.

A major article in the Jan. 25, 1997, Chicago Tribune described the special training of Tibetan mercenaries at Camp Hale in the Rocky Mountains in Colorado throughout the 1950s.

Free Tibet?
the blanket, Irish Republican Journal
Liam O Ruairc • 12 May 2004
In Western countries, the movement to 'free Tibet' from Chinese occupation is very popular among the 57 different varieties of liberals and human rights campaigners. The media generally presents a very positive image of Buddhism, the Dalai Lama is hailed as a modern saint, and an idealized image of Tibet before the Chinese take over is given. However, it is worth examining what sort of place Tibet was before the Chinese intervention, who benefited and who lost from it, and who the people campaigning for 'free Tibet' are (1).

In Tibet, prior to the Chinese take over, theocratic despotism had been the rule for generations. An English visitor to Tibet in 1895, Dr. A. L. Waddell, wrote that the Tibetan people were under the "intolerable tyranny of monks" and the devil superstitions they had fashioned to terrorize the people. In 1904 Perceval Landon described the Dalai Lama's rule as "an engine of oppression" and "a barrier to all human improvement." At about that time, another English traveler, Captain W.F.T. O'Connor, observed that "the great landowners and the priests . . . exercise each in their own dominion a despotic power from which there is no appeal," while the people are "oppressed by the most monstrous growth of monasticism and priest-craft the world has ever seen." Tibetan rulers, like those of Europe during the Middle Ages, "forged innumerable weapons of servitude, invented degrading legends and stimulated a spirit of superstition" among the common people (Stuart Gelder and Roma Gelder, The Timely Rain: Travels in New Tibet, New York: Monthly Review Press, 1964, 123-125). In Tibet, slavery was the rule.

The following account was written by Sir Charles Bell, who was the British administrator for Chumbi Valley in 1904-05: "'Slaves were sometimes stolen, when small children, from their parents. Or the father and mother, being too poor to support their child, would sell it to a man, who paid them _sho-ring_, "price of mother's milk," brought up the child and kept it, or sold it, as a slave. These children come mostly from south-eastern Tibet and the territories of the wild tribes who dwell between Tibet and Assam.' (Charles Bell, Tibet: Past and Present, Oxford, 1924, pp. 78-79. Taken from http://www.faqs.org/faqs/tibet-faq)

In 1953, six years before the Chinese takeover, the greater part of the rural population (some 700,000 of an estimated total population of 1,250,000) were serfs. Serfs and other peasants generally received no schooling or medical care. They spent most of their time working for the monasteries and high-ranking lamas, or for a secular aristocracy that numbered not more than 200 families. They were in practice owned by their masters who told them what crops to grow and what animals to raise. They could not get married without the consent of their lord or lama. A serf might easily be separated from his family should the owner send him to work in a distant location. Serfs could be sold by their masters, or subjected to torture and death (for more details see http://www.michaelparenti.org/Tibet.html).

Whatever wrongs and new oppressions introduced by the Chinese in Tibet after 1959, they did abolish slavery and the serfdom system of unpaid labor. They started work projects, and greatly reduced unemployment and beggary. They built the only hospitals that exist in the country, and established secular education, thereby breaking the educational monopoly of the monasteries. They constructed running water and electrical systems in Lhasa. They also put an end to floggings, mutilations, and amputations as a form of criminal punishment under Buddhist rule. Chinese rule in Tibet has often been brutal, however its extent has often been exaggerated.

The accusations made by the Dalai Lama himself about Chinese mass sterilization and forced deportation of Tibetans, for example, have remained unsupported by any evidence. Both the Dalai Lama and his advisor and youngest brother, Tendzin Choegyal, claimed that more than 1.2 million Tibetans are dead as a result of the Chinese occupation. This figure is more than dubious. The official 1953 census, six years before the Chinese take over, recorded the entire population of Tibet at 1,274,000. Other estimates varied from one to three million. Other census counts put the ethnic Tibetan population within the country at about two million (Pradyumna P. Karan, The Changing Face of Tibet: The Impact of Chinese Communist Ideology on the Landscape, Lexington, Kentucky: University Press of Kentucky, 1976, 52-53). If the Chinese killed 1.2 million then entire cities and huge portions of the countryside, indeed almost all of Tibet, would have been depopulated - something for which there is no evidence. The Chinese military force in Tibet was not large enough to round up, chase, and exterminate that many people even if it had spent all its time doing this.

It is worth examining who is behind the 'Free Tibet' movement. The former elites lost many of their privileges due to the Chinese takeover. The family of the Dalai Lama lost no fewer than 4000 slaves! It is thus not surprising that feudal lords should campaign against the social gains of Maoism. Their campaign has found an international echo thanks to the CIA. Throughout the 1960s the Tibetan exile community received $1.7 million a year from the CIA, according to documents released by the State Department in 1998. The Dalai Lama's organization itself admits that it had received millions of dollars from the CIA during the 1960s to send armed squads of exiles into Tibet to undermine the Maoist revolution. The Dalai Lama's annual share was $186,000, making him a paid agent of the CIA. Indian intelligence also financed him and other Tibetan exiles (Jim Mann, "CIA Gave Aid to Tibetan Exiles in '60s, Files Show," Los Angeles Times, 15 September 1998; and New York Times, 1 October, 1998). Today, mostly through the National Endowment for Democracy and other conduits that are more respectable-sounding than the CIA, the US Congress continues to allocate an annual $2 million to Tibetans in India, with additional millions for "democracy activities" within the Tibetan exile community (See Kenneth Conboy and James Morrison, The CIA's Secret War in Tibet, Lawrence, Kansas: University of Kansas Press, 2002, for example).

Also, while presenting himself as a defender of human rights, the Dalai Lama supports more than dubious causes. For example, in April 1999, along with Margaret Thatcher and George Bush senior, the Dalai Lama called upon the British government to release Augusto Pinochet.

While Chinese rule is resented by many in Tibet, people are also afraid to loose the social gains of Maoism. A 1999 story in the Washington Post notes that the Dalai Lama continues to be revered in Tibet, but "few Tibetans would welcome a return of the corrupt aristocratic clans that fled with him in 1959 and that comprise the bulk of his advisers. Many Tibetan farmers, for example, have no interest in surrendering the land they gained during China's land reform to the clans. Tibet's former slaves say they, too, don't want their former masters to return to power. "I've already lived that life once before," said Wangchuk, a 67-year-old former slave who was wearing his best clothes for his yearly pilgrimage to Shigatse, one of the holiest sites of Tibetan Buddhism. He said he worshipped the Dalai Lama, but added, "I may not be free under Chinese communism, but I am better off than when I was a slave." (John Pomfret, "Tibet Caught in China's Web," Washington Post, 23 July 1999)

Serving self interest through 'Free Tibet'
By Yask Desai
Wherever Hollywood takes an overtly political stand observers of world affairs tend to look on skeptically. Twenty years ago the amount of anti soviet propaganda produced by the world’s film capital was voluminous and a none too subtle, yet crucial mechanism for manufacturing support for American foreign policy with regard to the communist states.

More recently it has been the Free Tibet’ movement, which has been championed both by Hollywood both through its overly exotic representations of the country in tales such as Kundun and Seven Years in Tibet and through the reporting of pro Tibetan independence statements of some of its principal stars including Richard Gere and Steven Segal. The Hollywood depiction of Tibet as being akin to a Shangri La guarantees that there is little real understanding of the Tibetan situation amongst the wider population except that as a cultural relic it is mystical, unchanging and desirable in an ‘ever changing’ world.
The Dalai Lama, being the consummate politician that he is, has been quick to align himself with the Hollywood myth-making machine. He has strategically realised that such an affiliation can provide infinitely more political mileage than the standard ten second news byte that select world leaders are accorded in the western mainstream media.

Pre 1949, and Mao Tse-Tung China, Tibet remained a feudal theocracy where a very small percentage of the population (made up largely of the upper echelons of the monastic order along with wealthy aristocrats) owned almost all wealth and controlled the destinies of the rest of the population, largely composed of serfs. Tenzin Gyatso was positioned as the head of this theocracy when he was enthroned as the 14th Dalai Lama at the Potala Palace in 1940.

The conditions within Tibet pre -1949 have been likened to those that existed in Medieval Europe. At this time in Tibet it was still common for more than half of the population to be without butter, the main source of protein, while in the 3000 temples across Tibet one third of all butter was burnt in the name of religious offering. Indeed the monasteries were some of the biggest landholders anywhere in the world. Drepung monastery owned 185 manors, 25,000 serfs, 300 great pastures, and 16,000 herdsmen. Monastic wealth was controlled by the Lamas, with lower ranking monks often forced to live lives of complete servitude as domestic servants or slaves.

However it was not just the religious elite that profited, secular lords or aristocrats were also extremely affluent and were large land holders in the old Tibet. They also possessed extensive legal rights over the serfs that were bound to their land, including the right to have their serfs work their land without pay thus forcing them to live as virtual slaves. The use of force against serfs was common when it came to the lamas and aristocrats maintaining their stronghold over land and labour. Modern health care services were completely inadequate with less than 60 medical and health institutions across the whole of Tibet in 1959, the year the Dalai Lama and his supporters left for India. In 1998 that figure stood at more than 1300 in the Tibet Autonomous Region.

Any form of secular education was almost non-existent in the old Tibet and more than ninety percent of Tibetans were illiterate in 1949. Instead education remained the monopoly of the monasteries and was, in most cases, only open to males. In addition it was based on an ancient system dating back thousands of years that comprised largely of teachings on the Buddhist scriptures and, to a lesser extent the, Tibetan language.

The Dalai Lama has constantly advocated the need for Tibetan autonomy and an independent Tibetan state, particularly since his establishment of the Tibetan Government in exile in the Indian town of Dharamsala in1959. He has outwardly ‘softened’ this stand in recent years with his Middle Path doctrine, perhaps acknowledging that some sort of allegiance with China maybe preferable to a rampaging US led West eagerly eyeing Tibet’s rich mineral assets.

Even so he remains a separatist leader keen to restore, at least partially, an old order based on gross inequality and the exploitation of the poor. Despite the formation of the Tibetan Peoples Deputies as a parliament in exile and a 2001 amendment to the Charter of the Tibetans in Exile allowing for direct election of the prime minister it is the Dalai Lama that remains firmly in control of the Tibetan separatist movement and there is little to suggest that theocratic rule would not be a major part of any post-China Tibet. The use of elections to infer democracy appears to have contributed little to the fostering of greater social equality but rather has served to empower a new political elite willing to push the agendas of the ‘old guard’.

The fact that the current Dalai Lama is not necessarily a progressive and the ‘man of peace’ he has been made out to be is revealed most clearly in his positions on various world affairs. In April 1999 he joined Margaret Thatcher and George Bush senior in calling for the release of the heinous Chillian Dictator Auguste Pinochet who had been arrested in Britain for crimes against humanity. Even more tellingly in 2003, as millions of anti war protestors marched world wide in protest against military action in Iraq and were seeking support from all progressive world spokespeople for their cause, the Dalai Lama refused to outwardly condemn the Iraq war saying only that, “its too early to tell” and that “history would decide.”

Nonetheless his representation within the western mainstream media has ensured that he is at once instantly recognizable as a ‘brand ambassador’ for peace and spirituality, even to those with no real knowledge of Tibet or indeed Buddhism itself. Even amongst intellectuals, students and artists world wide the myth making has been hard to decipher and many believe that the Dalai Lama represents a progressive freedom struggle. Many progressive thinkers, who are also critics of the Chinese policy on Tibet, believe that they are in opposition to their own governments whom they see as lacking political will when it comes to confronting China regarding its stance on Tibet. However in reality the modus operandi of the Western liberal democracies for sometime now, with regard to China, has been to antagonise covertly to destabilise it and keep it from attaining complete economic dominance while at the same time offering Beijing outward support for fear of missing out on the huge markets for raw materials, consumers goods and the opportunity to exploit the cheap labour that China provides. Thus it is that many progressives who believe they are voicing dissent against their own governments are in fact unwittingly providing direct support for their government’s policy of duplicity with regard to Tibet.

This has then made it possible for the Dalai Lama to be actively supported in his agenda by a Western alliance that outwardly has never publicly acknowledged Tibet as an independent state. Instead the clandestine political activities that are such a mainstay of the world political order in furthering their own economic and political interests have dutifully served the Dalai Lama’s wider agenda of a return to a modern day Tibetan theocracy.

Even the popular mainstream media within the US has documented the Dalai Lama’s association with the CIA. In the world of international politics in which the Dalai Lama operates an association with another states intelligence agency does not automatically infer a guilt of any kind, however given the CIA’s appalling record in seeking to destabilise democratically elected governments throughout the world this alliance appears extremely questionable at best. The wider society however remains largely unaware of the Dalai Lamas links to the CIA due to the usual omissions and selective coverage regarding the exercise of covert American foreign policy initiatives. There have been some notable exceptions however even within the mainstream American media.

An article in Newsweek magazine of August 16 1999, A secret war on the roof of the world- Spooks , Monks and the CIA’s covert gamble in Tibet describes details of the CIA activities in the region including covert training of Tibetan Khampas and the supply of over 400 tonnes of cargo to the anti Chinese forces in Tibet.

Similarly the Chicago Tribune of January 25 1997 in an article entitled, The CIA’s secret war in Tibet, describes the mercenaries that were trained in the Rocky mountains in Colarado and then parachuted into Tibet in the 1950’s. Perhaps most revealing though was the statement by the Dalai Lamas personal representative in Washington, Lodi Cyari, who, when quizzed by a journalist from the Times on CIA payments to the Dalai Lama said, “It is an open secret we do not deny it.”

The CIA, and by association the US, has displayed a repeated pattern of behavior with regard to initiating both covert operations and direct military action in the name of freedom. It has nearly always been the case however that this support for freedom is merely a veil for the much more cynical pursuit of economic self-interests as is the case in Iraq and the wider Middle East at present. In most cases the very freedom struggles that the US and its allies have initiated or offered support to are the quests of colonizers and the elites to regain control and crush popular peoples movements (and governments) that promise greater equality but threaten the system of market forces that the American economy so depends on. There is little evidence to suggest that the Tibetan ‘freedom struggle’ (read struggle of the old elite to reassert their control over the majority of Tibetans) is any more progressive or beneficial to the wider Tibetan population than any of the other American misadventures have been to the people that they have pledged to ‘free’.“A+secret+war+on+the+roof+of+the+world–spooks,+monks+and+the+CIA’s+covert+gamble+in+Tibet”&hl=en&ct=clnk&cd=1&gl=us

no Shangri-La
Hollywood hides Tibet's true history
By Gary Wilson
With two major Hollywood movies about Tibet this year, the Tibetan region of China is being put in an unusual spotlight. The Tibetan people are just one of the many national minorities in China. Yet most people in the United States have heard only of the Tibetans.
In China, there are 56 national minorities. Most of the population is Han. Tibetans are the eighth biggest nationality. In terms of numbers, Tibetans are about 4 million—or .39 percent of China’s population. There are other nationalities in Tibet itself, besides the Tibetans: Moinbas, Lopas, Naxis, Huis, Dengs and Xiaerbas.

Common Tibetans aren’t the stars of Hollywood films. The focus is almost exclusively on a very small group of Tibetans—the former elite of Tibet and the person the media sometimes call the "god-king," the Dalai Lama.

Hollywood’s fictional accounts are presented as based on historical fact. That’s like saying the movie "Gone with the Wind" shows what the South was like during slavery, when really it is only a glorification of the slave masters and completely ignores life for African Americans.
The Tibet movies are very much like "Gone with the Wind." They present the view of a defeated oligarchy, and ignore the reality of those who are oppressed. The movie "Seven Years in Tibet" not only glorifies feudal Tibet and its aristocrats; it also makes a hero of a Nazi storm trooper—Heinrich Harrer.

So what is the history of Tibet? And why is it getting so much attention now?

For 700 years a part of China

In the 13th century, Genghis Khan and the Mongolians unified China and founded the Yuan Dynasty. This included Tibet. For the next 700 years, Tibet was an administrative region in China. The Tibetan Autonomous Region of China today includes Tibet as it was defined in 1911 at the fall of the Chinese empire, plus an area called Chamdo. During the last days of the empire, Chamdo had been part of a province called Sikang.
Today’s Tibet includes the territory of "U," where the Dalai Lama directly ruled, and the territory of Tsang, where the Panchen Lama ruled.

When the promoters of a "Greater Tibet" refer to Tibet, much more is included. They include large parts of adjacent provinces: Sichuan, Yunnan, Gansu and Quinghai. This includes the oil-rich Tsaidam Basin.Today, about 1.8 million Tibetans live in the Tibetan Autonomous Region. There are another 2.1 million Tibetans in the neighboring four provinces. While a greater part of the Tibetan population lives outside Tibet in these neighboring provinces, this does not make these other areas part of Tibet any more than the big Irish population in Boston makes Boston part of Ireland. There has been a centuries-long migration of Tibetans into these areas, where the Tibetans remain a minority population. Hans have also been migrating to these neighboring provinces.
However, when the promoters of "Greater Tibet" talk of Hans "penetrating Tibetan lands," they are really talking about these non-Tibetan provinces and a migration process that has occurred over centuries. The central government was weak after the fall of the Chinese empire, and had little or no influence on domestic affairs in Tibet. But Tibet was still considered part of China. "No nation has ever publicly accepted Tibet as an independent state," writes A. Tom Grunfeld in the history book "The Making of Modern Tibet."

Britain invades in 1903

At the turn of the century, in 1903, Britain decided that Tibet should come under its influence along with India, Nepal, Sikkim, Bhutan and China. At that time, Britain sent an invading force into Tibet. Earlier British government expeditions had reported that Tibet was rich with natural resources and even said that "masses of gold were lying around in the rivers." They may have believed they had found another empire like the Incan empire in what is now Peru, where Spanish conquistadors stole a wealth of gold.
According to the Encyclopedia Britannica, in July 1903 Lord Curzon, viceroy of India, authorized Col. Francis Younghusband and a military escort to cross the Tibetan border to negotiate a trade treaty. "When efforts to begin negotiations failed," the encyclopedia reports, "the British, under the command of Maj. Gen. James Macdonald, invaded the country and slaughtered some 600 Tibetans at Guru. Younghusband moved on to Chiang-tzu (Gyantze), where his second attempt to begin trade negotiations also failed. He then marched into Lhasa, the capital, with British troops and forced the conclusion of a trade treaty with the Dalai Lama, Tibet’s ruler. This action brought him a knighthood in 1904."

British journalist Alan Winnington writes in his book "Tibet" that the treaty "made Tibet as far as possible a British sphere of influence."
Even then, Britain recognized Chinese "sovereignty" in Tibet—and sent a bill for 750,000 pounds to the central Chinese government for the expenses incurred in the invasion. Tibet then became an area of intrigue and a pawn in the competition between the imperialist powers, particularly Britain, czarist Russia and Germany. The 13th Dalai Lama, the one preceding the current Dalai Lama, worked closely with the British. And until the victory of the Chinese Revolution in 1949, the Tibetan aristocracy looked to Britain and India, even sending their children to British schools in India.

According to Winnington, "When [the 13th Dalai Lama] died in 1933, Tibet was more and more becoming a British sphere."
This is part of the reason Nazi Germany sent an expedition to Tibet in the 1930s. Its defeat in World War I had stripped Germany of its colonies. The rise of the Nazi regime was driven in part by the big German capitalists’ need to expand and gain new colonies, new "spheres of influence."

Reality vs. romanticized view of Tibet

Reports by the British and German imperialists, primarily, have created the popular image of Tibet in the West. Books like "Lost Horizon" by James Hilton and "Seven Years in Tibet" by Heinrich Harrer promoted a romanticized view of Tibet. Harrer’s book is the basis for the Hollywood movie starring Brad Pitt. Leaving aside for a moment the issue of Harrer’s role (see below), what was Tibet like in the 1940s when the story takes place?
Because of its extreme isolation high up in the Himalayas, Tibet might have looked exotic to an outsider. Tibet was a region with no roads, only horse trails. The wheel was unknown. It was practically untouched by industrialization. But Tibet was not that much different from the rest of the world. It just hadn’t caught up to the 20th century.
"The parallels between Tibet and medieval Europe are striking," writes Grunfeld in "The Making of Modern Tibet." In the 1940s, Tibet was a feudal theocracy with a dual papacy—the Dalai Lama and the Panchen Lama. By all accounts, the Dalai Lama was considered supreme in political matters.
Below the Dalai Lama were the aristocratic lords—owners of the estates, most descended from the ancient kings of Tibet before the Mongol invasion. "Despite claims to the contrary, heredity and ennoblement were the only avenues for joining the nobility," Grunfeld writes. "As in all agricultural societies, the source of power and wealth was not titles but land. Land was divided among three ruling groups: the monasteries, the lay nobility and the Lhasa government,"...
The Dalai Lama himself was never from a ruling family, for that would have given an individual family domination. Rarely did the Dalai Lama ever reach adulthood, with fierce disputes often leading to murder of the young ruler. The aides to the Dalai Lama really ruled the local government. The 13th Dalai Lama was one of the few to have survived into adulthood. The vast majority of the people of Tibet were serfs. A small part of the population, about 5 percent, was slaves to the nobility. Women were considered inferior to men. Polyandry—where one woman was the wife of several brothers—and polygamy were common.

As in every agricultural society, religion played a big role in Tibet. Tibetan Buddhism is a distinct branch that incorporates ancient pre-Buddhist beliefs. This makes it unique in many ways. But the ruling oligarchy controlled religion and the interpretation of its meaning. Tibetan Buddhism was used as a means of repressing the serfs.
Much is made of the Tibetan Buddhist prohibition against killing any life form, including animals or insects. But the death penalty was imposed under Tibetan law for killing a monk. According to Gorkar Mebon, the mayor of Lhasa in the 1950s, when the death sentence was administered "it was in the form that made no person responsible for the death: by hurling the person from a precipice or sewing him in a yak skin and throwing him in a river. Lighter sentences were of amputation of a hand, both hands, a leg or both legs, the stumps being sterilized with boiling butter." ("Tibet," Winnington). The whip was also a common form of punishment, Mebon says. "If a person had 300 strokes of it properly applied he would almost certainly die afterwards." In this way it could be said that the government, in accordance with religious law, had directly killed no one.
After the overthrow of Tibetan feudalism, in 1959 the serfs opened an exhibition of the torture instruments used against them. The exhibition was presented as a show on the "abuse of religion" and the execution of "evil deeds under cloak of religion."

Heinrich Harrer’s hidden role

During the rule of the 14th Dalai Lama in the 1940s, Tibet was again a center of intrigue. The German Nazis hoped to expand into Asia, particularly into India, Nepal and Tibet, leaving the penetration of China to their ally, imperialist Japan. This is how Heinrich Harrer ended up in Tibet. His book on Tibet is really a fictionalized account of his adventures. Who Harrer is and what his role was is of interest not just because of the movie. Harrer by all accounts was a teacher of the Dalai Lama and has remained a close adviser ever since. "It came as a bombshell five months ago when the German magazine Stern reported that, as early as 1933, Harrer had been a Nazi, a member of the ruthless SA [storm troopers] and, later, the SS [elite protective guard]," according to a report in the October 1997 issue of the magazine Men’s Journal. Harrer had always denied he had been a Nazi. When he could no longer deny it, it was said that he had been a Nazi but he had only joined in order to further his career as a mountain climber. This claim did not hold up, since his 1933 entry would not have helped his career in Austria, where he lived. The Nazi Party was illegal in Austria and had to operate underground. The Men’s Journal story is written by someone who had seen Harrer as a hero and reluctantly came to the conclusion, after extensive research, that Harrer was a "150-percent Nazi" and had to have been involved in some of the most brutal crimes in Austria in the 1930s. Harrer had first been recruited by Heinrich Himmler, the second most powerful person in the Third Reich.

Harrer was part of the Dalai Lama’s inner circle at the time of the Chinese Revolution in 1949. At that time the Dalai Lama was a teenager who, by his own account, knew nothing of the outside world. He was completely dependent on his advisers.

China’s liberation in 1949 and imperialism

The Chinese People’s Liberation Army did not go into Tibet in 1949. The Chinese Communist Party was committed to insuring the rights of all national minorities. In fact, a Communist constitution was put forth in 1931 to show the principles that would be the basis for a socialist China. That constitution said that "all Mongolians, Tibetans, Miao, Yao, Koreans and others living in the territory of China shall enjoy the full rights to self-determination." The Chinese People’s Liberation Army did not enter Tibet because its ranks had few Tibetans. The policy was to first win the Tibetan population to the Communist Party and its ideals. Then political power could be won from within Tibet.
But the Chinese Communist Party was not given a chance to carry out such a slow policy. Tibet immediately became the target of not only the British imperialists but the United States imperialists as well.
There were many reasons for the interest in Tibet. One State Department expert even suggested that in the age of rocket warfare, Tibet was the ideal center for controlling all of Asia. George Merrell, the top officer at the U.S. Embassy in India, wrote, "Tibet is in a position of inestimable strategic importance both ideologically and geographically." ("The Making of Modern Tibet," Grunfeld). But Tibet was the focus of so much attention primarily because of the Communist revolution in China. The United States had launched a fierce war to "take back" China. At the time of the Chinese Revolution, the Tibetan oligarchy was in a panic. They sent out appeals to Britain, the United States and India for military aid.

U.S. forces in Korea march toward China

There were reports that Washington was preparing to recognize Tibet as a sovereign state. In June 1950, U.S. forces landed at Inchon in Korea and were driving up the peninsula. Gen. Douglas MacArthur was threatening to cross the Yalu River and carry the war into China. President Harry Truman had ordered the Navy’s Seventh Fleet to encircle Taiwan and protect Chiang Kai-shek’s "jumping-off ground" for an attack against China. There was talk that French-controlled Vietnam would also be used as a base in a many-pronged invasion aimed at reversing the Chinese Revolution.

The Kwangming Daily, a Chinese newspaper, reported, "America and Britain have been making energetic efforts to keep their control of Tibet so that it may be used as a continental base for the invasion of China." The People’s Liberation Army advanced into the Chamdo area, which was not part of Tibet at that time. In Chamdo, the PLA was confronted by the Tibetan Army, sent there by the Dalai Lama. Its commander-in-chief was Ngapo Ngawang Jigme, a descendant of Tibetan kings and a top Tibetan noble. It was not much of a battle. Many of the Tibetan Army soldiers—serfs forced into service by the nobility—went over to the side of the PLA. The battle was quickly over. Ngapo Ngawang Jigme expected death as the normal outcome of defeat. The PLA surprised him by treating him well and giving lectures on the New China’s policies toward minor nationalities, such as Tibetans. He liked what he heard. Within a year, Ngapo Ngawang Jigme was the deputy commander-in-chief for the PLA forces in Tibet. He became a leader not only of Tibet but also the Chinese Communist Party. His account of the battle and his conversion can be found in Anna Louise Strong’s book "Tibetan Interviews."

The Communist government in China did not enter Tibet in the way an imperialist power would. No immediate changes were introduced in Tibet. Serfdom remained and would not be outlawed until 1959. The Chinese policy was to win over the population to end serfdom. There had been no change in the local government. The Buddhist church continued to operate as it had before. Freedom of religion was guaranteed. Reforms in Tibet were not compulsory.

Tibet was changed forever. Enter the CIA

But Tibet was changed forever. Schools were built. Newspapers were introduced. Telephones and a postal service were begun. Hospitals and movie theaters were built. And for the first time, highways to the outside world were built. When the Tibetan oligarchy says the Chinese government did not respect Tibetan customs in the 1950s, this is what they are referring to: The Chinese did violate local customs. Wages were paid to Tibetans who worked building the roads. This disrupted the custom of servitude. Paying Tibetan children to attend school also gave the serfs economic leverage against the age-old work practices as well as providing avenues for rising out of serfdom.

Some of the old aristocracy of Tibet were like Ngapo Ngawang Jigme and saw that serfdom had to be ended, but others resisted change. These are the Tibetan nobility who turned to the United States and the CIA. In 1955 or possibly earlier—the date varies according to different sources—the CIA began to build a counter-revolutionary army in Tibet. The Dalai Lama’s older brother, Gyalo Thondup, coordinated this operation from a base in India. Contrary to the popular image of nonviolence that has been built up around the Dalai Lama and his supporters, this CIA mercenary force was armed and murderous. It included contra-style death squads.

The Tibetan mercenaries were trained at Camp Hale in the Rocky Mountains in Colorado. They were then parachuted into Tibet by the CIA’s Civil Air Transport. According to the Pentagon Papers, there were at least 700 of these flights in the 1950s; these same Air Force C-130s were later used for CIA operations in the Vietnam War. The mercenaries were dropped in with submachine guns and ammunition, according to a detailed report in the Jan. 25, 1997, Chicago Tribune.

More details of this operation are given in "Presidents’ Secret Wars—CIA and Pentagon Covert Operations Since World War II," by John Prados. Also, "The CIA and the Cult of Intelligence," by Victor Marchetti and John D. Marks, has some information on the CIA in Tibet.

After several years of isolated attacks and assassinations, this CIA-trained squad attacked a PLA barracks in Lhasa. This is commonly portrayed in the U.S. media as a popular uprising. But a secret U.S. State Department study called this a "wild exaggeration." ("The Making of Modern Tibet," Grunfeld). The "rebellion" was confined almost exclusively to Lhasa, the Dalai Lama’s headquarters. Residents of Tibet’s second biggest city didn’t even hear of the events until a month later.
The mercenary army apparently kidnapped the Dalai Lama at that time and took him to India. They needed the Dalai Lama to give legitimacy to the Tibetan aristocrats’ claim to be the Tibetan "government in exile." Some contend that since the mercenary army’s leadership was in the hands of four of the Dalai Lama’s six top aides, he had been at the center of planning the armed attack.

Whatever the truth about that, the CIA and the U.S. government has remained the main force keeping alive the so-called government in exile. That is true to this day. According to ex-CIA employee Ralph McGehee, who has written many exposés of the agency, the CIA has stepped up its Tibetan contra operations in recent years, working closely with the Dalai Lama’s brother.

An internal matter
The issue of Tibetan self-determination is an internal affair for China and no one outside. The right of self-determination depends on the conditions of the time when it is raised and the international situation, which can be of enormous significance... Tibet has been a part of China for centuries. It is not a province that was purchased, like the United States did with Alaska. It is not a conquered territory a thousand miles away like Hawaii.

The kind of self-determination proposed by the "Tibetan government in exile" and the Dalai Lama would be a neocolony of imperialism and a dagger aimed at the heart of China.

Digest commentary:






The only way the whole thing makes sense is to put it in perspective: its actual geostrategic context. For fuller coverage of this see the 3/1/8 issue of the digest: " 'Prevent the Re-Emergence of a New Rival' doctrine. Why and how China is in U.S. crosshairs" http://www.burbankdigest.com/node/73

digest: A clue: Imperialist snake George Soros funded Amnesty International whose main job is to deny the U.S. its rightful status as #1 'human rights' violator:

"China is a permanent member of the United Nations Security Council and they are an economic powerhouse. There are only a couple of ways we can exert pressure," said T. Kumar, Asia advocacy director for Amnesty International USA. "The person who can make a difference at this moment is President Bush. Kumar noted that, as of Sunday, the White House had issued statements but the U.S. president had not spoken publicly about the bloodshed in Tibet. He said Washington should "take the lead" and call for an outside fact-finding mission to Tibet to assess the problem... doing nothing now could impose a high cost on Tibetans or others later...."If the Chinese feel comfortable using this brutal force only five months before the Olympics, you can imagine how its going to happen later," he said.

Dalai Lama Threatens to Resign
Gurinder Osan/Associated Press
The Dalai Lama on Tuesday in Dharmsala, India.
March 19, 2008 (posted in NYT online late 3/18)

Protests expose rifts among Tibetans
Gavin Rabinowitz, AP
March 18. 2008
While the situation inside Tibet remains unclear, much of the violence last week appears to have been committed by Tibetans against Han Chinese - a fact that troubles the 72-year-old Dalai Lama... He said that if the situation gets out of control, his "only option is to completely resign.An aide later clarified that the Dalai Lama meant he would step down as the political leader of the exile government - not as the supreme religious leader of Tibetan Buddhists...."There is growing frustration among the younger generations. They have been talking for 20 years and nothing came out of it," said Tsewang Rigzin, head of the Tibetan Youth Congress.He urged "the protesters in Tibet to continue in their protests until China gets out of Tibet."
China: Dalai Lama orchestrating violence
BEIJING -- Chinese Premier Wen Jiabao accused supporters of the Dalai Lama on Tuesday of organizing violent clashes in Tibet in hopes of sabotaging the Beijing Olympics and bolstering their campaign for independence in the Himalayan territory.

digest: Tibet "protest" backfires, threatening to upset u.s.global agenda. After unleashing their agent act fails to fool most of the world, u.s. tries to separate him and blame impatient young Tibetans, while preemptively setting the stage to 'resign' their servant if the made-in-usa lethal scheme backfires worse, further antagonizing India and other strategic allies. If spiritual con-man goes from useful tool to serious handicap....bye bye dalai.
The Dalai Lama on Tuesday... threatened to resign as leader of Tibet’s government-in-exile in the event of spiraling bloodshed in his homeland.
He said he remained committed to only nonviolent agitation and greater autonomy for Tibetans, not independence. He condemned the burning of Chinese flags and attacks on Chinese property and called violence “suicidal” for the Tibetan cause....The 72-year-old spiritual leader of Lama Buddhism said he would step down from his political post if things “get out of control.”
He said he planned to meet Wednesday with those who have vowed to march 900 miles from here to Lhasa, the Tibetan capital, and convey his “reservations” about their effort. The march has been a source of embarrassment to New Delhi. The first batch of marchers that set off from here last week was arrested by Indian police; the second batch was allowed to continue, but they are still well inside Indian territory. The Dalai Lama chided their ambitions. “On border, some clash with Chinese soldiers, what use that?” he said.

* Curbs on Protest in Tibet Lashed by Dalai Lama (March 17, 2008)
* Tibetans Clash With Chinese Police in Second City (March 16, 2008)
* Bush and Congress Honor Dalai Lama in Plain View (October 18, 2007)
* With One Eye on China, Bush Receives Dalai Lama (October 17, 2007)

NYT Editorial
China Terrorizes Tibet
It was impossible not to notice that the United States removed China from its list of top 10 human rights violators just as the biggest anti-China protests in 20 years erupted in Tibet. Even when handed that undeserved dispensation, the Beijing government cannot control its authoritarian nature.
Whatever gain China may have gotten from being elevated above the likes of North Korea, Myanmar, Iran and Sudan was lost by the crackdown on Tibet... To earn the right to play host to this summer’s Olympics, Beijing promised to improve its human rights record. As its behavior in Tibet — and the recent arrest of the human rights advocate Hu Jia and others — demonstrates, China does not take that commitment seriously. In its annual human rights report on 190 countries, the State Department conceded that Beijing’s overall performance remained poor. But in what looked like a political payoff to a government whose help America desperately needs on difficult problems, the department dropped China from its list of 10 worst violators.

Simmering Resentments Led to Tibetan Backlash
The only surprising thing about unrest in Tibet may be that Beijing managed to keep things stable for so long...
...Beijing’s line on Tibet is likely to harden. Military police officers are pouring in to stifle new protests. Nor are the demonstrations winning much public sympathy in a nation where Tibetans are a tiny minority. The state media has tightly controlled its coverage to focus on Tibetans burning Chinese businesses or attacking and killing Chinese merchants....
Less than five months before the opening of the Olympics, Beijing is acutely worried about an international reaction and is arguing that its response to the protests has been reasonable. Qiangba Puncog, the taciturn chairman of Tibet’s government, said during a hurriedly convened news conference on Monday that the military police and other officers were not carrying lethal weapons and had not fired a single shot — despite multiple witnesses reporting gunshots. “What democratic country in the world could tolerate this violent behavior?” Mr. Puncog asked, framing the crisis as a law-and-order issue. Yet even if the protests are extinguished soon, China’s leaders will be left with a shattered Tibet...
In 2006, China opened the world’s highest railway, which cost $4.1 billion and traverses the Tibetan plateau to connect isolated Lhasa with the rest of the country. Beijing described the railway as a vital tool in developing the Tibetan economy, the poorest in China.But many Tibetans regard the railroad as a threat. China has poured money into Tibet in hopes that economic development and higher incomes would win over a younger generation. For many Tibetan families, life has improved. But China has also encouraged huge numbers of Chinese migrants, whose presence has diluted the Tibetan majority. “That is one of the biggest sources of resentment,” Mr. Shakya said of the Chinese migration. He said Tibetans believed Chinese were given more opportunities for jobs, and Tibetan unemployment is high. Beijing surely noticed that the younger generation it hoped to entice was rampaging on the streets of Lhasa. ...

Violence in Tibet as Monks Clash With the Police
Jim Yardley
BEIJING — Violence erupted Friday morning in a busy market area of the Tibetan capital, Lhasa, as Buddhist monks and other ethnic Tibetans brawled with Chinese security forces in bloody clashes. Witnesses said angry Tibetan crowds burned shops, cars, military vehicles and at least one tourist bus. State media said at least 10 people died.Residents in Lhasa, the Tibetan capital, walked through Barkhor, an ancient part of the city where protesters had set fire to a shop and several vehicles on Friday.... Radio Free Asia, a nonprofit news agency financed by the United States government, quoted Tibetan witnesses... The chaotic scene was the latest, and most violent, confrontation in a series of protests that began on Monday and now represent a major challenge to the ruling Communist Party as it prepares to play host to the Olympic Games in August. ...

China Premier Blames Dalai Lama for ‘Appalling’ Violence in Tibet

BEIJING — Prime Minister Wen Jiabao of China on Tuesday blamed supporters of the Dalai Lama, the exiled Tibetan spiritual leader, for planning and inciting what he described as an “appalling” violence and destruction in Tibet last week... the state news media reported 10 people had been killed when Tibetans went on a rampage and attacked ethnic Chinese and destroyed their shops and property. Mr. Wen said at a news conference that the attacks included killings, arson and the ransacking of public and private property and had seriously disrupted the Tibetan regional capital of Lhasa, but that Chinese authorities were capable of restoring order... The government actions have also served as a reminder that China employs a huge public security apparatus to contain social and political tension at a time when the governing Communist Party is attempting to portray an image of unity before the Beijing Olympic Games in August...
Chinese efforts to quell the protests that began in Lhasa and spilled over into neighboring Chinese provinces with sizable populations of ethnic Tibetans over the weekend have overshadowed the proceedings of China’s legislature, the National People’s Congress. Mr. Wen spoke at their conclusion. Mr. Wen said China had evidence that supporters of the Dalai Lama were behind the violence, in contrast to their public calls for peaceful negotiation to solve differences with Beijing. “Their hypocritical lies can’t cover the ironclad facts,” he said....
The senior Chinese political leader in Tibet, Qiangba Puncog, said at a news conference in Beijing on Monday that security forces had used only water cannons and tear gas to disperse protesters in Lhasa.... that 13 of those killed in the protests were “innocent civilians” attacked by a mob.... Mr. Puncog, an ethnic Tibetan, said supporters the Dalai Lama had organized the unrest in an effort to generate publicity during the Olympics.
The Dalai Lama on Sunday accused China of waging “cultural genocide” in Tibet and called for an international inquiry into the suppression of the protests. From the headquarters of the Tibetan government in exile in Dharamsala, India, he said that Tibetans had the right to peaceful protest...